All Dog Breeds Names, Features, Traits and Diets

All Dog Breeds Names, Features, Traits and Diets

Breeding dogs with the intent of preserving or producing particular characteristics is called dog breeding. Developing physical characteristics, movements, and personalities through selective breeding over decades produces a dog breed that consistently exhibits them.

Each breed has distinct traits associated with morphology, evident in skull shape, body size, tail phenotype, coat color, and fur type. Furthermore, each breed is characterized by distinct aspects of their behavioral traits including herding, hunting, and guarding, and features of their personalities include hypersociality, aggression, and boldness.

The unique combination of physical and behavioral traits is what defines a specific breed. Breed registries and kennel clubs typically set and maintain breed standards which are written descriptions of each trait necessary for breeding an ideal specimen of the breed.

According to a report in July 2021, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) also known as the World Canine Organisation maintains the largest dog breed list recognising between 390 and 400 unique breeds. The fluctuation is due to new breed registrations not included yet, or deleted breeds not yet removed from the list.

According to the American Kennel Club, dog breeds are classified in seven main groups, listed below, with examples.

  • Sporting Breeds: Bred to assist hunters in the capture and retrieval of feathered game, like the Labrador Retriever, German Shorthaired Pointer, and Cocker Spaniel.
  • Hound Breeds: Bred to pursue warm-blooded quarry from raccoons to escaped convicts, like Bloodhound, Dachshund, and Greyhound.
  • Working Breeds: Bred to assist humans in tasks from pulling sleds to guarding homes, like the Boxer, Rottweiler, and Great Dane.
  • Terrier Breeds: Bred to go underground in pursuit of rodents and other vermin, like Bull Terrier, Scottish Terrier, West Highland White Terrier.
  • Toy Breeds: Bred particularly to work hard as lovable, affectionate, and attentive companions, like the Chihuahua, Pug, and Shih Tzu.
  • Non-Sporting Breeds: A patchwork group of breeds defying all six of the other categories, though they all have fascinating histories. Today, the work they do for humans is seldom more than companionship, like the Dalmatian, Bulldog, and Poodle.
  • Herding Breeds: Bred with exceptional intelligence to allow training for herding livestock, but also proved to be ideal members of law enforcement, like the German Shepherd Dog, Pembroke Welsh Corgi, and Border Collie.

Expand the following section to see a massive list of over 700 dog breeds with photos: