The Strongest Dog Bite Force by Breed (Top 20)
The friendships between humans and dogs date back over 15,000 years, after the domestication of dogs. As the first animals to be domesticated, strong bonds developed between master and hound. Dogs’ natural hunting, herding, retrieving, and other skills made them important companions to farmers, hunters, and nomads. The inborn traits of some breeds even earned them critical role players in wars. Unfortunately, sometimes the strongest dog bite force per breed is in dogs with a history as trained fighting dogs.
Humans and canines have worked and lived together for centuries, and dogs are often the result of their training. Good or Bad. A simple example is dog owners who neglect to socialize and train their dogs. Worst still are those who train their dogs to fight or be vicious. Any dog can bite, regardless of the breed. A provoked Jack Russel, like a provoked Boxer, is likely to attack. We can say the about a Chihuahua and a Belgian Malinois. The severity of the injuries they cause depends on which one has the strongest bite force.
View Table of Contents
- How do They Measure a Dog’s Bite Force?
- 1. Kangal – 743 PSI
- 2. American Bandogge – 730 PSI
- 3. Cane Corso – 700 PSI
- 4. Dogue De Bordeaux – 556 PSI
- 5. Tosa Inu – 556 PSI
- 6. English Mastiff – 556 PSI
- 7. Dogo Canario – 540 PSI
- Dogo Argentino – 500 PSI
- Wolfdog – 406 PSI
- 10. Leonberger – 399 PSI
- 11. Akita Inu – 350-400 PSI
- 12. Rottweiler – 328 PSI
- 13. Siberian Husky – 320 PSI
- 14. American Bulldog – 305 PSI
- 15. Doberman – 245 PSI
- 17. German Shepherd – 238 PSI
- 18. Great Dane – 238 PSI
- 19. American Pit Bull Terrier – 235 PSI
- 20. Labrador Retriever – 230 PSI
How do They Measure a Dog’s Bite Force?
The force of a dog’s bite is measured in PSI–pounds per square inch. Researchers use digital bite meters to determine bite force. They categorize the dogs into nine categories, based on their skull shape and breed size.
PSI indicates the pressure that a dog’s jaw uses at any given point. It’s a very common measurement system; also used to measure car tire pressure. The pressure released by a dog’s jaws differs based on what they are biting. A dog would not release the same amount of pressure biting a toy as it would in a defensive situation.
The list of dog breeds and their bite forces that follows might surprise you. It will show that the breeds typically regarded as the most vicious are not those with the strongest bite force.
1. Kangal – 743 PSI
The Kangal dog’s bite force averages at 743 PSI. They have the most powerful bite out of any dog breed in the world. The Kangal Dog is a distinct breed and the National Dog of Turkey.
- Height: 28 to 34 inches
- Weight: 110 to 139 pounds
- Physical description: The Kangal is a magnificent-looking purebred Mastiff-type dog. Often referred to as a sheepdog, with roots in the Sivas province of Turkey. The Kangal is a large, heavily boned dog with a big head.
- Temperament: This dog is known for his good looks, but he is also alert, sharp, territorial, and confident, while also being calm. These dogs have an instinctive wariness of strange dogs and people. Yet, Kangals are loving, loyal and protective of their human family. It is always a wise move to have a big dog like this trained and socialized, making him obedient and even more amicable than he already is.
2. American Bandogge – 730 PSI
American Bandogge`s bite force has been measured at an average of 730 PSI. Interestingly, it is about 80 PSI more than the bite force of a lion. This difference earns it a spot on the list of dog breeds with the strongest bite force. This breed is a crossbreed between a Bulldog and a Mastiff, bred for guarding and protecting.
- Height: 20 to 30 inches
- Weight: 88 to 126 pounds
- Physical Description: The Bandog is a powerful, stocky, muscular dog with small, upright ears With his broad skull, wide shoulders and powerful chest, he is also confident and intelligent. Because the Bandogge has a history of competitive fighting, it is quite aggressive when provoked. The American Bandogge is a breed that needs proper training or may become out of hand. They also require a lot of exercise, both physical and mental.
