Breeding dogs with the intent of preserving or producing particular characteristics is called dog breeding. Developing physical characteristics, movements, and personalities through selective breeding over decades produces a dog breed that consistently exhibits them.
Each breed has distinct traits associated with morphology, evident in skull shape, body size, tail phenotype, coat color, and fur type. Furthermore, each breed is characterized by distinct aspects of their behavioral traits including herding, hunting, and guarding, and features of their personalities include hypersociality, aggression, and boldness.
The unique combination of physical and behavioral traits is what defines a specific breed. Breed registries and kennel clubs typically set and maintain breed standards which are written descriptions of each trait necessary for breeding an ideal specimen of the breed.
According to a report in July 2021, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) also known as the World Canine Organisation maintains the largest dog breed list recognising between 390 and 400 unique breeds. The fluctuation is due to new breed registrations not included yet, or deleted breeds not yet removed from the list.
According to the American Kennel Club, dog breeds are classified in seven main groups, listed below, with examples.
- Sporting Breeds: Bred to assist hunters in the capture and retrieval of feathered game, like the Labrador Retriever, German Shorthaired Pointer, and Cocker Spaniel.
- Hound Breeds: Bred to pursue warm-blooded quarry from raccoons to escaped convicts, like Bloodhound, Dachshund, and Greyhound.
- Working Breeds: Bred to assist humans in tasks from pulling sleds to guarding homes, like the Boxer, Rottweiler, and Great Dane.
- Terrier Breeds: Bred to go underground in pursuit of rodents and other vermin, like Bull Terrier, Scottish Terrier, West Highland White Terrier.
- Toy Breeds: Bred particularly to work hard as lovable, affectionate, and attentive companions, like the Chihuahua, Pug, and Shih Tzu.
- Non-Sporting Breeds: A patchwork group of breeds defying all six of the other categories, though they all have fascinating histories. Today, the work they do for humans is seldom more than companionship, like the Dalmatian, Bulldog, and Poodle.
- Herding Breeds: Bred with exceptional intelligence to allow training for herding livestock, but also proved to be ideal members of law enforcement, like the German Shepherd Dog, Pembroke Welsh Corgi, and Border Collie.
Expand the following section to see a massive list of over 700 dog breeds with photos:
Alano Español dogs originated in Spain and are purebred members of the Mastiff breed. The Mastiff is part of an ancient canine clan as old as civilization itself. They are linked to the large imposing breeds known as Molossers that lived in ancient Greece. Despite being massive, heavy-boned and courageous, Mastiffs are also docile, dignified, and formidable protectors of loved ones.
The Alano Español is classified as a large breed, with males standing 26 to 30 inches at the withers, and the females from 22 to 24 inches. The weight of the male Alano can be between 78 and 90 pounds, with the females weighing between 70 to 80 pounds. Alano Espanol dogs typically live for 11 to 14 years.
Alanos are calm, dignified and thoughtful, not always in need of attention. A firm master can, however, control its will despite its fighting and hunting instincts. Dogs of this size are very obedient, loyal and protective towards their family. Even the children of the family may consider them as perfect playmates.
These large-sized dogs need about 3 to 4 cups of dry big-breed dog food, containing all the necessary nutrients. Alanos can also benefit from added fruit, vegetables, oil or anything they enjoy eating. However, the treats should not exceed 10% of the Alano’s daily calories. The caloric requirement for an Alano Español weighing 90 pounds is 3,600 per day. Therefore, fruity or other treats should not be more than 360 calories.
Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldog
The Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldog with origins in the U.S. is a well-developed, exaggerated bulldog with a broad head and natural drop ears. The prominent muzzle is covered by loose upper lips. The prominent eyes are set well apart. The Alapaha's coat is relatively short and fairly stiff.
Alapaha dogs are classified as a medium-sized breed with a lifespan of 12 to 15 years. The males Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldogs stand 20 to 25 inches in the withers. Female Alapahas are only slightly smaller, with heights of 20 to 23 inches. However, the weight difference between the two is significant. Males can weigh between 75 and 100 pounds, compared to the 50 to 70 pounds the females weigh.
The Alapaha breed is not just a beautiful and unique breed, but they are also great family dogs. They are very loyal, but also very protective and sometimes possessive. Alapaha will require a lot of attention. It is very important to train your dog properly from the early age
The medium-sized Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldogs need about 3 to 5 cups of dry dog food daily; breed-specific food can ensure your dog receives ample nutrients and the kibble is the correct size. With a balanced diet, dog owners can treat their Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldogs with a healthy daily treat like a banana or a fruit smoothie, as long as it doesn’t contain ingredients like grapes that are toxic to dogs.
The Alaskan Husky is a type of dog category and not a breed. A worker dog breed is a specific strain that was purposefully bred to perform a particular task. Although Alaskan Huskies were bred purposefully, genes from several breeds, including Siberian Huskies, German Shorthaired Pointers, and Greyhounds were used to breed different worker dogs. They used to breed Huskies with characteristics required by the breeder. Alaskan Huskies were bred with specific strengths like freighting dogs that pull heavy loads, sprinters for fast, short-distance sledding, or others with extra stamina for long-distance sledding, and sled racers.
