Breeding dogs with the intent of preserving or producing particular characteristics is called dog breeding. Developing physical characteristics, movements, and personalities through selective breeding over decades produces a dog breed that consistently exhibits them.
Each breed has distinct traits associated with morphology, evident in skull shape, body size, tail phenotype, coat color, and fur type. Furthermore, each breed is characterized by distinct aspects of their behavioral traits including herding, hunting, and guarding, and features of their personalities include hypersociality, aggression, and boldness.
The unique combination of physical and behavioral traits is what defines a specific breed. Breed registries and kennel clubs typically set and maintain breed standards which are written descriptions of each trait necessary for breeding an ideal specimen of the breed.
According to a report in July 2021, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) also known as the World Canine Organisation maintains the largest dog breed list recognising between 390 and 400 unique breeds. The fluctuation is due to new breed registrations not included yet, or deleted breeds not yet removed from the list.
According to the American Kennel Club, dog breeds are classified in seven main groups, listed below, with examples.
Sporting Breeds: Bred to assist hunters in the capture and retrieval of feathered game, like the Labrador Retriever, German Shorthaired Pointer, and Cocker Spaniel.
Hound Breeds: Bred to pursue warm-blooded quarry from raccoons to escaped convicts, like Bloodhound, Dachshund, and Greyhound.
Working Breeds: Bred to assist humans in tasks from pulling sleds to guarding homes, like the Boxer, Rottweiler, and Great Dane.
Terrier Breeds: Bred to go underground in pursuit of rodents and other vermin, like Bull Terrier, Scottish Terrier, West Highland White Terrier.
Toy Breeds: Bred particularly to work hard as lovable, affectionate, and attentive companions, like the Chihuahua, Pug, and Shih Tzu.
Non-Sporting Breeds: A patchwork group of breeds defying all six of the other categories, though they all have fascinating histories. Today, the work they do for humans is seldom more than companionship, like the Dalmatian, Bulldog, and Poodle.
Herding Breeds: Bred with exceptional intelligence to allow training for herding livestock, but also proved to be ideal members of law enforcement, like the German Shepherd Dog, Pembroke Welsh Corgi, and Border Collie.
All dogs have the same number of teeth, regardless of breed. Due to their meat-eating evolutionary history, dogs have the teeth typical of carnivores. Dogs have many types of teeth, just like humans, to perform different jobs. However, certain breeds have more dental problems than others, like breeds with narrow muzzles like Dachshunds and Collies that often have problems with the lack of space for 42 teeth.
Pregnancies in dogs do not vary by breed. All breeds’ gestation periods are approximately 63 days. However, it could vary between 57 and 65 days. Breeds play a role in the litter sizes, though. Large breeds typically produce more puppies per litter.
Although the breed of a dog will indicate some innate personality traits, like humans, each dog has a unique personality. Two purebred puppies from the same litter can have different personalities. They are much more than bundles of genes that were pre-programmed. A dog’s human family could also contribute to a dog’s personality.
Determining a dog’s breed is not an exact science. When an organization like the American Kennel Club determines the breed of a dog, they set standards for that breed to help with future identification of pups born to two parents of one breed. There are 20,000 genes in the genome of a dog, each gene determining one aspect. One gene determines the shape of the dog’s head and the remaining 19,999 determine every other physical, personality, and health-related characteristics.
However, identifying the breed of an adult dog is more complicated because training, socialization, environment, diet, and health management can cloud innate characteristics. The physical appearance of a dog involves only about 50 genes, the other 19,950 are responsible for invisible traits like brain function, playfulness, aggression, loyalty, etc. Therefore, visual breed identification could be questionable.
What is the definition of a Dog Diet?
The definition of a dog’s diet is an appropriate amount of well-balanced nutrients for the dog’s overall health and well-being.
Expanding the definition shows that a well-balanced canine diet must include appropriate amounts of vitamins, minerals, and essential amino acids obtained from proteins. Furthermore, the diet must include certain fats to provide essential fatty acids. The required amounts of each component vary according to a dog’s size, and life stages such as senior, adult, adolescent, puppy, or pregnant female. A healthy diet contains all these nutrients to build and maintain tissue, bones, teeth and support healthy biological reactions.
What is the definition of dog care?
Definition of dog care is providing for all the needs of a dog, including food, shelter, and medical treatment.
Dogs, like humans, need shelter, water, and food to survive. However, to ensure a strong bond and a happy life with a thriving canine pet, the owner must ensure the dog gets enough physical exercise and mental stimulation.
Different breeds have different needs. Although the same diet could be suitable for most dog breeds, the amounts of food must meet the dog’s metabolism, size and age. Likewise, the exercise needs of different breeds vary. Grooming needs vary significantly, with some breeds being high maintenance and others requiring no more than occasional brushing and bathing.
Breeds play a significant role in the health of dogs. For example, some large breeds are predisposed to hip dysplasia, and Brachycephalic airway obstructive syndrome (BAOS) is a pathological condition affecting short-nosed dogs, which can lead to severe respiratory problems. It is always a good idea to learn about a dog’s unique needs before adopting or buying a specific breed.
What are the anatomy differences between dog breeds?
Dogs have between 319 to 321 bones in their bodies, regardless of breed. The number could vary slightly because dogs with long tails have a few more tail bones. All breeds have the same number of muscles, the same respiratory and digestive system. However, in appearance, every one of the about 400 registered purebred dogs is unique. Compare the following two breeds.
Smallest: An adult Yorkshire Terrier that was once named the smallest canine, weighing 4 ounces, with a height at shoulders of only 2 ½ inches and 3.7 inches length measured along the head and body.
Heaviest: Zorba, an English Mastiff, weighed 314 pounds.
Tallest: A Great Dane was measured at the withers, standing 42 inches tall.
One can hardly believe the tiny Yorkie has the same skeletal structure with the same number of bones as the Mastiff and Great Dane.
However, significant differences between breeds exist, although not anatomical. Their coat types, texture, density, and color vary, and so do the shapes of their heads, the shape and color of their eyes, their paws, and more.
What is the heaviest dog breed?
The breed considered the heaviest is the Mastiff. Although there are 14 different Mastiff breeds, the English Mastiff is regarded as the heaviest, although not the tallest. English Mastiffs can weigh between 110 and 343 pounds.
What is the longest living dog breed?
The longest living dog breeds are typically the smaller breeds, with the Chihuahua’s expected lifespan between 15 and 20 years. However, nothing is guaranteed, as proved by a rare large breed Australian Cattle Dog that lived for 29 years, although that breed typically has a 15-year life expectancy.
What is the lightest dog breed?
According to registered breed standards, the Chihuahua is the lightest dog breed. They typically weigh below 6 pounds. The lightest dog recorded in Guinness World Records was a Chihuahua called Miracle Milly, born in Puerto Rico in 2011, weighing less than one ounce, fitting in a teaspoon. Her mature weight was one pound, and she lived for nine years. She died after developing breathing problems.
What is the shortest dog breed?
The shortest dog breed, the Chihuahua, is a tiny dog with a big-dog personality. Chihuahuas height, measured at the shoulder, is only 5 to 8 inches. This tiny canine breed is the national symbol of Mexico, among the oldest breeds of the Americas, with a lineage going back to the ancient kingdoms of pre-Columbian times.
What are the growth rate differences between dog breeds?
The growth rate of different breeds depends on their size. The growth continues until all the bones are fully developed. That happens sooner in small breeds. Growth continues as long as the growth plates produce new tissue. When they calcify, bone growth stops. But fat and muscle continue to grow. With purebreds, the growth rate is more or less predictable.
On average, small breeds like Pugs and Pomeranians continue growing for the first six to eight months of their lives. Medium-sized breeds like Beagles and Border Collies reach adult size by the time of their first birthdays.
Large dogs’ bones take a bit longer to grow. Breeds like boxers or any of the Coonhounds are typically fully grown somewhere between 12 and 18 months. Giant breeds like Saint Bernard and Rottweilers typically continue growing until about their second birthdays.
What is the fastest-growing dog breed?
The fastest-growing dog breeds are the smallest breeds. Dogs in the Toy and Small categories typically reach maturity in just 8 to 10 months. In contrast, Giant breeds such as the Great Pyrenees, Great Dane, and the Irish wolfhound may not fully mature for up to two years.
What is the slowest growing dog breed?
Dogs of the Giant breeds have giant bones that take longer to grow than those of any other breed sizes. Even after their bones are fully grown, muscles and body fat continue to grow. Long-boned Giant breeds like Great Danes and Newfoundland dogs could weigh up to 200 pounds and could reach maturity after as long as 36 months.
What is the slowest dog breed?
The slowest dog breed is the Pug, based on speed tests carried out. At the 2019 Berlin International Pug Race, most participating Pugs could not go faster than 2.7 miles per hour. That is slower than the walking speed of average humans who can walk at between 3 and 4 miles per hour. However, there is a reason for the lack of speed when Pugs run. They are Brachycephalic, meaning they are short-snouted, causing impaired lung capacity. Other Brachycephalic breeds include Bulldogs, Boston terriers, Shih tzus, Chow Chows etc.
What is the fastest dog breed?
The speed and endurance of a greyhound is unmatched among other canines and many land mammals. Greyhounds can run 45 miles per hour, reaching that speed within their first six strides, and then they can maintain 35 miles per hour over distances up to 7 miles, or more.
What is the reproducing frequency of dog breeds?
Although most female dogs have two reproductive cycles per year, exceptions exist. Small breeds could have three heat cycles per year, and giant breeds might have one cycle per year.
Litter sizes are also affected by breed. Smaller breeds have fewer puppies per litter, and large breeds have more. The litter sizes listed below reflect the outcome of a study involving 728,271 litters:
Labrador Retrievers were estimated to give birth to about 5–10 puppies per litter, but 7 was the average number after analysis of the study.
German Shepherds had between 5–9 with an average of 6.6.
American Cocker Spaniels had between 3–7 with an average of 5.
Shetland Sheepdogs had anywhere between 2–6 pups with an average of 4.3.
Yorkshire Terriers and Chihuahuas had 2–5 pups with an average of 3.3.
However, consider that some small breeds may still yield large litters; the Pekingese, for instance, may have up to 10 puppies in a litter.
Which dog breeds are predators?
Dog breeds with a high prey drive are predators. Some breeds have inborn instincts to retrieve and other breeds cannot resist chasing anything that moves because their ancestors were bred to hunt. Dog breeds bred to hunt, but since domesticated, will chase after anything from cats or birds and even leaves blowing in the wind. Examples of predator dogs are listed below.
Rhodesian Ridgeback: Originally bred to hunt lions and big game in Africa
Airedale Terrier: Originally bred to track otters and trap them
English Springer: Their instinct to rush and scare small animals from their hiding places come from their innate instincts to flush out quarry for their hunting owners.
How to understand your dog’s breed?
Humans have bred dogs for thousands of years in their quest to produce different beads with particular mental and physical traits for specific types of work. Examples include sleek Greyhounds to chase down quick-footed prey, mastiffs to serve as warriors or guard dogs, and tiny Yorkshire terriers to chase rats.
Breeder clubs like AKC keep records of the ideal traits for each breed, including temperament, physical traits, movement, and more. The breed standards can, for instance, show why a particular dog is a Springer Spaniel rather than a cocker Spaniel. The list below shows the traits that can help with identifying dog breeds.
Ask yourself these activity level questions to better understand a dog breed:
Is the dog calm or energetic?
How much exercise does the dog need?
You will want to consider these questions about barking when choosing or analyzing a dog breed:
Is the dog very vocal?
Does it only bark when necessary?
Is the barking frequent, average or infrequent?
These are the most crucial dog breed characteristics to consider:
Breed size like small, medium, large, or giant
Hypoallergenic or regular, occasional, frequent, infrequent, or seasonal shedding
Interaction with family, children, seniors, neighbors, guests, strangers, and other dogs
Is it a good Guard Dog?
Does the dog adapt to changing circumstances easily?
Some important questions about a dog’s coat include:
Is the dog hairless?
Does it have a double or single layer coat?
Is the coat short, medium, or long?
Is the coat texture smooth or coarse?
What is the color of the coat?
You should always consider a dog breed’s weight and height. There are also several size categorizations to consider:
Some dog breeds are easier to train than others. Ask yourself these questions with regards to training:
Is the dog stubborn, independent, eager to please, agreeable?
Alano Español dogs originated in Spain and are purebred members of the Mastiff breed. The Mastiff is part of an ancient canine clan as old as civilization itself. They are linked to the large imposing breeds known as Molossers that lived in ancient Greece. Despite being massive, heavy-boned and courageous, Mastiffs are also docile, dignified, and formidable protectors of loved ones.
The Alano Español is classified as a large breed, with males standing 26 to 30 inches at the withers, and the females from 22 to 24 inches. The weight of the male Alano can be between 78 and 90 pounds, with the females weighing between 70 to 80 pounds. Alano Espanol dogs typically live for 11 to 14 years.
Alanos are calm, dignified and thoughtful, not always in need of attention. A firm master can, however, control its will despite its fighting and hunting instincts. Dogs of this size are very obedient, loyal and protective towards their family. Even the children of the family may consider them as perfect playmates.
These large-sized dogs need about 3 to 4 cups of dry big-breed dog food, containing all the necessary nutrients. Alanos can also benefit from added fruit, vegetables, oil or anything they enjoy eating. However, the treats should not exceed 10% of the Alano’s daily calories. The caloric requirement for an Alano Español weighing 90 pounds is 3,600 per day. Therefore, fruity or other treats should not be more than 360 calories.
Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldog
The Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldog with origins in the U.S. is a well-developed, exaggerated bulldog with a broad head and natural drop ears. The prominent muzzle is covered by loose upper lips. The prominent eyes are set well apart. The Alapaha's coat is relatively short and fairly stiff.
Alapaha dogs are classified as a medium-sized breed with a lifespan of 12 to 15 years. The males Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldogs stand 20 to 25 inches in the withers. Female Alapahas are only slightly smaller, with heights of 20 to 23 inches. However, the weight difference between the two is significant. Males can weigh between 75 and 100 pounds, compared to the 50 to 70 pounds the females weigh.
The Alapaha breed is not just a beautiful and unique breed, but they are also great family dogs. They are very loyal, but also very protective and sometimes possessive. Alapaha will require a lot of attention. It is very important to train your dog properly from the early age
The medium-sized Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldogs need about 3 to 5 cups of dry dog food daily; breed-specific food can ensure your dog receives ample nutrients and the kibble is the correct size. With a balanced diet, dog owners can treat their Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldogs with a healthy daily treat like a banana or a fruit smoothie, as long as it doesn’t contain ingredients like grapes that are toxic to dogs.
The Alaskan Husky is a type of dog category and not a breed. A worker dog breed is a specific strain that was purposefully bred to perform a particular task. Although Alaskan Huskies were bred purposefully, genes from several breeds, including Siberian Huskies, German Shorthaired Pointers, and Greyhounds were used to breed different worker dogs. They used to breed Huskies with characteristics required by the breeder. Alaskan Huskies were bred with specific strengths like freighting dogs that pull heavy loads, sprinters for fast, short-distance sledding, or others with extra stamina for long-distance sledding, and sled racers.
Alaskan Huskies fall in the medium-size class. They are agile, and athletic. The lifespan of Huskies is 10 to 15 years. Male Alaskan Huskies stand between 18 and 23 inches at the withers, and females measure between 16 and 20 inches at the withers. Males weigh between 46 and 56 pounds, with females weighing between 37 and 42 pounds. Adult Alaskan Huskies require between 1100 and 1800 calories daily, depending on their activity level. Their diets should contain about 28% protein to build lean muscles and provide energy. Huskies can further benefit from diets containing vegetables, fruits, meat and salmon or other types of fish.
The Alaskan Husky breed dogs are affectionate, friendly, gentle, cheerful, and lovable. They crave constant attention, and it is not uncommon for them to forget their size and climb into their owner's lap. They are highly intelligent, curious, lively and independent.
Alaskan Klee Kai
The Alaskan Klee Kai (AKK) breed, also called a Mini Husky, is small and rare with a Husky-like appearance that reflects its Nordic roots. Kee Kais were specifically bred by an Alaskan breeder to be companions that look like worker dogs. The breeding project began in the 1970s and puppies of the brand new AKK breed became available on the market in 1988.
The gene pool to produce these husky look-alikes includes spitz-type native dogs like the Alaskan Husky and Siberian Husky. The breeder added genes from naturally small breeds like the Belgian Schipperke and American Eskimo dogs.
AKKs are now available in sizes, Toy, Miniature, and Standard. The heights of the AKKs vary from the Toy pup anything up to 13 inches, Miniature 13 to 15 inches, and Standard 15 to 17 inches, Their weights are in proportion to the overall size and height of the Klee Kai, and could be anywhere between 5 and 22 pounds. The life span of the Alaskan Klee Kai is 12 to 15 years.
Alaskan Klee Kais are loyal, intelligent, and protective; they're also playful and affectionate. Dogs of the Alaskan Klee Kai breed love the interaction with their human families. AKKs are very affectionate dogs, typically close to the family and other people they know. However, Klee Kais are wary of people they don’t know.
Nutritional needs of an Alaskan Klee Kai are about 800 calories per day, or 2 cups of high-quality dog food containing all the required nutrients. AKKs are picky eaters but a coating of meaty broth poured over the kebble might do the trick.
The Alaskan Malamute is a purebred companion dog deemed one of the oldest breeds whose original looks have not been significantly altered.The Alaskan Malamute features a sturdy, powerful body built for strength and stamina. They were originally bred as working dogs for bear and seal hunting and hauling supplies on sleds.
The Alaskan Malamute breed is classified as Large, with weights varying between 80 and 95 for male dogs, and 70 to 85 pounds for the females. Malamutes are the largest of the Nordic dog breeds, with males standing up to 26 inches in the withers, and the females up to 24 inches. Malamutes’ lifespan is 12 to 15 years.
The Alaskan Malamute is a calm and friendly type of dog. Mallies love spending time in the company of their families, and they are relaxed around children. Alaskan Malamutes are playful and adventurous. They are ideal companions for outdoor enthusiasts and families with active lifestyles.
Feeding of an Alaskan Malamute depends on various things. Age, metabolism, size of the dog, build, quality of the food, and activity. Typically, 4-5 cups of high-quality dry food would be enough. Controlled portions of vegetables and fruit treats can benefit a Mally’s health.
The Alopekis is a purebred fox-like companion dog deemed one of the oldest breeds whose original looks have not been significantly altered. Alopekis comes from Ancient Greece where they roamed the streets hunting vermin. Alopekis dogs are small dogs with weights varying between 7 and 19 pounds, with a life span of 12 to 15 years. The Alopekis is a friendly breed that loves spending time in the company of their families, and they are relaxed around children. Alopekis are playful and adventurous.
Adult Alopekis require between 200 and 275 calories daily. Older, less active Alopekis need fewer calories. Owners of Alopekis should ensure their dogs’ diets include 22% protein to keep their joints and muscles healthy and no more than 8% fat to optimize energy levels. Alopekis should eat ½ to 1 ½ cups of high-quality kibble per day, spread over two feeds. As they age and become less active, the amount of food should be adjusted to avoid weight gain. For overall health, the diets of Alopekis should include vegetables, fruits, meat, and fish. Alopekis love to eat fish, especially salmon, but avoid giving them raw salmon, which could contain parasites and small bones.
The Alpine Dachsbracke is a purebred companion dog, originating in Austria, classified as a medium-sized dog. Although these Dachsbrackes were bred as hunting dogs of the scent hound type, they are also family friendly pets. Their weights vary between 33 and 38 pounds, with a life span of 12 to 16 years. They are sturdy, firm-muscled, robust, strong-boned dogs with a longish stature. Alpine Dachsbrackes love spending time in the company of their families, and they are relaxed around children. Alpine Dachsbrackes are playful and adventurous, and ideal companions for outdoor enthusiasts and families with active lifestyles.
Adult Alpine Dachsbrackes require between 1100 and 1400 calories daily. Older, less active Alpine Dachsbrackes need fewer calories. Two and a half to three and a half cups of high-quality dry dog food, split into two meals, are typically enough for an Alpine Dachsbracke per day. Alpine Dachsbrackes must always have access to fresh drinking water Alpine Dachsbrackes diets should include 22% protein to keep their joints and muscles healthy and no more than 8% fat to optimize energy levels. For overall health, the diets of Alpine Dachsbrackes should include vegetables, fruits, meat, and fish.
The American Allaunt breed, often just called Allaunt, is believed to be the blend of several of the Mastiff breeds who are descendants of the ancient Alaunts. The Alaunts worked with their masters as hunters and guard dogs. Occupations, wars, and interbreeding ultimately led to the extinction of the Alaunt. The American Allaunts are highly intelligent family dogs with the willingness and ability to perform a variety of tasks, such as hunting and protection.
The large and muscular American Allaunts can weigh up to 150 pounds but still impress with extreme agility, speed, and power. However, their innate characters have adapted to circumstances in which they are loveable, affectionate, and easygoing family pets. Allaunts can be docile and devoted to protecting their families, while remaining fearless and confident.
The life span of these massive American Allaunt canines is 10 to 12 years. Adult Allaunts require between 2,700 and 4,000 calories daily. Older, less active American Allaunts need fewer calories. Seven to ten cups of high-quality dry dog food, split into two meals, are typically enough for an American Allaunt per day. American Allaunts must always have access to fresh drinking water. Their diets should include 22% protein to keep their joints and muscles healthy and no more than 8% fat to optimize energy levels. For overall health, the diets of American Allaunts should include vegetables, fruits, meat, and fish.
The American Alsatian is a reasonably new purebred companion dog, specifically bred in California to look like the extinct Dire Wolf but have the personality and temperament of the ultimate family dog. The American Alsatian are large-sized dogs with sturdy, powerful bodies built for strength and stamina. Their weights vary between 75 and 120 pounds, and they have a life span of 12 to 15 years. The American Alsatian is a calm and friendly type of dog. Alsatians love spending time in the company of their families, and they are relaxed around children. American Alsatians are playful and adventurous, but would prefer settling on the couch with family members.
Adult American Alsatians require between 1650 and 2650 calories daily. Older, less active Alsatians need fewer calories. Four to seven cups of high-quality dry dog food, split into two meals, are typically enough for an Alsatian per day. Alsatians must always have access to fresh drinking water. Owners of American Alsatians should ensure their dogs’ diets include 22% protein to keep their joints and muscles healthy and no more than 8% fat to optimize energy levels. For overall health, the diets of American Alsatians should include vegetables, fruits, meat, and fish. High-quality commercial kibble brands typically include beneficial plant proteins like peas and lentils.
American Black and Tan Coonhound
The American Black and Tan Coonhound is a purebred companion dog. The Coonhounds were bred as hunting dogs of the scent hound type. However, they are also family friendly pets. They are sturdy, robust, strong-boned, firm-muscled dogs, slightly longer than high. Their weights vary between 55 and 75 pounds, and they have a life span of 10 to 12 years. American Black and Tan Coonhounds love interaction with their families, and they cherish time spent with children. American Black and Tan Coonhounds are playful and adventurous, and ideal companions for outdoor enthusiasts and families with active lifestyles.
Adult American Black and Tan Coonhounds require between 1180 and 2180 calories daily. Older, less active American Black and Tan Coonhounds need fewer calories. Three to five cups of high-quality dry dog food, split into two meals, are typically enough for an American Black and Tan Coonhound per day. American Black and Tan Coonhounds must always have access to fresh drinking water. Owners of these canines should ensure their dogs’ diets include 22% protein to keep their joints and muscles healthy and no more than 8% fat to optimize energy levels. For overall health, the diets of American Black and Tan Coonhounds should include vegetables, fruits, meat, and fish. High-quality commercial kibble brands typically include beneficial plant proteins like peas and lentils. American Black and Tan Coonhounds tend to gulp the food up too fast. That can cause bloating.
American Blue Gascon
The American Blue Gascon Hound is a purebred, large scenthound, bred in the United States from the French Grand Bleu de Gascon breed. These hounds are skilled at using their scent smelling skills to track, chase, and bring down all kinds of game, from squirrels to boars. They use their loud characteristic bayling and howling to communicate with their owners after trapping their prey. Gascon Blue Hounds are said to be the largest of all the scent hounds, weighing as much as 105 pounds, and they typically measure up to 30 inches high when measured at shoulder level. Their life span is 11 to 12 years. American Blue Gascon Hounds love interaction with their families, and they cherish time spent with children. American Blue Gascon Hounds are playful and adventurous, and ideal companions for outdoor enthusiasts and families with active lifestyles
Adult American Blue Gascon Hounds require between 1180 and 2180 calories daily. Older, less active American Blue Gascon Hounds need fewer calories. The diets of Blue Gascon Hounds should include 22% protein to keep their joints and muscles healthy and no more than 8% fat to optimize energy levels. Three to five cups of high-quality dry dog food, split into two meals, are typically enough for an American Blue Gascon Hound per day. American Blue Gascon Hounds must always have access to fresh drinking water. For overall health, the diets of American Blue Gascon Hounds should include vegetables, fruits, meat, and fish. High-quality commercial kibble brands typically include beneficial plant proteins like peas and lentils. American Blue Gascon Hounds tend to gulp the food up too fast. That can cause bloating.
American Blue Lacy
The American Blue Lacy breed originated in Texas in the mid 1800s. Also known as the Lacy Dog, it is the official dog breed of Texas by the state’s legislature. Lacy Dogs were bred to be working dogs and they have helped ranchers and farmers manage animals since the mid-1800s. Lacys display all the typical traits of an all-purpose working dog that will instinctively herd, hunt, track, tree and bay. Their weights vary between 30 and 50 pounds, and they have a life span of 12 to 16 years. Although Lacys are firstly working dogs that need real jobs to be healthy and happy, they are also excellent family dogs. Blue Lacys are also known to be driven and dedicated companions for people who always have another challenging task for them. American Blue Lacy Dogs show even more versatility with their Search and Rescue skills.
American Blue Lacy Dogs require between 1200 and 2200 calories daily. Older, less active Lacy dogs need fewer calories. The medium-sized American Blue Lacys need about 3 to 5 cups of dry dog food daily. Avoid overeating since they tend to bloat. A high-quality dry kibble will provide adequate nutrition. You can opt for a medium-breed-specific formula to ensure that your dog receives ample nutrients and the kibble is the correct size. American Blue Lacy puppies' protein needs are about 21% to 23% more than adult dogs to grow and support strong bones. Yet, overfeeding protein can cause too rapid development of joints and bones, weakening the skeleton. Lacy puppies also require Vitamins A and D and minerals like zinc, manganese and copper.