- Temperament: Bandogges can get along with other animals in the home if raised with them. However, they can be aggressive with unfamiliar pets. You won’t find a better guard dog. With his low barking tendencies, he quietly watches, waiting to go for any intruders. The Bandogge has a reputation for being a fighter. But, with adequate training and socialization, he turns into a gentle giant. With a strong, firm owner, he is good with children too and becomes a devoted guardian to the entire family.
3. Cane Corso – 700 PSI
Cane Corso dog’s bite force measures an average of 700 PSI. The Cane Corso dog was bred in Italy and is a descendant of the Molosser breeds of the Roman Empire. Cane Corso dogs hail from Italy, where they guarded livestock and property. The Corso’s lineage goes far back to ancient Roman times, with the name of the dog actually meaning bodyguard-dog.
- Height: 24 to 28 inches
- Weight: 88 to 111 pounds
- Physical Description: The Cane Corso is muscled and somewhat less bulky than other Mastiff breeds. This dog’s head is large, with cropped ears that stand erect. The tail is traditionally docked to give the dog a distinctive look.
- Temperament: The Cane Corso is a working dog that requires lots of mental and physical stimulation. He’s an inquisitive, confident dog that needs a strong, firm owner with leadership qualities. He’ll require training and socialization, and then he becomes an affectionate, obedient dog. They get on well with all members of the family. Like many other guard-dog breeds, the Cane Corso does best if it is the only animal in the house.
4. Dogue De Bordeaux – 556 PSI
Dogue De Bordeaux’s bite force measurement shows an average of 556 PSI. The Dogue De Bordeaux, also known as the French Mastiff, is one of the largest dog breeds. During the 1700s, he worked as a guard dog, with theories suggesting that several Mastiff-type breeds were the closest ancestors. This dog’s 556 bite force PSI can make them a threat to anyone who poses risks to their or their owner’s safety.
- Height: 23 to 27 inches
- Weight: 119 to 144 pounds
- Physical Description: The Dogue de Bordeaux is a large Molosser-type dog with a large head. His weight comes more from his muscular, powerful build rather than his height.
- Temperament: The Dogue de Bordeaux isn’t a big, boisterous kind of large dog, but is rather calm and easy-going. However, as a watchdog, he can surprise you and become quite active, showing agility for such a hulk. Even though he appears lazy, he will need moderate daily exercise. He loves his human family and craves their company. He is stubborn, but will do well with sufficient training and socialization.
5. Tosa Inu – 556 PSI
Tosa Inu’s bite force is an average of 556 PSI. Known also as the Japanese Mastiff, the Tosa hails from Japan. The breed is named for the Tosa Province, where they were originally bred. The Tosa Inu dogs were originally fighting dogs with such strong bite forces, and are now stereotyped as an aggressive breed. The Tosa is a rare dog breed; unfortunately, they are still used in Japan for dog fighting.
- Height: 24 to 33 inches
- Weight: 119 to 199 pounds
- Physical Description: The Tosa is a large breed, but the dogs’ sizes vary. Because of their fighting, the Tosa Inu dogs are classified into light-, middleweight, and heavyweight classes. The head is large, and the jaws powerful.
- Temperament: The Tosa is a fairly quiet dog, courageous and fearless. He is going to need a strong, consistent owner who shows leadership. Training and socialization will be imperative for this dog. With proper training, Tosa Inus make good pets, able to get on with members of the family. They take their roles as protectors and guardians seriously.
6. English Mastiff – 556 PSI
The English Mastiff’s bite force has been measured at an average of 556 PSI. The English Mastiff is one of the more well-known large-size dog breeds on our list. Despite being a gentle giant, the English Mastiff dog has a high bite force. It also takes the title of one of the largest dog breeds in the world!
- Height: 29 to 30 inches
- Weight: 118 to 250 pounds
- Physical Description: The English Mastiff’s head is square and huge. Its head, body, and massive chest are mostly square, and the front legs are wide-set.
- Temperament: The English Mastiff is delighted to have playtime with children. Care is required with small children. The Giant English Mastiff does not know his size and is likely to sit on them. This lovable giant is noble and loyal. He will protect his family and he will be courageous about it. He poses danger for none but trespassers.
7. Dogo Canario – 540 PSI
Also called Perro de Presa Canario, this breed hails from the Canary Islands. He was originally bred for guarding livestock. This isn’t a new breed by any means, and it is believed that the dog dates back to the 15th and 16th centuries.
