English Springer Spaniel Breed Caring and Family, Social Life, Physical Traits, Diet Info

English Springer Spaniel Breed Caring and Family, Social Life, Physical Traits, Diet Info

The English Springer Spaniel is a time-tested breed that is one of the most popular and versatile dogs in history. Equally comfortable at home with their family or hunting game in the field. That’s why we see so many old masterpiece paintings of Springers posing with a young princess and finding game birds for the hunter.

The English Springer is a friendly, lively, outgoing, medium-sized breed requiring regular exercise and daily grooming. Springers enjoy children and adults alike, and they do best in a household situation when properly trained and socialized.

The English Springer Spaniel is typically eager to please, quick to learn, and willing to obey. The Springer’s intelligence and agility, paired with its beauty, loyalty, and trustworthiness, make this breed one of the most desired.

Adult Springer Spaniels stand 18 to 21 inches tall and weigh between 40 and 50 pounds. The Springer Spaniels’ expected lifespan is 12 to 14 years, and the females give birth to six to eight puppies per litter. Springer Spaniels are known by several names, including Springer and ESS. 

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What are the Breed Traits and Characteristics of Springer Spaniels?

Springers are known for their loving demeanors. The Springer Spaniel possesses traits common to all Spaniels. They are affectionate, cheerful, and devoted to their people while being funny and curious. He will make you laugh, and he can be a good choice for families with children. More of the Springer Spaniel breed’s traits and characteristics are listed in the table below.

Springer Spaniel Dog Breed Features

Springer Spaniel Dog Breed information


Males 19 to 21 inches

Females 18 to 20 inches


Males 45 to 55 pounds

Females 40 to 50 pounds

Relation with family


Relation with children


Relation with other dogs

Good, if socialized

Shedding level

Moderate year-round

Drooling level


Coat type 

Double coat – topcoat is flat or wavy, and the undercoat is soft and dense. Flat or wavy, glossy topcoat and a short, profuse, and soft undercoat; ears, legs, and chest often have longer feathering

Coat length

Topcoat Medium-Length

Undercoat Short

Coat grooming frequency

Brushing several times per week

Relation with strangers

Friendly wary

Playfulness level


Adaptability level


Openness to strangers


Trainability level


Energy level


Barking level


Mental stimulation needs level



12 – 14 years 

How Does the Springer Spaniel Interact with Family?

English Springer Spaniels are intelligent and eager to please, not to mention enthusiastic. They are happy dogs and seem to have a good sense of humor. They usually do well with children if they are brought up with them from puppyhood and are affectionate toward their families. They also are generally good with other pets in the household, even small ones, but might see pet birds as prey since those are what they’re bred to hunt.

Do Springer Spaniels Attach to One Person?

No, Springer Spaniels don’t typically favor one individual. Although they form strong bonds with all their human family members, some might develop a stronger bond with one family member. When this happens, it is usually the person who spends the most time with them, like their hunting master or the person who typically feeds them.

How Does the Springer Spaniel Interact with Other Dogs?

Springer Spaniels are open to friendships with other dogs. However, they are a bit shy when it comes to the owners of other dogs. Socialization and frequent trips to a dog park where your ESS is exposed to many dogs and their owners may help to reduce that shyness. Exposure to different social settings with walks in the park, visits with other people, and interactions with other dogs, may help break down their natural shyness around strangers. Socialization from a young age can help Springer Spaniels feel more comfortable in the presence of strange dogs.

How are Springer Spaniels with Older People?

Yes, most seniors will find that a Springer Spaniel fits perfectly into their golden years’ lifestyle even though a few potential problems could arise. Seniors might want to use the services of a dog walker or even a jogger because Springers need at least an hour’s exercise per day. It might be kind to warn the dog walker to avoid walkways close to bodies of water. Springers find water irresistible, and they can jump straight in without warning. If the person holding the leash is not quick enough to drop it, they will go for a swim without an option.

How are Springer Spaniels with Children?

Although Springer Spaniels are known for their loving natures, they are not quite at ease in the company of small children. Sensitivity and the tendency to be anxious make them nervous when exposed to children too young to know how to treat dogs and respect them. Their only way to show their feelings when children pull their tail or ears or dish out unsolicited hugs is to growl or snap at the child.

However, early socialization of the ESS and the child could prevent unpleasant incidents in which the Springer Spaniel feels the need to protect itself. Therefore, very young children should not be left in the company of any dog without adult supervision.

How are Springer Spaniels with Neighbors or Guests?

Springer Spaniels are friendly dogs who love just about everybody. They might be a bit withdrawn when they encounter strangers. Still, if the neighbors or other guests are frequent visitors, the Springers will likely accept them as members of their pack.

What are the Physical Traits of the Springer Spaniel?

The English Springer spaniel has the classic large and expressive eyes “spaniel” look to him with those long-hanging ears with feathering on the edges. The lips can be long and may lead to drooling in some dogs. The ESS is the tallest of the spaniel breeds, with longer legs for covering rough ground quickly.

The English Springer spaniel has a medium-length coat, which can be flat or wavy. The extra hair is on the ear fringes, feathering on the rear of all four legs and the chest. The colors most commonly seen are liver and white or black and white, but tricolored and ticking are variations.

More of the Springer Spaniel’s physical traits are summarized in the table below. 


Trait information


Medium-sized registered as Gundogs


Males 19 to 21 inches

Females 18 to 20 inches


Males 45 to 55 pounds

Females 40 to 50 pounds

Skull/ Head

Medium length and fairly broad, slightly rounded.