Alaskan Huskies fall in the medium-size class. They are agile, and athletic. The lifespan of Huskies is 10 to 15 years. Male Alaskan Huskies stand between 18 and 23 inches at the withers, and females measure between 16 and 20 inches at the withers. Males weigh between 46 and 56 pounds, with females weighing between 37 and 42 pounds. Adult Alaskan Huskies require between 1100 and 1800 calories daily, depending on their activity level. Their diets should contain about 28% protein to build lean muscles and provide energy. Huskies can further benefit from diets containing vegetables, fruits, meat and salmon or other types of fish.
The Alaskan Husky breed dogs are affectionate, friendly, gentle, cheerful, and lovable. They crave constant attention, and it is not uncommon for them to forget their size and climb into their owner's lap. They are highly intelligent, curious, lively and independent.
Alaskan Klee Kai
The Alaskan Klee Kai (AKK) breed, also called a Mini Husky, is small and rare with a Husky-like appearance that reflects its Nordic roots. Kee Kais were specifically bred by an Alaskan breeder to be companions that look like worker dogs. The breeding project began in the 1970s and puppies of the brand new AKK breed became available on the market in 1988.
The gene pool to produce these husky look-alikes includes spitz-type native dogs like the Alaskan Husky and Siberian Husky. The breeder added genes from naturally small breeds like the Belgian Schipperke and American Eskimo dogs.
AKKs are now available in sizes, Toy, Miniature, and Standard. The heights of the AKKs vary from the Toy pup anything up to 13 inches, Miniature 13 to 15 inches, and Standard 15 to 17 inches, Their weights are in proportion to the overall size and height of the Klee Kai, and could be anywhere between 5 and 22 pounds. The life span of the Alaskan Klee Kai is 12 to 15 years.
Alaskan Klee Kais are loyal, intelligent, and protective; they're also playful and affectionate. Dogs of the Alaskan Klee Kai breed love the interaction with their human families. AKKs are very affectionate dogs, typically close to the family and other people they know. However, Klee Kais are wary of people they don’t know.
Nutritional needs of an Alaskan Klee Kai are about 800 calories per day, or 2 cups of high-quality dog food containing all the required nutrients. AKKs are picky eaters but a coating of meaty broth poured over the kebble might do the trick.
The Alaskan Malamute is a purebred companion dog deemed one of the oldest breeds whose original looks have not been significantly altered.The Alaskan Malamute features a sturdy, powerful body built for strength and stamina. They were originally bred as working dogs for bear and seal hunting and hauling supplies on sleds.
The Alaskan Malamute breed is classified as Large, with weights varying between 80 and 95 for male dogs, and 70 to 85 pounds for the females. Malamutes are the largest of the Nordic dog breeds, with males standing up to 26 inches in the withers, and the females up to 24 inches. Malamutes’ lifespan is 12 to 15 years.
The Alaskan Malamute is a calm and friendly type of dog. Mallies love spending time in the company of their families, and they are relaxed around children. Alaskan Malamutes are playful and adventurous. They are ideal companions for outdoor enthusiasts and families with active lifestyles.
Feeding of an Alaskan Malamute depends on various things. Age, metabolism, size of the dog, build, quality of the food, and activity. Typically, 4-5 cups of high-quality dry food would be enough. Controlled portions of vegetables and fruit treats can benefit a Mally’s health.
Other dog breeds:
The Alopekis is a purebred fox-like companion dog deemed one of the oldest breeds whose original looks have not been significantly altered. Alopekis comes from Ancient Greece where they roamed the streets hunting vermin. Alopekis dogs are small dogs with weights varying between 7 and 19 pounds, with a life span of 12 to 15 years. The Alopekis is a friendly breed that loves spending time in the company of their families, and they are relaxed around children. Alopekis are playful and adventurous.
Adult Alopekis require between 200 and 275 calories daily. Older, less active Alopekis need fewer calories. Owners of Alopekis should ensure their dogs’ diets include 22% protein to keep their joints and muscles healthy and no more than 8% fat to optimize energy levels. Alopekis should eat ½ to 1 ½ cups of high-quality kibble per day, spread over two feeds. As they age and become less active, the amount of food should be adjusted to avoid weight gain. For overall health, the diets of Alopekis should include vegetables, fruits, meat, and fish. Alopekis love to eat fish, especially salmon, but avoid giving them raw salmon, which could contain parasites and small bones.
The Alpine Dachsbracke is a purebred companion dog, originating in Austria, classified as a medium-sized dog. Although these Dachsbrackes were bred as hunting dogs of the scent hound type, they are also family friendly pets. Their weights vary between 33 and 38 pounds, with a life span of 12 to 16 years. They are sturdy, firm-muscled, robust, strong-boned dogs with a longish stature. Alpine Dachsbrackes love spending time in the company of their families, and they are relaxed around children. Alpine Dachsbrackes are playful and adventurous, and ideal companions for outdoor enthusiasts and families with active lifestyles.
Adult Alpine Dachsbrackes require between 1100 and 1400 calories daily. Older, less active Alpine Dachsbrackes need fewer calories. Two and a half to three and a half cups of high-quality dry dog food, split into two meals, are typically enough for an Alpine Dachsbracke per day. Alpine Dachsbrackes must always have access to fresh drinking water Alpine Dachsbrackes diets should include 22% protein to keep their joints and muscles healthy and no more than 8% fat to optimize energy levels. For overall health, the diets of Alpine Dachsbrackes should include vegetables, fruits, meat, and fish.
