Cane Corso Breed Caring and Family, Social Life, Physical Traits, Diet Info

Cane Corso Breed Caring and Family, Social Life, Physical Traits, Diet Info

The Cane Corso ( (KAH-neh KOR-so) has its roots in Italy, and when referring to more than one, the plural is Cani Corsi, often wrongly called Cane Corsi. The Cane Corso is an Italian breed with a lengthy history. Cani Corsi are descended from ancient Roman dogs and they haven’t forgotten their guardian instincts. They are massive, energetic dogs who benefit from plenty of socialization and training.

Though often docile with family members, the Cane Corso never takes time off from what they see as their most important duty—protecting the home and their people. Even if he’s napping on the couch, he is still alert. The Cane Corso is also called Italian Mastiff, Italian Corso, Corso, Cane Corso Italiano, Cane Di Macellaio, and Cane Corz.

You might have heard what a marvelous companion a Cane Corso can be. How they are loyal and majestic with a powerful presence but please also know that Cani Corsi aren’t for the fainthearted. That cute, chubby puppy Corso will become a 110+pound dog who does naturally love all people and pets. They need severe socialization and obedience training by a firm owner.

The Cane Corso falls in the large breed category, with an average weight of 110 pounds and an average height of 24 inches at the withers. Female Italian Mastiffs have 4 to 6 puppies per litter once a year, and their lifespan is 9 to 12 years. 

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What are the Breed Traits and Characteristics of Cane Corso?

The Cane Corso is a big canine, but not a boisterous kind of dog. It is relatively calm and relaxed. However, as a watchdog, the Corz can surprise you and become quite active, showing agility for such a hulk. The Corso can adapt to life in the city or the country. Still, even though he appears lazy, the Cane Corso will need moderate daily exercise.

He loves his human family and wants to be constantly with them. He is stubborn but will do well with training and socialization. Calm and easy-going, and with his easy-to-maintain short, soft coat, be prepared for some drooling and snoring from this loving, devoted large pet of yours.

More of the Cane Corz breed’s traits and characteristics are listed in the table below.

Cane Corso Features

Cane Corso information

Height

Male 25 to 27.5 inches

Female 23.5 to 26 inches

Weight 

Male 99 to 110 pounds

Female 88 to 99 pounds

Relation with family

Loyal, Affectionate, Guardian, Reserved, Mellow, Relaxed, Quiet, Strong-willed

Relation with children

Playful and lovable

Relation with other dogs

Not good, could be aggressive

Shedding level

Minimal

Drooling level

High

Coat type 

Dense, smooth

Coat length

Short, no longer than 1”

Coat grooming frequency

Weekly Brushing

Relation with strangers

Suspicious

Playfulness level

Average

Adaptability level

Average

Openness to strangers

Wary 

Trainability level

High

Energy level

High

Barking level

Average

Mental stimulation needs level

High

Lifespan 

9 to 12 years 

How Does the Cane Corso Interact with Family?

You’ll definitely feel safer with a Cane Corso around. This giant dog breed is fiercely loyal and protective of the people they love. They’re able to intimidate strangers with a single look. Yet despite their imposing appearance, these big dogs can be very affectionate with their own family. Proper socialization and training are a must for this smart-yet-stubborn, highly driven breed, making the Cane Corso a good match for an experienced, assertive dog parent. 

Early training and socializing are crucial if the Cane Corso lives in a home with a multi-generational human family and other pets. The breed’s good traits for family life are docility and affectionate nature. Be that as it may, these are still large and very active dogs that will require space to stretch their legs. Apartments are not recommended as they do better in homes with large yards that are preferably fenced in. However, all dogs, like all children, create a greater or lesser degree of household mess, and if that is unacceptable, a goldfish might be a more appropriate family pet. 

 A Cane Corso becomes deeply attached and devoted to his own family, but he doesn’t “wear his heart on his sleeve.” Some are noticeably reserved, others are more outgoing, but few adult Corsi are usually exuberantly demonstrative of their affection. They make remarkable eye contact with their favorite people. They like to be near you, usually in the same room, preferably on a comfortable pad or cushion in a corner or under a table, just “keeping you company.” They enjoy conversation, petting, and cuddling when you offer it, but they are moderate and not overbearing in coming to you to demand much attention.

How Does the Cane Corso Interact with Other Dogs?

Finding a great breeder is probably one of the most critical things you can do as a prospective owner. A Cane Corso’s temperament is almost entirely formed between 3 and 12 weeks of age before the new pups go to their new owners. The skill sets that are or aren’t administered during that time can determine how your dog will forever get along with people of all ages, its environment in general, and especially other dogs.

There are instances where the Cane Corso does well with other dogs, but they are typically pretty aggressive around dogs of the same sex. This is likely due to their need to “stake their claim” on their parent owner. If you plan to mix your Cane Corso with a pet of the same size and stature and the same sex, you must actively engage in early socialization with other dogs. It is also crucial for long-term safety and health. It will allow the Cane Corso to become very familiar with seeing other dogs out and about in public settings.

Food guarding, also sometimes called resource guarding or possession aggression, is a relatively normal behavior in Cane Corz. Animals developed this behavior because, in nature, if they weren’t born with a solid drive to protect their food, they likely wouldn’t survive.

How are Cani Corsi with Older People?

The name “Cane Corso” is the Latin for bodyguard-dog, and it was not a random choice of name. Cani Corsi are precisely that – bodyguards. This breed makes excellent canine companions for older people, especially those who live alone. 

The Corso is not a dog that becomes the best friend of everyone they meet. In fact, they’re indifferent to other dogs and people not in their families, and Corsi are intensely loyal and protective of their own family. A Cane Corso will be very attuned to your moods and feelings and may even think they caused your happiness, grief, anger, or pride. Cane Corso owners describe the relationship as one of subtlety and depth.

Bred to work alongside their humans, a family dog tasked with protecting and supporting the grandparents or one grandparent will want to spend every minute of their waking hours with them. They thrive on companionship and want to be wherever their humans are and as close to them as possible. The sight of this strong protector is enough to convince any potential intruder to pass right by this house and keep going.

How are Cani Corsi with Children?