The Maremma Sheepdog, or Abruzzenhund, is an ancient breed. This dog breed is famous for its thick, luxurious white coat and bravery. Its name originates from the Maremma marshlands in central Italy, particularly Abruzzo and the Maremma region of Tuscany and Lazio, where the breed historically worked for years. The literal English translation of their name Maremma-Abruzzese is "shepherd dog of the Maremma and Abruzzo." The Maremma Sheepdog is classified as a large breed, protecting flocks of sheep when working and their human families when at home. They have an astoundingly calm demeanor, whether with their flock or their family, and they cannot hide their love for children and can turn into a rambunctious playful pup in the blink of an eye. The Maremma Sheepdog is a large gentle giant standing between 23 and 29 inches in the withers and weighing 66 and 99 pounds. The Maremma Sheepdog has five to seven puppies once a year, and their expected lifespan is 10 to 14 years. Abruzzenhunds need less exercise than hunting dogs because they don't spend their days running. However, they are highly intelligent, with skills to stay focused on their flocks and not get distracted, while they can also make decisions while guarding the sheep. To maintain mental health, Maremma Sheepdogs need frequent mental stimulation and balanced, nutritious diets.
Afghan Hound Dog
Afghan Hounds date back to ancient times, and the pedigree database dates back thousands of years ago by the people of Afghanistan. The Afghan hound hunts by sight and, in its native Afghanistan, has been used to pursue leopards and gazelles. They are highly intelligent, independent, and think for themselves and make decisions. Afghans are no longer used for hunting in the U.S., but they have become popular companion dogs and house pets. The nickname “Tazi” is the most used abbreviated name for Afghan Hounds.
The Afghan is a large breed dog, weighing between 40 and 60 pounds, and their height from the shoulder is between 22 and 29 inches. Afghan Hounds are elegant and beautiful, with regal aloofness and the Afghan Hound exhibits grace in movement. Tazis can reach 40 mph when on the run. Their coats are thick and shiny, giving the breed a luxurious look, their thick coats hide significantly thinner bodies than one would expect for such a large dog, and they tend to maintain their lean strength by eating much less than their owners expect. They live for 12 to 14 years, and once they reach the age of one year, their thick silky coat has grown out. From then onwards, their grooming becomes demanding, with daily brushing and weekly grooming by a professional groomer.
Africanis is a purebred medium-sized dog breed of the hound group. The Africanis, an indigenous South African dog breed, is one of the few primitive breeds left globally and was previously dismissed as mongrels. DNA testing confirms that the Africanis is a distinct breed, and it dates back further than the Egyptian dynasties, from approximately 7000 BC.
The Africanis is a blanket term for dogs native to Southern Africa and are one of only a handful of natural indigenous dog breeds today. They evolved naturally over thousands of years, adapting to the immediate climates and terrains they inhabited. The Africanis breed is known as a ‘land race’ in that they evolved naturally without any human intervention or artificial breeding. Nature, not people, sculpted them to suit the environmental conditions of Africa.
Africanis dogs are typically extremely friendly and loyal and become very attached to their human owners. They can be territorial and are very watchful and protective of their loved ones, but they are also affectionate and playful. Due to their traditional use as farm and hunting dogs, they have also developed a tendency to guard and protect livestock and are excellent trackers. The Africanis is an active, athletic breed type. It will thus need food that contains animal proteins and carbohydrates for energy, vitamins and minerals for digestive and immune health, and omega fatty acids for coat and skin wellness.
Aidi is a purebred medium-sized dog breed of the guard dog group. The Aidi, an indigenous Moroccan dog breed, is speculated to be genuinely ancient. Development theories are very divided between experts and archaeologists. Most of them think that the Aidi may have been developed from the local dogs' gene pool through a natural mixing and selection process in the region
The Aidi dog is always watchful and protective. Their canine behavior is unspoiled, and they communicate with their owners using body language, facial expressions, and different ear movements. Their natural survival instinct and high intelligence enable them to deal with various circumstances calmly.
Aidi dogs are an affectionate and playful breed, and their high level of intelligence usually makes them easy to train. Their innate protective skills make them great companions, guard dogs and watchdogs. However, they are known to be a bit sensitive, so training that centers around positive reinforcement is more successful than one that employs punishments. Because of their history and energy level, Berber Dogs generally do far better in a home with space to run and roam and an active family that engages them regularly. The Aidi is an active, athletic breed type. It will thus need food that contains animal proteins and carbohydrates for energy, vitamins and minerals for digestive and immune health, and omega fatty acids for coat and skin wellness.
The Airedale Terrier is known by many as the King of the Terriers. This aristocratic dog breed with its charming goatee rose from vermin hunters to receive the Victoria Cross for “Gallantry in the Field” after WW1. Sadly, it was awarded posthumously because Jack, the brave Airedale Terrier, died shortly after his heroic deed of saving a battalion of British troops. All terriers dig, bark, and chase; the Airedale is no different. Airedales love to run, so they make excellent jogging partners. Airedale Terriers are lovable, loyal, playful, and very protective companion dogs suitable for families with children. They are highly active and need at least two hours of exercise per day. Airedales are medium-sized dogs with a shoulder height of up to 24 inches, weighing about 65 pounds. Their life expectancy is 11 to 15 years. Airedales don’t need any special diets, as long as their food is nutritious and their diets are balanced. Although they are mostly healthy, the breed is predisposed to several health conditions, all treatable, but overall health checks every six months are vital.
The Akbash is a rare, purebred guard dog of Turkish origin. Akbash Dogs are loyal, alert, and intelligent. These pups have some of the most sought-after qualities as guard dogs and companion dogs. The Akbash is a powerful, large dog, mostly white, sometimes with a touch of creamy-biscuit nuances, usually on the head. Akbash Dogs are exceptional livestock guarding dogs chosen by many sheep farmers for their white coats to blend in with the sheep. That ensures the shepherds won't mistake the guard dogs for the mostly dark-colored predators, and the predators won't spot the Akbush among the sheep. Most weigh in at 75 to 140 pounds and range in height from 27 to 34 inches at the shoulder. That said, many can be smaller or larger than average. The female Akbash Dogs are smaller than the males and appear distinctly more feminine. Akbash Dogs are prone to unhealthy weight gain because they love food. Therefore, it is the owners' responsibility to control the diet and meal sizes in puppyhood and beyond. If they live a healthy life, Akbash dogs can live the expected 10 to 11 years, or even more.
The Akita is a large, powerful, brave dog breed with an intimidating and noble presence. They originated from feudal Japan, where they guarded nobility and royalty. The Akita breed is a beloved working dog breed that the Japanese government designated in 1930 as a “natural monument.” The Akita was initially used as a hunting and fighting dog and is now used for police and guard work while also suitable for family pets.
The first Akita to arrive on American soil was brought to the United States by Helen Keller in the mid-1930s. Keller was gifted an Akita puppy while touring Japan. In the 1940s, American GIs brought Akita Inu dogs home upon their return after the occupation of Japan. Japanese Akitas were the first specimens of this Spitz breed to come to the US. Their arrival gave rise to a separate mix named the American Akita. Akitas are confident, intelligent, outgoing and very protective. They are agile and possess a delightful, playful streak that endears them to their families. They are happiest in one-dog households because they do not tolerate other dogs. They are large dogs standing between 24 and 28 inches high and weighing up to 130 pounds. Akitas are reasonably healthy and need nutritious diets to live up to at least 14 years or longer.
Akita Inu (Japanese)
Akita Inu is an ancient Japanese dog that was bred for hunting bigger wild animals such as moose, wild boar and bear, moose and wild boar. They are said to have fought alongside the samurai and served the Japanese noblemen. The Japanese government declared the breed as a national treasure in 1931. The Japanese Akita breed arrived in the United States when a woman named Helen Keller came across them in Japan and could not resist bringing an Akita Inu with her when she returned to the U.S.. The Akita Inus are large-sized dogs with sturdy, powerful bodies built for strength and stamina. Their weights vary between 75 and 120 pounds, and they have a life span of 12 to 15 years. The Akita Inu breed has a bad reputation of being too aggressive. However, the Akita Inu is a calm and friendly type of dog. Akitas love spending time in the company of their families, and they are relaxed around children. Akita Inu are playful and adventurous but would prefer settling on the couch with family members.
Adult Akita Inu requires between 1200 and 1600 calories daily. Older, less active Akitas need fewer calories. Four to seven cups of high-quality dry dog food, split into two meals, are typically enough for an Akita per day. Akitas must always have access to fresh drinking water. Owners of Akita Inu should ensure their dogs’ diets include 22% protein to keep their joints and muscles healthy and no more than 8% fat to optimize energy levels. For overall health, the diets of Akita Inu should include vegetables, fruits, meat, and fish. High-quality commercial kibble brands typically include beneficial plant proteins like peas and lentils.
American Bull Molosser
The American Bull Molosser is a family companion dog and a personal protector all in one. It is a courageous, loyal, medium-large do. The ABM possesses brains, good looks, natural ability, a stable working temperament with its primary desire to please its human family. If raised properly and sufficiently trained, the American Bull Molosser makes an outstanding family pet. The life span of the American Bull Molosser is 10 to 14 years, and they have six to eight puppies per litter. American Bull Molossers are also known as American Brabanter, American Molossers, American Bullenbeisser, and the shortened version, ABM. American Bull Molosser falls in the medium-large dog category. They are exaggerated, well-developed bulldogs with broad heads. Males weigh between 85 and 115 pounds and females between 70 and 95 pounds. Male American Bull Molosser stands between 22 and 26 inches high and 20 to 24 inches for the female ABMs.
American Bulldogs descended from the Old English Bulldog, which was brought to North America by immigrant workers who brought their working dogs along to help on the farms. An unfortunate part of the lives of the bulldogs that came to the U.S. was their use as bull bait in a barbaric sport that typically caused their deaths. The number of surviving bulldogs dwindled, and by the end of the Second World War, very few were still alive.
In the early 19th century, the American Bulldog was almost extinct, but a small group of dedicated breeders sought specimens for the breed's revival in the south. American Bulldogs are now generally family-friendly companions that no longer face extinction, thanks to breeders like Alan Scott and John D. Johnson. They developed a homogeneous physique and nature while preserving and reviving the breed. In order to preserve and enhance the bull-type appearance, they included the pure English Bulldog in the breeding process.
The American Bulldog is a purebred, short-coated, well-boned dog. It is athletic, powerful, and strong muscled, with average weights of 80 to 95 pounds. The AmBull’s essential characteristics enable it to work as a cattle and hog-catching dog, and also as a protector of personal property and human family members. The life span of the American Bulldog is 10 to 16 years, and they have 7 to 14 puppies per litter once a year.
In terms of humor and antics, the American Bullnese breed is known as a natural clown. The Bullnese dog’s size and its laid-back personality make them ideal for cities or country living. Unlike most dogs, this stubby-legged dog is a faithful companion. The American Bullnese dogs are perfect lap warmers, and if there is a choice between cuddling and ball-playing, the lap wins every time.
It only takes an occasional bath and brush to keep the short-coated Bullnese in good shape.
The Bullnese breed resulted from selective breeding done by a Florida breeder named Robert E. Rice. Rice’s selective breeding brought about amiable, sweet American Bullnese puppies. They are often described as “clowns” or stumpy-legged big dogs in little dog coats that enjoy engaging in silly, playful behavior. Yet, with the genes of multiple breeds forming part of a puppy’s characteristics, new Bullnese parents might want to familiarize themselves with the known traits of all the contributors to understand the latest addition to their household better. The life span of the American Bullnese is 10 to 15 years, and they have 4 to 8 puppies per litter once a year.
Companion breeds such as the American Bully show confidence, a love of life, and a bond with family members. Combine all these traits, and you have the perfect companion for the entire family. Their demeanor is gentle, despite their fierce appearance. They're lovely with kids but slightly hesitant around strangers, other dogs, and other animals. There is a misconception that American bullies are vicious, dangerous dogs.
The Bully breed has been selectively bred and developed over time to emphasize its positive characteristics. They are fun-loving, loyal jokesters who tend not to outgrow their playfulness as they age. They weigh between 60 and 120 pounds, and their versatility allows them to excel as therapy dogs, drug and bomb detection, and search and rescue work.
The life span of the American Bully is 8 to 12 years, and they have 4 to 10 puppies per litter once a year. They are very protective of their human families. Bullies need a lot of exercise activities and an experienced, active canine parent. American Bullies are also called American Bully Pits, Bullypits, Bully Pits, Bully Pit Bulls, Bully Pit Bull, and Bullies.
American Cocker Spaniel
The American Cocker Spaniel is a compact but sturdy dog, and it has a round, poised head and a large square muzzle. The most outstanding feature of cocker spaniels is their medium-length, silky coat that’s either moderately wavy or flat. These dogs have big black eyes and sweet expressions, and long, lush ears, making them adorable sights to behold.
Cocker Spaniels are affectionate, loving, and highly loyal to their families. They are highly social and love spending time with people. They take no time to gel up with people and form strong bonds with family. The American Cocker Spaniel is a very sensitive dog that does not respond well to harsh treatment. Generally, Cocker Spaniels are people-oriented and don’t do well in isolation, and may bark excessively or turn to destructive behaviors such as chewing or digging when left alone. Cocker Spaniels can relate well with older people and children because of their high intelligence, playfulness, and generally pleasant personalities. Like any other dog breed, An American Cocker Spaniel requires a high-quality, properly-balanced diet with the right calories and proteins for optimal growth.
American Crested Sand Terrier
The American Crested Sand Terrier is a little-known breed that is not American at all. Their origin is in Africa, where they were companion dogs, also called the African Hairless Dog and the Abyssinian Sand Terrier. American Crested Sand Terriers are entirely hairless, and they fall in the medium-sized breed category. The male stands between 15 and 20 inches in the withers, and they are typically slightly taller than the females of this breed. Both males and females weigh between 20 and 40 pounds, and their life expectancy is 12 to 15 years. American Crested Sand Terriers’ characters are brave, loyal, willing, affectionate, protective, peaceful, and quiet. American Crested Sand Terriers are sturdy and muscular, with wide chests and broad shoulders, and they have floppy bat-like ears and elongated, tapered muzzles. Balanced nutrition is crucial for American Crested Sand Terriers of all life stages, and if kept healthy they are expected to live for 12 to 15 years.
American English Coonhound
The American English Coonhound breed is also called the English Coonhound, Redtick Coonhound, English Coondog and just plain Coondog. Like many hunting hounds, the American English Coonhounds have two distinct personalities. One that hunts and tracks, and another one that loves to cuddle as close as possible to their human family members when they return from the hunt. American English Coonhounds can be goal-oriented and stubborn when hunting and show off their athleticism when playing outside. They are typically exhausted after a good hunt, causing them to calm down when they are done hunting. American English Coonhounds are easy to train, intelligent, loving, and reasonably easy to groom. However, novice dog parents should know Coonhounds also need lots of physical activity and firm, ongoing physical and mental training. Only those who can keep up with endless play sessions and walks would make a good match with the endless source of energy of the English Coondog. Both males and female coonhounds weigh between 45 and 75 pounds and they stand between 21 and 27 inches high in the withers. American English Coonhounds need special nutrition to flourish, and puppies need more nutrients than adult dogs. Their diets must include balanced amounts of proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals, and water. The average lifespan of the American English Coonhound is 10 to 12 years.
American Eskimo Dog
American Eskimo dogs are classed as one of the Spitz breeds, characterized by long, dense coats, pointed, erect ears, and fluffy tails curving over their backs. The American Eskimo Dog, affectionately called Eskies, comes in three sizes, toy, miniature and standard, with heights ranging between 9 and 19 inches. Eskies are alert, friendly and fiercely intelligent and one of the easiest breeds to train. Underscored by the fact that they were trained as circus dogs in years gone by. Today, American Eskimos are one of the most popular companion dog breeds.
The standard size Eskies weigh between 18 and 35 pounds and their shoulder height range between 15 and 20 inches. Eskies are white and often likened to snowballs. American Eskimo Dogs are loyal, loving, and eager to please their human families. Eskies do well around kids of all ages, as long as the dogs are socialized and introduced to the children early. They interact well with older people, strangers, other dogs and pets. American Eskimo Dog puppies need slow, sustained growth to help prevent orthopedic problems, such as hip dysplasia. Raise them on a diet designed for large-breed puppies or food for adult dogs. Whatever diet you choose shouldn’t overemphasize protein, fat, and calorie levels. They are expected to live for 12 to 14 years.
American Foxhounds have large, soft eyes with an expression described as gentle and pleading. The typical Foxhound is friendly and gentle, especially with kids. Foxhounds are reserved but protective toward strangers, taking the cue from their human family. Once they are satisfied that the strangers pose no threat, they will relax but remain alert. Foxhounds are pack animals, and they tend to be happiest with families who have more than one dog. Raised along with cats and other pets, they may be okay, but their prey drive might put the lives of small critters at risk. American Foxhounds' overall health is good, and they are expected to live between 10 and 14 years. During the day, American Foxhounds keep their noses to the ground while searching for exciting activities, but their expressive faces can be seen as if they are asking for some playtime. Their tri-color coats are shades of black, white and tan, and they range in weight from 60 to 70 pounds, each Foxhound with its unique markings. American Foxhounds do best on high-quality dog food, whether homemade with veterinarian guidance or commercial dog food. Any diet should be life-stage appropriate, like Foxhound puppies, adults, or seniors.
American Hairless Terrier
The American Hairless Terrier is the only hairless breed to originate in the United States. Dogs of the American Hairless Terrier breed, also known as AHT, are small, smooth-muscled terriers that come in a hairless variety and a variety sporting a fine coating of hair. The Hairless Terrier originated in Louisiana, United States, where breeding started in the 1950s, and the first hairless litter was born in the 1970s. The breed includes the American Hairless Terrier and the Coated American Hairless Terrier. The American Hairless Terrier variety is entirely free of hair except for whiskers and guard hairs on the eyebrows and muzzle. The Coated American Hairless Terrier variety has a short, smooth and dense coat with a sheen. AHTs are classified as small dogs, weighing 12 to 16 pounds and standing 12 to 16 inches high. Their lifespan is 14 to 16 years. American Hairless Terriers owners should ensure their hairless terrier is well nourished with a balanced diet because this breed is prone to become obese. They are loving, affectionate and loyal, and they interact friendly with all their family members, from young to old, including other dogs.
American Indian Dog
Rare American Indian Dogs evoke the spirit and versatility of ancient Native American and First Nations dogs. Dogs of this breed can perform a wide range of duties and activities, including livestock herding and guarding, search and rescue, and service. Their weights vary widely between 45 and 120 pounds, and they have a long life span of 14 to 19 years. They are gentle giants who want to be with their human family members all the time. Because they crave human interaction, the NAIDs are prone to develop separation anxiety if they are left alone often. These wolf lookalikes are protective, instinctively taking on the role of protecting their owners. They can also make great guard dogs and watchdogs.
Adult American Indian Dogs require between 1760 and 2200 calories daily. Older, less active Indian Dogs need fewer calories. Owners of American Indian Dogs should ensure their dogs’ diets include 22% protein to keep their joints and muscles healthy and no more than 8% fat to optimize energy levels. Four to six cups of high-quality dry dog food, split into two meals, are typically enough for a NAID per day. American Indian Dogs must always have access to fresh drinking water. American Indian puppies' protein needs are about 21% to 23% more than adult dogs to grow and support strong bones. Yet, overfeeding protein can cause too rapid development of joints and bones, weakening the skeleton. An American Indian puppy’s system would also require vitamins A and D and minerals like zinc, manganese and copper.
American Lo-Sze Pugg
Breeder Rebecca Manns, from the United States, was the first person to develop the American Lo-Sze Pugg, registered in 1998. The breed attempts to mimic the earlier Chinese companion animals known as Lo-Sze Puggs or Lo-Sze Dogs, with roots traceable as far back as ancient China, during the time of Confucius.
American Lo-Sze Puggs is one of the kindest and most affectionate dog breeds. They love interacting with humans, other dogs, and pets. Known for their cheerful disposition and jovial demeanor, the American Lo-Sze Pugg makes an excellent and happy companion from babies to grandparents and all ages in between. It is generally considered an intelligent breed that responds well to obedience training. Both the males and females of the American Lo-Sze Puggs are similar sizes, with weights between 5 and 12 Pounds. They are between 9 and 11 inches high at the withers. Their life expectancy is 12 to 15 years. Lo-Sze Pugg dogs have many potential health problems, mostly human-induced through cross-breeding. Lo-Sze Puggs’ shedding level is moderate, throughout the year.
American Mastiff (Panja)
The American Mastiff Panja was bred in the United States, raised initially to protect the homes and properties of the people. They were used by drug traffickers and people linked to crime in order to serve as guard dogs for their properties. Their excellent guarding skills came from the Pit Bull and Rottweiler genes in their DNA. However, the Panjas became favored companion dogs after the breed was recognized by the Dog Registry of America. They are loyal, loving, devoted, and extremely protective of its family and great with children and other dogs if properly socialized at a young age. The life span of the American Mastiff Panja is 10 to 12 years.
The American Mastiff (Panja) is a large dog with high energy levels, requiring between 1500-2000 calories per day for optimal health. The Mastiff Panja's diet should be well-balanced and high in protein to meet the energy requirements of large breeds that stand 22 to 26 inches in the withers and weigh between 80 and 100 pounds.
American Pit Bull Terrier
Hunting, general farm work, and companionship were common uses for this purebred hunting dog breed. American Pit Bull Terriers are loving, gentle dogs that enjoy spending time with their owners. This dog is actually an affectionate family pet, in contrast to the popular belief that he is a killer. Each female APBT has one litter per year and usually produces five to eight puppies. This breed belongs to the medium-sized dog category. Pits have powerful heads and exaggerated muscular bodies. Males Pits weigh between 35 and 60 pounds and females between 30 and 50 pounds. Their life expectancy is 10 to 14 years.
The Pitbull breed thrives in a family environment. They are clownish, affectionate, protective, and very loyal. APBTs are extremely active breeds and they enjoy playing outside but sleeping inside. Pitties need between 900 and 1200 calories per day. Owners of Pits should ensure their dogs’ diets include 22% protein to keep their joints and muscles healthy and no more than 8% fat to optimize energy levels. As Pitties age and become less active, the amount of food should be adjusted to avoid weight gain. For overall health, the diets of APBT dogs should include vegetables, fruits, meat, and fish.
American Staffordshire Terrier
This purebred hunting dog breed was commonly used for general farm work, hunting, and companionship. The American Staffordshire Terrier is a gentle, loving dog that is happiest with his human family. Contrary to the perception that he is a “killer,” this dog is actually an affectionate family pet. The female American Staffordshire Terrier comes into season once per year, and they usually have five to ten puppies per litter. American Staffordshire Terriers are classified in the medium-sized dog category. Amstaffs are exaggerated, muscular dogs with powerful heads. Males weigh between 55 and 70 pounds and females between 40 and 55 pounds. Their life expectancy is 12 to 17 years.
American Staffordshire Terriers are people-oriented dogs who thrive when they are part of a family. They are feisty, intelligent, courageous, loyal, and very strong. The Amstaff is an extremely active breed of dog that loves to play outside. Staffies need between 1400 and 1690 calories per day. Owners of Staffies should ensure their dogs’ diets include 22% protein to keep their joints and muscles healthy and no more than 8% fat to optimize energy levels. As they age and become less active, the amount of food should be adjusted to avoid weight gain. For overall health, the diets of Amstaffs should include vegetables, fruits, meat, and fish.
The American Staghound is a hunting dog, classified as a sighthound, hunting mainly by sight and speed rather than by scent and endurance as scent hounds do. The American Staghound has the genetics of both Greyhounds and Scottish Deerhounds. Greyhounds have excellent eyesight and high speeds, but soft feet make them unsuitable for hills and rough terrain. In turn, the Deerhounds bring their tough feet, large and powerful bodies, and heavy and harsh coats for protection against extreme cold. American Staghounds are loving companions, even though they were bred as hunters. They are great companions for people who adore their dogs, but Staghounds are not recommended for casual dog owners. The Staghound is quite needy and wants lots of attention from its owner, and they cannot tolerate being left alone for long periods. They’re also notably stubborn, making it more challenging to get them to listen, especially for an inexperienced dog owner. American Staghounds weigh between 65 and 73 pounds and they stand between 26 and 29 inches high at the withers. They live between 12 and 15 years long, and their litters rarely exceed five puppies. The American Staghound breed is very healthy, with limited genetic health issues. American Staghounds need high-quality foods rich enough in calories to sustain their exceptional energy levels.</>
American Toy Fox Terrier
The American Toy Fox Terrier, often abbreviated as Amertoy, is a hybrid of Smooth Fox Terriers and other toy dog breeds, including the Miniature Pinscher, Chihuahua, and Toy Manchester Terrier. The American Toy Terrier was bred to catch rats and hunt small vermin-like squirrels on farms. Today, American Toy Terriers are companion dogs, known for their loyalty, readiness to please their owners, high intelligence, and adaptability. American Toy Terriers are small dogs with weights ranging from 3.5 to 7 pounds with a life expectancy of 13 to 15 years. American Toy Terriers give birth to 3-6 puppies per litter annually.
Despite their small size, American Toy Terrier Dogs have a high appetite. American Toy Terriers thrive mainly on high-protein diets. Meat should be the primary source of protein for the growth and maintenance of lean muscles. Amertoys require moderate fats and small amounts of carbohydrates. The amount to give will depend on the Amestoy's life stage, weight, and health condition. American Toy Terrier Dogs have the characteristics of both the Terrier and Toy breeds. Their Terrier side is demonstrated through being courageous, intelligent, agile, playful, and stubborn. On the other hand, their gentle and affectionate nature is a trait of the Toy breeds. American Toy Terriers interact well with their human families, from children to grandparents, other pets, and dogs.
American Tundra Shepherd Dog
The American Tundra Shepherd dog was developed in the United States of America under a defense development program by crossing a German shepherd with a North American Tundra Wolf. Also called the ATS, the American Tundra Shepherd dog is an adaptable and hardworking dog that can play various roles as a service dog or police dog. It helps the disabled, farmers, police and military personnel, outdoor enthusiasts, ranchers, and search and rescue. It also makes a fantastic guard dog and household pet. The American Tundra Shepherd dog is a devoted companion, bright and intelligent, eager to please its owner. The ATS breed is known for its large and sturdy physique. They weigh between 100 and 140 pounds and stand 24 to 33 at the withers. The American Tundra Shepherds have very high energy levels and thus require a high-quality diet that’s rich in proteins and calories. Their diet should be well-balanced with the appropriate portions of all the necessary nutrients including proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, vegetables, and minerals.
American Water Spaniel
The American Water Spaniel (AWS) originated from the United States, specifically the Great Lakes region. The American Water Spaniels are known for their strong water retrieval skills. AWS dogs have high energy levels and, as long as they get enough exercise, they make excellent family companions. Their cheerfulness, enthusiasm and intelligence boost strong mutual bonds between owners and their furry friends.
American Water Spaniels are classified as part of the Sporting Dogs group. Although the breed falls in the medium-sized dog category, weighing up to 45 pounds and standing about 18 inches high, they are also known as the "little brown dog.” Their average life expectancy is 10 to 14 years, and the American Water Spaniel's name is often abbreviated to AWS. American Water Spaniels appear small, weighing between 25 to 45 pounds and only about 18 inches high. These curly-coated American Water Spaniels are the classic “big dogs in small packages.” They are tough hunting dogs, known for often displaying a stubborn streak. Although they are called spaniels, the AWS dogs are exceptional water retrievers and have a fine reputation as hunting dogs among those in the know.
They are still a rare breed, and reportedly, there are currently no more than 3,000 American Water Spaniels worldwide. It makes them a special and unique little dog that still holds an important place in the state's history and the entire Great Lakes region. AWS owners must control their meals with care because American Water Spaniels love food, and weight gain can lead to obesity.
American White Shepherd Dog
The American White Shepherd is a pure-bred large hunting dog that lives for 12 to 14 years. The American White Shepherds are very similar to their cousins, the German Shepherd Dogs. They can weigh up to 89 pounds and stand 26 inches at the withers. American White Shepherds are intelligent, obedient, fearless, and courageous. The White Shepherds make excellent family companions and love spending time with all their family members. American White Shepherd puppies should eat a healthy, balanced diet because of the intense exercise they need every day. Shepherd Dogs tend to become overweight as they get older, so it’s important to monitor how much food they’re consuming from when they are puppies. In addition, they have a risk for hip dysplasia, and joint supplements can keep them feeling healthy. They have double coats, and they’re heavy shedders and need daily brushing, with more vigorous grooming in shedding seasons to prevent the undercoat from matting and allowing fungal infections to develop.
Anatolian Shepherd Dog
Known for their rugged, imposing appearance, Anatolian Shepherd Dogs are flock guardians of ancient lineage. Intelligent, territorial, protective, patient, and fiercely loyal, these muscular canines have earned their reputation as exceptional working guard dogs. These giant flock protectors weigh up to 150 pounds, and their heights at the withers are between 27 and 29 inches. The Kangal Dogs are powerful and muscled but nimble on their feet and capable of surviving the harsh terrain of their homeland, Turkey, and predators.
Anatolian Shepherds are first and foremost guardians. They are hard-working dogs whose function is to guard their flock; that flock may be anything from a person or family to livestock such as horses, ostriches, llamas, goats, sheep, or even chickens. The Anatolian is a loyal guard and can be fiercely possessive and protective of his family, territory, and stock. Surprisingly, Anatolians do not eat a lot, they tend to be easy to care for, and adult Anatolians will eat from 40 to 60 pounds of premium quality dog kibble per month. The way a puppy is fed plays a crucial role in the Anatolian Sheperd’s overall health throughout its life. An Anatolian puppy should be fed premium puppy food for the first year as a puppy It is best to keep the dog reasonably lean to prevent overstressing of developing joints and bones.
Photo: Andalusian Podenco
Anglo-Françaises de Moyenne Vénerie
Anglo-Françaises de Petite Vénerie
The Anglo-Francais de Petite Venerie is a scent hound classed as a medium-sized Anglo-French hound. Like many other French scent hounds, some links go back as far as the 16th century, but as accurate documentation was rare, it's challenging to say the breed's exact origins.
The Anglo-Francais de Petite Venerie breed was created to serve as hunting dogs by crossing French scenthounds with English foxhounds, and its name comes from the fact that it hunts small game, not from its physical size. These dogs are experts at hunting due to their excellent scenting ability. Most Anglo-French hounds are used for hunting, and very few have been exported to the U.S. and the U.K for companion dog purposes. Therefore, reports about their suitability as family pets are not enough to evaluate them as a breed, although pet parents of these hounds say they are friendly, loveable and good with children, other dogs and older people.
Their grooming needs are low because they have dense, short, and smooth coats. Since it is a working dog breed Anglo-Français de Petite Vénerie are highly active dogs that require a lot of exercise and premium quality food. The Anglo-Français de Petite Venerie stands between 16 to 22 inches tall and weighs around 35 to 44 pounds. They bare 4 to 8 puppies per litter once each year, and their expected lifespan is 11 to 13 years.
The Appenzeller Mountain Dog was originally bred as herding and protecting dogs for cattle in the Swiss mountains. The American Kennel Club categorizes them as herding dogs. Appenzeller Sennenhund dogs also serve as rescue animals in the Swiss Alps. They are bright, affectionate canines with a strong instinct to protect their territory. An Appenzeller Mountain Dog has a high energy level that needs engagement in activities, lest it gets bored and destructive. So the breed displays typical characteristics of cattle dogs. They are highly intelligent working dogs that can bond closely with family but remain suspicious of strangers.
Appenzeller Sennenhunde have broad, flat heads with tapered muzzles, hanging ears, and small, dark eyes. Their thick tails are usually curled over the back. The average weight of males and females is 60 pounds with only about two inches difference in their heights. The males’ average height is 22.5 inches, and the females stand 19.5 inches in the withers. The female delivers four to eight pups after a 60 day pregnancy period.
The Appenzeller’s lifespan is 9 to 12 years. The average weight of males and females is 60 pounds with only about two inches difference in their heights. The males’ average height is 22.5 inches, and the females stand 19.5 inches in the withers. Feed your Appenzeller Mountain Dog a food formulated for medium dog breeds, recipes for puppies, adults and seniors.When Appenzeller Mountain Dogs are healthy and active, every day is an adventure. That's why Orijen for active breeds is crafted with everything dogs need to thrive, starting with real protein as the first ingredient.
Ariège Pointing Dog
The Ariège Pointers developed in the Ariègeois region of France, from which they got their name. They originated back in the 19th Century from the old French Braque dogs. Breeders crossed the old French Braque with the white and orange Southern Braques. They aimed to bring activity and lightness into the Ariège Pointer breed. Developed as a continental pointing breed, they proved to be very agile and energetic with an excellent sense of smell. These dogs were sought-after, skilled retrievers and were perfect as hunting companions for quail, wild hair, and partridge hunters.
The Ariège Pointer's height is between 24 to 27 inches, and it weighs around 55 to 67 pounds. They have dense, thick, short, and rough coats. Since it is a working dog breed, Ariège Pointers are highly active dogs that require a lot of exercise. These dogs are expert hunters due to their excellent retrieving and hunting abilities.
The Ariège Pointing Dogs have 4 to 8 puppies per litter once per year, and their lifespan is 12 to 15 years. Their pack mentality has not left Ariège Pointer even if raised as only dogs. Ariège Pointers working as hunting dogs, do well on a formula made with rich protein and healthy fat sources, and choosing a recipe for active breeds would be even better. They are quite social, friendly, and non-aggressive toward people, even strangers, and have reported being gentle with children. They are affectionate and loyal, forming tight bonds with their family, especially with their owner who trains and socializes them.
Around 1912, the Ariègeois dog was developed in the French region of Ariège. The Ariègeois breed has traditionally been used for hunting hares and boars in packs. Still, more and more of these furry hunting dogs are now companions and pets of families across the United States and elsewhere. This transition from working animal to loyal pet has almost certainly come about because of the Ariègeois' affectionate personalities.
However, owners should be aware that these hunting dogs have a very high demand for exercise and require an experienced and patient trainer. The Ariegeois Dog's height is between 20 to 33 inches, and it weighs around 50 to 70 pounds. Ariegeois Dogs have 3 to 6 puppies per litter once per year, and their lifespan is 12 to 13 years. They have dense, thick, short, and rough coats. Since it is a working dog breed, Ariegeois Dogs are highly active dogs that require a lot of exercise.
These dogs are expert hunters due to their excellent retrieving and hunting abilities. Ariegeois Dogs working as hunting dogs, do well on a formula made with rich protein and healthy fat sources, and choosing a recipe for active breeds would be even better. Ariegeois puppy's portion depends on age, but 3 to 4 cups are appropriate. In contrast, an active, healthy adult Ariegeois Dog should have 4 to 5 cups, depending on the brand and formula of the food.
The Egyptian Armant is, above all, a working dog. Developed as farm dogs, Armants do best when given jobs to do. However, that is not to say that the breed does not bond with its owner. These herding dogs are extremely loyal and bond very closely with their owners. This breed does not do well when left alone for long periods and is highly prone to developing separation anxiety. The Armant is a gentle and calm dog that gets along very well with children, though they need a lot of space to run and play.
The female delivers six to eight pups after a 60 day pregnancy period. The Armant’s lifespan is 13 to 14 years. The average weight of males and females is 60 pounds, and their average height is 22.5 inches. The Armant dogs are a very agile breed. The breed is obedient and quite protective of its territory, which it will fearlessly defend. Ermenties are good working dogs, fearless and loyal. They generally respond well to training but require a firm owner to accomplish this. They bond well with other animals and are very good with children.
The Armant Sheepdog is an active, athletic breed type. It will thus need food that contains animal proteins and carbohydrates for energy, vitamins and minerals for digestive and immune health, and omega fatty acids for coat and skin wellness. A dog of this size, activity level, and demeanor will thrive best on premium dry food.
The Armenian Gampr dogs have been guarding livestock in the Armenian Highlands for thousands of years. The Gampr, as it is frequently abbreviated, is classified as a large to giant landrace breed. The term landrace is used because these Armenian dogs were often allowed to mate with wolves in the wild. Another name often used to indicate this dog is the Armenian Wolfhound Gampr. The name translates to “large, hairy beast.”
They are naturally gentle and protective of human family members of all ages and livestock. However, the Armenian Gampr can be more aloof and serious than most other breeds and not likely to be playful. Gampr dogs will not get along with other dogs unless they are properly socialized. In contrast, they crave human friendship and will protect their humans with their lives. The Armenian Gampr can be more aloof and serious than most other breeds and not likely to be playful. Gampr dogs will not get along with other dogs unless they are properly socialized. In contrast, they crave human friendship and will protect their humans with their lives.
The Armenian Gampr should be fed a high-quality dry food formulated for large and giant breeds as a large-breed dog. The Gampr is also a working breed, but they are not overly active, so a working breed formula may not be necessary. The Gampr could grow as tall as 26 inches at the withers and weigh up to 135 pounds. Their life expectancy is 12 to 15 years.
The Atlas Terrier is a rare breed developed in the USA as a blend of Jack Russell Terriers, Border Terriers, Rat Terriers, and Patterdale Terriers. In 1990 Lauren Wolfe developed the Atlas Terrier in America. Wolfe began her research to improve the health of the Jack Russell Terrier breed by combining the Jack Russell Terrier, Border Terrier, Rat Terrier, and Patterdale Terrier.
However, after seeing the result, she realized that she had created a new breed, unique from any other terrier. The puppies are tiny, under 11 inches tall, weighing between five and nine pounds. Despite their small size, these perky pups are excellent hunters, athletic achievers, friendly furbabies, and lovable lap dogs. There are three sizes of Atlas Terrier, toy, miniature, and standard sizes.
Atlas terriers are outgoing, social, affectionate, and mischievous. It is not uncommon for Atlas Terrier and Jack Russel Terriers to compare their pups to regular naughty children. Having one of them in your home will mean energy and lots of fun and games. Atlas Terriers have a friendly, outgoing demeanor. They are typically friendly with children, other dogs and pets and regard their humans as family members.
Atlas Terrier Dogs are incredibly rare and, therefore, hard to find. As it is, there are no more than three breeders of Atlas Terriers in the US. Don’t expect to walk in and buy a puppy, instead, expect to have your name going onto a waiting list.
The Australian Bandog is a large-sized, rare dog breed that combines a muscular, imposing appearance with an easy-going, confident personality. Bandogs descended from various Mastiff and Bulldog breeds. They are attentive and highly intelligent and make excellent watchdogs. Classified as a large breed, bandogs can weigh up to 140 pounds and stand as high as 30 inches at the withers. They are expected to live for 10 to 11 years.
Also called Australian Bandogge, the breed is extremely loyal to its human families, good with children and other pets. However, it may require early socialization with other animals. They are suspicious of strangers and need little care, so they are a good choice as a family pet, particularly for those needing extra protection.
Your dog's adult size determines its dietary needs through all life stages. Thus, base your Australian Bandog's diet on a large breed's unique nutritional and digestive needs throughout its different life stages. Australian Bandogs fall in the large to giant breed class, and most dog food companies have breed-specific formulas for small, medium, large and giant breeds. Australian Bandog is a working breed type. It will thus need food that contains animal proteins and carbohydrates for energy, vitamins and minerals for digestive and immune health, and omega fatty acids for coat and skin wellness.