- Height: 22 to 26 inches
- Weight: 83 to 133 pounds
- Physical Description: The Presa Canario is a large Molosser-type dog breed with a strong bite force. He has a thick, muscular body with a black mask over his broad head. The ears were always cropped, which just added to his aggressive appearance. Because of its aggressive tendencies, the dog has been banned from quite a few countries. It is found in the USA, but not recognized by the American Kennel Club.
- Temperament: Strong-willed, confident and determined, the Presa Canario may well have an intimidating look. He looks both powerful and even a bit aggressive. However, with training and socialization, the highly intelligent Presa Canario is actually a calm, docile dog. They are totally loyal and loving to their human families. These dogs are suspicious of strangers, and this makes them excellent watchdogs.
Dogo Argentino – 500 PSI
The jaws of the Dogo Argentino deliver a bite force of about 500 PSI. That it is one reason why the Dogo Argentino is banned or restricted in several countries, including the United Kingdom. The dog was developed in the 1920s in Argentina to hunt jaguars, pumas, and wild boars.
- Height: 24 to 27 inches
- Weight: 80 to 100 pounds
- Physical Description: The Dogo Argentino has a wide skull and strong jaws typical to Mastiffs. They have long and straight front legs with powerful hind legs.
- Temperament: The Dogo Argentino is a very loyal breed that becomes attached to its family. However, it can be wary of strangers and stray animals. Proper socialization from a young age is important for your Dogo Argentino to grow up into a happy, healthy and well-adjusted member of the family.
Wolfdog – 406 PSI
Wolfdog’s bite force has been measured at an average of 406 PSI. The Wolfdog breed has a strong bite strength due to being a mix between the wolf and domestic dogs. As they are a mix of the two, they can be more dangerous dogs than the average breed of dog.
- Height: 27 to 30 inches
- Weight: 88 to 100 pounds
- Physical Description: Their looks differ a lot, even those that come from the same litter. You can’t have a predictable-looking wolf dog. It could be any domestic dog bred with a wolf, so they display a large variety of appearances. Most Wolfdogs seem to have smaller heads than pure wolves, with bigger, more pointy ears
- Temperament: The Wolfdog was brought about when domestic dogs were mated with a variety of wolves to produce a hybrid. People who want to own these hybrids have to be careful. They find that the unpredictable behavior of their pets makes caring for them difficult. Therefore, many of these hybrids are abandoned each year, due to humans interfering with nature.
10. Leonberger – 399 PSI
Leonberger’s bite force has been measured at an average of 399 PSI. This dog breed is one of the largest dog breeds on our list. This breed is a mix of Newfoundlands, Saint Bernards, and the Great Pyrenees.
- Height: 25 to 32 Inches
- Weight: 88 to 170 pounds
- Physical Description: These dogs are dimorphic. It means that there is quite a difference in the looks of the males and females. The male dogs are heftier and larger than the females. The Leonberger’s head is large, he has almond-shaped, dark brown eyes and the ears are medium-sized and floppy.
- Temperament: Don’t be deceived by the looks of the big Leonberger because he isn’t aggressive, but quiet and calm. Leo’s are large but not sluggish, and he will certainly require exercise such as a long, lively walk every day. They’re intelligent dogs too and respond well to socialization and training. He is a social dog that wants to enjoy plenty of interaction with his human family members. These dogs are often used as rescue- and therapy dogs as they are so loving and sensitive. Leonbergers are truly man’s best friend.
11. Akita Inu – 350-400 PSI
The bite force of the Akita Inu is an average of 350-400 PSI. Many know this breed for its working spirit and strong love for its owner. Although this breed is well-loved, they do have a potential for danger.
- Height: 22 to 28 inches
- Weight: 74 to 120 pounds
- Physical Description: Akita Inus have a large, broad head, with muscular jaws, and a short, rounded muzzle.
- Temperament: This breed is naturally wary of strangers, so socialization is essential for puppies. This will help soften their defensive and wary side. This Akita Inu is not good for families with young children or other pets.
12. Rottweiler – 328 PSI
Rottweiler’s bite force has been measured at an average of 328 PSI. The breed is powerful and intelligent. In the Middle Ages, Rottweilers were used in bear hunting and as cattle dogs. In the 19th century, rail transport removed the need for canine cattle dogs. An urgent demand for police dogs gave Rottweilers new jobs, and they played a major role as war dogs in the First and Second World Wars.
