Miniature Schnauzer Breed Caring and Family, Social Life, Physical Traits, Diet Info

Miniature Schnauzer Breed Caring and Family, Social Life, Physical Traits, Diet Info

The Miniature Schnauzer is of German origin and is an energetic, playful dog that makes an excellent pet for the whole family. Unlike the Standard and Giant Schnauzers, the miniature has always been classified in the Terrier Group. It continues to be judged as a terrier. However, it has the same aristocratic bearing as its larger cousins. Mini Schnauzers also share the black and the pepper-and-salt minimal-shedding wiry coat with the large and standard breeds.

Miniature Schnauzers are sweet, smart, loving, and loyal. Their signature eyebrows and beards give them a very distinct look. They make excellent companions because they are obedient and quick to learn, extremely devoted, playful, and affectionate. Miniature Schnauzers are also known as Zwergschnauzers, German for dwarf Schnauzer.

Their alertness and sometimes vocal nature makes them an excellent watch/alert dog. They are hardy little dogs, originally bred as ratters and companions on German farms. They delight in chasing and sometimes catching small prey; therefore, a fenced yard or on-leash walks are recommended. Their average weight is 13 pounds. They weigh about 13 pounds, making them small enough to escape through reasonably small openings if their prey drive is triggered.

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What are the Breed Traits and Characteristics of Miniature Schnauzers?

Miniature Schnauzers are intelligent and learn quickly. Many have excelled in formal obedience trials and in agility competitions. Though the breed was not originally bred to ‘go-to-ground’ for prey, mini Schnauzers will gladly chase rodents wherever they go, including underground.

In addition to displaying a sense of dignity, Miniature Schnauzers possess loads of energy and playfulness. Zwergchnauzers are not considered to be an aggressive breed. Still, they do tend to sound the bark alarm at passing strangers. Their characteristic wariness toward people makes them excellent watchdogs.

Mini Schnauzers’ competency is high; they learn things quickly and remember everything good and bad. They are also high-spirited and will run circles around you, literally and figuratively, if you let them. Consistent, positive reinforcement training will help your Miniature Schnauzer be their best self.

Miniature Schnauzer Breed Traits

Miniature Schnauzer Information


Males 14 inches

Females 13 inches


Males 11 to 18 pounds

Females 10 to 15 pounds

Relation with family

Affectionate, Loyal, Energetic, Intelligent, Spirited, Alert, Fearless, Obedient, 

Relation with children

Happy, Affectionate, Gentle, and Playful 

Relation with other dogs


Shedding level


Drooling level


Coat type 

Thick double coat with a soft undercoat and a wiry outer coat

Coat length

The coat length varies according to the owner’s choice of trimmed style

Coat grooming frequency

Daily brushing, monthly bathing, quarterly trimming

Dogs’ Reaction/Openness to Strangers


Playfulness level


Adaptability level


Trainability level


Energy level


Barking level


Mental stimulation needs level



12 to 14 years 

How Does the Miniature Schnauzer Interact with Family?

Miniature Schnauzers are energetic, playful, and loving with their families. They could be aggressive or overprotective of their territories and family members with strange dogs and people, especially if socialization were spotty in their youth. 

Miniature Schnauzers are intelligent and a bit stubborn, often causing housetraining and obedience training to be a long process requiring an abundance of patience and dog treats. Some owners suggest they spend their sleeping hours thinking about mischief to engage in when they awake.

The breed is highly alert to perceived dangers to their family and property. When they sense something is amiss, they’ll bark vehemently. Miniature Schnauzers become bored quickly, so they pair best with families who can keep them busy and active.

How Does the Miniature Schnauzer Interact with Other Dogs?

The Miniature Schnauzer may show aggression toward other dogs of the same gender. Aside from that, though, they are of the “more the merrier” school of thought. However, Zwergschauzers often overestimate their size and powers. They will not hesitate to make dogs much larger than themselves understand that they are overstepping their boundaries when they come too close.