Australian bulldogs were initially bred in Queensland, Australia and created to suit the Australian climate. It is a reasonably new bulldog breed. This Aussie breed, also known as the Australasian Bosdog, is affectionate and outgoing and is a good family dog. Due to their loyalty and love of human contact, they are perfect companion dogs. They do make good watchdogs but rarely show aggression towards people. An adequately socialized Australian Bulldog can get along with other dogs and pets despite being dominant toward other dogs in its territory. The traits and characteristics of the Australian Bulldog include loyalty, reliability and bravery, and they crave attention. They can be headstrong and keen to be the leader of the pack. However, Aussie Bulldogs are easy to train while young.
Aussie Bulldogs weigh between 50 and 78 pounds and their muscular and stocky bodies stand between 17 and 20 inches high. They live for nine to 12 years. Aussie Bulldogs are Brachycephalic, making them masters at snoring. Australian Bulldog owners need to feed their animals a balanced diet explicitly formulated for medium-sized breeds. In addition, these dogs are relatively active, so they would benefit from eating high-quality food made for active dogs. However, they are predisposed to become obese, and Aussie Bulldog parents must control their diets with care. They should also consume age-appropriate kibble. There are slight differences in dietary needs for adults, puppies, and seniors.
Australian Cattle Dog
The Australian Cattle Dog is also known as the Red Heelers, Blue Heelers and Queensland Heelers. Queensland is a state in the Cattle Dog’s native Australia, and Heeler refers to his herding style of nipping at the heels of cattle in order to move them along. His color pattern can be blue-gray or red-gray, from there the names Blue Heeler or Red Heeler.
Athletic and robust Australian Cattle Dogs enjoy romping and roughhousing.
They are absolutely not apartment dogs. To stay in hard muscular condition and a satisfied frame of mind, Cattle Dogs require lots of exercise. Working livestock, agility, jogging, biking, chasing balls, and playing Frisbee are productive outlets for this breed's high energy. Cooping him up with nothing to do will lead to destructive behaviors and obsessive barking.
With strangers, the Cattle Dog is watchful and often suspicious. Early socialization is important to avoid incidents of Heelers harming strangers in its need to protect. He can be dominant and pushy with other dogs, and with his strong chasing drives and tendency to nip at whatever he is pursuing, he is not recommended around cats unless raised with them. A challenging combination of cleverness and hard-headedness, Australian Cattle Dogs will test members of the family during adolescence and must be handled with firm, consistent leadership. These versatile dogs can learn and do a great deal in the right hands, but they will run right over hapless owners. Australian Cattle Dogs are medium-sized and they have easy-to-groom double coats.
Australian Cobberdog is the name to define a pure breed 'Labradoodle' originating in Australia. In Australian slang, a Cobber is a 'mate.' The name Cobberdog was chosen because it means 'dog-friend,' referring to the breed's primary purpose as a therapy and assistance dog. It is a role for which it is ideally suited, thanks to its friendly, loyal and loving nature and exceptional intelligence and learning ability.
A relatively new breed, the Australian Cobberdog was officially recognized as a pure breed in development in 2012. Australian Cobberdogs display a unique sense of intuition. Similarly, their gentle nature makes them great additions for families with children. There’s a sense that these pups have an uncanny ability to connect with humans. The fact that they are a hypoallergenic breed is a bonus on top of it all. The Australian Cobberdogs are excellent service dogs living in homes with autistic children, special needs, mobility assistance roles, and classrooms with children and adults with anxiety.
Australian Cobberdogs come in miniature, medium, large and extra-large, with three different types of coats, fleece, wool, and a combination of fleece and wool. Australian Cobberdogs need food that contains animal proteins and carbohydrates for energy, vitamins and minerals for digestive and immune health, and omega fatty acids for coat and skin wellness. Base your Cobber's nutrition on its activity level and demeanor to ensure its food contains balanced portions of the essential ingredients.
Australian Kelpies are slim, energetic breeds with hard muscle tone and effortless mobility, demonstrating their ability to work tirelessly. They were bred to take care of the sheep primarily on their own with no real guidance from any shepherds or other individuals. In addition to herding sheep, this breed is also good at herding cattle and goats. This breed is versatile enough to handle Australia's hot and dry conditions, where it originated and is adept at working sheep in open fields or closed yards. The Kelpie is classified as a medium-sized dog in the working group.
Careful consideration is necessary before taking an Australian Kelpie puppy home because they are firstly working dogs, and the slightest bit of boredom can render a Kelpie a four-legged wrecker. A Kelpie can be a search and rescue dog, detection dog, hearing dog, assistance dog, or therapy dog. However, Kelpies are hardy, devoted and super-intelligent, and could make a great addition to your family.
The female Kelpie delivers four to seven pups after a 60 day pregnancy period once per year. The Australian Kelpie's lifespan is 10 to 14 years. The Australian Kelpie is a medium-sized sheepdog, with males and females weighing between 26 and 45 pounds, with height at the wither ranges between 16 and 21 inches. Kelpies are very active and need premium dog food and lots of exercise to maintain optimal health.
The Australian Koolie, like the majority of herding dogs, has an intense drive and a powerful work ethic, one that can't be denied. These dogs will herd anything from sheep, cattle, goats, horses, buffalo, fowl, and bulls, including other people and pets. While its inherent friendliness keeps this breed from being much of a guard dog, its attentiveness and intelligence make it an excellent watchdog.
The female Koolie delivers four to six pups after a 60 day pregnancy period once per year. The Australian Koolie's lifespan is 16 to 18 years. Many people use the abbreviated name Koolie when referring to this Australian herding dog that stands 15 to 24 inches at the withers and weighs between 33 and 53 pounds.
Australian Koolies are extremely intelligent, and they have no problem picking up on just about any set task, always eager to impress. They are equally capable of adapting to family life, including kids, other pets, guests and adults of all ages. All this has made the Australian Koolies sought-after working and companion dogs in their home country.
Since Koolies often have sensitivities to chemicals like herbicides in their dog food, which can cause allergic reactions, Koolie owners should consider organic dog food. The potential benefits of an organic diet for your dog or cat include a reduction of allergies and itchy skin, reduced digestion problems, and better health overall.
The Australian Labradoodle is a cross between a Labrador Retriever and a large, standard or miniature Poodle, resulting in three sizes of Labradoodles. Because he comes from two popular dog breeds, of which each possesses some exceptional characteristics, your Labradoodle could inherit any or all of the attributes from one or both dogs. The Labradoodle's lifespan is 10 to 14 years. Standard size Doodles stand 20 to 25 inches high and weigh between 50 and 67 pounds.
These puppies are often laid-back, playful and eager to please. The best adult Labradoodles are ones that were consistently well-trained from puppyhood, so potential owners need to understand that raising a labradoodle puppy will require a serious time commitment. New owners should do plenty of research and consider enrolling their puppies in training classes early on so that they can get the most enjoyment out of their new furry companion.
Australian Labradoodles display a unique sense of intuition. Similarly, their gentle nature makes them great additions for families with children. There’s a sense that these pups have an uncanny ability to connect with humans. The fact that they are a hypoallergenic breed is a bonus on top of it all. The Australian Labradoodles come in four different sizes and the Doodle puppies need slow, sustained growth to help prevent orthopedic problems, such as hip dysplasia. Raise them on a diet designed for large-breed puppies. Whatever diet you choose shouldn't overemphasize protein, fat, and calorie levels.
The Australian Shepherd probably came from the Basque region of Spain. Basque shepherds first took their dogs to Australia and then to the United States, so Americans called the dogs Australian Shepherds. As we know it today, the breed was developed solely in the United States. It is classified as a large breed in the herding group, and its name is popularly abbreviated to Aussie.
In addition to herding dogs, Australian Shepherds serve as Seeing Eye dogs, hearing dogs, drug-sniffing dogs, and search and rescue dogs. Because of their high intelligence, Aussies are well suited to do a wide variety of jobs. Australian Shepherds can live for 12 to 14 years, and the females have 6 to 9 puppies per litter once per year.
The Australian Shepherd breed is a model dog with a good sense of diligence and self-control, as long as its loyal and energetic behavior is put to good use. The Aussie's patient demeanor makes it a great therapy dog, drug detector, and search and rescue dog. Toy and Mini Aussies both exhibit similar behaviors as the standard breed. Australian Shepherds may do better eating a limited ingredient or allergy care dog food considering their propensity for allergies and epilepsy and sensitivities.
Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog
The Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog is more than an Australian Cattle Dog with a docked tail. They are bundles of energy with courageous, devoted, and loyal dispositions. This bob-tailed breed has several nicknames, including Stumpy, Stumpy Tails, and Heelers. This Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog is a rare gem and challenging to find in the United States.
Stumpy Tails need large amounts of mental and physical exercise to maintain their high energy and stamina levels. They will bond strongly with their human family members and become loyal companion dogs with the proper socialization and training. Once their protective instincts are triggered, you will be hard-pressed to find a more dedicated canine companion.
The weight of Stumpy Tails ranges between 35 and 50 pounds, and they stand 18 to 20 inches at the withers. Their lifespan is 12 to 15 years, and the females have 4 to 6 puppies per year. The Australian Stumpy is an active, athletic breed type. It will thus need food that contains animal proteins and carbohydrates for energy, vitamins and minerals for digestive and immune health, and omega fatty acids for coat and skin wellness.
According to the American Kennel Club, Australian Terriers are spirited, courageous, alert and self-confident. Though small, the Australian Terrier has the natural aggressiveness of a ratter and hedge hunter. The Australian Terrier is classified as a small breed in the terrier group. Often called Aussie for short, their tiny bodies house much larger, alert watchdogs that love digging and chasing small critters.
The Australian Terrier is the smallest canine in the entire Terrier group. They are intelligent and quick to learn new things during training, and Aussies have high energy and need plenty of exercise. But their compact size and low-shedding, the low-maintenance coat makes them a good choice for active apartment dwellers, although they will be equally happy on a farm or a house in the suburbs.
If you're looking for a watchdog, this breed's loyalty and tendency to alert their humans when something is out of the ordinary may be just what you're looking for. Meet the breed's needs, and you'll have a loving and dedicated little best friend for life. Australian Terriers are expected to live for 10 to 15 years. Small breeds typically have higher energy requirements, per pound, than larger dogs. At the same time, they are small, with small stomachs, and they can't eat large meals. So their dog food must be more calorie- and nutrient-dense.
Austrian Black and Tan Hound
Like most scent hounds, the Austrian Black and Tan Hound has a powerful work ethic and an intense drive to follow exciting scents it detects, regardless of where it will lead. The female Bracke delivers three to five pups after a 60-day pregnancy once per year. The Austrian Black and Tan Hound's lifespan is 12 to 14 years. Many people use the abbreviated name Bracke when referring to this hunting dog that stands 19 to 22 inches at the withers and weighs between 33 and 49 pounds.
The Austrian Black and Tan Hound is a really rare breed. They are basically unknown outside of Austria. Even though this breed is not very popular, they are super loving, intelligent, and playful. This is a great breed to select if you have children and want an active companion. Brackes are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Austrian Black Tan Hounds enjoy quality time with their owners and they are never short of energy or personality. Although these brackes are typically regarded as hunting hounds, they are affectionate pets that will bring joy to any household. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness. When Austrian Black and Tan Hounds are healthy and active, every day is an adventure, and proper nutrition can extend the time you have together.
Originating from Austria, the Austrian Brandlbrack is a medium-sized, solidly-structured dog initially bred for hunting purposes. The dog has a hypersensitive smell and hardly fails when it smells prey making it an excellent hunting dog. The Austrian Brandlbrack was initially developed to hunt hares and rabbits in the mountains of Austria. This dog is highly energetic and loves to work constantly.
The Brandlbracke dog breed weighs between 33-49 pounds for both female and male dogs but has slightly different heights between both sexes. Males stand at 20-22 inches while females are between 19-21 inches tall. The dog has an average lifespan of 12-14 years and a litter size of 3-5 puppies once a year.
The Austrian Brandlbracken dog has a good-natured, affectionate, friendly, agreeable, elegant, and energetic temperament. Since they are bred as hunting dogs, these intelligent and active dogs are happiest running around and exploring the world. They thus thrive best in a rural setting with large areas to run around unrestrictively. They make excellent companions for children and are affectionate and loving to their families with proper socialization.
The Austrian Brandlbracke needs the proper nutrition to stay healthy and perform at its best. Although it has a low propensity to weight gain due to its active and energetic lifestyle, without proper food proportions and sufficient exercise, this dog can also become obese.
Austrian Shorthaired Pinscher
Native in Austria, the Austrian Shorthaired Pinscher is a multipurpose working dog developed by crossing the German Pinscher with local Austrian farm dogs. This versatile dog was bred to assist the native farmers with various farm jobs and tasks, including livestock guarding, home guarding, and vermin control. The dog was also bred to be a family companion. It’s other names include Austrian Pinscher and Österreichischer Kurzhaarpinscher.
Although still considered working dogs, the Austrian Shorthaired Pinscher is not an ardent hunter. However, this dog breed makes an excellent watch and guard dog due to its alertness and natural suspicion of strangers. If you are looking for a perfect companion, the Austrian Pinscher dog never disappoints. This dog builds deep links with its family and never shies from displaying great love and affection whenever possible. Its passion for play and gentle nature makes it a pleasant addition for families with children.