Medium size, oval-shaped, and color in harmony with the color of the coat, preferably dark hazel in liver dogs and black or deep brown in black dogs.


Thin leather ears hang close to the cheeks and are flat and well coated with hair feathering the edges.


Square muzzle, with distinct stop and the length approximately the same same as the head.


Nostrils well open and broad, liver or black, depending on the color of the coat. Fully pigmented.


Sufficient length to allow the dog to easily carry game


At least one hour of vigorous walking or jogging


12 to 14 years


Double coat – topcoat is flat or wavy, and the undercoat is soft and dense. Flat or wavy, glossy topcoat and a short, profuse, and soft undercoat; ears, legs, and chest often have longer feathering

Coat color

The color of the iris in harmony with the color of the coat, preferably dark hazel in liver dogs and black or deep brown in black dogs.


Set on the level with the line of the back. Must be in action and carried level, never cocked up. Previously cocked on show dogs. Now docking is optional.


Front legs – well boned, straight, sufficiently short

Hindlegs – well boned, good bend of stifle

** Docking tails is illegal in most of Europe.

How to Feed a Springer Spaniel?

Your dog’s adult size determines its dietary needs through all life stages. Thus, base your Springer Spaniel’s diet on a medium breed’s unique nutritional and digestive needs throughout its different life stages. Springer Spaniels fall in the medium-sized breed class, and most dog food companies have breed-specific formulas for small, medium, large, giant, and even toy breeds. 

It is always a good idea to discuss your dog’s dietary needs with your vet to ensure you are prepared to deal with age-related issues as your ESS grows. A veterinarian can advise on diets, portion sizes, meal frequencies, and all nutrition matters to ensure your furry friend lives a long life with optimal health. Clean, fresh water should be available at all times, and some of the essential nutrients are listed below:

  • Protein
  • Fatty acids
  • Carbohydrates
  • Minerals
  • Vitamins

Avoid feeding your Springer Spaniel from the table; all it does is add weight; instead, follow the advice below to ensure your furry friend’s optimal health.

The English Springer Spaniel is an active, athletic breed type, needing food that contains animal proteins and carbohydrates for energy, vitamins, and minerals for digestive and immune health, and omega fatty acids for coat and skin wellness. A dog of this size, activity level, and demeanor will thrive best on premium dry food because this food type contains balanced portions of the above-listed ingredients.

Your Springer Spaniel’s portion depends on life stage, health, metabolism, activity level, and of course, the brand and formula of food it eats. For example, if you hunt with your Springer Spaniel, who weighs about 55 pounds, doing moderate fieldwork, you might need to feed your ESS somewhere around 2000 calories per day. A good rule of thumb is to use 30 to 40 calories per pound of your dog’s body weight to determine your dog’s caloric needs per day.

Feed your Springer Spaniel a food formulated for active and medium to large working dog breeds, recipes for puppies, adults, and seniors, or look for a brand developed for all life stages. Feeding Springer Spaniels several meals instead of one meal per day can prevent life-threatening bloat. However, fresh drinking water must always be available for your furry friend. When in doubt, consult your veterinarian. 

 An example of premium food for Springer Spaniels and its benefits are listed below:

The best dog food for adult Springer Spaniels is CANIDAE PURE with Wholesome Grains Real Salmon & Barley Recipe Adult Dry Dog Food.

This wholesome meal is crafted with your Springers Spaniel’s health and overall well-being in mind. CANIDAE PURE with Wholesome Grains Real Salmon & Barley Recipe Adult Dry Dog Food is free from artificial flavors and contains just nine simple ingredients, including real salmon first, along with grains, like barely. Best of all, CANIDAE also included glucosamine and chondroitin in this recipe to help your adult canine companion maintain healthy joints.

Below is a list of the benefits offered by the 10 CANIDAE PURE with Wholesome Grains Real Salmon & Barley Recipe Adult Dry Dog Food recipes in this range:

  • Protein-Packed: With responsibly sourced animal protein as the first ingredient for strong, lean muscles in small breed dogs.
  • Omegas 3 and 6: Naturally occurring omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids support skin and coat health.
  • Antioxidants: Antioxidant-rich vegetables and fruits help support immune health.
  • Probiotics: Guaranteed levels of live, natural probiotics are included to support your dog’s digestive health
  •  Glucosamine and chondroitin: Included in this recipe to help your adult Springer Spaniel maintain healthy joints.

When Springer Spaniels are healthy and active, every day is an adventure. That’s why CANIDAE PURE with Wholesome Grains Real Salmon & Barley Recipe Adult Dry Dog Food is crafted with everything dogs need to thrive, starting with real protein as the first ingredient.

How Much Should a Springer Spaniel Puppy Eat? 

Growing puppies consume more calories than adult dogs and so do young adult dogs. You always need to adjust your dog’s food intake based on his activity level and other factors.

It is essential not to feed puppies all their food at once, and they should have it spread over the day. When Springer puppies become three months old, owners can provide them with three meals per day until they reach six months, reducing the food intake to 2 meals per day. Only high-quality and branded puppy food is acceptable. Guidance for feeding puppies is listed below.

  • Springer Spaniel puppies need slow, sustained growth to help prevent orthopedic problems, such as hip dysplasia. Raise them on a diet designed for medium-breed puppies. Whatever diet you choose shouldn’t overemphasize protein, fat, and calorie levels.
  • Springer Spaniels should be fed according to a schedule, spreading meal times two or three times per day. Getting the puppy accustomed to meals at specific times is better than leaving food out to allow feeding throughout the day.
  • The exceptions are Springer Spaniels with medical conditions like hypoglycemia or low blood sugar because they need to nibble bits of food throughout the day.
  • Never feed your puppy from the table. It only encourages begging. Everyone in the family must follow this rule.