Miniature Schnauzers are typically good with other pets. They usually love to play with cats if adequately socialized or raised together. Any other animal is acceptable; however, Mini Schnauzers were bred to catch vermin. Any small furry pets in the household might trigger their innate prey drive.

As with any pet introduction, be sure to do it slowly and in a controlled environment to make sure they like each other. If you are a multi-pet household, make sure you know that all the animals get along well before you commit to the Miniature Schnauzer. As long as the Zwergschnauzer is socialized as a pup, he will get along with most other pets. 

How are Miniature Schnauzers with Older People?

Miniature Schnauzers are small dogs that are an excellent fit for the elderly. Males weigh 11 to 18 pounds, and females weigh 10 to 15 pounds, which is not too large and heavy for most seniors to handle. They need grooming weekly, as they have fast-growing hair. A Miniature Schnauzer is highly energetic and will deal with boredom or restlessness by running indoors and playing with toys. 

Older adults who can cope with the grooming and daily walks can make no better choice for a canine companion and protector. Despite their small size, Miniature Schnauzers were bred to be guard dogs, and their love for and loyalty to their owners will be their primary concern. They are also easily trained to be care dogs for any humans who show affection in return. Older people who cannot take their Miniature Schnauzers for walks can reach out to dog walking services to ensure their canine companions get adequate exercise.

How are Miniature Schnauzers with Children?

Miniature Schnauzers are excellent with kids. Given their size and very affectionate nature, Zwergschnauzers are better recommended as a young child’s best friend than Standard Schnauzers. Their outgoing personality and good looks make them fit for this role. They are kind, playful, loving, and enjoy children. The affectionate Miniature Schnauzer temperament means he loves playing with kids and adults, and they make for the perfect play partner for your child. They’re rarely aggressive towards kids, cats, or strangers, but be sure to socialize them. 

This breed is excellent with children and will keep them entertained for hours running around the backyard. Remember that no matter how well you know your dog, it is never a good idea to leave children under six years old alone with any breed – even the kind-hearted Miniature Schnauzer. There is always the chance of a miscommunication that could lead to an accidental injury.

How are Miniature Schnauzers with Neighbors or Guests?

As a home guardian, the Miniature Schnauzer excels. It accepts close family friends but warns away strangers with a formidable voice which it saves for such occasions. And woe unto the attacker or intruder. After a few visits, your Zwergschnauzer will accept neighbors and frequent guests as family members and treat them accordingly.

What are the Physical Traits of the Miniature Schnauzer? 

With their perky, inquisitive ears and scruffy facial hair, the Miniature Schnauzer is a lively little dog who’s almost always in motion. This breed has dark brown eyes and a solid black nose with a docked tail that stands up straight. Their color combos come in salt and pepper, black and silver, or solid black.


Trait information




Males 14 inches

Females 13 inches


Males 11 to 18 pounds

Females 10 to 15 pounds



The skull is flat, unwrinkled, and fairly long

The head is proportionate to the size of the body.


Medium-sized, dark brown oval eyes


Miniature Schnauzer have cropped, ears that stand high and erect. Uncropped ears flop forward in a V-shape ***


Blunt wedge muzzle, smooth black lips close fitting to the jaws. The hair on the muzzle is long and thick, forming the characteristic beard.


Large, plump black nose


A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors bite

Exercise Needs



12 to 14 years


Thick double coat with a soft undercoat and a wiry outer coat.

Coat color

Their colors include pure black or a silvery gray known as salt and pepper, and silver. The salt-and-pepper effect comes from white hairs with black bands


Their tail is typically docked to one or two inches in length***


The front legs are strong, straight, and not close together 

Hind legs are long, sinewy, and strong

*** Docking Tails and cropping ears is forbidden in Europe, some U.S. States, and other countries.

How to Feed a Miniature Schnauzer? 

Your Miniature Schnauzer’s adult size determines its dietary needs through all life stages. Thus, base your Zwergschnauzer’s diet on a small breed’s unique nutritional and digestive needs throughout its different life stages. Most dog food companies have breed-specific formulas for small, medium, large, giant, and even toy breeds. 