These dogs have the potential to be excellent family dogs. They can be quite affectionate and loving with children. They also know how to be very gentle around young children. However, for these traits to shine through, the dog must be raised in a home with a strong leader who will set clear boundaries. Also, keep in mind that this breed is massive, and even without meaning to, a large dog could injure a small child. For this reason, it is crucial always to supervise children when they are around a Cane Corso.

How are Cani Corsi with Neighbors or Guests?

Cane Corso puppies must learn to distinguish between neighbors and strangers who might pose threats from a young age. It is essential to socialize your Cane Corz with as many people as possible. It will help them grow up to be confident, friendly adult dogs. Enroll in a puppy socialization class if possible. 

Of course, if you’re present, your Cane Corso will accept anyone you introduce. But they won’t be welcoming right away; instead, staying reserved with strangers until they feel the guests pose no threats.

What are the Physical Traits of the Cane Corso?

Bred to be guardians, the Cane Corso dog is a sturdy, muscular giant who looks like they mean business. These large dogs grow from adorable floppy-eared puppies into stern warrior dogs with a majestic appearance that makes them head-turners. However, you should never get a Cane Corso just for their looks.

Cropped ears and a docked tail are standard and accentuate their stern demeanor. Cane Corso color types include black, fawn, gray, brown, and brindle. Lighter-color dogs typically have a gray mask over the eyes and muzzle. In short, they look like they mean business because they do mean business

The Cane Corso’s physical traits are summarized in the table below: 

Trait

Trait information

Size 

Large

Weight 

Male 99 to 110 pounds

Female 88 to 99 pounds

Height 

Male 25 to 27.5 inches

Female 23.5 to 26 inches

Skull/ Head

The skull is broad; the frontal furrow is visible and the stop is marked.

The head is large and typically molossoid. The planes of the skull and muzzle converge slightly.

Eyes

Medium, almond-shaped eyes are dark brown, with lighter shades possible in gray-muzzled dogs.

Ears

Cropped or uncropped

Muzzle 

It is strong, square, and flat, as wide as it is long, with a straight nasal bridge.

Nose

Black, light gray, dark gray, fawn or red with a gray mask, and brindle.

Bite

The Cane Corso Italiano has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a slightly undershot bite. 

Exercise Needs

High

Lifespan 

9 to 12 years

Coat

Dense, short coat. Single coat in summer, with undercoat growth in the winter

Coat color

Black, light gray, dark gray, fawn or red with a gray mask, and brindle.

Tail

Set on fairly high, and is very thick at the root. It is generally docked at the fourth vertebrae.

Legs

Forelegs – are heavily boned, straight, and very muscular

Hindlegs – well-developed with thick, easily discerned muscles

How to Feed a Cane Corso?

Your Cane Corso’s adult size determines its dietary needs through all life stages. Thus, base your Corz’s diet on a large breed’s unique nutritional and digestive needs throughout its different life stages. Most dog food companies have breed-specific formulas for small, medium, large, giant, and even toy breeds. 

It is always good to discuss your dog’s dietary needs with your vet to ensure you are prepared to deal with age-related issues as your Corso grows. A veterinarian can advise on diets, portion sizes, meal frequencies and all nutrition matters to ensure your furry friend lives a long life with optimal health. Clean, fresh water should be available at all times, and some of the essential nutrients are listed below:

  • Protein
  • Fatty acids
  • Carbohydrates
  • Minerals
  • Vitamins

Avoid feeding your Cane Corz from the table; all it does is add weight; instead, follow the advice below to ensure your furry friend’s optimal health.

Despite the Cane Corso’s massive size, it is an agile, athletic breed that needs food containing animal proteins and carbohydrates for energy, vitamins and minerals for digestive and immune health, and omega fatty acids for coat and skin wellness. A dog of this size, activity level, and demeanor will thrive best on premium dry food because this food type contains balanced portions of the above-listed ingredients.

However, your Corso’s portion depends on life stage, health, metabolism, activity level, and of course, the brand and formula of food it eats. Feed your Cane Corso food formulated for a large breed with recipes for puppies, adults, and seniors, or look for a brand developed for all life stages.

The Cane Corso’s daily cups of food should be spread over 2 to 3 meals per day. Feeding Italian Mastiffs several meals instead of one meal per day can prevent life-threatening bloat. However, fresh drinking water must always be available for your furry friend. When in doubt, consult your veterinarian. 

An example of premium food specially formulated for Italian Mastiffs and its benefits are listed below:

The best dog food for Cane Corz is Taste of the Wild High Prairie Grain-Free Dry Dog Food.

Keep your Cane Corz going with Wild High Prairie Grain-Free Dry Dog Food. Nourish your canine companion with the balanced diet nature intended with Taste of the Wild High Prairie Grain-Free Dry Dog Food.

Formulated with novel proteins including buffalo and bison, this grain-free recipe includes peas and sweet potatoes that deliver the highly-digestible energy your active pup needs, along with natural antioxidant support from real fruits and vegetables and dried chicory root for prebiotic support and healthy digestion. Essential minerals are chelated with amino acids to optimize their absorption and ensure maximum benefit, for complete and balanced nutrition with a taste of the wild your furry friend constantly craves

Taurine is good for the heart, and amino acids and probiotics are excellent for digestion and immunity. Taste of the Wild High Prairie Grain-Free Dry Dog Food is ideal for large breeds with high physical demands.

Below is a list of the benefits offered by the four formulas in the Taste of the Wild High Prairie Grain-Free Dry Dog Food range.

  • This roasted bison and venison dry dog food is crafted with real meat as the #1 ingredient and is high in protein (32%) to help support bones, joints, and lean muscles.
  • Crafted with vitamins and minerals from real fruits and superfoods, omega fatty acids for skin and coat health, and nutrients for the energy your furry friend needs to thrive!
  • Contains species-specific K9 Strain Proprietary Probiotics, along with antioxidants and prebiotics to help support healthy digestion, immune system health, and overall health and wellness.
  • Made in the USA by a family-owned brand that only uses quality ingredients from trusted and sustainable local and global sources.
  • Made without grains, corn, wheat, artificial flavors, or artificial colors.

When Cani Corsi are healthy and active, every day is an adventure. That’s why Wild High Prairie Grain-Free Dry Dog Food is crafted with everything dogs need to thrive, starting with real protein as the first ingredient.

How Much Should a Cane Corso Puppy Eat? 