The American Allaunt breed, often just called Allaunt, is believed to be the blend of several of the Mastiff breeds who are descendants of the ancient Alaunts. The Alaunts worked with their masters as hunters and guard dogs. Occupations, wars, and interbreeding ultimately led to the extinction of the Alaunt. The American Allaunts are highly intelligent family dogs with the willingness and ability to perform a variety of tasks, such as hunting and protection.
The large and muscular American Allaunts can weigh up to 150 pounds but still impress with extreme agility, speed, and power. However, their innate characters have adapted to circumstances in which they are loveable, affectionate, and easygoing family pets. Allaunts can be docile and devoted to protecting their families, while remaining fearless and confident.
The life span of these massive American Allaunt canines is 10 to 12 years. Adult Allaunts require between 2,700 and 4,000 calories daily. Older, less active American Allaunts need fewer calories. Seven to ten cups of high-quality dry dog food, split into two meals, are typically enough for an American Allaunt per day. American Allaunts must always have access to fresh drinking water. Their diets should include 22% protein to keep their joints and muscles healthy and no more than 8% fat to optimize energy levels. For overall health, the diets of American Allaunts should include vegetables, fruits, meat, and fish.
The American Alsatian is a reasonably new purebred companion dog, specifically bred in California to look like the extinct Dire Wolf but have the personality and temperament of the ultimate family dog. The American Alsatian are large-sized dogs with sturdy, powerful bodies built for strength and stamina. Their weights vary between 75 and 120 pounds, and they have a life span of 12 to 15 years. The American Alsatian is a calm and friendly type of dog. Alsatians love spending time in the company of their families, and they are relaxed around children. American Alsatians are playful and adventurous, but would prefer settling on the couch with family members.
Adult American Alsatians require between 1650 and 2650 calories daily. Older, less active Alsatians need fewer calories. Four to seven cups of high-quality dry dog food, split into two meals, are typically enough for an Alsatian per day. Alsatians must always have access to fresh drinking water. Owners of American Alsatians should ensure their dogs’ diets include 22% protein to keep their joints and muscles healthy and no more than 8% fat to optimize energy levels. For overall health, the diets of American Alsatians should include vegetables, fruits, meat, and fish. High-quality commercial kibble brands typically include beneficial plant proteins like peas and lentils.
American Black and Tan Coonhound
The American Black and Tan Coonhound is a purebred companion dog. The Coonhounds were bred as hunting dogs of the scent hound type. However, they are also family friendly pets. They are sturdy, robust, strong-boned, firm-muscled dogs, slightly longer than high. Their weights vary between 55 and 75 pounds, and they have a life span of 10 to 12 years. American Black and Tan Coonhounds love interaction with their families, and they cherish time spent with children. American Black and Tan Coonhounds are playful and adventurous, and ideal companions for outdoor enthusiasts and families with active lifestyles.
Adult American Black and Tan Coonhounds require between 1180 and 2180 calories daily. Older, less active American Black and Tan Coonhounds need fewer calories. Three to five cups of high-quality dry dog food, split into two meals, are typically enough for an American Black and Tan Coonhound per day. American Black and Tan Coonhounds must always have access to fresh drinking water. Owners of these canines should ensure their dogs’ diets include 22% protein to keep their joints and muscles healthy and no more than 8% fat to optimize energy levels. For overall health, the diets of American Black and Tan Coonhounds should include vegetables, fruits, meat, and fish. High-quality commercial kibble brands typically include beneficial plant proteins like peas and lentils. American Black and Tan Coonhounds tend to gulp the food up too fast. That can cause bloating.
American Blue Gascon
The American Blue Gascon Hound is a purebred, large scenthound, bred in the United States from the French Grand Bleu de Gascon breed. These hounds are skilled at using their scent smelling skills to track, chase, and bring down all kinds of game, from squirrels to boars. They use their loud characteristic bayling and howling to communicate with their owners after trapping their prey. Gascon Blue Hounds are said to be the largest of all the scent hounds, weighing as much as 105 pounds, and they typically measure up to 30 inches high when measured at shoulder level. Their life span is 11 to 12 years. American Blue Gascon Hounds love interaction with their families, and they cherish time spent with children. American Blue Gascon Hounds are playful and adventurous, and ideal companions for outdoor enthusiasts and families with active lifestyles
Adult American Blue Gascon Hounds require between 1180 and 2180 calories daily. Older, less active American Blue Gascon Hounds need fewer calories. The diets of Blue Gascon Hounds should include 22% protein to keep their joints and muscles healthy and no more than 8% fat to optimize energy levels. Three to five cups of high-quality dry dog food, split into two meals, are typically enough for an American Blue Gascon Hound per day. American Blue Gascon Hounds must always have access to fresh drinking water. For overall health, the diets of American Blue Gascon Hounds should include vegetables, fruits, meat, and fish. High-quality commercial kibble brands typically include beneficial plant proteins like peas and lentils. American Blue Gascon Hounds tend to gulp the food up too fast. That can cause bloating.