It is always good to discuss your dog’s dietary needs with your vet to ensure you are prepared to deal with age-related issues as your Miniature Schnauzer grows. A veterinarian can advise on diets, portion sizes, meal frequencies, and all nutrition matters to ensure your furry friend lives a long life with optimal health. Clean, fresh water should be available at all times, and some of the essential nutrients are listed below:

  • Protein
  • Fatty acids
  • Carbohydrates
  • Minerals
  • Vitamins

Avoid feeding your Miniature Schnauzer from the table; all it does is add weight. Instead, follow the advice below to ensure your furry friend’s optimal health.

Despite the Miniature Schnauzer’s small size, it is an agile, athletic breed that needs food containing animal proteins and carbohydrates for energy, vitamins and minerals for digestive and immune health, and omega fatty acids for coat and skin wellness. A dog of this size, activity level, and demeanor will thrive best on premium dry food because this food type contains balanced portions of the above-listed ingredients.

However, your Mini Schnauzer’s daily portion depends on life stage, health, metabolism, activity level, and the brand and formula of food it eats. Feed your Miniature Schnauzer a food formulated for a small breed and appropriate for its life stage. Most manufacturers develop recipes for puppies, adults, and seniors, or look for a brand formulated for all life stages.

The Miniature Schnauzer’s daily cups of food should be spread over 2 to 3 meals per day. Feeding your Zwergschnauzer several meals instead of one meal per day can prevent life-threatening bloat. However, fresh drinking water must always be available for your furry friend. When in doubt, consult your veterinarian. 

An example of premium food specially formulated for Miniature Schnauzers and its benefits is listed below:

The best dry dog food for your Miniature Schnauzer is Wellness CORE Natural Small Breed Dog Food.

This Wellness CORE recipe balances optimal nutrition with flavor that’ll make your Mini Schnauzer sit up and beg. Wellness has been crafting natural pet food for almost 100 years, with the goal of keeping furry friends happy and healthy, so they can truly thrive.

Below is a list of the benefits offered by the Wellness CORE Grain-Free Small Breed Turkey & Chicken Recipe Dry Dog Food:

  • Features turkey, chicken, salmon oil, fruits, and vegetables.
  • Packed with protein and wholesome grains for optimal calorie content.
  • Fortified with antioxidants, probiotics, vitamins, minerals, glucosamine, chondroitin, taurine, and omega fatty acids.
  • Made in the USA using only the finest globally sourced ingredients.

When Miniature Schnauzers are healthy and active, every day is an adventure. That’s why Wellness CORE Natural Small Breed Dog Food is crafted with everything dogs need to thrive, starting with real protein as the first ingredient.

How Much Should a Miniature Schnauzer Puppy Eat? 

The Miniature Schnauzer puppies need high-quality puppy food formulated for a small breed dog. It is essential not to feed puppies all their food at once, and they should have it spread over the day. When Zwergschnauzer puppies become three months old, owners can provide them with three meals per day until they reach six months, reducing the food intake to 2 meals per day. Only high-quality and branded puppy food is acceptable. Guidance for feeding puppies is listed below.

  • Miniature Schnauzer puppies need slow, sustained growth to help prevent orthopedic problems, such as hip dysplasia. Raise them on a diet designed for medium-breed puppies. Whatever diet you choose shouldn’t overemphasize protein, fat, and calorie levels.
  • Miniature Schnauzers should be fed according to a schedule, spreading meal times two or three times per day. Getting the puppy accustomed to meals at specific times is better than leaving food out to allow free feeding throughout the day.
  • The exceptions are Zwergschnauzers with medical conditions like hypoglycemia or low blood sugar because they need to nibble bits of food throughout the day.
  • Never feed your puppy from the table. It only encourages begging. Everyone in the family must follow this rule because Mini Schnauzers are prone to obesity.

What are the Health Tests that Miniature Schnauzers Should Take?

The Miniature Schnauzer is a healthy, sturdy, and well-muscled dog that will live a long, healthy life given proper care and nourishment. The average Mini Schnauzer lifespan is 12 to 14 years, and some live up to 17 years old. However, it is essential to know that all dog breeds are susceptible to certain diseases, and the Miniature Schnauzer is no exception.