What are the Health Tests that a Springer Spaniel Should Take?

Springer Spaniel breeders should have the following health tests done:

DNA Tests covering the 7 main categories

  • Musculoskeletal and Dental

  • Haemolymphatic

  • Skin and Immune

  • Urogenital

  • Metabolic and Endocrine

  • Ophthalmological

  • Neurological

Other tests and Xrays: Hip and Elbow Evaluation, Patella Check, General Health Check, including Heart, Vaccines, Fleas, and Worms.

What are the common health problems of Springer Spaniels?

One of the health problems many English Springer Spaniel Rage Syndrome or Sudden Onset Aggression – This very rare condition can occur in any dog breed but has been most frequently documented in English Springer Spaniels and Cocker Spaniels. It is defined as a sudden act of extreme aggression towards someone nearby. A few minutes after the incident, the dog will behave as though nothing had happened and appear not to remember. There is not much research into the condition. Still, it is thought to be an epileptic-type disorder or a genetic disorder caused by low serotonin in the brain.

  • Immune-Mediated Hemolytic Anemia (IMHA) is a serious and life-threatening condition that affects dogs. In essence, this means that your pet’s immune system, which typically fights off invaders and infections, is now fighting your pet’s own red blood cells.
  • Hip dysplasia is a deformation that occurs and develops as English Springer Spaniel puppies grow. It is caused by loose joints that prevent the ball part of one bone from sliding smoothly in the socket of the other joint bone. Instead, it grinds and rubs in the joint, causing painful wear and tear damage as the Springer ages.
  • Elbow Dysplasia: When the growth of the elbow is disturbed, a condition called elbow dysplasia may ensue. While this condition is generally inherited, other factors, such as nutrition and exercise, also play a role in its development. Most dogs will display symptoms before the age of one – though some may not show any signs until they are several years old
  • Hypothyroidism is the insufficient production of thyroid hormone, causing hair loss, dry skin and coat, and susceptibility to other skin diseases in some breeds.
  • Retinal atrophy, also called PRA, is an inherited progressive disease of the retina that leads to blindness in affected dogs.
  • Entropion: Entropion is a condition where the eyelid rolls inward, causing the eyelashes to rub against the cornea (surface of the eyeball). … It can happen in any dog breed; however, your Bulldog is especially at risk for this heritable disorder.
  • Phosphofructokinase (PFK) Deficiency: PFK is an enzyme that is needed for the body to use sugar for energy. Some Springers have an inherited deficiency of this enzyme.
  • Ear infections are common conditions in dogs, especially those with floppy ears. The ears trap moisture and should be regularly checked.

What is the Exercise Need of a Springer Spaniel?

You will want to make sure that your Springer Spaniel gets plenty of exercise each day. This breed enjoys playing, walking, or hiking with its family members. Since these dogs were bred to be hunting dogs, their exercise requirements are higher than some other breeds. Your Springer will need at least one hour of exercising per day. Additionally, since this breed is prone to obesity, ensuring your dog stays active can also help prevent this problem.

What are the nutritional needs of Springer Spaniels?

The nutritional needs of a Springer Spaniel include high levels of specific nutrients. The essential nutrients for Springers are listed below.

  • Protein: Springer Spaniels need natural animal protein, valuable for the amino acids essential for Springer’s health. Equally important is the fact that protein builds lean muscles and provides energy.
  • Fat: Animal protein provides adequate fat, an additional energy source that boosts the Springer Spaniel’s metabolism. However, there is a fine line between enough and too much. Excessive fat levels in the dog’s daily diet could result in weight gain and, ultimately, obesity. Most importantly, adults and senior Springer Spaniels need lower fat levels than puppies.
  • Carbohydrates: Although carbs are not essential nutrients, they are crucial energy sources. Giving the Springer Spaniel sufficient carbs will provide energy, encouraging the body’s protein absorption to build lean muscle. Beware, though, that too many carbohydrates can lead to obesity.
  • DHA: DHA is one of the components of omega-3 fatty acids. It promotes proper eye and brain development in Springer Spaniel puppies, and DHA develops cognitive development in puppies and slows cognitive decline in older dogs. Furthermore, omega fatty acids benefit aging Springers by treating chronic kidney disease and canine arthritis. Omega-3 oils improve the coat health of the Springer Spaniel.
  • Micronutrient: Taurine is one micronutrient that aids heart health, and other valuable micronutrients for promoting strong joints in Springer Spaniels are chondroitin and glucosamine.
  • Minerals: Beneficial minerals for a Springer Spaniel’s growth include a healthy balance of phosphorus and calcium. Pre- and probiotics and chelated minerals provide additional health to the diets of Springers.

What is the Shedding Level of Springer Spaniels?

Springer Spaniels shed an average to high amount of hair, with the higher shedding occurring when the seasons change. They have double coats with a dense soft inner layer and a coarser outer layer. Their coats are prone to mats and tangles and require a high level of grooming as they tend to shed heavily.

What is the Coat Grooming Frequency of Springer Spaniels?

The English  Springer Spaniel’s Coat needs brushing two or three times per week. Clipping is the owner’s choice. Some prefer to grow the coat for competition showing, while others clip it to avoid clumping and skin fungus when the coat takes too long to dry after hunting.

What is the Drooling Level of Springer Spaniels?

The drooling level of Springer Spaniels depends on the shape of their lips. Some have longer lips, which causes more drooling. However, most spaniels have low drooling levels, and they are not slobbery dogs at all. However, drooling is a natural process, and if your canine companion drools more than usual, it might indicate a health problem to report to your vet. The primary triggers of drooling are listed below:

Springer Spaniels are relatively low maintenance, and their rich brown coats need a good brushing two or three per week. A monthly bath is okay if the Springer Spaniel is very dirty, but too frequent bathing could remove the necessary oil from the Springer’s coat. If your Springer Spaniel has been splashing around in salt water or ponds with algae, spraying him down with freshwater as soon as possible after the hunt will leave your Springer’s coat clean. Dogs with long ears need weekly ear inspections to remove infection-causing dirt. 

The double-coated Springer Spaniel sheds a lot, and even more when the coat blows in preparation for winter and again for summer. Its shaggier hair needs clipping by the owner or a professional groomer, and more frequent brushing is required. Their coats are dense and tightly formed, and twice-weekly deep combing is essential to prevent trapped allergens that could cause fungal or other infections on the skin.

Coat grooming is essential for various reasons, as listed below.

  • Grooming gives your dog a healthy look and promotes hygiene. 
  • Proper grooming lowers the risk of matting.
  • Your Springer Spaniel smells nice through grooming, thus raising the hygiene conditions.
  • Grooming promotes the growth and development of a lustrous and shiny coat that makes your dog attractive.
  • Grooming allows you to check for fleas and take early preventive and treatment measures.
  • Proper grooming lowers the risks of ear infections since you can check the ears and wipe them dry after grooming regularly.
  • While grooming, you can check for any skin problems and alert the vet before they worsen.
  • Grooming boosts the bond between you and your Springer Spaniel.

To lower the grooming frequencies, you should keep your dog’s surroundings clean and the coat short. Your dog should be calm during grooming, and if your Springer shows anxiety, short walks before the grooming will calm your dog, thus ensuring they remain still during the grooming process. You can also give your Springer Spaniel its favorite treat to munch on while you groom them. Grooming must be enjoyable and a stress-free process for your Springer Spaniel.

  • The thought of delicious meals like a favorite treat or meat
  • Mouth and throat problems like fractures in the mouth, throat, or esophagus.
  • Plaque build-up can also irritate the mouth and cause excessive saliva.
  • A foreign object stuck in the throat prevents swallowing, thus causing drooling. Growth in the mouth also stimulates drooling.
  • Stomach upsets.
  • Excessive heat, especially during summer.
  • The main symptom of diseases like kidney disease, liver problems, seizures, botulism, and rabies is drooling.
  • Motion sickness and anxiety. Dogs who do not like traveling will get anxious whenever they board a car. Stress makes dogs pant and breathe with their mouths open, thus causing drooling.
  • Excitement and agitation make dogs drool.
  • Sexual excitement, like when a male Springer spots a female Springer in heat, causes drooling. Likewise, a female in her heat cycle might drool if she picks up the scent of a male.

What is the Coat Type of the Springer Spaniel?

The Springer Spaniel has a double coat. The topcoat is a flat or wavy, glossy layer. The undercoat is a profuse and soft layer, and the ears, legs, and chest often have longer feathering.

What is the Coat Lenght of the Springer Spaniel?

The Springer Spaniel’s outer coat may be straight or wavy with a fringe or feathering on the ears, chest, legs, and belly. The hair is short and fine on the head, front legs, and below the hocks on the front of the hind legs. The undercoat is short, soft, and dense. The quantity of hair on the undercoat is affected by the climate and seasons, but some should be apparent.

What are the Springer Spaniel Colors?

The Springer Spaniel’s coat color can be any of those listed below.

  • Liver and white
  • Black and white
  • Predominately white with black or liver marking
  • Blue or liver roan
  • Tricolor – any of the aforementioned colors with the addition of tan points, usually found above eyes, on cheeks, inside of ears, and under the tail.

Any portion of the white coat may be flecked with ticking. 

What are the Social Traits of the Springer Spaniel Breed?

Whether it be intense playtime, thoughtful interactions with your children, or those lovely evening sunset walks, your loyal ESS will be there. Every step of the way. Springer Spaniels may be hunting dogs, but they’re adorable, which probably has affected their popularity.

Springer Spaniels are friendly, sociable, and intelligent, and they make good family pets. They are good with children and other dogs, and their temperament is considered to be highly stable. As with most Spaniels, Springer Spaniels are eager to please. They love attention. You would be hard-pressed to anger or annoy a Springer Spaniel. Other social traits of Springer Spaniels are listed below.

  • Elderly-friendly: Springer Spaniels love the interaction with the elderly. However, they need a lot of exercise and they are highly energetic and may exhaust the seniors. Playtime can provide some exercise but not enough. In addition, Springers shed a lot and need frequent brushing to control their constant shedding and keep their coats healthy.
  • Children-friendly: These dogs often make a great family dog. They have a very friendly and gentle personality, making them excellent dogs to have around children. Suppose you have younger children who are more unpredictable. In that case, it may be best to wait until they are old enough to understand how to interact with a dog appropriately. As with all dog breeds, being in the same room and supervising your children when they are with the dog is a good idea. This will prevent any accidental injuries to either your child or the dog.
  • Family-friendly: The Springer Spaniel is a friendly, social dog that does best in an active family environment with lots of outdoor action. It has lots of energy to spare, so be sure to give this dog plenty of exercise. Springer Spaniels are extremely adaptable to different environments as long as you expose your dog to plenty of social interaction and give it ample opportunity to burn off excess energy. Springer Spaniels also love attention, so be sure you lavish your dog with lots of love.
  • Cat-friendly: Springer Spaniels get along great with other animals, including cats. Of course, each dog and cat has its own preferences and temperament. Still, you can feel reasonably confident your ESS and other pets will get on just fine, especially if they were all raised together or socialized at a young age. A warning for those whose pet family includes the winged and feathered type. Springers’ bird hunting instincts may be triggered, and parrots or other pet birds may not be safe. 
  • Dog-friendly: When socialized with other dogs and cats from an early age, Springer Spaniels are perfectly amiable with other furry family members. The same holds true for strange dogs; Springer Spaniels will be well mannered as long as they have plenty of experience with dogs they don’t know.