American Blue Lacy
The American Blue Lacy breed originated in Texas in the mid 1800s. Also known as the Lacy Dog, it is the official dog breed of Texas by the state’s legislature. Lacy Dogs were bred to be working dogs and they have helped ranchers and farmers manage animals since the mid-1800s. Lacys display all the typical traits of an all-purpose working dog that will instinctively herd, hunt, track, tree and bay. Their weights vary between 30 and 50 pounds, and they have a life span of 12 to 16 years. Although Lacys are firstly working dogs that need real jobs to be healthy and happy, they are also excellent family dogs. Blue Lacys are also known to be driven and dedicated companions for people who always have another challenging task for them. American Blue Lacy Dogs show even more versatility with their Search and Rescue skills.
American Blue Lacy Dogs require between 1200 and 2200 calories daily. Older, less active Lacy dogs need fewer calories. The medium-sized American Blue Lacys need about 3 to 5 cups of dry dog food daily. Avoid overeating since they tend to bloat. A high-quality dry kibble will provide adequate nutrition. You can opt for a medium-breed-specific formula to ensure that your dog receives ample nutrients and the kibble is the correct size. American Blue Lacy puppies' protein needs are about 21% to 23% more than adult dogs to grow and support strong bones. Yet, overfeeding protein can cause too rapid development of joints and bones, weakening the skeleton. Lacy puppies also require Vitamins A and D and minerals like zinc, manganese and copper.
Afghan Hound Dog
Akita Inu (Japanese)
Akita Inu is an ancient Japanese dog that was bred for hunting bigger wild animals such as moose, wild boar and bear, moose and wild boar. They are said to have fought alongside the samurai and served the Japanese noblemen. The Japanese government declared the breed as a national treasure in 1931. The Japanese Akita breed arrived in the United States when a woman named Helen Keller came across them in Japan and could not resist bringing an Akita Inu with her when she returned to the U.S.. The Akita Inus are large-sized dogs with sturdy, powerful bodies built for strength and stamina. Their weights vary between 75 and 120 pounds, and they have a life span of 12 to 15 years. The Akita Inu breed has a bad reputation of being too aggressive. However, the Akita Inu is a calm and friendly type of dog. Akitas love spending time in the company of their families, and they are relaxed around children. Akita Inu are playful and adventurous but would prefer settling on the couch with family members.
Adult Akita Inu requires between 1200 and 1600 calories daily. Older, less active Akitas need fewer calories. Four to seven cups of high-quality dry dog food, split into two meals, are typically enough for an Akita per day. Akitas must always have access to fresh drinking water. Owners of Akita Inu should ensure their dogs’ diets include 22% protein to keep their joints and muscles healthy and no more than 8% fat to optimize energy levels. For overall health, the diets of Akita Inu should include vegetables, fruits, meat, and fish. High-quality commercial kibble brands typically include beneficial plant proteins like peas and lentils.
American Bull Molosser
The American Bull Molosser is a family companion dog and a personal protector all in one. It is a courageous, loyal, medium-large do. The ABM possesses brains, good looks, natural ability, a stable working temperament with its primary desire to please its human family. If raised properly and sufficiently trained, the American Bull Molosser makes an outstanding family pet. The life span of the American Bull Molosser is 10 to 14 years, and they have six to eight puppies per litter. American Bull Molossers are also known as American Brabanter, American Molossers, American Bullenbeisser, and the shortened version, ABM. American Bull Molosser falls in the medium-large dog category. They are exaggerated, well-developed bulldogs with broad heads. Males weigh between 85 and 115 pounds and females between 70 and 95 pounds. Male American Bull Molosser stands between 22 and 26 inches high and 20 to 24 inches for the female ABMs.
American Bulldogs descended from the Old English Bulldog, which was brought to North America by immigrant workers who brought their working dogs along to help on the farms. An unfortunate part of the lives of the bulldogs that came to the U.S. was their use as bull bait in a barbaric sport that typically caused their deaths. The number of surviving bulldogs dwindled, and by the end of the Second World War, very few were still alive.
In the early 19th century, the American Bulldog was almost extinct, but a small group of dedicated breeders sought specimens for the breed's revival in the south. American Bulldogs are now generally family-friendly companions that no longer face extinction, thanks to breeders like Alan Scott and John D. Johnson. They developed a homogeneous physique and nature while preserving and reviving the breed. In order to preserve and enhance the bull-type appearance, they included the pure English Bulldog in the breeding process.
The American Bulldog is a purebred, short-coated, well-boned dog. It is athletic, powerful, and strong muscled, with average weights of 80 to 95 pounds. The AmBull’s essential characteristics enable it to work as a cattle and hog-catching dog, and also as a protector of personal property and human family members. The life span of the American Bulldog is 10 to 16 years, and they have 7 to 14 puppies per litter once a year.
In terms of humor and antics, the American Bullnese breed is known as a natural clown. The Bullnese dog’s size and its laid-back personality make them ideal for cities or country living. Unlike most dogs, this stubby-legged dog is a faithful companion. The American Bullnese dogs are perfect lap warmers, and if there is a choice between cuddling and ball-playing, the lap wins every time.
It only takes an occasional bath and brush to keep the short-coated Bullnese in good shape.