Although Miniature Schnauzers are predisposed to some hereditary health conditions, it does not mean they will have these diseases. 

The list below indicates tests your chosen breeder should have done before selling purebred Miniature Schnauzer puppies.

  • Cardiac Evaluation (registered with OFA)
  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy (Miniature Schnauzer Type)
  • Eye Certification (CAER, registered with OFA)
  • Thyroid (Autoimmune Thyroiditis, registered with OFA)
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease in Miniature Schnauzers (CMT)
  • Spondylocostal Dysostosis in Miniature Schnauzers (Comma Defect (SCD))
  • Mycobacterium avium complex in Miniature Schnauzers (MAC)
  • Malignant Hyperthermia for all breeds (MH)
  • Congenital Myotonia in the Miniature Schnauzers (MC)
  • Persistent Mullerian duct syndrome (PMDS)
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy type 1 in Miniature Schnauzers (PRA1)
  • Von Willebrand disease – test for many breeds (VWD type I)

Other tests and Xrays: Hip and Elbow Evaluation, Patella Check, and General Health Check, including Vaccines, Fleas, and Worms.

What are the common health problems of Miniature Schnauzers? 

All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, just as all people have the potential to inherit a particular disease. The Miniature Schnauzer has some health conditions that can be a concern. However, even healthy Miniature Schnauzers should have regular veterinarian checkups. Owners should ensure the following list of health conditions are monitored throughout the dog’s life.

  • Pancreatitis: Pancreatitis, or inflammation of the pancreas, is a serious condition and can be caused by obesity, hypothyroidism, or a genetic predisposition. In some cases, it requires hospitalization and aggressive medical care. It can be managed long-term with a low-fat diet.
  • Portosystemic Shunt: A shunt is formed when blood vessels bypass the liver and is often caused by a birth defect. Symptoms include poor muscle development, abnormal behaviors, and stunted growth. Treatments include diet changes and medications.
  • Diabetes: Miniature Schnauzers are much more likely than other breeds to be diagnosed with diabetes. It can be caused by a pre-existing condition, like pancreatitis, obesity, Cushing’s disease, or genetics. Diabetes in dogs normally calls for diet changes and insulin therapy.
  • Myotonia: Myotonia congenita is a genetic muscle disorder that causes a Miniature Schnauzer’s muscles to stay contracted. A DNA test will show whether your dog or its parents are carriers of the myotonia gene. The condition can be managed with medication.
  • Bladder or Kidney Stones: Miniature Schnauzers can develop painful bladder and kidney stones. If they have trouble urinating or blood in their urine, call your vet to discuss treatment options. Treatment could include dissolving the stones with a special diet, non-surgical removal with a catheter, and surgical removal.
  • Dysplasia: This inherited disease can cause joints to develop improperly and results in arthritis. Stiffness in elbows or hips can develop as your Miniature Schnauzer matures. Watch for lameness in their legs or difficulty getting up from lying down. Dysplasia can be treated with surgery.
  • Von Willebrand Disease: If a dog has this inherited disease, its blood can’t clot correctly (similar to hemophilia in humans). The need for treatment varies depending on the severity of the condition but may include blood transfusions.

You can minimize the chances of serious health concerns in a Miniature Schnauzer by purchasing a Miniature Schnauzer from a reputable breeder who engages in responsible breeding practices and screening for common diseases and conditions.

What is the Exercise Need of a Miniature Schnauzer? 

A Miniature Schnauzer’s energy level is high, but because of this breed’s smaller size, they don’t need quite as much activity as larger dogs. They do, however, need about 45 to 60 minutes of exercise every day. If you don’t have a fenced yard, a good long walk on a leash will meet your pup’s daily energy requirements.