How Do Springer Spaniels Interact with Strangers?

They are alert and friendly enough to bark every time a stranger makes their way to your door. However, once a newcomer is inside the house, Springer Spaniels are far too welcoming to have any strong territorial traits. 

Is the Springer Spaniel Playful?

Yes, Springer Spaniels are playful, and if there are no human playmates, they will be quite pleased playing with other dogs in the family. When a Springer Spaniel is happy, though, he loves to romp and play and will amuse his family by tearing through the house or running in circles around the yard for the sheer joy of it. Springers usually get along well with other pets.

Are Springer Spaniels Protective?

No, Springer Spaniels are not typically very protective. Their friendly disposition creates the opposite, and instead of trying to scare away potential intruders, their barks will likely be welcoming instead of warning them. 

What is the Adaptability Level of Springer Spaniels?

Springer Spaniels are highly adaptable. Even if they are relocated from a farm or a ranch to an apartment in the city, they will quickly adapt if the move does not separate them from their human families. People whose employment includes frequent relocation can be sure their canine companions will not suffer emotional trauma. They will be happy as long as Springer Spaniels have their beloved human family with them and their new accommodation offers reasonable playspace in the backyard. 

What are the Personality Traits of Springer Spaniel?

Whether the English Springer is a hunting dog, a field trial competitor, or a show dog, he is always a family dog. The English Springer is a loving companion who is happiest when with his people. He barks to warn them that someone is approaching the house, but it’s more likely in anticipation of making a new friend than in warning.

As befits a Sporting dog, the ESS is curious, outgoing, and active, but “hyper” is not a word that does not describe him. If he gets plenty of daily exercise and interaction with his family, the English Springer is adaptable to any type of home, from a city apartment to a sprawling ranch.

As a hunting dog, the English Springer has plenty of stamina and great scenting ability and retrieving skills. Field trial English Springers are athletes designed for speed and style. English Springers can hunt from show lines, but they are slower and more methodical than the field trial. 

Are Springer Spaniels Intelligent Dogs?

Yes, Springer Spaniels are highly intelligent. ESS can learn many tricks and commands. The limit is your creativity. They understand and memorize new commands in 5 to 15 repetitions. This breed obeys the first command 85% of the time or better.

Can Springer Spaniels be Aggressive?

Springer Spaniels are not typically aggressive, and they are tirelessly active and affectionate. Some Springer Spaniels also tend towards aggression around other dogs, but only if they were not socialized early. Be consistent and firm with your Springer Spaniel and use positive reinforcements.

Can Springer Spaniels be Dangerous?

The Springer Spaniel is not a dangerous dog, and they are often deemed over-friendly because they trust everybody.

Do Springer Spaniels Ever Attack?

No Springer Spaniels are not likely to attack. However, it depends on the way the dog was raised. Many non-aggressive breeds become excessively aggressive if they live in environments where they have to defend themselves from abusers or if they must attack to stay alive. Therefore, it is never wise to approach strange dogs before talking to the owner. Do not misjudge a dangerous situation by thinking it would be mostly a show of teeth and lots of barking, because it might not be.

Ca Springer Spaniels Kill Humans?

No, Springer Spaniels are not likely to kill a human. 

Do Springer Spaniels cope with being left alone?

Springer Spaniels are reasonably independent, enabling them to keep themselves busy with toys for several hours. However, two to three hours should be the limit. Dog owners who have to spend hours away from their Springer Spaniel frequently might want to consider a doggy daycare or a doggy sitter.

Can I leave my Springer Spaniel at home?

Springer Spaniels form strong bonds with their human families. They become dependent on their relationships with their family members, and to be left alone could lead to separation anxiety. But, if it is possible for at least one person to be home, your Springer will calmly wait for the return of the rest of the family members.

Can Springer Spaniels be left alone for 8 hours?

Eight hours is a long time for any dog to be alone, and not even the most independent dog would thrive if such isolation happens every day. Therefore, leaving them alone for extended periods could be traumatizing. Leaving a Springer Spaniel alone for too long can lead to destructive behaviors, such as barking, digging, and more. You can train your Springer Spaniel from the time they’re a puppy to be happy alone, but even with this training, they’ll be happiest when they’re with you.

How to Train a Springer Spaniel?

Springer Spaniels are intelligent and are therefore considered easy to train. However, the owner would have to afford the time and effort to establish the pack status so the Springer Spaniel will know its place in the household. Any dog owner must be firm enough to take the lead and teach the ESS how to behave. Only proper training and socialization can ensure the Springer Spaniel reaches its full potential. Training the Springer Spaniel to hunt might need the assistance of a professional trainer.

For the most part, Springer Spaniels are eager to please, making training them much easier. This breed can be somewhat sensitive, so use positive dog training methods such as praise and rewards to ensure the best results. Stick to these methods, and you should have no trouble training your Springer Spaniel.

Can Springer Spaniels be Used for Hunting?