- Height: 22 to 28 inches
- Weight: 77 to 133 pounds
- Physical Description: Rottweilers are blocky dogs with massive heads. Their muzzles are square and strong, but Rottweilers can be a bit drooly.
- Temperament: Rottweilers are good-natured, obedient, and eager to work. They are calm, confident and excellent watchdogs. They will not make friends immediately. Rottweilers are all-purpose dogs, since they are suitable as companions and watchdogs. They are loyal and exceptionally protective of their humans. Therefore, there are more possibilities of biting strangers they see as threats.
13. Siberian Husky – 320 PSI
The bite force of Siberian Huskies averages 320 PSI. Despite its friendly nature, the Husky still can do some damage with its bite force. Training huskies is not so easy, and it is a challenging job. Hence, they are not recommended for new dog owners. Only experienced, firm, and patient dog owners can train them.
- Height: 19 to 14 inches
- Weight: 35 to 60 pounds
- Physical Description: The Siberian Husky is a medium-sized working sled dog breed. The breed belongs to the Spitz genetic family. It is recognizable by its thickly furred double coat, erect triangular ears, and distinctive markings.
- Temperament: Siberian Huskies are affectionate and intelligent. Many people know this dog for its talkative nature! These dogs are incredibly happy and do well with families of all sorts. They do well with small children, other dogs, and even strangers. Siberian Huskies will be a good companion when given proper training and care.
14. American Bulldog – 305 PSI
The American Bulldog’s bite force has been measured at an average of 305 PSI. Following World War II, the American Bulldog was almost extinct. Thanks to a father and son, breeders from Summerville, Georgia, the breed is still with us today. They gathered the best dogs they could find throughout the rural South. They then bred them back into popularity among their family and other rural families. His father bred the American Bulldog before John D. Johnson did. They have bred them longer than any other in any part of the world. Their American Bulldogs were regularly used for tracking, hunting, guarding, watchdog and weight pulling.
- Height: 20 to 28 inches
- Weight: 59 to 120 pounds
- Physical Description: The American Bulldog is a powerful and muscular dog in a sturdy and compact frame. The female is more refined than the heavy-boned and stocky male, but both genders are athletic, agile, and quick. They have large heads, strong jaws, a muscular neck and a moderately deep and wide chest. They have a square head, muscular cheeks, and a clearly defined furrow between their eyes. With broad, square and strong muzzles,
- Temperament: The American Bulldog is characteristically loyal, brave, and reliable. It is a friendly, gentle dog that truly loves children. Despite his history and reputation for bull baiting, there is no hostile bone in his body. He is protective of his family and affectionate with most. Yet, he still needs a strong-willed human companion and a genuine pack leader. Without this, he might become aggressive around other dogs and pets.
15. Doberman – 245 PSI
Doberman’s bite force measures at an average of 245 PSI. They are strong dogs and can become pushy, destructive, and unmanageable if not raised properly. Socialization starting in puppyhood is imperative, as is obedience training.
- Height: 24 to 29 Inches
- Weight: 70 to 100 pounds
- Physical Description: Dobermans have sleek, elegant frames with lean muscles that give them power and speed. Dobies hold their sculpted heads high, and their exceptional intelligence is evident in their almond-shaped, brown eyes. The head is long and dry, forming a blunt wedge when viewed from the front or side. The skull is flat with moderate width.
- Temperament: Doberman Pinschers are strong, imposing dogs and may seem intimidating, especially to those outside their families. Yet, they aren’t considered more or less dangerous than other dog breeds. Like all dog breeds, Pinchers can display unwanted behaviors you’ll need to address, but a reputable trainer can help you work through any issues. As noted, Dobies can display protective tendencies and have a strong bite force. Dobermans are individual in personalities. Some dogs are friendly and outgoing; some Dobies are reserved and shy. Some will be more dominant with other dogs, and chase small dogs and cats. Most of the Dobermans are soft in character and love companionship with people.
17. German Shepherd – 238 PSI
German Shepherd’s bite force has been measured at an average of 238 PSI. These dogs are well known and loved by many. Although they won’t use it unless needed, this breed packs a punch with its high bite force PSI. This hyper-intelligent breed is well-known for being service dogs, farm dogs, herding dogs, and police dogs.