In addition to going for walks, Miniature Schnauzers enjoy playing fetch and running around (they can be speedy pups!). Some Schnauzers may even enjoy swimming if trained to do so. While the breed as a whole doesn’t naturally love water, some Miniature Schnauzers can learn to enjoy a dip on a hot day. (Never force your dog to swim if they don’t want to, of course.) You should always closely supervise your Schnauzer around bodies of water and make sure they wear a dog life jacket, as these dogs aren’t necessarily strong swimmers

What are the Nutritional Needs of Miniature Schnauzers? 

The nutritional needs of a Miniature Schnauzer include high levels of specific nutrients as listed below.

  • Protein: Miniature Schnauzers need natural animal protein, valuable for the amino acids essential for their health. Equally important is the fact that protein builds lean muscles and provides energy.
  • Fat: Animal protein provides adequate fat, an additional energy source that boosts the Miniature Schnauzer’s metabolism. However, there is a fine line between enough and too much. Excessive fat levels in the dog’s daily diet could result in weight gain and, ultimately, obesity. Most importantly, adults and senior Miniature Schnauzers need lower fat levels than puppies.
  • Carbohydrates: Although carbs are not essential nutrients, they are crucial energy sources. Giving your Zwergschnauzer sufficient carbs will provide energy, encouraging the body’s protein absorption to build lean muscle. Beware, though, that too many carbohydrates can lead to obesity.
  • DHA: It is one of the components of omega-3 fatty acids. It promotes proper eye and brain development in Miniature Schnauzer puppies, and DHA develops cognitive development in puppies and slows cognitive decline in older dogs. Furthermore, omega fatty acids benefit aging Miniature Schnauzers by treating chronic kidney disease and canine arthritis. Omega-3 oils improve the coat health of the Miniature Schnauzer.
  • Micronutrient: Taurine is one micronutrient that aids heart health, and other valuable micronutrients for promoting strong joints in Miniature Schnauzers are chondroitin and glucosamine.
  • Minerals: Beneficial minerals for a Miniature Schnauzer’s growth include a healthy balance of phosphorus and calcium. Pre- and probiotics and chelated minerals provide additional health to the diets of Miniature Schnauzers. 

What is the Shedding Level of Miniature Schnauzers? 

The Miniature Schnauzer does not shed, so they can be enjoyed by people who are allergic to other breeds of dogs. In return, it is your responsibility to keep them groomed regularly to maintain their handsome appearance.

What is the Coat Grooming Frequency of Miniature Schnauzer? 

The Miniature Schnauzer is not a “wash and wear” dog. Since they do not shed, they must be groomed regularly. This includes frequent brushing, combing, nail trimming, ear cleaning, and periodic clipping or stripping. Even if you have your dog groomed professionally, they still need to be brushed and combed weekly to prevent knots and mats in between grooming.

The breed has a double coat, wiry topcoat, and soft undercoat. Pet Miniature Schnauzers should be groomed every five to eight weeks to look their best. Most people choose to let a professional do this, but you may choose to learn to do it yourself. Whether you choose to clipper or strip the coat, you have a generally odorless dog that does not leave hair all over your clothes and home.

Coat grooming is essential for various reasons, as listed below.

  • Grooming gives your dog a healthy look and promotes hygiene. 
  • Proper grooming lowers the risks of skin infections.
  • Grooming promotes the growth and development of a lustrous and shiny coat.
  • Grooming allows you to check for fleas and take early preventive and treatment measures.
  • Proper grooming lowers the risks of ear infections since you can check the ears and wipe them dry after regular grooming.
  • While grooming, you can check the skin folds for any skin problems and alert the vet before they worsen.
  • Grooming boosts the bond between you and your Miniature Schnauzer.

Your Zwergschnauzer should be calm during grooming. Short walks before the grooming session could calm your precious pup enough to make the grooming process the ideal time for bonding. You can also give your Miniature Schnauzer their favorite treats to munch on while you groom them. Grooming must be an enjoyable and stress-free process for your Miniature Schnauzer. 

What is the Drooling Level of Miniature Schnauzers? 

As a Miniature Schnauzer owner, you could expect to find your furry friend’s drooling is minimal. Even low-drooling dogs will drool under certain circumstances. Drooling is a natural process, and the primary triggers of drooling are listed below. However, if drooling becomes excessive a trip to the vet is recommended.