Small in size, shaggy coat, dull of eye, yet a nose worthy of great admiration—descriptions of such a hunting dog appeared in literature centuries before the Common Era. Millennia before the flintlock was invented, English storytellers referenced a dog called a spaniel. A close-working dog, capable of locating and flushing birds in dense cover, was even more essential. When bird hunters required a habitually short distance conducive to more primitive methods such as falconry and netting. 

The English Springer spaniel is often considered a great hunting breed for first-time bird dog owners. Additionally, springers are regarded as the prime choice for pheasant hunting. They remain within gun range with an incredible nose while tirelessly working the field, never hesitating to dive into thick cover.

How Frequently does a Springer Spaniel Bark?

Springer Spaniels are vocal dogs and bark whenever they see unfamiliar people or pets. However, their barking levels are moderate, depending on the environment in which it lives. For many dogs, the triggers for barking include loneliness, threats, excitement, being territorial, attention-seeking, and even frustrations. There are different bark types based on the situations and Springer’s emotions.

Below is a list of bark types that owners will learn to recognize. 

  • Springer Spaniels hate being left alone, and one way of coping with loneliness is barking. 
  • A lack of exercise and anxiety can also trigger barking.
  • Alarm barking is when your Springer is barking as a way of alerting you of approaching danger. Alarm barking can save you from danger; however, Springer Spaniels may bark before ascertaining that there is a real danger.
  • Another type of barking is demand barking, where a Springer feels entitled to something or your attention and would bark as a way of demanding their rights. This type can be lowered through proper training and ignoring the barking.
  • Springer Spaniels use arousal barking to show their frustrations.
  • Boredom barking signals that your Springer Spaniel is tired or bored due to being left alone or infrequent exercise. 
  • Frequent barking can be a nuisance to both the owner and neighbors. Some types of barking tend to be monotonous and continuous. 

You can train your Springer to stop barking by using positive and negative motivators.

  • Whenever they start barking, command them to be quiet and if they obey, reward them with their favorite treat or toy. If they disobey your command, you can withdraw some benefits like not giving them their best toy.
  • Engage your dog in their favorite activity or exercise. Tired Springersmight sleep while you are away.
  • Look for attractive toys that would keep your Springer Spaniel busy while you are away.
  • Continuous barking might call for a visit to the vet.

What is the need for Mental Stimulation of a Springer Spaniel?

The need for mental stimulation of a Springer Spaniel is essential as it lowers the risks of destructive behaviors resulting from boredom. Springer Spaniels are smart and learn fast, and they need regular mental stimulation. Springer Spaniels’ playful and intelligent nature further calls for frequent mental activity. There are different ways of mentally stimulating your Springer, and some of them are listed below.

  • Playing with interactive games or toys, including dog puzzles and canine board games.
  • Encourage sniffing during regular evening walks.
  • Provide healthy chews like dehydrated sweet potato strips. Chewing for more extended periods calms the brain, thus lowering stress levels.
  • Hide and seek games
  • Drop and fetch games
  • Regular walks

These mental stimulation techniques should start at an early stage. Springer Spaniels who are eight years and older tend to have problems with their thinking ability. The primary signs of mental disorientation are listed below.

  • Excessive anxiety.
  • Frequent accidents.
  • Failure to recall previously learned commands.
  • Changes in sleep and wake patterns.
  • Low interest in physical activities.
  • Poor social skills.

What are the Breed Standards of Springer Spaniel?

Among Spaniels, the English Springer is medium size and well compacted. Both the working dog and the show dog sport moderately long coats and a friendly tail. They both wear gentle expressions in their eyes. But there the commonality stops as the difference between the working English Springer Spaniel and the show line is greater in this breed than in any other. The gene pools have become almost separate over the last 70 years.

The field line has a coarser coat and less pendulous ears. They may dock a few inches off the tail, and they are much scruffier than the show dogs. On the other hand, the show dogs have dewlaps, pendant ears, and dangling flews. They are heavier and thicker than the field dog. They have long muzzles, not so prominent eyes, and docked tails. The English Springer Spaniel stands tall and proud, coming from an ancient line of Spaniels.

Some of the breed standards of Springer Spaniels are given in the table below.

Breed Standards 

Springer Spaniel Breed Information 


Liver and white, black and white, predominately white with black or liver markings, blue or liver roan, tricolor (any of the aforementioned colors with the addition of tan points, usually found above eyes, on cheeks, inside of ears, and under the tail.) Any portion of the white coat may be flecked with ticking. 


Springer Spaniels classified as medium-sized gundogs 

Eye Color 

The color of the iris in harmony with the color of the coat, preferably dark hazel in liver dogs and black or deep brown in black dogs

Average Weight 

Males 28 to 34 pounds

Females 26 to 32 pound 

Average Height

Males 15 to 17 inches

Females 14 to 16 inches

Average lifespan 

Springer Spaniel Dogs have a lifespan of 14 -17 years. 


Males 45 to 55 pounds

Females 40 to 50 pounds


Males 19 to 21 inches

Females 18 to 20 inches

What is the General Information about Springer Spaniels?

The name describes both the country of origin and the use for which the spaniel was bred. Springer is the name of the tactic (flushing or springing) that it uses to chase birds up into the air. The name spaniel likely derives from its original country of origin, Spain. It was later imported into England beginning in the late 12th century.

There are generally two types: the bench type and the field type Springer Spaniels. The bench-type is a show dog with a thicker coat and more feathering around the legs. The field type is a hunting gun dog with a shorter coat and less feathering. This breed has won the third-most Best in Show awards at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show.

According to the American Kennel Club, it is also one of the more popular breeds in the United States. Springer Spaniels and Springer Spaniels used to be the same breed, and a litter of puppies would be separated by size. The smaller dogs were designated as Cocker Spaniels, which hunted a bird called the woodcock. The larger dogs were defined as Springer Spaniels. It wasn’t until the turn of the 20th century that Springers and Springers were designated separate breeds.

Where to Buy or Adopt a Springer Spaniel?

If you are looking to bring a Springer Spaniel, you should not be in a rush. The only “purebreds” available upon request are not the real thing and are likely bred on puppy farms. The more realistic way is to put your name on a breeder’s waiting list, and while you’re waiting, learn as much as you can about this amazing hunter-stroke-companion dog.

Finding a reputable breeder or rescue facility is crucial. A good breeder will match you with the right puppy and will, without question, have done all the health certifications necessary to screen out health problems as much as possible. They are more interested in placing pups in suitable homes than making big bucks. 

Be wary of breeders who only tell you the good things about the breed or who promote the dogs as being “good with kids.” Springer Spaniel puppies are adorable, and it’s one of the reasons they are so popular. Cute puppies sell, and that makes the Springer a favorite of puppy mills and greedy, irresponsible breeders. Do your homework before buying a Springer Spaniel, and you’ll be well rewarded with one of the best family dogs out there.

The best way to ensure you get a healthy Springer Spaniel puppy from a breeder or a rescue organization is to reach out to the registered organizations for the specific breed, if available. Although this breed is reasonably rare, the Springer Spaniel is recognized by the AKC, UKC, and FIC, listed below, along with other registered kennel clubs that might put potential Springer owners in touch with reputable breeders. 

  • Fédération Cynologique Internationale (International)
  • United Kennel Club (International)
  • The Kennel Club (United Kingdom)
  • American Kennel Club Market
  • Eastern English Springer Spaniel Club (EESSC)
  • AKC Licensed English Springer Spaniel Specialty Clubs (ESSFTA)
  • English Springer Spaniel Club
  • Canadian Kennel Club
  • Continental Kennel Club
  • United All Breed Registry
  • International Canine Association
  • English Springer Spaniel Clubs – Canada’s Guide to Dogs

If you manage to track down Springer Spaniel breeders, make sure you go to the facility and insist on meeting both the puppies’ parents so that you can get a feel for their temperament. Springer Spaniel puppies are often peppy and playful—all should have cheery expressions and kind eyes.

It might take some time to find a legitimate breeder, and travel may very well be in the cards. Steer clear of backyard breeding by avoiding sales sites and ad pages. When you select a breeder, make sure they have proof of successful, healthy litters with any documentation necessary.

Although you might find a Springer Spaniel puppy or a rescued adult to adopt or buy from abroad, not all countries allow importing adopted dogs. Those whose countries will enable the importation of Springer Spaniels may find the logistics challenging. 

Procedures include obtaining certification from a vet to prove the Springer Spaniel is fully vaccinated and providing all the additional required veterinary documents before the travel. Furthermore, your country must approve the veterinarian to authorize the importation, and it will be your responsibility to ensure you use the services of a certified vet.

What are the Rescue Clubs for Springer Spaniels?

There are millions of homeless dogs across the country; many are purebreds needing homes. Adopting a Springer Spaniel can be life-changing, not only for the dog but also for the adopting parent. 

If you prefer adoption over purchasing a pup from a breeder, then your first stop should be the Springer Spaniel Rescue Inc. website. a Springer Spaniel rescue group is an excellent idea if you want to adopt an older dog or even a Springer Spaniel mix.

If you are looking for a purebred (or almost purebred) Springer Spaniel, try a dedicated Springer Spaniel rescue instead because they will, hands down, have the most varied selection.

You can also reach out to your local rescue organization or animal shelter and ask if they have any Springer Spaniels or related mixes available for adoption. If not, you can always put your name on a list so that when one comes in, you’re the first one they call.

Below is a list of registered rescue centers and kennel clubs

  • English Springer Spaniel Club Of Canada [National]
  • English Springer Spaniel | CKC
  • Germany Springer Spaniel Rescue ― ADOPTIONS
  • English Springer Rescue America
  • English Springer Spaniel Rescue – North West England 
  • Spaniels in Foster Care / Spaniel Assist Rescue & Re-homing
  • Spaniel Aid UK
  • UK Springer Spaniel Rescue ― ADOPTIONS
  • Jachtgebruikshond | Belgian English Springer Club 
  • Spaniel Club de España: Actualidad Spaniels

NOTE: Many of these Kennel Clubs assist potential Springer Spaniel parents in finding reputable breeders and rescue centers.

What is the History of the Springer Spaniel?

The English Springer Spaniel is one of many gun dog breeds that flush and retrieve. They descended from the Shropshire Spaniels and Norfolk Spaniels. The English Springer Spaniel is somewhat similar to the Welsh Springer Spaniel. Believe it or not, they are also closely related to the English Cocker Spaniel. 

The cockers and springers came from the same parents in the last century. The larger dogs flushed game and made game “spring” from the brush while the smaller dogs – the “cockers” would hunt woodcock. Eventually, the UKC of England recognized the “Springers” as a separate breed through specific breeding.

Sydenham Edwards, in 1801, proposed that the spaniels be divided into the Springing or Hawking Spaniel and the Cocking or Cocker Spaniel. There was a flourish in the development of spaniel breeds in the 19th century from this point on. 

They were usually named for their roots’ county or after the individual who developed them. In 1902, the English Springer Spaniel was officially recognized as its own breed by the UKC, and it was not until 1910 that the AKC recognized them.

What is the Average Maintenance Cost for Springer Spaniels?