The Austrian Pinscher has an average lifespan of 12-14 years and has a litter of 4-6 puppies once a year. Both the male and female Austrian Pinschers have an average weight of 26-40 lbs but slightly differ in height, with males standing between 17-20 inches and females at 17-19 inches. As a medium-sized dog, feeding Austrian Pinscher on a breed-specific diet is ideal for their size. The best diet for these dogs should contain all essential nutrients, including proteins, healthy fats, vitamins, minerals, omega fats, and easily digestible carbohydrates.
Auvergne Pointing Dog
A Braque d'Auvergne, or continental pointing dog, is a powerful, well-built breed without excessive bulk. Due to its elegant coat of black and white, flecked or speckled gray, it has been given the informal name "Auvergne blue." Even though it adapts to every terrain, it is appreciated most on rugged terrain, where it works as an extension of its master. The Auvergne blue passion for hunting and his intelligence allow adaptation to different hunting habits.
Auvergne Pointing Dogs love their human families, and along with their affection, they are watchful guardians that will not tolerate anyone who threatens their family members. Still, the Auvergne Pointing Dog breed is typically not ideal for first-time dog owners, as it requires careful and consistent training and socialization.
The Auvergne Pointing Dog has 4 to 8 puppies per litter once per year, and their lifespan is 12 to 14 years. The average weight of the males is 94 pounds, significantly heavier than the females that weigh around 74 pounds, with only about a one-inch difference in their heights. The males' average height is 25 inches, and the females stand 24 inches in the withers. Auvergne Pointing Dogs have fine, smooth, short, white coats with minimal need for grooming.
The Braque d’Auvergne Pointer is an active, athletic breed type. It will thus need food that contains animal proteins and carbohydrates for energy, vitamins and minerals for digestive and immune health, and omega fatty acids for coat and skin wellness. A dog of the Auvergne Pointer’s size, activity level, and demeanor will thrive best on premium dry food because this food type contains balanced portions of the above-listed ingredients.
The Azawakh is a leggy, tall, and elegant West African sighthound with a lean physique and a regal presence. Standing at 25 - 29 inches for males and 23.5 - 27.5 inches for females, this medium-sized dog features a slender frame with a rectangular shape, long legs, and large expressive eyes. Named for the Azawakh Valley in the Sahara desert, where they originate from, these dogs originally served as guardians, hunters, and companions in the region.
The Azawakh is a lively, independent, and fast dog known for its strong love and commitment to its human family. In addition to being affectionate and gentle, these dogs are also fiercely loyal and protective of family and property, making a perfect mix of loyalty and independence. With their lean and muscular bodies plus their immense love for running, the Azawakh dogs make excellent jogging and running mates. However, they are aloof and standoffish towards strangers and loathe their touch or close presence.
The Azawakh dog is generally a healthy dog breed thanks to its active lifestyle. This dog can live for 12-15 years if well taken care of. Although just as any other dog, the Azawakh is prone to a few health issues, with proper evaluation and maintenance, this dog can live well past its expected lifespan. Therefore, proper diet, adequate exercise, good hygiene, and regular medical examination are essential for an Azawakh dog to live long.
The Bulgarian Scenthound is a medium-sized working dog breed initially used to track and hunt dogs. This dog has an elegant frame with a lean body and a sensibly shaped, aerodynamic head, suited for high speed. The Bulgarian Scenthound's muzzle is the ideal length to enable running without the need to catch a breath and a deep chest shaped to cater for the large lung capacity necessary for turning on speed while hunting.
Renowned for its keen sense of smell and hunting prowess, the Scenthound is among Bulgaria's most popular native breeds. The Bulgarian Scenthounds are considered medium-sized dogs, standing 17 to 20 inches high and weighing 44 to 55 pounds. This dog features a rectangular outline with a strong, harmonious, and graceful body. Additionally, the Bulgarian Scenthound has an easy-to-manage, short, and smooth coat that comes in a black or brown color, giving it a Rottweiler-like look.
This dog features a rectangular outline with a strong, harmonious, and graceful body. Additionally, the Bulgarian Scenthound has an easy-to-manage, short, and smooth coat that comes in a black or brown color, giving it a Rottweiler-like look.
The Bulgarian Scenthound is a brilliant, independent, and strong dog. It's easy to train as it likes spending time with its owner and is extremely eager to please them. This dog is also highly energetic and thrives in an active working environment. Bulgarian Scenthound dogs require the proper nutrition for optimal growth and functioning. Hence, they should have a good-quality diet packed with animal proteins, easy-to-digest carbohydrates, and some amount of healthy fats.
Originally bred as hunting dogs, the Balkanski Gonics are believed to be descendants of different types of dogs left in the Balkan Region by the ancient Phoenician traders. Besides their hunting origin, these dogs double up as excellent family companions as they are highly social and can relate well with children, older people, and other dogs.
Although these dogs are highly energetic and active, they can adapt to a family setting very well as long as their exercise needs are sufficiently met. Overall, Balkan Hounds make excellent hunting, companion, and effective watchdogs. The Balkanski Gonic is a medium-size dog weighing between 44-48 pounds and standing 17-22 inches high. This dog breed is highly loyal and builds strong ties with its family. Additionally, Serbian Hounds are very social and relate well with young children, older people, and other dogs.
These dogs are known for being extremely dedicated and committed to their work and will put all their energy into accomplishing the task at hand. They are also highly intelligent and energetic and love being involved in activities. These dogs have a relaxed temperament at home, making them good companion dogs. The proper diet is essential for the optimal growth and functioning of Balkanski Gonic dogs. As such, these dogs should be fed on a high-quality diet that’s made with plenty of animal proteins, easily digestible carbohydrates, and a dose of healthy fats.
Basset Artesien Normand
Basset Bleu de Gascogne
Basset Fauve de Bretagne
Basset Hound Dog
Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound
Bedouin Shepherd Dog
Belgian Shepherd Groenendael
Belgian Shepherd Laekenois
Belgian Shepherd Malinois
Belgian Shepherd Tervuren
Belgian Shorthaired Pointer
Berger Blanc Suisse
Berger des Picard
Berger des Pyrénées
Berger Du Languedoc
Bernese Mountain Dog
Black and Tan Coonhound
Black Forest Hound
Black Mouth Cur
Black Norwegian Elkhound
Black Russian Terrier
Bleus de Gascogne
Blue Gascony Basset (picture needed)
Blue Picardy Spaniel
Bosanski Ostrodlaki Gonic Barak
Bosnian-Herzegovinian Sheepdog - Tornjak
Bouvier de Ardennes
Bouvier des Flandres
The Boykin Spaniel is one of only a few breeds wholly American. With their luscious brown locks, these friendly dogs were developed in the early 1900s in South Carolina to hunt wild turkeys and ducks in swamplands. Whit Boykin, a local expert on dogs and breeding, modeled the breed after a small brown spaniel found in Spartanburg, South Carolina.
Adult Boykin spaniels stand 16–18 inches tall and usually weigh between 35 and 40 pounds. The Boykins’ expected lifespan is 14 to 16 years, and the females give birth to five to seven puppies per litter. Boykin Spaniels are known by several names, including Boykin, Swamp Poodle, LBD (Little Brown Dog).
Boykin Spaniels are very affectionate, and although they were bred for hunting, they are excellent family companions. In addition to making a great companion out in the field for a hunt, this breed has many personality traits that make it a great family dog. They are very friendly and affectionate, and LBDs are also easy to please. Boykin Spaniels love getting attention from their family members.
Your Boykin Spaniel's portion depends on life stage, health, metabolism, activity level, and of course, the brand and formula of food it eats. For example, if you hunt with your Boykin Spaniel, who weighs about 35 pounds, doing moderate fieldwork, you might need to feed your LBD somewhere around 1673 calories per day.
Braque du Bourbonnais
Braque Francais (picture needed)
Briquet Griffon Vendeen
Brussels Griffons have their roots in Belgium, and they are often called Griffons for short. Traditionally, they served as vermin hunters keeping their masters’ stables rat and mouse free. However, their affectionate, cheerful and curious dispositions made them sought-after house pets, companion dogs, and lapdogs.
Brussels Griffons tend to be sensitive and prone to anxiety and moodiness, and they are also demanding in their need for attention. You don’t have to hit or even yell at the Griffon for him to form this opinion. It can be something simple that sets him off and will cause him to give you the stink eye for a while. With an excellent, long-term memory like that of an elephant, the Brussels Griffon will keep on giving you dirty looks to remind you of an instance that your furry friend perceived as mistreatment.
It is always a good idea to discuss your dog’s dietary needs with your vet to ensure you are prepared to deal with age-related issues as your Griff grows. A veterinarian can advise on diets, portion sizes, meal frequencies and all nutrition matters to ensure your furry friend lives a long life with optimal health.
George Lucas used the Brussels Griffon as inspiration to create the Ewoks in Star Wars: Return of the Jedi. Everyone who remembers the adorable Ewoks in the Star Wars series would likely look at the cute Brussels Griffon face thinking they have seen that somewhere before. There is a good reason for Brussels Griffons to be the spitting image of the EWOKS. George Lucas actually had a Brussels Griffon on set to inspire these little creatures. No wonder Ewoks are so cute.
Cairn Terriers have their roots in Scotland, and they are often called Cairns for short. Traditionally, they served as vermin hunters keeping rockpiles, or cairns, rat and mouse free. However, their affectionate, cheerful and curious dispositions made them sought-after house pets and companion dogs.
Cairn Terriers are short-legged, foxy-eared terriers with a big-dog personality and an endearingly scraggy coat. Their furry, cheeky faces with their bright eyes and black button noses were cute enough to win the breed the role of Toto in The Wizard of Oz! These spicy little pups are full of curiosity and energy, and they love to play with their people.
Cairn Terriers are classified as a small-sized dog breed of the terrier group, with an average weight of 16 pounds and typically around 11 inches high at the withers. They have between two and ten puppies per litter after about 60 days of pregnancy, and their lifespan is 12 to 15 years. Cairns have tough weatherproof coats. They are also known as Toto Dogs since the breed featured in The Wizard of Oz.
Cairn Terrier puppies need slow, sustained growth to help prevent orthopedic problems, such as hip dysplasia. Raise them on a diet designed for small-breed puppies. Whatever diet you choose shouldn't overemphasize protein, fat, and calorie levels.
Cajun Squirrel Dog
Cambodian Razorback Dog
Canadian Eskimo Dog
Canadian Inuit Dog
Canarian Warren Hound
Cane Corso Italiano
Cão da Serra da Estrela
Cão da Serra de Aires
Cão de Castro Laboreiro
Cão de Fila de São Miguel
Cão de Gado Transmontano
Catahoula Leopard Dog
Cardigan Welsh Corgi
The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is described as an active, alert dog who loves to be around people. He is full of energy and maintains his watchful nature by alerting you to the presence of strangers. This breed has a medium-length, thick double coat with an average amount of shedding. It is important to brush him weekly to keep his shedding under control.
The Average weight of Cardis is 27 pounds, and their average height is 11 inches. Cardis have 4 to 7 puppies per litter once a year, and their lifespan is 12 to 15 years. The Cardigan Welsh Corgis are known by several other names, including Cardigan, CWC, Cardi.
Cardis love children, love playing with them, and bond closely with all family members. They are not one-person dogs and are protective of everyone in the family, and Cardis think of everyone as their friend. They are an excellent choice as a family dog and get along with other pets.
When it comes to food, your Cardigan Welsh Corgi's daily portion depends on life stage, health, metabolism, activity level, and of course, the brand and formula of food it eats. Feed your Cardi food formulated for a small or medium breed with recipes for puppies, adults and seniors, or look for a brand developed for all life stages.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
Central Asian Ovcharka
Chesapeake Bay Retriever
The Chesapeake Bay Retriever is a well-boned dog with a broad, deep chest, and it has a handsome head and a muscular rear. Its thick double coat has various waving styles in colors, including browns, sedge (red) and deadgrass (blonde). Chessies stand between 21″ to 26″ high at the withers, and their average weight is 66 pounds. Female Chessy Dogs have 7 to 9 puppies per litter once a year, and their lifespan is 10 to 13 years.
The Chesapeake Bay Retriever is a highly intelligent and independent thinking dog as a companion. CBRs are very aware of their surroundings, and combined with their loyalty and love for their humans, they make excellent watchdogs. Chessy Dogs are very affectionate with their owners and consider themselves equal members of their families.
The Chessy Dog is a quiet, sensible dog who loves to follow you from room to room when at home. Outdoors, Chesapeake Bay Retrievers are active dogs who love to swim, hike, hunt and retrieve, or do anything their owners like to do.
Owners must set boundaries of acceptable behavior from puppyhood. Obedience and socialization are essential, and training must be consistent and firm because, without direction, they can quickly get out of hand and train their owners. Feed your Chesapeake Bay Retriever food formulated for a large breed with recipes for puppies, adults and seniors, or look for a brand developed for all life stages.
Chien De L' Atlas
Chinese Chongqing Dog
Chinese Foo Dog
Chinese Imperial Dog
Collie (Rough and Smooth)
Originally used as herding dogs in Scotland and Northern England, the rough Collie has a beautiful, multicolored coat of long, rough-textured fur that easily identifies this amazing breed. Well-known for their intelligence and ease of training, the most famous rough Collie personality trait is devotion to their owner, followed by their love for children.