The Bullnese breed resulted from selective breeding done by a Florida breeder named Robert E. Rice. Rice’s selective breeding brought about amiable, sweet American Bullnese puppies. They are often described as “clowns” or stumpy-legged big dogs in little dog coats that enjoy engaging in silly, playful behavior. Yet, with the genes of multiple breeds forming part of a puppy’s characteristics, new Bullnese parents might want to familiarize themselves with the known traits of all the contributors to understand the latest addition to their household better. The life span of the American Bullnese is 10 to 15 years, and they have 4 to 8 puppies per litter once a year.
Companion breeds such as the American Bully show confidence, a love of life, and a bond with family members. Combine all these traits, and you have the perfect companion for the entire family. Their demeanor is gentle, despite their fierce appearance. They're lovely with kids but slightly hesitant around strangers, other dogs, and other animals. There is a misconception that American bullies are vicious, dangerous dogs.
The Bully breed has been selectively bred and developed over time to emphasize its positive characteristics. They are fun-loving, loyal jokesters who tend not to outgrow their playfulness as they age. They weigh between 60 and 120 pounds, and their versatility allows them to excel as therapy dogs, drug and bomb detection, and search and rescue work.
The life span of the American Bully is 8 to 12 years, and they have 4 to 10 puppies per litter once a year. They are very protective of their human families. Bullies need a lot of exercise activities and an experienced, active canine parent. American Bullies are also called American Bully Pits, Bullypits, Bully Pits, Bully Pit Bulls, Bully Pit Bull, and Bullies.
American Cocker Spaniel
The American Cocker Spaniel is a compact but sturdy dog, and it has a round, poised head and a large square muzzle. The most outstanding feature of cocker spaniels is their medium-length, silky coat that’s either moderately wavy or flat. These dogs have big black eyes and sweet expressions, and long, lush ears, making them adorable sights to behold.
Cocker Spaniels are affectionate, loving, and highly loyal to their families. They are highly social and love spending time with people. They take no time to gel up with people and form strong bonds with family. The American Cocker Spaniel is a very sensitive dog that does not respond well to harsh treatment. Generally, Cocker Spaniels are people-oriented and don’t do well in isolation, and may bark excessively or turn to destructive behaviors such as chewing or digging when left alone. Cocker Spaniels can relate well with older people and children because of their high intelligence, playfulness, and generally pleasant personalities. Like any other dog breed, An American Cocker Spaniel requires a high-quality, properly-balanced diet with the right calories and proteins for optimal growth.
American Crested Sand Terrier
American English Coonhound
American Eskimo Dog
American Hairless Terrier
American Indian Dog
Rare American Indian Dogs evoke the spirit and versatility of ancient Native American and First Nations dogs. Dogs of this breed can perform a wide range of duties and activities, including livestock herding and guarding, search and rescue, and service. Their weights vary widely between 45 and 120 pounds, and they have a long life span of 14 to 19 years. They are gentle giants who want to be with their human family members all the time. Because they crave human interaction, the NAIDs are prone to develop separation anxiety if they are left alone often. These wolf lookalikes are protective, instinctively taking on the role of protecting their owners. They can also make great guard dogs and watchdogs.
Adult American Indian Dogs require between 1760 and 2200 calories daily. Older, less active Indian Dogs need fewer calories. Owners of American Indian Dogs should ensure their dogs’ diets include 22% protein to keep their joints and muscles healthy and no more than 8% fat to optimize energy levels. Four to six cups of high-quality dry dog food, split into two meals, are typically enough for a NAID per day. American Indian Dogs must always have access to fresh drinking water. American Indian puppies' protein needs are about 21% to 23% more than adult dogs to grow and support strong bones. Yet, overfeeding protein can cause too rapid development of joints and bones, weakening the skeleton. An American Indian puppy’s system would also require vitamins A and D and minerals like zinc, manganese and copper.
American Lo-Sze Pugg
Breeder Rebecca Manns, from the United States, was the first person to develop the American Lo-Sze Pugg, registered in 1998. The breed attempts to mimic the earlier Chinese companion animals known as Lo-Sze Puggs or Lo-Sze Dogs, with roots traceable as far back as ancient China, during the time of Confucius.
American Lo-Sze Puggs is one of the kindest and most affectionate dog breeds. They love interacting with humans, other dogs, and pets. Known for their cheerful disposition and jovial demeanor, the American Lo-Sze Pugg makes an excellent and happy companion from babies to grandparents and all ages in between. It is generally considered an intelligent breed that responds well to obedience training. Both the males and females of the American Lo-Sze Puggs are similar sizes, with weights between 5 and 12 Pounds. They are between 9 and 11 inches high at the withers. Their life expectancy is 12 to 15 years. Lo-Sze Pugg dogs have many potential health problems, mostly human-induced through cross-breeding. Lo-Sze Puggs’ shedding level is moderate, throughout the year.
American Mastiffs are large and powerful dogs, often weighing as much or more than their owners. They are classified as a giant breed. The breed is known for its calm, mellow nature, and they aren't considered to be aggressive. American Mastiffs interact well with all age humans from babies to grandparents, and the same applies to strangers, guests and other dogs. They were bred to be companion dogs, and they have no prey drive, meaning smaller pets in the home will be safe with a Mastiff around. Known as Gentle Giants, American Mastiffs can weigh as much as 200 pounds and stand as high as 36 inches. These gargantuan canines need between 5 and 10 cups of kibble per day, depending on their life stage. American Mastiffs mature much slower than most other breeds, and they are only mature around their third birthday.