Springer Spaniels are reasonably rare, even in their home country. The prices of Springer Spaniels range between $1,200 to $2,000. The cost of a puppy from a registered breeder could be as much as $3,000, depending on the breeder you select, the location, the sex of the puppy, and, of course, the demand for the breed at the time. 

The bloodline of the puppy and its parents could also affect the price. You will be hard-pressed to find this breed in a shelter, but if you do, the price could be $200 to $350, based on the cost of care provided while keeping the Springer Spaniel.

It is always best to consider annual expenses related to maintaining your Springer Spaniel and its wellbeing before making the purchase. The first year will be the most expensive, as puppies require extra vet care and more one-time purchases like microchips, spaying or neutering, etc. You can expect to spend about $4,500 for your dog’s first year. After that, the price will go down to about $1,300 a year.

The typical annual costs of having a medium-sized canine such as a Springer Spaniel will not necessarily be much less than a larger dog. In fact, medical expenses throughout the Springer’s life could be more than average because some smaller breeds are predisposed to more health problems than some larger dogs.

Except for the lower food volumes, vaccinations, microchips, and other expenses are the same, regardless of the dog’s size. Food and medical only, excluding toys, food and water bowls, cages, doggy blankets, beds, etc., could cost an average of $650. The most regular annual expenses for dogs similar to the Springer Spaniel are listed below.

  • Food items
  • Veterinary care
  • Vaccinations
  • Preventive medicine
  • Toys
  • Pet insurance
  • Pet Supplies

Other potential expenses include training, socializing, doggy daycare, dog sitters, dog walkers, etc. Professional grooming would only affect the maintenance costs of long-haired Show Springer Spaniels, and the weekly grooming of both types of Springer Spaniels is minimal. 

How to Name a Springer Spaniel?

Choosing a name for your Springer Spaniel involves essential building blocks, including the significance of the sound. The Springer’s name will mean something to the humans in the dog’s life, but as far as your canine companion goes, only the sound matters. Springer Spaniels respond best to two-syllable names that are not short enough to be confused with single-syllable command words like “sit,” stay,” “come,” and “down.” However, the names should not be long enough to become puzzling.

It is always a good idea not to rush into choosing a name. Spend a week or so with your new ESS pup, and its character traits might be all the inspiration you need. Call out any name ideas, using different tones and sounds for the two syllables, and watch your puppy’s reaction to the sound. Remember, you must compose a sound that your Springer will recognize from a distance, among many other sounds. 

Choose a name that could sound different in regular interaction and yelling or calling your Springer Spaniel. Below is a list of suggestions of names for your Springer Spaniel.

Springer Spaniel Breed Names

Honoring their Fame and their Beauty

Springer Spaniel Boy Names

Springer Spaniel Girl Names


William Wallace (Braveheart) owned a Springer spaniel named Merlin, who strode with him into the Battle of Stirling Bridge in 1297.


George H.W. Bush had a Springer spaniel named Millie throughout his term as President of the United States



2 English Springers served as bomb-sniffing dogs in the Middle East and were awarded the Dickin Medal for “conspicuous gallantry or devotion to duty while serving in military conflict.”



Honor equal to Victoria Cross

2 Springers Buster & Theo received Dickin Medal for “conspicuous gallantry or devotion to duty while serving in military conflict.” Sadly, Theo and his handler did not survive. 

A fellow sergeant received the medal on behalf of Theo



Show Springer James who won “Best in Show” at Westminster in 2007 for the 51st time. Then he retired from shows to focus on his work as a therapy dog. 

Owner Alan



Handler of Show Springer James, “Best in Show” at Westminster in 2007. His registered name was Ch. Felicity’s Diamond Jim, CD, RE, 

 Owner Terri


For that noisy Springer 


To honor your Springer lady’s speed


For the Turbo Springer 


To honor your Springer lady’s coat color

What are the Different Types of Springer Spaniels?

The English Springer Spaniels are divided into two groups.

The field Springers are gundogs that can be trained to flush upland bird game. They are also wonderful pets and companion dogs. Furthermore, Field Springers are suitable for search and rescue services as well.

The other main variety of the Springer spaniel is the show or ”bench” variety. The show Springer will generally have a long coat, a slightly more relaxed demeanor, and an overall slightly bigger head and body. Bench Springers for the show must meet a written set of criteria, also known as the breed standard. In the past, they were considered under the same breed of dog as the field.

What Dog Breeds are Similar to the Springer Spaniel?

Springer Spaniels are not easy to find. Purebreds are expensive and involve long waiting lists. Finding a Springer at a rescue center might be an equally challenging process. However, below is a list of similar breeds that might be a good match for your family.

  • American Cocker Spaniel: Featuring a similar appearance as the springer, the American Cocker Spaniel (and by extension the closely related English Cocker Spaniel) is a sporting dog with an alert and diligent personality. The modern version of this spaniel has been bred more for show than hunting, so it makes for a good family pet. more about American Cocker Spaniel Social life care & diet information.
  • Field Spaniel: Featuring big, floppy ears and a darker coat compared to the typical spaniel, this breed was designed more as a show dog than a hunting dog. Its intelligent, loyal, and friendly personality is a good companion dog for the entire family.
  • Cavalier King Charles Spaniel: This breed combines the gentleness of a toy dog with the athleticism and alertness of a hunting dog. Its affectionate nature makes it a good overall companion for the entire family.

Michael Brady

Michael is an animal-lover who specializes in marketing. He started running Dog Food Care with his mother, Sarah, after leaving his office job. Michael gained enough flexibility in his schedule to be able to adopt a dog of his own and welcomed Emmie the dachshund into his home in 2020.