Collies tend to have quite friendly and attentive personalities. And they notoriously have good temperaments for households with children, as long as they have proper training and socialization. They are relatively active and playful dogs, and they can be rather vocal.
Be aware that their herding heritage may cause them to nip at heels, which can frighten some children. The Collie will also herd your neighbor's chickens, the neighborhood kids, and other dogs and cats. Collies are loving and gently protective of children, but they should always be supervised around kids. Owners often share stories about how their Collie will 'herd' a toddler back to the family if they stray too far.
Your Collie's adult size determines its dietary needs through all life stages. Thus, base your Collie's diet on a large breed's unique nutritional and digestive needs throughout its different life stages.
Continental Toy Spaniel
Coton de Tulear
Dandie Dinmont Terrier
Deutsche Bracke (see photo needed)
The Dogo Argentino is an imposing, large working dog breed with roots in Argentina. These mastiff-like canines have a robust, muscular build with a short white coat. Argentino Dogos are courageous, intelligent, athletic dogs bred as hunters working in packs when going after big-game such as wild boar and puma. Dogos are also trained for search and rescue, police assistance, service dogs, guides for the blind, competitive obedience, Schutzhund and military work. The breed requires lots of exercise, and balanced nutrition every day.
Dogo Argentinos love their human families, and along with their affection, they are watchful guardians that will not tolerate anyone who threatens their family members. Still, the Argentino Dogo breed is typically not ideal for first-time dog owners, as it requires careful and consistent training and socialization.
The Argentino Dogo has 4 to 8 puppies per litter once per year, and their lifespan is 12 to 14 years. The average weight of the males is 94 pounds, significantly heavier than the females that weigh around 74 pounds, with only about a one-inch difference in their heights. The males’ average height is 25 inches, and the females stand 24 inches in the withers. Argentino Dogos have fine, smooth, short, white coats with minimal need for grooming.
Dogue de Bordeaux
Dorset Olde Tyme Bulldogge
Dutch Shepherd Dog
East Russian Coursing Hound
East Siberian Laika
Elkhound (see Norwegian Elkhound)
English Bullen Bordeaux Terrier
English Cocker Spaniel
The English Cocker Spaniel is a medium-sized dog breed with long ears and a happy disposition. The “Cocker” in their name comes from their days of hunting woodcock, a wading bird species in England. English Cockers have been used for hunting many other types of birds as well. They make great companion dogs for people who can give them the exercise they need. Even apartment dwellers will love this affectionate and adaptable pup.
The English Cocker Spaniel is a devoted companion, capable of hard work and living a happy family life. All Spaniels were originally bred from the same lines, but the English Cocker Spaniel stands out today for its well-proportioned appearance and friendly disposition. The English Cocker Spaniel makes a great family pet with plenty of energy but a calm demeanor.
Adult English Cocker Spaniels stand 14 to 17 inches tall and weigh between 26 and 34 pounds. The English Cockers’ expected lifespan is 12 to 14 years, and the females give birth to six to eight puppies per litter. English Cocker Spaniels are known by several names, including English Cocker, Merry Cocker, Cocker.
English Cocker Spaniel puppies need slow, sustained growth to help prevent orthopedic problems, such as hip dysplasia. Raise them on a diet designed for medium-breed puppies. Whatever diet you choose shouldn't overemphasize protein, fat, and calorie level.
The Grand Anglo-Français, a large, scenting hound dog bred in France, has been in existence for around 200 years. There are three well-known Grand Anglo-Français breeds, the Grand Anglo-Français Tricolore being one of them. Their coat colors distinguish the breeds. The Grand Anglo-Français Tricolore has a distinctive black, white and tan coat, another one has a white and black coat, and the third version with a white and orange or tan coat.
As with the other Grand Anglo-Français breeds, the 'Grand' in their name (the French word for big) refers to the large packs in which they hunt, not their physical size. Traditionally, this breed has been used for hunting deer and boar, among a variety of other game. The Grand Anglo-Français breeds are known for their endurance and speed. Anglo-Français Grand does well on a large-breed formula made with rich sources of protein and healthy fat if working as a hunting dog. Active and high-energy dogs will benefit from a dog food formula for active breeds
He is a dog totally dedicated to hunting and hunting in packs sees him getting on well in the presence of other dogs. Some of the few families whose Anglo-Francais Grands are essentially companion dogs are good with people, including children, although it is advisable to be careful with young children. Although this dog is likely to warn its owner of an intruder with its bark, they are unlikely to make good guard dogs because of their obedient nature
Grand Anglo-Français Tricolore
Grand Anglo-Français Blanc et Noir
Grand Anglo-Français Blanc et Orange
Grand Basset Griffon Vendeen
Grand Bleu de Gascogne
Grand Gascon Saintongeois
Grand Griffon Vendeen
Greater Swiss Mountain Dog
Griffon Bleu de Gascogne
Griffon Fauve de Bretagne
Grosser Münsterländer Vorstehhund
Guatemalan Bull Terrier
Hawaiian Poi Dog
Hellenikos Poimenikos (see Greek Sheepdog)
Hungarian Greyhound (see Magyar Agar)
Hungarian Wire-haired Pointing Dog
Inca Hairless Dog
Irish Glen Imaal Terrier
Irish Red and White Setter
Irish Staffordshire Bull Terrier
Irish Water Spaniel
Istrian Coarse-haired Hound
Istrian Shorthaired Hound
Jack Russell Terrier
Japanese Spaniel (Chin)
Karelian Bear Dog
Karelian Bear Laika
Kerry Blue Terrier
King Charles Spaniel
Korean Dosa Mastiff
Photo : dogbreedslist.info
The Labrador Retriever was bred in Canada to be both a friendly, loyal companion and a useful working dog. Historically, they worked as fishermen’s helpers: fetching ropes, retrieving fish, and hauling nets in the chilly North Atlantic.
Today’s Lab is as hardworking and good-natured as their ancestors, and they’re also America’s most popular breed. Labradors naturally bond with their whole family; however, they might show some level of preference for the person they spend the most time with or who feeds them.
The lifespan of Labrador retrievers is 10 to 13 Years. Labs are classified as a large breed, with male Labradors standing 22 to 25 inches at the withers, and the females are slightly shorter at 21 to 24 inches. The male Labs weigh between 63 and 80 pounds, with the females weighing between 55 and 71 pounds.
Labrador Retrievers need a diet that is high in fat and protein and low in carbohydrates. The daily caloric requirements of a Labrador depends on the dog’s weight, with 30 to 40 calories per pound of the Lab’s weight. Vitamin A, E, B1, and D is an essential part of a Labrador retriever’s daily nutrition. Vitamin deficiencies can have many health consequences for Labs.
Larson Lakeview Bulldogge
Longhaired Whippet (picture needed)
Louisiana Catahoula Leopard Dog
Löwchen (Little Lion Dog)
Majestic Tree Hound
Majorca Shepherd Dog
Middle Asian Ovcharka
Miniature American Eskimo
Miniature Australian Bulldog
Miniature Australian Shepherd
Miniature Bull Terrier
Miniature Fox Terrier
Moscow Toy Terrier
Mountain View Cur
Native American Indian Dog
The U.S. Neapolitan Mastiff Club describes the Neo's head as 'astounding.' The maze of folds and wrinkles, as well as the prominent drooping lips, make a Mastino look like a wax mold left out in the sun to melt. The Neapolitan Mastiff falls in the giant breed category, with an average weight of 140 pounds and an average height of 28 inches at the withers. Female Mastinos have 6 to 12 puppies per litter once a year, and their lifespan is 8 to 10 years
Neapolitan Mastiffs have their roots in Italy, and they are often called Mastino for short, or Mastini if referring to more than one. Another frequently used alias for this somber-looking canine is Neo. The Neapolitan Mastiff, also known as Mastino Napoletano, is a large breed dog known for its intense wrinkles and intimidating appearance. A well-trained Mastino can make for a fantastic pet.
Yet, despite the breed's size, they possess inner nobility and dignity along with a playfulness that typically surprises people. Although they love to play with their owners, they are pretty jealous and having to share the attention with other dogs and people might trigger jealous reactions. Neos love their toys and become overly possessive over them, so providing early training is necessary to combat this.
A Neapolitan Mastiff’s diet should include all the goodness your dog needs for a happy, mobile, pain-free life. High protein and gluten-free is just what your canine companion needs to build lean muscle instead of excess body fat.
Nenets Herding Laika
New Guinea Singing Dog
New Zealand Heading Dog
New Zealand Huntaway
North American Miniature Australian Shepherd
Northeasterly Hauling Laika
Northern Inuit Dog
Nova Scotia Duck-Tolling Retriever
Ol' Southern Catchdog
Old Danish Chicken Dog
Old English Mastiff
Old English Sheepdog (Bobtail)
Old-Time Farm Shepherd
Olde Boston Bulldogge
Olde English Bulldogge
Olde Victorian Bulldogge
Original English Bulldogge
Original Mountain Cur
Pakistani Bull Dog (Gull Dong)
Pakistani Bull Terrier (Pakistani Gull Terr)
Pakistani Mastiff (Pakistani Bully Kutta)
Pakistani Shepherd Dog (Bhagyari Kutta)
Pakistani Tazi Hound
Pakistani Vikhan Dog
Parson Russell Terrier
Pembroke Welsh Corgi
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi’s original purpose was to herd sheep and drive cattle by barking and biting at their heels. Today, the breed is known mostly for companion purposes. The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is described as an active, alert dog who loves to be around people. He is full of energy and maintains his watchful nature by alerting you to the presence of strangers. This breed has a medium, coarse coat with an average amount of shedding. It is important to brush him weekly to keep his shedding under control.
The Average weight of Pembroke Welsh Corgis is 27 pounds, and their average height is 11 inches. Pembroke Welsh Corgis have 6 to 7 puppies per litter once a year, and their lifespan is 12 to 14 years. Pembroke Welsh Corgis are known by several other names, including Pembroke, PWC, Pem, and Corgi.
This diligent dog thrives with a job to do and, if not given one, will seek out his own work, often herding family members and pets. The affectionate, loyal PWC makes a wonderful companion but may be challenging for a first-time dog owner due to its cleverness, stubbornness, and rebellious nature.
Despite the Corgi's small size, it is an agile, athletic breed that needs food containing animal proteins and carbohydrates for energy, vitamins and minerals for digestive and immune health, and omega fatty acids for coat and skin wellness.
Perdiguero de Burgos
Photo: Perdiguero de Burgos
Perro de Pastor Mallorquin
Perro de Presa Canario
Perro de Presa Mallorquin
Perro Ratonero Andaluz
Peruvian Inca Orchid (PIO)
Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen
Petit Bleu de Gascogne
Petit Gascon Saintongeois
Phu Quoc Ridgeback Dog
Pit Bull Terrier
Polish Tatra Sheepdog
Polish Lowland Sheepdog
Pomeranians have their roots in Norway, Poland and Germany, and they are often called Poms for short. Part of the Pomeranian's popularity is their curious and intelligent personality. Although they love to play with their owners, they are pretty jealous and may struggle to share the attention they receive with other dogs and people.
They have a territorial nature, and this possessiveness can leave them aggressive when eating. These tendencies are further amplified with the teacup, or micro-sized Pomeranians, needing to prove their big personalities.
Dwarf Spitzes are part of the toy group of dog breeds, with an average weight of only 5 pounds and typically no taller than 12 inches. They have two to five puppies per litter after about 60 days of pregnancy, and their lifespan is 12 to 16 years. They are known by many names, including Pom, Dwarf Spitz, Deutsche Spitze, Zwergspitz, Spitz Nain, Spitz Enano, Zwers, and Pom Pom.
Despite the Dwarf Spitz's pint-size, it is an active, athletic breed that needs food containing animal proteins and carbohydrates for energy, vitamins and minerals for digestive and immune health, and omega fatty acids for coat and skin wellness. A dog of this size, activity level, and demeanor will thrive best on premium dry food because this food type contains balanced portions of essential nutrients for optimal help.
Portuguese Water Dog
Price Boar Beisser
Pyrenean Mountain Dog
Queen Elizabeth Pocket Beagle
Rafeiro do Alentejo
Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog
Russian Bear Schnauzer
Russian Harlequin Hound
Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka
Scottish Terrier (Scottie)
The Scottish terrier is a small dog breed from Scotland that sports a medium-length wiry coat with its trademark beard and longer hair around the legs and lower body. The coat typically comes in black but can be seen in wheaten and brindle patterns as well. Scotties have a sturdy build and short legs, serving as vermin exterminators.
Scottish Terriers are super friendly, fun-loving, and playful as puppies. While their friendliness level remains the same, they mature into fearless and independent dogs that are exceptionally loyal to their owners.
The average weight of Scotties is 21 pounds, and their average height is 10 inches. Scotties have 2 to 5 puppies per litter once a year, and their lifespan is 11 to 15 years. The Scottish Terrier is known by other names such as Scottie, Aberdeen Terrier, and Scotsman. The fourth Earl of Dumbarton nicknamed the Scottish Terrier "little diehard" due to its persistence and its stubborn nature.
Despite the Scottie's small size, it is an agile breed that needs food containing animal proteins and carbohydrates for energy, vitamins and minerals for digestive and immune health, and omega fatty acids for coat and skin wellness. A dog of this size, activity level, and demeanor will thrive best on premium dry food because this food type contains balanced portions of the above-listed ingredients.