Furthermore, they have a reasonably short lifespan of only 8 to 12 years. Mastiffs' litter sizes range between 2 and 8. American mastiffs are calm and laidback, and they would nap on the couch all day if you let them. American Mastiffs are predisposed to several illnesses, many of them related to their size.
American Mastiff (Panja)
The American Mastiff Panja was bred in the United States, raised initially to protect the homes and properties of the people. They were used by drug traffickers and people linked to crime in order to serve as guard dogs for their properties. Their excellent guarding skills came from the Pit Bull and Rottweiler genes in their DNA. However, the Panjas became favored companion dogs after the breed was recognized by the Dog Registry of America. They are loyal, loving, devoted, and extremely protective of its family and great with children and other dogs if properly socialized at a young age. The life span of the American Mastiff Panja is 10 to 12 years.
The American Mastiff (Panja) is a large dog with high energy levels, requiring between 1500-2000 calories per day for optimal health. The Mastiff Panja's diet should be well-balanced and high in protein to meet the energy requirements of large breeds that stand 22 to 26 inches in the withers and weigh between 80 and 100 pounds.
American Pit Bull Terrier
Hunting, general farm work, and companionship were common uses for this purebred hunting dog breed. Pit Bulls are loving, gentle dogs that enjoy spending time with their owners. This dog is actually an affectionate family pet, in contrast to the popular belief that he is a killer. Each female APBT has one litter per year and usually produces five to eight puppies. This breed belongs to the medium-sized dog category. Pits have powerful heads and exaggerated muscular bodies. Males Pits weigh between 35 and 60 pounds and females between 30 and 50 pounds. Their life expectancy is 10 to 14 years.
The Pitbull breed thrives in a family environment. They are clownish, affectionate, protective, and very loyal. APBTs are extremely active breeds and they enjoy playing outside but sleeping inside. Pitties need between 900 and 1200 calories per day. Owners of Pits should ensure their dogs’ diets include 22% protein to keep their joints and muscles healthy and no more than 8% fat to optimize energy levels. As Pitties age and become less active, the amount of food should be adjusted to avoid weight gain. For overall health, the diets of APBT dogs should include vegetables, fruits, meat, and fish.
American Staffordshire Terrier
This purebred hunting dog breed was commonly used for general farm work, hunting, and companionship. The American Staffordshire Terrier is a gentle, loving dog that is happiest with his human family. Contrary to the perception that he is a “killer,” this dog is actually an affectionate family pet. The female American Staffordshire Terrier comes into season once per year, and they usually have five to ten puppies per litter. American Staffordshire Terriers are classified in the medium-sized dog category. Amstaffs are exaggerated, muscular dogs with powerful heads. Males weigh between 55 and 70 pounds and females between 40 and 55 pounds. Their life expectancy is 12 to 17 years.
American Staffordshire Terriers are people-oriented dogs who thrive when they are part of a family. They are feisty, intelligent, courageous, loyal, and very strong. The Amstaff is an extremely active breed of dog that loves to play outside. Staffies need between 1400 and 1690 calories per day. Owners of Staffies should ensure their dogs’ diets include 22% protein to keep their joints and muscles healthy and no more than 8% fat to optimize energy levels. As they age and become less active, the amount of food should be adjusted to avoid weight gain. For overall health, the diets of Amstaffs should include vegetables, fruits, meat, and fish.
The American Staghound is a hunting dog, classified as a sighthound, hunting mainly by sight and speed rather than by scent and endurance as scent hounds do. The American Staghound has the genetics of both Greyhounds and Scottish Deerhounds. Greyhounds have excellent eyesight and high speeds, but soft feet make them unsuitable for hills and rough terrain. In turn, the Deerhounds bring their tough feet, large and powerful bodies, and heavy and harsh coats for protection against extreme cold. American Staghounds are loving companions, even though they were bred as hunters. They are great companions for people who adore their dogs, but Staghounds are not recommended for casual dog owners. The Staghound is quite needy and wants lots of attention from its owner, and they cannot tolerate being left alone for long periods. They’re also notably stubborn, making it more challenging to get them to listen, especially for an inexperienced dog owner. American Staghounds weigh between 65 and 73 pounds and they stand between 26 and 29 inches high at the withers. They live between 12 and 15 years long, and their litters rarely exceed five puppies. The American Staghound breed is very healthy, with limited genetic health issues. American Staghounds need high-quality foods rich enough in calories to sustain their exceptional energy levels.