The Cane Corso is a large breed whose puppies need high-quality puppy food formulated for a large breed dog like the Cane Corso. It is essential not to feed puppies all their food at once, and they should have it spread over the day. When Cane Corz puppies become three months old, owners can provide them with three meals per day until they reach six months, reducing the food intake to 2 meals per day. Only high-quality and branded puppy food is acceptable. Guidance for feeding puppies is listed below.

  • Cane Corso puppies need slow, sustained growth to help prevent orthopedic problems, such as hip dysplasia. Raise them on a diet designed for large-breed puppies. Whatever diet you choose shouldn’t overemphasize protein, fat, and calorie levels.
  • Corz puppies should be fed according to a schedule, spreading meal times two or three times per day. Getting the puppy accustomed to meals at specific times is better than leaving food out to allow feeding throughout the day.
  • The exceptions are Cani Corsi with medical conditions like hypoglycemia or low blood sugar because they need to nibble bits of food throughout the day.
  • Never feed your puppy from the table. It only encourages begging. Everyone in the family must follow this rule.

What are the Health Tests that a Cane Corso Should Take?

Cani Corsi can be affected by several genetic health problems. Not all of these conditions are detectable in a growing puppy, and it can be hard to predict whether an animal will be free of these diseases, which is why you must find a reputable breeder who is committed to breeding the healthiest animals possible.

The Cane Corso Association of America, which is the American Kennel Club parent organization for the breed in the United States, participates in the Canine Health Information Center (CHIC) Program. Breeders must agree to have all test results, positive or negative, published in the CHIC database. You can check CHIC’s website to see if a breeder’s dogs have these certifications.

Do not purchase a puppy from a breeder who cannot provide you with independent certification that the parents of the dog (and grandparents, etc.) have been screened for genetic defects and deemed healthy for breeding. Having the dog’s vet checked is not a substitute for genetic health testing.

For potential Cane Corso puppy buyers, CHIC certification is a good indicator of whether the breeder responsibly factors good health into their selection criteria. The breed-specific list below represents the basic health screening recommendations. It is not all-encompassing. There may be other health screening tests appropriate for this breed. And, there may be other health concerns for which there is no commonly accepted screening protocol available.

The AKC recommends the following health screens

  • Elbows and shoulders OFA Xrays
  • Hips OFA Xrays or Penn HIP
  • Echo Cardiogram Exam by a board-certified cardiologist

Optional –

  • OFA Patellar Luxation
  • OFA yearly evaluation from an approved laboratory for autoimmune thyroiditis
  • Regular eye examination by a board-certified ACVO Ophthalmologist

Additional General Health Check, including Heart, Vaccines, Musculoskeletal, Dental, Fleas, and Worms.

What are the common health problems of the Cane Corso?

All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, just as all people have the potential to inherit a particular disease. The Cane Corso has some health conditions that can be a concern. However, even healthy Cani Corsi should have regular veterinarian checkups. Owners should ensure the following list of health conditions are monitored throughout the dog’s life.

  • Bloat: Also known as gastric dilatation and volvulus (GDV), bloat is a significant concern in larger breeds with deep chests. It occurs when a dog’s stomach fills with gas, food, or fluid. When the stomach becomes distended, it puts pressure on the organs and decreases blood flow. The stomach twists and obstructs blood supply to major organs in many cases. This can happen quickly and be life-threatening and requires surgery.
  • Orthopedic Issues: The size of the Cane Corso can put a strain on bones, joints, and ligaments, resulting in dysplasia in the hips, elbows, and shoulders. Dysplasia occurs when the joint isn’t formed correctly and can be painful. This can be reduced by limiting steps, jumping, and strenuous exercise until your puppy is 18 months old. Joint dysplasia can be treated with medication and sometimes surgery.
  • Eye Problems: Cane Corsos tend to be prone to a few eye problems, mainly on the eyelid. These include both entropion, in which the eyelid folds inward, and its opposite, ectropion, causing the lower lid to fold outward. Another common eyelid problem is the cherry eye when the pink, fleshy part of the corner of the eye becomes swollen and bulges outward. Eye infections like conjunctivitis also commonly affect Cane Corsos, causing red-eye and irritation.
  • Idiopathic Epilepsy: Epilepsy is a seizure disorder that typically starts around three years. While it can be managed with medication, there’s no cure for this condition. Dogs with this condition can still lead a long and happy life. Idiopathic is a medical term for “no known cause,” but this condition is usually hereditary. It is another condition that should be screened out of the breeding line by a professional breeder.
  • Demodectic Mange: This skin condition is caused by mites typically passed to puppies from their mother. It can cause hair loss and red or scaly skin. Pups who develop this type of mange usually have a genetic predisposition. 
  • Obesity: It’s essential to maintain a healthy weight for all dogs, but with the already massive size of the Cane Corso, carrying extra weight will put added strain on the joints, leading to joint pain and mobility issues as they age. Daily exercise and a proper diet that includes joint supplements and doesn’t overdo the calories are crucial.

You can minimize the chances of serious health concerns in a Cane Corso by purchasing a Cane Corz from a reputable breeder who engages in responsible breeding practices and screening for common diseases and conditions.

What is the Exercise Need of a Cane Corso?

Cani Corsi need exercise to maintain heart and lungs’ health and maintain muscle tone. An adult Cane Corso should have a morning outing of a mile or more, as you walk briskly, jog or bicycle beside him, and a similar evening outing. For puppies, shorter and slower walks several times a day are preferred for exercise and housebreaking. But, more than just walks, you need to “work” your Cane Corso. Those who find the exercise needs of a Cane Corso too demanding might choose a more laidback breed, or consider a houseplant – they don’t need exercise at all. 

The Corso was bred to work hard, and the modern dogs still thrive on work. Anyone who owns one should be able to devote at least 20 minutes a day to working, training, retrieving, or playing with them. Cani Corsi that are not worked physically and mentally are prone to mischief and will not “think.” These active, intelligent dogs need jobs and responsibilities – it is best to designate what these jobs are – you might disapprove of what your Cane Corso decides is essential.

What are the nutritional needs of Cani Corsi?

The nutritional needs of a Cane Corso include high levels of specific nutrients. The essential nutrients for the Cane Corz are listed below.