  • The thought of delicious meals like a favorite treat or meat
  • Sexual excitement, like when a male Miniature Schnauzer spots a female Miniature Schnauzer in heat, causes drooling. Likewise, a female in her heat cycle might drool if she picks up the scent of a male
  • Excitement and agitation make dogs drool
  • Excessive heat, especially during summer
  • Mouth and throat problems like fractures in the mouth, throat, or esophagus
  • Plaque build-up can also irritate the mouth and cause excessive saliva
  • A foreign object stuck in the throat prevents swallowing, thus causing drooling 
  • Growth in the mouth also stimulates drooling
  • Stomach upsets
  • The main symptom of diseases like kidney disease, liver problems, seizures, botulism, and rabies is drooling
  • Motion sickness and anxiety. Dogs who do not like traveling will get anxious whenever they board a car. Stress makes dogs pant and breathe with open mouths, thus causing drooling.

What is the Coat Type of the Miniature Schnauzer? 

Purebred Miniature Schnauzers have a stiff, tight wiry coat that is incredibly thick. Still, their soft undercoat lays underneath the harsh topcoat. This pup has a medium coat that feels dense to the touch on the head, legs, and tail. Unlike most other dogs, Schnauzers have hair instead of fur. That means the coat will get longer as long as it is not trimmed because it is not shed.

What is the Coat Length of the Miniature Schnauzer?

With a medium-length coat, the Miniature Schnauzer requires regular grooming. The beard and leg hair, which is longer on the Miniature Schnauzer, must be brushed often to prevent matting. The wiry topcoat of a Mini Schnauzer is stripped twice a year to allow for new growth. Frequent brushing will help remove dead and loose hair and aid this process. The Miniature Schnauzer’s coat is made up of hair instead of fur, which means it needs regular trimming to prevent matting.

What are the Social Traits of the Miniature Schnauzer Breed?

The social traits of the Miniature Schnauzer are affection, playfulness, and friendly nature. Zwergschnauzers are intelligent and learn fast, but they can be bored with long training sessions. Miniature Schnauzers are fun-loving and have the charm to lighten you up when you are not in a happy mood. Other social traits of Mini Schnauzers are listed below.

  • Elderly-friendly: Miniature Schnauzers love playing with their family, from children to grandparents, but seniors who live in apartments away from their families might struggle to keep up with the Miniature Schnauzer’s energy. Hiring a walker might be a good idea if the owner can’t take them for 30-minute daily walks, play in a dog park, or both. If the Miniature Schnauzer is exercised enough, it will spend several hours of calmness and sleep as it needs quite a lot of sleep. 
  •  Children-friendly: Miniature Schnauzers enjoy running around or chasing after children and playing catch is one of their favorite games. Miniature Schnauzers are sensible enough to take care when young children are part of the play. However, supervision is essential in such circumstances. Socialization is crucial for kids and dogs.
  • Family-friendly: Miniature Schnauzers are the perfect canine companions for active families. They are not couch potatoes and prefer to spend most of their time outside. However, once you’ve got your little Zwergschnauzer tired from play, it will gladly curl up on your lap for cuddles.
  • Pet-friendly: Miniature Schnauzers have a high prey drive and might chase neighborhood cats, squirrels, or other small animals. They’ll also go after small pets such as rabbits, mice, or gerbils you may have, so make sure your young Miniature Schnauzer is not around when you let them out or clean their cages.

How Do Miniature Schnauzers Interact with Strangers?

Miniature Schnauzers love people, but they are wary of strangers. Your Zwergschnauzer will likely bark when a stranger approaches the front door to warn you of imminent danger. However, Mini Schnauzers take their cues from their owners. Welcome a stranger into the house, and your protective canine companion will watch the stranger closely until it believes your safety is not at risk.

Is the Miniature Schnauzer Playful?