- Height: 21 to 27 inches
- Weight: 74 to 98 pounds
- Physical Description: German Shepherds are strong, agile, well-muscled dogs that are longer than they are tall. They have a loping stride that easily covers ground to satisfy working demands. They have a long muzzle, square head and erect, pointed ears. Their back and hind legs are slightly angled, and they have long, bushy tails.
- Temperament: As the name suggests, German Shepherd dogs were originally bred to help shepherds herd animals. They have since become versatile working dogs, often in the military, police, and other emergency services. Moreover, as guide and assistance dogs. German Shepherds are confident, courageous, intelligent, and gentle. However, it can take them some time to make friends. Due to the history of herding, they are incredibly noble and loyal — both to their work and their owners.
18. Great Dane – 238 PSI
Great Dane’s bite force has been measured at an average of 238 PSI. They are one of the tallest dog breeds in the world, and their bite force PSI matches their size. The Great Dane hails from Germany and not Denmark as many people believe. The large Great Dane has been around for about 400 years already. They descend from mastiff-like dogs that protected country estates.
- Height: 29 to 34 inches
- Weight: 119 to 199 pounds
- Physical description: Great Danes are huge, powerful and elegant dogs. The Great Dane’s massive head is narrow and flat on top. The eyebrows are prominent. The ears drop forward or are cropped to stand erect. The neck is long and strong. The Great Dane’s body is long and muscular, and the front legs are straight.
- Temperament: The intelligence, bravery and fearless nature of the dog meant that he was sought after for this task. Known as the Apollo of Dogs, you won’t find the Great Dane being used for hunting purposes anymore. They have evolved to be more suited as companion dogs. Although developed as a working breed, today’s Great Danes are well-balanced, intelligent, calm, loving, social, and dependable dogs that just want to be loved by their human family and to provide love, loyalty, and companionship in return.
19. American Pit Bull Terrier – 235 PSI
The American Pit Bull Terrier’s bite force is an average of 235 PSI. Pit Bull Terriers have an undeserved reputation for being dangerous, aggressive dogs. The vast majority are sweet, and wonderful, and make great family pets. Like every dog, they need education to learn how to fit into our lives, but they are not the fearsome monsters that many people believe.
- Height: 15 to 23 inches
- Weight: 30 to 67 pounds
- Physical Description: The American Pit Bull Terriers are stocky, muscular bull-type terriers. They have a large, broad head, proportionately to body size. They have muscular jaws, and short, rounded muzzles.
- Temperament: These are strong, confident dogs who want to please their people. They love children and make great family dogs, but require a strong owner and a strong pack leader. It is their aggression towards other animals that must be controlled. They will be your loyal companion and friend. American Pit Bull Terriers are brilliant with family and great with young kids, but prefer to be the only dog in the house.
20. Labrador Retriever – 230 PSI
The Labrador Retriever’s bite force has been measured at an average of 230 PSI. This breed is on the list of dog breeds with the strongest bite force may come as a surprise to some. As is evidenced by their name, Labrador retrievers were bred and selected for their outstanding retrieving abilities, particularly in water. They have worked as partners with duck hunters in all kinds of weather and conditions.
- Height: 21 to 25 inches
- Weight: 55 to 80 pounds
- Physical Description: Labs have thick, sturdy bodies, broad heads, and long, otter-like tails that help them to steer themselves in the water.
- Temperament: The Labrador Retriever is the most popular dog breed in America. Most people find Labs to be perfect family dogs. They are gentle, outgoing, and easily trained. However, without training, they can become destructive. To prevent Labs from chewing furniture, their owners should provide chewy toys. Labs as pets do best with active families. However, their natural exuberance could knock small children or older people over. Early training can eliminate or prevent most behavioral problems. This popular breed naturally bonds with their whole family; however, they might show some level of preference for the person they spend the most time with or who feeds them.
If you have any of these breeds, we hopefully answered your questions about them. If you are considering getting a furry family friend, this information might help you make the best choice.
And if you want to steer clear of these, you might find valuable information and advice in this article, where you can read about the 10 most aggressive dogs from toy-size to large breeds.