American Toy Terrier
The American Staghound is a hunting dog, classified as a sighthound, hunting mainly by sight and speed rather than by scent and endurance as scent hounds do. The American Staghound has the genetics of both Greyhounds and Scottish Deerhounds. Greyhounds have excellent eyesight and high speeds, but soft feet make them unsuitable for hills and rough terrain. In turn, the Deerhounds bring their tough feet, large and powerful bodies, and heavy and harsh coats for protection against extreme cold. American Staghounds are loving companions, even though they were bred as hunters. They are great companions for people who adore their dogs, but Staghounds are not recommended for casual dog owners. The Staghound is quite needy and wants lots of attention from its owner, and they cannot tolerate being left alone for long periods. They’re also notably stubborn, making it more challenging to get them to listen, especially for an inexperienced dog owner. American Staghounds weigh between 65 and 73 pounds and they stand between 26 and 29 inches high at the withers. They live between 12 and 15 years long, and their litters rarely exceed five puppies. The American Staghound breed is very healthy, with limited genetic health issues. American Staghounds need high-quality foods rich enough in calories to sustain their exceptional energy levels.>
The American Toy Terrier, often abbreviated as Amertoy, is a hybrid of Smooth Fox Terriers and other toy dog breeds, including the Miniature Pinscher, Chihuahua, and Toy Manchester Terrier. The American Toy Terrier was bred to catch rats and hunt small vermin-like squirrels on farms. Today, American Toy Terriers are companion dogs, known for their loyalty, readiness to please their owners, high intelligence, and adaptability. American Toy Terriers are small dogs with weights ranging from 3.5 to 7 pounds with a life expectancy of 13 to 15 years. American Toy Terriers give birth to 3-6 puppies per litter annually.
Despite their small size, American Toy Terrier Dogs have a high appetite. American Toy Terriers thrive mainly on high-protein diets. Meat should be the primary source of protein for the growth and maintenance of lean muscles. Amertoys require moderate fats and small amounts of carbohydrates. The amount to give will depend on the Amestoy's life stage, weight, and health condition. American Toy Terrier Dogs have the characteristics of both the Terrier and Toy breeds. Their Terrier side is demonstrated through being courageous, intelligent, agile, playful, and stubborn. On the other hand, their gentle and affectionate nature is a trait of the Toy breeds. American Toy Terriers interact well with their human families, from children to grandparents, other pets, and dogs.
American Tundra Shepherd Dog
The American Tundra Shepherd dog was developed in the United States of America under a defense development program by crossing a German shepherd with a North American Tundra Wolf. Also called the ATS, the American Tundra Shepherd dog is an adaptable and hardworking dog that can play various roles as a service dog or police dog. It helps the disabled, farmers, police and military personnel, outdoor enthusiasts, ranchers, and search and rescue. It also makes a fantastic guard dog and household pet. The American Tundra Shepherd dog is a devoted companion, bright and intelligent, eager to please its owner. The ATS breed is known for its large and sturdy physique. They weigh between 100 and 140 pounds and stand 24 to 33 at the withers. The American Tundra Shepherds have very high energy levels and thus require a high-quality diet that’s rich in proteins and calories. Their diet should be well-balanced with the appropriate portions of all the necessary nutrients including proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, vegetables, and minerals.
American Water Spaniel
American White Shepherd Dog
Anatolian Shepherd Dog
Anglo-Françaises de Moyenne Vénerie
Anglo-Françaises de Petite Vénerie
Ariege Pointing Dog
Australian bulldogs were initially bred in Queensland, Australia and created to suit the Australian climate. It is a reasonably new bulldog breed. This Aussie breed, also known as the Australasian Bosdog, is affectionate and outgoing and is a good family dog. Due to their loyalty and love of human contact, they are perfect companion dogs. They do make good watchdogs but rarely show aggression towards people. An adequately socialized Australian Bulldog can get along with other dogs and pets despite being dominant toward other dogs in its territory. The traits and characteristics of the Australian Bulldog include loyalty, reliability and bravery, and they crave attention. They can be headstrong and keen to be the leader of the pack. However, Aussie Bulldogs are easy to train while young.
Aussie Bulldogs weigh between 50 and 78 pounds and their muscular and stocky bodies stand between 17 and 20 inches high. They live for nine to 12 years. Aussie Bulldogs are Brachycephalic, making them masters at snoring. Australian Bulldog owners need to feed their animals a balanced diet explicitly formulated for medium-sized breeds. In addition, these dogs are relatively active, so they would benefit from eating high-quality food made for active dogs. However, they are predisposed to become obese, and Aussie Bulldog parents must control their diets with care. They should also consume age-appropriate kibble. There are slight differences in dietary needs for adults, puppies, and seniors.
Australian Cattle Dog
The Australian Cattle Dog is also known as the Red Heelers, Blue Heelers and Queensland Heelers. Queensland is a state in the Cattle Dog’s native Australia, and Heeler refers to his herding style of nipping at the heels of cattle in order to move them along. His color pattern can be blue-gray or red-gray, from there the names Blue Heeler or Red Heeler.
Athletic and robust Australian Cattle Dogs enjoy romping and roughhousing.
They are absolutely not apartment dogs. To stay in hard muscular condition and a satisfied frame of mind, Cattle Dogs require lots of exercise. Working livestock, agility, jogging, biking, chasing balls, and playing Frisbee are productive outlets for this breed's high energy. Cooping him up with nothing to do will lead to destructive behaviors and obsessive barking.
With strangers, the Cattle Dog is watchful and often suspicious. Early socialization is important to avoid incidents of Heelers harming strangers in its need to protect. He can be dominant and pushy with other dogs, and with his strong chasing drives and tendency to nip at whatever he is pursuing, he is not recommended around cats unless raised with them. A challenging combination of cleverness and hard-headedness, Australian Cattle Dogs will test members of the family during adolescence and must be handled with firm, consistent leadership. These versatile dogs can learn and do a great deal in the right hands, but they will run right over hapless owners. Australian Cattle Dogs are medium-sized and they have easy-to-groom double coats.
Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog
Austrian Black and Tan Hound
Austrian Shorthaired Pinscher
Auvergne Pointing Dog
Basset Artesien Normand
Basset Bleu de Gascogne
Basset Fauve de Bretagne
Basset Hound Dog
Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound
Bedouin Shepherd Dog
Belgian Shepherd Groenendael
Belgian Shepherd Laekenois
Belgian Shepherd Malinois
Belgian Shepherd Tervuren
Belgian Shorthaired Pointer
Berger Blanc Suisse
Berger des Picard
Berger des Pyrénées
Berger Du Languedoc
Bernese Mountain Dog
Black and Tan Coonhound
Black Forest Hound
Black Mouth Cur
Black Norwegian Elkhound
Black Russian Terrier
Bleus de Gascogne
Blue Gascony Basset (picture needed)
Blue Picardy Spaniel
Bosanski Ostrodlaki Gonic Barak
Bosnian-Herzegovinian Sheepdog - Tornjak
Bouvier de Ardennes
Bouvier des Flandres
Braque du Bourbonnais
Braque Francais (picture needed)
Briquet Griffon Vendeen
Cajun Squirrel Dog
Cambodian Razorback Dog
Canadian Eskimo Dog
Canadian Inuit Dog
Canarian Warren Hound
Cane Corso Italiano
Cão da Serra da Estrela
Cão da Serra de Aires
Cão de Castro Laboreiro
Cão de Fila de São Miguel
Cão de Gado Transmontano
Catahoula Leopard Dog
Cardigan Welsh Corgi
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
Central Asian Ovcharka
Chesapeake Bay Retriever
Chien De L' Atlas
Chinese Chongqing Dog
Chinese Foo Dog
Chinese Imperial Dog
Collie (Rough and Smooth)
Continental Toy Spaniel
Coton de Tulear
Dandie Dinmont Terrier
Deutsche Bracke (see photo needed)
Dogue de Bordeaux
Dorset Olde Tyme Bulldogge
Dutch Shepherd Dog
East Russian Coursing Hound
East Siberian Laika
Elkhound (see Norwegian Elkhound)
English Bullen Bordeaux Terrier
English Cocker Spaniel
English Springer Spaniel
English Toy Spaniel
Estrela Mountain Dog
Fauve de Bretagne
French Brittany Spaniel
French Pointing Dog
French Tricolor Hound
French White and Black Hound
French White and Orange
Gammel Dansk Hoensehund
Georgian Shepherd (picture needed)
Georgian Mountain Dog (picture needed)
German Hunt Terrier
German Longhaired Pointer
German Rough-haired Pointing
German Shorthaired Pointer
German Spitz Giant
German Spitz Medium
German Spitz Small
German Wirehaired Pointer
Giant Maso Mastiff
Glen of Imaal Terrier
Golddust Yorkshire Terrier
Gran Mastin de Borinquen
Grand Anglo-Français Tricolore
Grand Anglo-Français Blanc et Noir
Grand Anglo-Français Blanc et Orange
Grand Basset Griffon Vendeen
Grand Bleu de Gascogne
Grand Gascon Saintongeois
Grand Griffon Vendeen
Greater Swiss Mountain Dog
Griffon Bleu de Gascogne
Griffon Fauve de Bretagne
Grosser Münsterländer Vorstehhund
Guatemalan Bull Terrier
Hawaiian Poi Dog
Hellenikos Poimenikos (see Greek Sheepdog)
Hungarian Greyhound (see Magyar Agar)
Hungarian Wire-haired Pointing Dog
Inca Hairless Dog
Irish Glen Imaal Terrier
Irish Red and White Setter
Irish Staffordshire Bull Terrier
Irish Water Spaniel
Istrian Coarse-haired Hound
Istrian Shorthaired Hound
Jack Russell Terrier
Japanese Spaniel (Chin)
Karelian Bear Dog
Karelian Bear Laika
Kerry Blue Terrier
King Charles Spaniel
Korean Dosa Mastiff
The Labrador Retriever was bred in Canada to be both a friendly, loyal companion and a useful working dog. Historically, they worked as fishermen’s helpers: fetching ropes, retrieving fish, and hauling nets in the chilly North Atlantic.
Today’s Lab is as hardworking and good-natured as their ancestors, and they’re also America’s most popular breed. Labradors naturally bond with their whole family; however, they might show some level of preference for the person they spend the most time with or who feeds them.
The lifespan of Labrador retrievers is 10 to 13 Years. Labs are classified as a large breed, with male Labradors standing 22 to 25 inches at the withers, and the females are slightly shorter at 21 to 24 inches. The male Labs weigh between 63 and 80 pounds, with the females weighing between 55 and 71 pounds.
Labrador Retrievers need a diet that is high in fat and protein and low in carbohydrates. The daily caloric requirements of a Labrador depends on the dog’s weight, with 30 to 40 calories per pound of the Lab’s weight. Vitamin A, E, B1, and D is an essential part of a Labrador retriever’s daily nutrition. Vitamin deficiencies can have many health consequences for Labs.
Larson Lakeview Bulldogge
Longhaired Whippet (picture needed)
Louisiana Catahoula Leopard Dog
Löwchen (Little Lion Dog)
Majestic Tree Hound
Majorca Shepherd Dog