The Miniature Schnauzer’s temperament traits make him a faithful, playful dog who is everyone’s friend, including children. They never grow up. Like a puppy, the playful Miniature Schnauzer temperament means your Miniature Schnauzer will want to kiss, cuddle, and play with you all day long. If you want a happy-go-lucky companion to wrestle and romp with, the Miniature Schnauzer is a perfect choice.

Are Miniature Schnauzers Protective?

Miniature Schnauzers love their owners so much that they will protect them against any harm that comes their way, despite their small size. Although your Mini Schnauzer’s growling and barking may not cause an intruder to flee in fear, your tiny watchdog will make sure you know of the threat.

What is the Adaptability Level of Miniature Schnauzers?

Miniature Schnauzers are as much at home in the city with moderate exercise as they are in the country, where they appear tireless. They adapt easily to any change of condition or climate. They need to live as a part of their family, going where they go, doing what they do. Sleeping on your bed or on its own, being near their people is their greatest joy.

What are the Personality Traits of Miniature Schnauzers? 

The Miniature Schnauzer is a breed that comes with everything you’d typically wish for in a dog. The Zwergschnauzer’s overall friendliness is moderate, but this breed is affectionate towards its family and children. Schnauzers are a popular breed that comes in three distinct sizes; miniature, standard, and giant. While all three types come with unique personalities, certain traits are shared with all three. Schnauzers are known for being alert, intelligent, and highly active. They like to be involved in family activities. 

The Miniature Schnauzer has deep instinctual roots as a guard dog and a vocal dog. This breed will bark and not approach strangers or be suspicious of strangers. The Miniature Schnauzer is moderately friendly towards other dogs and slightly more aggressive towards unknown cats or small animals. Early socialization with family pets will help the Miniature Schnauzer accept all pets under its guardianship role. The Mini Schnauzer has high energy and loves running and bouncing off furniture. Regular exercise time is a must to help burn off some extra energy and calm this dog down while indoors.

Can Miniature Schnauzers be Dangerous?

Miniature Schnauzers are not considered dangerous dogs; however, the importance of training cannot be overstated. Like any other animal, a Miniature Schnauzer may become dangerous if they are scared or have to defend themselves. Their small size takes nothing away from the sharpness of their teeth.

Fear is generally why most dogs act aggressively towards other dogs and sometimes humans, especially if they have a history of past abuse from a previous owner. Fear-based behavior is due to a lack of adequate socialization and being in an unfamiliar situation, context, environment, or experience with many dogs.

Do Miniature Schnauzers Ever Attack?

Miniature Schnauzers are generally wary of strangers and other animals, and they are instinctively devoted to protecting their families. If they perceive a stranger as a potential threat, they might act aggressively. Its reaction could include barking, growling, stiffening of the body, lunging, snapping, and as a last resort, biting. Zwergschnauzers are at most risk because they see themselves as large, dangerous canines and attack dogs double their size. 

Can Miniature Schnauzers Kill Humans?

Miniature Schnauzers have never and will likely never kill a human. While Miniature Schnauzer may growl and show teeth when provoked or maltreated, killing a person would be entirely out of character for a Miniature Schnauzer. 

Do Miniature Schnauzers cope with being left alone?

Generally speaking, you can leave your Miniature Schnauzer alone for relatively short periods if he is trained well. Depending on your Mini Schnauzer’s temperament, he might start getting into mischief if left alone for too long. Remember that Miniature Schnauzers are very extroverted animals who thrive on company, so being alone is counter to their preferences. 

Potty issues and any destructive tendencies should also factor into your decision. Start with small increments and increase over time to see how your Miniature Schnauzer handles being alone. If you need to leave for more than an hour or two each day, you might want to reconsider whether having a dog is a good fit for you. For extended vacations, having a family member or a pet-sitter stay at your home is an excellent option, as is a boarding facility.

Can I leave my Miniature Schnauzer at home?

Miniature Schnauzers tend to become anxious and withdrawn when left alone. When left in isolation, they display signs of separation anxiety. Zwergschnauzers form strong bonds with all the family members. So, when some of them have somewhere to go, the Miniature Schnauzer will be OK if the rest of the family remains at home.

Can Miniature Schnauzers be left alone for 8 hours?