  • Protein: Cani Corsi need natural animal protein, valuable for the amino acids essential for Corz’s health. Equally important is the fact that protein builds lean muscles and provides energy.
  • Fat: Animal protein provides adequate fat, an additional energy source that boosts the Cane Corso’s metabolism. However, there is a fine line between enough and too much. Excessive fat levels in the dog’s daily diet could result in weight gain and, ultimately, obesity. Most importantly, adults and senior Cane Corso need lower fat levels than puppies.
  • Carbohydrates: Although carbs are not essential nutrients, they are crucial energy sources. Giving the Cane Corso sufficient carbs will provide energy, encouraging the body’s protein absorption to build lean muscle. Beware, though, that too many carbohydrates can lead to obesity.
  • DHA: DHA is one of the components of omega-3 fatty acids. It promotes proper eye and brain development in Cane Corso puppies, and DHA develops cognitive development in puppies and slows cognitive decline in older dogs. Furthermore, omega fatty acids benefit aging Italian Mastiffs by treating chronic kidney disease and canine arthritis. Omega-3 oils improve the coat health of the Cane Corso.
  • Micronutrient: Taurine is one micronutrient that aids heart health, and other valuable micronutrients for promoting strong joints in Cani Corsi are chondroitin and glucosamine.
  • Minerals: Beneficial minerals for a Cane Corso’s growth include a healthy balance of phosphorus and calcium. Pre- and probiotics and chelated minerals provide additional health to the diets of Italian Mastiffs.

What is the Shedding Level of the Cane Corso?

With the short, stiff coat of the Cane Corso, shedding isn’t generally a problem. However, you’ll want to keep a brush and a vacuum handy for seasonal shedding twice a year. The Corso carries a single coat throughout the summer months, which they shed during fall to grow both an under and outer coat. When the cold winter makes way for summer, your Cane Corso will blow that undercoat to prepare for the warmer summer months. 

What is the Coat Grooming Frequency of the Cane Corso?

Grooming Cani Corsi requires daily brushings, or at least a few times a week, to remove any dead hair so you don’t have short bristly fur stuck all over the house. It can be a nightmare to remove when a Corso’s hair gets trapped inside the skin folds. Grooming a dog as big as the Cane Corso can be tiresome. 

Be warned that the Cane Corso requires a lot of attention to hygiene. So in case you opt for this friendly giant, be prepared to do the ‘dirty work’ to keep them clean. When cleaning the Corso’s skinfolds, take extra care to ensure you remove dirt build-up and bacteria, which are notorious for causing infections. Remember, proper dental care will reduce the potential for dental disease later on. 

As with many large dogs, drooling can be an issue, so keep a towel close to mop up messes. If you hear their nails clicking on the floor or sidewalk, it’s time for a trim. In general, plan to trim their nails once a month. The Cane Corso’s ears should also be checked regularly for redness, odor, and other signs of infection. Check with your vet if you find any irregularities during your grooming routine.

You’ll also need to regularly brush a Cane Corso’s mouth if you don’t want their drool and breath to stink.

Grooming is essential for various reasons, as listed below.

  • Grooming gives your dog a healthy look and promotes hygiene. 
  • Proper grooming lowers the risks of skin infections.
  • Frequent grooming of your Cane Corso can prevent stinky smells. 
  • Grooming promotes the growth and development of a lustrous and shiny coat.
  • Grooming allows you to check for fleas and take early preventive and treatment measures.
  • Proper grooming lowers the risks of ear infections since you can check the ears and wipe them dry after grooming regularly.
  • While grooming, you can check the skin folds for any skin problems and alert the vet before they worsen.
  • Grooming boosts the bond between you and your Cane Corso.

You’ll want to introduce your Cane Corso puppy to bathing and brushing early on and tooth brushing and nail trimming. Getting the Cane Corso puppy used to the routine can eliminate the struggle of grooming an unwilling 120-pound canine.

What is the Drooling Level of Cani Corsi?

As a Cane Corso owner, you should expect to find trails of drool almost anywhere your canine companion goes. All dogs drool to some extent; however, some breeds drool more than others based partly on jaw and lip structure and partly on outside factors that influence saliva production. Since Cani Corsi have compressed jaws, large and loose lips, and are prone to overheating, they tend to drool more than some other breeds.

Although drooling is a natural process, if your canine companion drools more than usual, it might indicate a health problem to report to your vet. The primary triggers of drooling are listed below:

  • The thought of delicious meals like a favorite treat or meat – even seeing you handle the kibble container can trigger drooling.
  • Excitement – some dogs will drool more heavily when they become excited. This is why guests are frequently slathered in slobber when greeting your dog.
  • Sexual excitement, like when a male Corso spots a female Cane Corso in heat, causes drooling. Likewise, a female in her heat cycle might drool if she picks up the scent of a male.
  • Dental issues – an abscessed tooth or accumulation of plaque and tartar
  • Ingesting poison – extreme amounts of foamy, frothy drool are often the first indication that a dog has ingested a poisonous substance. Seek emergency help immediately.
  • A foreign object – small pieces of bone, wood splinters, shards of a destroyed plastic toy, etc. can become lodged between a dog’s teeth or throat.
  • Anxiety – any situation, like heading to the vet for shots, that causes a dog to become nervous
  • Overheating – heavy panting is a dog’s natural way of cooling off, but an increased amount of drool accompanies it.
  • Growths- Both harmless lumps and more serious, cancerous growths in a dog’s oral cavity
  • Internal Conditions or infections – kidney or liver issues, transmittable diseases like rabies, upper respiratory infections, seizures, strokes, and other internal conditions
  • Nausea – change in diet, motion sickness, overeating, etc.

You know your dog better than anyone else does. Any drastic or sudden change in your dog’s drooling habits may warrant a trip to the veterinarian as a deviance from the norm may indicate an underlying issue.

What is the Coat Type of the Cane Corso?

The Corz has a short, stiff coat. The coat is dense and has a light undercoat that grows thicker right before winter. 

What is the Coat Lenght of the Cane Corso?

The Cane Corso’s short coat is no longer than one inch.

What is the Coat Color of Cani Corsi?

The coats of the Cani Corsi breed can be several colors and blends of colors. The colors include black, any gray and fawn shades, brindle, and stag red. Fawn and brindle In fawn and brindle dogs, there may be a gray or black mask on the muzzle, which should not go beyond the line of the eyes. Some Cani Corsi have a small white spot on the chest, the bridge of the muzzle, and the toes are acceptable.

What are the Social Traits of the Cane Corso Breed?

Cane Corsi are emotionally sensitive to their favorite people, and when you are joyful, proud, angry, or grief-stricken, your Corz will immediately perceive it and will believe himself to be the cause. The relationship can be one of great mellowness, depth, and subtlety. Although it is a relation on an adult-to-adult level, it is certainly not one devoid of playfulness. 

The Cane Corso is famous for vocalization with its people with the “roo-roo-roos” and the snorts. As puppies, of course, they will be more dependent, more playful, and more demonstrative. Cani Corsi tend to be sober and thoughtful rather than giddy clowns.

 Other social traits of Cane Corso include the following:

  • Elderly-friendly: Cani Corsi love their families, from children to grandparents. However, they are pretty energetic and may exhaust the seniors if playtime is long. In addition, Italian Mastiffs are enormous, and they could unintentionally knock frail senior family members over. Nevertheless, they are exceptionally protective and would not allow anyone to harm their elderly family members.
  • Children-friendly: Cani Corsi have the potential to be excellent family dogs. They can be quite affectionate and loving with children, and they know how to be very gentle around young children. Also, keep in mind that this is a massive breed, and even without meaning, a large dog could injure a small child. For this reason, it is important to always supervise children when they are around a Cane Corso.
  • Family-friendly: Having this wonderful breed around will help improve your family’s overall health. His constant display of affection causes your body to release the hormone called “oxytocin, ” also known as the “good mood hormone.” Having your Cane Corso around, the warm and fuzzy feelings you’ll feel are linked to decreasing stress and anxiety levels.
  • Pet-friendly: Cani Corsi are not typically cat lovers, nor do they get along with other small furry pets like hamsters or gerbils. Small breed dogs are also at risk with a large Corso around. However, raising all the different-sized pets together changes the picture. Adequate socialization can also help pets of different sizes and types to live together in harmony.

How Do Cani Corsi Interact with Strangers?

The Cane Corso tends to be suspicious of strangers. They will show their suspicion by barking whenever they see an unfamiliar person. Their strong bond with family makes them aloof towards strangers, but you can reduce this through training on proper socialization behavior. Taking your Cane Corz puppy with you whenever you visit other people’s houses also helps in lowering their aggression towards strangers. Your Cane Corz will learn to interact with new people and become less suspicious of strangers, without becoming less protective. 

Is the Cane Corso Playful?

The Cane Corso breed also loves his family and can be a truly affectionate and playful dog with those he is close with. While the Cani Corsi often display an air of calm capability, they need to move about and can be very playful.

Cani Corsi are very playful with older children, adults, and even senior citizens and make excellent family dogs. However, for the large Italian Mastiff, the size of very young children may seem like playthings instead of tiny humans, and Cane Corz loves to play with toys. Therefore, homes with young children and Corso should have separate areas to keep them isolated from each other until the children are older.

Are Cani Corsi Protective?

There is no breed quite as loyal as the Cane Corso. They are loving and protective canines, and they become entirely devoted to their families and have strong protective instincts. It means that they will always be wary of strangers and may not be over the moon when meeting strange dogs.

The Cane Corso is known to have a strong history as a protector. He was widely used as a guard dog who would constantly patrol properties and estates in the past. The Corso’s intimidating image can easily scare away anyone who would think about trespassing on the territory.

What is the Adaptability Level of the Cane Corso?

Cani Corsi are reasonably adaptable. They will happily move from one place to the next, even if relocating from a farm or a ranch to an apartment in the city. It won’t take long for them to adapt, but only if they are not separated from their human families. They would even live happily in an apartment; however, it would have to be spacious enough for such a massive canine companion. Furthermore, your Corso needs a lot of exercise, and as long as they can go for a daily walk outdoors, apartment living would not be a problem.

What are the Personality Traits of the Cane Corso?

The Cane Corso was bred to hunt wild boar and today acts as a guard dog. Fiercely devoted to his family, he doesn’t care for strangers or small animals. More athletic and agile than other mastiffs, he’ll sit at your feet with an impressive weight.

Cane Corsos are loyal and protective guardians who can be sweet and loving pets. They need consistent socialization and training throughout their lives to bring out their calm, affectionate side. But the added security of having a Cane Corso on your home team is worth the extra work. This is a serious dog best suited for serious dog lovers who are experienced and willing to commit a lot of time and energy to provide training, mental stimulation, and exercise to their giant pup.

Cani Corsi are more sensitive than other dog breeds, and even soft punishment affects them emotionally. They are receptive to their owner’s emotions and make excellent family companions. Their feelings can get hurt, and they often respond much like toddlers. You can expect them to get disobedient and refuse to listen when they’re upset. Even worse, your Cane Corz might decide to get destructive. 

Can a Cane Corso be Dangerous?

Most Cani Corsi have an assertive and confident personality. When confronted with a threat, a proper Cane Corso will be somewhat more ready to fight than to flee. Thus he may respond aggressively in situations where many other breeds back down. Cani Corsi tend to act aggressively to repel intruders on their territory (your home) and to counteract assaults upon their pack mates (you and your family). 

Do Cani Corsi Ever Attack?

Without training and leadership from you to guide him, the Corso cannot judge correctly whom to repel and whom to tolerate. Without training and leadership, he may attack and injure an innocent person who will successfully sue you for more than you own. With good training and leadership from you, your canine companion can be profoundly valuable as a defender of your home and family 

Can Cani Corsi Kill Humans?

Because the Cane Corso is quite rare, dog attack studies don’t generally include this breed. However, it has been involved in several high-profile attacks – some leading to deaths due to the breed’s size and strength. The incidence of Cane Corso bites seems to be on the increase.

Improve your odds of having a friendly Cane Corso by getting him used to having many visitors from a young age. Visit lots of places with him, and help him think of strangers as friends. Good socialization and training are vital.

Do Cani Corsi cope with being left alone?

The Italian Mastiff does not do very well when left alone. The Cane Corso breed feels happy to be around his family and would show great sadness if he’s left alone without anything to do. Interact with your Cane Corz regularly, which usually happens around exercise, training, and leisure time. Generally, your Cors shouldn’t be left alone for more than 4 hours. The length of time will vary depending on his age, health, and more. 

Can I leave my Cane Corso at home?

Cane Corz tend to be big babies who do not tolerate being left alone well. They prefer to be at home with one of their human companions present. Many Corsi tend to favor one family member, and when that person has to run an errand, the Italian Mastiff will be okay if another family member stays behind with the Corso. However, that doesn’t mean your Cane Corz’s face won’t be even more somber than usual when you return, and he will make sure you notice it.

Can a Cane Corso be left alone for 8 hours?

Corsi need company, and they do not enjoy spending time alone for many hours and may develop separation anxiety. Don’t get a Cane Corso if you must leave him on his own for hours on end. You can, however, leave him alone for short periods, ideally crated with a favorite dog toy or a puzzle toy to keep him occupied. Leaving your Cane Corz alone for more than four hours at a time is not recommended. If there is no other way, getting a dog walker or a sitter for a part of the day prevents separation anxiety.

How to Train a Cane Corso?

The most important thing to note about this pup’s formative years is the training. Socializing and training your dog is essential as early as possible. Bringing them around different people, pets, sights, sounds, and more is necessary for having a well-rounded dog.

Young Cane Corso puppies are relatively easy to train: they are eager to please, intelligent and calm-natured, with a pretty good attention span. Once a Cane Corso has learned something, he retains it well. Your cute, sweet little Cane Corso puppy will grow into a large, powerful dog with a highly self-assertive personality and the determination to finish whatever he starts.

If your Corz has grown up respecting you and your rules, all his physical and mental strength will work for you. But if he has grown up without rules and guidance from you, surely he will make his own rules, and his physical and mental powers will often act in opposition to your needs and desires.

For example, he may tow you down the street as if competing in a weight pull trial, grab food off the table; he may forbid your guests’ entry to his home. This training cannot be delegated to someone else, e.g., by sending the dog away to “boarding school,” because respect and obedience are personal between the dog and the individual who does the training. 

This is true of all dogs to a greater or lesser degree, but definitely to a very great degree in the Cane Corso. While you may want the help of an experienced trainer to teach you how to train your dog, you yourself must actually train your Cane Corso. As each lesson is well learned, then the rest of the household (except young children) must also work with the dog, insisting he obeys them.

How Frequently does a Cane Corso Bark?

Cane Corso dogs are calm, naturally protective, intelligent, and loving. And although an Italian Mastiff isn’t known to bark incessantly, they can get quite loud and aggressive if they detect impending danger. 

However, the Cani Corsi often wait to see whether their strong stance and show of teeth convince potential intruders to back off. Your Canine protector will bark to alert you about imminent danger if they don’t retreat. One thing is sure, Cani Corsi do not bark without good reason. They are famous for vocalizing and uttering different-sounding barks for different purposes. After all, that is the only way canines can have their say.

Below is a list of bark types that owners will learn to recognize. 

  • Cani Corsi hate being left alone, and one way of coping with loneliness is barking. 
  • A lack of exercise and anxiety can also trigger barking.
  • Alarm barking is when your Cane Corso barks to alert you of approaching danger. Alarm barking can save you from danger.
  • Another type of barking is demand barking, where a Cane Corz feels entitled to something or your attention and would bark as a way of demanding their rights. This type can be lowered through proper training and ignoring the barking.
  • The Cane Corso uses arousal barking to show their frustrations.
  • Boredom barking signals that your Cane Corso is tired or bored due to being left alone or infrequently exercised. 

Cani Carsi are vocal and will likely have a specific sound, howl, or snort for each of the above.

What is the need for Mental Stimulation of a Cane Corso?

The need for mental stimulation of a Cane Corso is essential as it lowers the risks of destructive behaviors resulting from boredom. Italian Mastiffs are reasonably intelligent and learn fast, and they need regular mental stimulation. The playful and intelligent nature of Italian Mastiffs further calls for frequent mental activity. There are different ways of mentally stimulating your Cane Corz, and some of them are listed below.

  • Playing with interactive games or toys, including dog puzzles and canine board games.
  • Encourage sniffing during regular evening walks.
  • Provide healthy chews like dehydrated sweet potato strips. Chewing for more extended periods calms the brain, thus lowering stress levels.
  • Hide and seek games
  • Drop and fetch games
  • Regular walks

These mental stimulation techniques should start at an early stage. Cane Corz who are six years and older tend to have problems with their thinking ability. The primary signs of mental disorientation are listed below.

  • Excessive anxiety.
  • Frequent accidents.
  • Failure to recall previously learned commands.
  • Changes in sleep and wake patterns.
  • Low interest in physical activities.
  • Poor social skills.

What are the Breed Standards of the Cane Corso?

The Cane Corso is a large, powerful dog that can weigh up to 120 pounds. He has a huge head and a heavy rectangular body. While his build is robust, he has an elegant appearance with long and powerful muscles. The muzzle of the Cane Corso is very deep and broad, and his neck is muscular and slightly arched. The breed comes in multiple colors, and the hair of the Cane Corso is short in summer and becomes thicker during the winter months. The ears and tail of the Corso may be cropped or uncropped.

Some of the breed standards of Cane Corz are given in the table below.

Breed Standards 

Cane Corso Breed Information 

Color 

Black, light gray, dark gray, fawn or red with a gray mask, and brindle

Size 

Cani Corsi are classified as a large breed

Eye Color 

Medium, almond-shaped eyes are dark brown, with lighter shades possible in gray-muzzled dogs

Average Weight 

100 pounds 

Average Height

25 inches

Average lifespan 

Cane Corso Dogs have a lifespan of 9 to 12 years

What is the General Information about the Cane Corso?

The Cane Corso belongs to a subcategory of working breeds called molossus dogs. At the height of the Roman Empire’s power, the legions that subdued and occupied the Greek islands brought Molossers back to Italy and bred them to native Italian breeds.

The offspring produced by these crosses were ancestors of the modern Corso and its larger relative, the Neapolitan Mastiff. The original Corsi were used as dogs of conquest who earned their stripes as “pireferi,” fearless dogs who charged enemy lines with buckets of flaming oil strapped to their backs. These early Corsi were supposed to be bigger, more lumbering dogs than today’s sleeker version, which moves with catlike grace.

Where to Buy or Adopt a Cane Corso?

You can expect to pay between $1000 and $4000 for a purebred Cane Corso puppy from a reputable breeder. The most significant factor that will influence the price of your puppy is its genetics, and dogs from champion bloodlines can cost significantly more than this. Cane Corsi, with award-winning genetics, have been known to fetch as much as $9000.

If you want to bring a Cane Corso home, you should not rush. The only “purebreds” immediately available upon request are not the real thing and are likely bred on puppy farms. The more realistic way is to find a reputable breeder and put your name on a waiting list. While you’re waiting, learn as much as you can about this cutest little puppy, the challenges you’ll face, and the joys you and your family will experience as it grows into a gentle giant weighing 110 pounds or more.

Finding a reputable breeder or rescue facility is crucial. A good breeder will match you with the right puppy and will, without question, have done all the health certifications necessary to screen out health problems as much as possible. They are more interested in placing pups in suitable homes than making big bucks. 

Be wary of breeders who only tell you the good things about the breed or make irrational promises to promote the dogs. Be especially suspicious when you are offered a two-for-the-price-of-one deal. Also, be wary of a breeder specializing in any one coat color or selling non-standard colors for ridiculous prices. If money is the priority for supplying the demand then health, temperament, and quality are forgotten.

Cane Corso puppies are adorable, and it’s one of the reasons they are so popular. Cute puppies sell, and as long as there is money to be made, puppy mills and irresponsible, greedy breeders will breed them. Do your homework before buying one of these little dogs, and you’ll be well rewarded with a beautiful companion dog.

The best way to ensure you get a healthy Cane Corso puppy from a breeder or a rescue organization is to reach out to the registered organizations for the specific breed. The Cane Corso is recognized by the AKC, UKC, and FIC, listed below, along with other registered kennel clubs that might put potential Cane Corz owners in touch with reputable breeders. The Cane Corso Association of America (CCAA) is the official American Kennel Club (AKC) Parent Breed Club for the Cane Corso in the United States of America. 

  • Fédération Cynologique Internationale (International)
  • United Kennel Club (International)
  • Cane Corso Appreciation Society UK
  • Cane Corso – Australian National Kennel Council
  • The Cane Corso Club of Great Britain
  • American Kennel Club Market Place
  •  Canadian Cane Corso Association (CCCA)
  • Canadian Kennel Club
  • Continental Kennel Club
  • United All Breed Registry
  • Bella Conbrio Cane Corso Milaca, Minnesota 
  • Apex Cane Corso Italiano Bel Air, Maryland
  • Cypress Arrow Cane Corso Los Angeles, California
  • Lakeview Cane Corsos Cuba, Illinois 
  • Casa Reale Cane Corso Kansas City, Kansas

If you manage to track down Cane Corso breeders, make sure you go to the facility and insist on meeting both the puppies’ parents so that you can get a feel for their temperament. Cane Corso puppies are often peppy and playful—all should have cheery expressions and kind eyes. 

It might take some time to find a legitimate breeder, and travel may very well be in the cards. Steer clear of backyard breeding by avoiding sales sites and ad pages. When you select a breeder, make sure they have proof of successful, healthy litters with any documentation necessary.

You might find a Cane Corso puppy or a rescued adult to adopt or buy from abroad, but not all countries allow importing adopted dogs. Those whose countries will enable the importation of Cani Corsi may find the logistics challenging. 

Procedures include obtaining certification from a vet to prove the Cane Corso is fully vaccinated and providing all the additional required veterinary documents before the travel. Furthermore, your country must approve the veterinarian to authorize the importation, and it will be your responsibility to ensure you use the services of a certified vet.

What are the Rescue Clubs for Cani Corsi?

There are millions of homeless dogs worldwide; many are purebreds needing homes. Adopting a Cane Corso can be life-changing, not only for the dog but also for the adopter. If you prefer adoption over purchasing a pup from a breeder, then your first stop should be the website of Cane Corso Rescue, Inc. The National Cane Corso Rescue in the United States. Reaching out to the Cane Corso rescue group is an excellent idea if you want to adopt an older dog or even a Cane Corso mix.

The adoption fee for a Cane Corz from a rescue group or animal shelter will probably be between $150 and $200. Most dogs from rescue groups and shelters will be vaccinated, microchipped, spayed/neutered, and vetted before adoption

You can also reach out to your local rescue organization or animal shelter and ask if they have any Cani Corsi or related mixes available for adoption. If not, you can always put your name on a list so that when one comes in, you’re the first one they call.

Below is a list of registered rescue centers and kennel clubs to reach out to for guidance.

  • Canada Guide To Dogs (National Cane Corso Rescue, Inc.)
  • US Cane Corso Club’s rescue network
  • Cane Corso Rescue, Inc. The National Cane Corso Rescue in the United States.
  • Must Love Corsos Rescue, Ohio
  • Red Rock Canyon Cane Corso Las Vegas, Nevada
  • Mad River Cane Corso, Cable, Ohio
  • Americana Cane Corso, Urbana, Ohio

Facebook is another resource for pet adoption. You can search for Cane Corso rescue groups in your region.

You can also search for adoptable Cane Corz online through reliable websites such as

  • Petfinder.com
  • Adoptapet.com
  • Getyourpet.com
  • AnimalShelter.com 

Wherever you acquire your Cane Corso, make sure you have a good contract with the seller, shelter, or rescue group that spells out responsibilities on both sides. Petfinder offers an Adopters Bill of Rights that helps you understand what you can consider normal and appropriate when you get a dog from a shelter. In states with “puppy lemon laws,” be sure you and the person you get the dog from both understand your rights and recourses.

Puppy or adult, take your Corso to your veterinarian soon after adoption. Your veterinarian will be able to spot problems and will work with you to set up a preventive regimen that will help you avoid many health issues.

Cane Corso mixes may be available for adoption in shelters and rescues. If you want to adopt an AKC registered or a mixed breed Cane Corso, the best first step is to contact shelters and breed-specific rescues to let them know you’re interested.

Below is a list of several Cane Corso mixes.

  • Cane Corso & Boxer mix = Corxer
  • Cane Corso & Rottweiler mix = Rotticorso
  • Cane Corso & Mastiff mix = Mastcorso
  • Cane Corso & Pitbull mix = Pitcorso
  • Cane Corso & Great Dane mix = Dane Corso
  • Cane Corso & German Shepherd mix = German Corso
  • Cane Corso & Lab mix = Labracorso
  • Cane Corso & Doberman mix = Dobercorso

Cane Corso mixes adopted from a shelter may share physical characteristics of the breed, but their temperament may not match the breed standard. Shelters and rescues attempt to determine each dog’s personality through a series of evaluations; even if the dog’s temperament does not follow the breed standard, you can get the dog that suits your home. Something else to note is that a mixed breed will be predisposed to the typical health issues of both breeds.

What is the History of the Cane Corso?

The Cane Corso is a Molosser-type breed that originated in Italy, having descended from Roman war dogs. After the Roman Empire fell, the Cane Corso worked as a farmhand, flock guardian, property guardian, family guardian, and hunting dog of big and dangerous game like wild boar. The breed declined with industrialization and almost died out after the two World Wars. However, only a few dogs were present in remote areas of southern Italy by the 1970s. The breed was brought to the attention of Dr. Paolo Breber in 1973 by Giovanni Bonnetti, who remembered the dogs from his youth. Dr. Breber obtained some of the dogs the following year and began a breeding program. By 1996 the breed was recognized by the Federation Cynologique Internationale.

The first Corso import arrived in America in 1988. The International Cane Corso Federation was formed in the U.S. in 1993, and more dogs were brought from Italy. The ICCF chose to seek recognition for the breed by the American Kennel Club in 2003 and changed its name to the Cane Corso Association of America. In 2010 the breed gained recognition by the American Kennel Club.

What is the Average Maintenance Cost for a Cane Corso?

The prices of Cane Corz range between $1.000 and $4,000. The cost of a puppy from a registered breeder could vary, depending on the breeder you select, the location, the sex of the puppy, and, of course, the demand for the breed at the time. 

The bloodline of the puppy and its parents could also affect the price, and offspring of priced dogs, bred by top breeders can cost several thousands of dollars more. You will be hard-pressed to find this breed in a shelter, but if you do, the price could be $300 to $500, based on the cost of care provided while keeping the Cane Corso and extras like vaccinations and sterilizations. 

It is always best to consider annual expenses related to maintaining your Cane Corso and its wellbeing before making the purchase. The first year will be the most expensive, as puppies require extra vet care and more one-time purchases like microchips, sterilization, licensing, etc. You can expect to spend about $6,900 for your dog’s first year. After that, the price will go down to about $2,100 a year. 

Food and medical only, excluding toys, food and water bowls, cages, doggy blankets, beds, etc., could cost an average of $850 per month. The most regular annual expenses for dogs similar to the Cane Corso are listed below.

  • Food items
  • Veterinary care
  • Vaccinations
  • Preventive medicine
  • Toys
  • Pet insurance
  • Pet Supplies

Other potential expenses include training, socializing, doggy daycare, dog sitters, dog walkers, etc. Grooming would likely not affect the maintenance costs of Cane Corz because they don’t need professional grooming to trim and bathe the Cane Corso.

How to Name a Cane Corso?

Choosing a name for your Cane Corso involves essential building blocks, including the significance of the sound. The Cane Corz’s name will mean something to the humans in the dog’s life, but for your canine companion, only the sound matters. Cani Corsi respond best to two-syllable names that are not short enough to be confused with single-syllable command words like “sit,” stay,” “come,” and “down.” However, the names should not be long enough to become puzzling.

It is always a good idea not to rush into choosing a name. Spend a week or so with your new Cane Corso pup, and its character traits might be all the inspiration you need. Call out any name ideas, using different tones and sounds for the two syllables, and watch your puppy’s reaction to the sound. Remember, you must compose a sound that your Cane Corz will recognize from a distance, among many other sounds. 

Choose a name that could sound different in regular interaction and yelling or calling your Cane Corso. Below is a list of suggestions of names for your Cane Corso puppy.

Cane Corso Breed Names – Inspired by its Italian Roots

Cane Corso Boy Names

Cane Corso Girl Names

Sandro

Protector of the human race

Aelda 

A female warrior

Mossimo 

The largest, the greatest of all

Pietra

Like a Rock 

Rocco 

One who rests

Elara 

Happy and cheerful person

Arlo 

Strong and manly

Rosi 

She looks just like a rose

Enzio 

A ruler at home

Bobina

Little flame burning brightly

Marcelo 

Having the strength of a hammer

Ciandra 

Something surrounded by light

What are the Different Types of Cane Corso?

Mastiffs form part of the group of Molosser breeds known for their broad chests, large stature, and muscled legs. Cani Corsi are just one of the 20 Molosser breeds recognized by the AKC.

Below is a list of some of those breeds.

What Dog Breeds are Similar to the Cane Corso?

Cani Corsi may not be too difficult to find, but purebreds are expensive and involve long waiting lists. Finding a Cane Corso at a rescue center might be equally challenging. However, As wonderful of a dog as the Cane Corso may be, they aren’t for everyone. Here are some dogs that are similar to the Cane Corz:

Below is a list of similar breeds that might be a good match for your family.

  • Neapolitan Mastiff: Neapolitan Mastiffs and Cane Corsos were both bred in Italy as a working dog. Both breeds are very large, but the Neapolitan Mastiff is even larger than the Cane Corso with an average male weight of 140 pounds compared to the 104-pound average of a Cane Corso. Both breeds make an excellent watchdog, but Cane Corsos have a much higher prey drive than a Neapolitan Mastiff. more about Neapolitan Mastiff Social life, care & diet information.
  • Bullmastiff: Bullmastiffs are another working dog breed. They were bred in England, not Italy like the Cane Corso. Both breeds are moderate shedders who don’t require too much grooming. Both breeds are very territorial, but the Bullmastiff can be better suited for homes with children.
  • Rottweiler: Rottweilers are also working dogs. They were bred in Germany originally. Rottweilers and Cane Corso are around the same size with an average male weight of 112 and 104 pounds, respectively. Males in both breeds are also around the same height, at 24 to 27 inches tall. The Rottweiler was first recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1931, but it wasn’t until 2010 that the Cane Corso was first recognized.

Michael Brady

Michael is an animal-lover who specializes in marketing. He started running Dog Food Care with his mother, Sarah, after leaving his office job. Michael gained enough flexibility in his schedule to be able to adopt a dog of his own and welcomed Emmie the dachshund into his home in 2020.