Miniature Schnauzers need company, and they do not enjoy spending time alone for many hours because they are predisposed to anxiety. Isolation for more than a couple of hours could cause separation anxiety. Don’t get a Miniature Schnauzer if you must leave him on his own for hours on end. You can, however, leave him alone for short periods.

Leaving your Miniature Schnauzer alone for more than four hours at a time is not recommended. If there is no other way, getting a dog walker or a sitter for a part of the day could prevent separation anxiety. Once they become anxious, Miniature Schnauzers tend to chew whatever they can find and dig holes wherever they can. 

How to Train a Miniature Schnauzer? 

Positive reinforcement training for Miniature Schnauzers sets the foundation early on to ensure they know the family rules and structure. Positive reinforcement rewards dogs with treats, praise, and toys for doing a good job. Teach your puppy the basics of obedience with commands like sit, stay, and come, and how to walk nicely on a leash. Miniature Schnauzers will need continued training and frequent mental stimulation throughout their lives to remain content.

Start socializing your puppy while they’re young to help them get used to interactions with other dogs and people outside their family. Take them on walks to let them meet (and sniff!) neighbors and other dogs, and enroll in puppy school. At puppy school, they’ll learn how to play nicely with other puppies, and they get to mix and mingle with other adults, all under one roof. Below is a list of ideas to make training your Miniature Schnauzer easier.

  • Praise good behavior by making a fuss. Your Miniature Schnauzer will know if you fake it.
  • Time commands wisely because corrections after the fact will confuse your Miniature Schnauzer.
  • Be consistent and persistent. Never let it slip because your Miniature Schnauzer will learn to obey only sometimes.
  • Be the pack leader and show happiness while training your Miniature Schnauzer.
  • Making your Miniature Schnauzer sit and wait for your command to start eating will confirm your status as pack leader.
  • Training your Miniature Schnauzer with love in your heart will avoid Miniature Schnauzers seeing training as punishment.

Don’t forget you’ll need to give your Miniature Schnauzer fair, consistent training, or you’re likely to end up with a badly-behaved dog whose favorite hobbies are escaping from the backyard and jumping on everyone who comes into the house.

How Frequently Does a Miniature Schnauzer Bark?

Yes, Miniature Schnauzers are notorious barkers that make a lot of noise when hungry, frightened, bored, depressed, or when they want to assert their dominance. Some Miniature Schnauzers are quieter than others, but you can always count on them to be louder than average.

Your family dog will bark mostly for territorial reasons and attention-seeking. Miniature Schnauzers can be clingy towards family members in the home and may bark or cry when their favorite person ignores them. Mini Schnauzers do not bark without reason. Training and socialization can control excessive barking, but Zwergschnauzers will always bark when necessary.

Below is a list of bark types that owners will learn to recognize. 

  • Miniature Schnauzers hate being left alone, and one way of coping with loneliness is barking. 
  • A lack of exercise and anxiety can also trigger barking.
  • Alarm barking is when your Miniature Schnauzer barks to alert you of approaching danger. Alarm barking can save you from danger; however, Miniature Schnauzers may bark before ascertaining that there is a real danger. 
  • Another type of barking is demand barking, where a Mini Schnauzer feels entitled to something or your attention and would bark as a way of demanding their rights. This type can be lowered through proper training and ignoring the barking.
  • The Miniature Schnauzer uses arousal barking to show their frustrations.
  • Boredom barking signals that your Miniature Schnauzer is tired or bored due to being left alone or infrequent exercises. 
  • Frequent barking can be a nuisance to both the owner and neighbors. Some types of barking tend to be monotonous and continuous. 

What is the need for Mental Stimulation of a Miniature Schnauzer? 

Constant stimulation throughout the day is required to keep your Miniature Schnauzer happy. Brain games are a great and easy way to stimulate his mind, so be sure to rotate a few of these games throughout the week to keep your Miniature Schnauzer occupied.

Miniature Schnauzers are smart and learn fast, and they need regular mental stimulation. Zwergschnauzers’ playful and intelligent nature further calls for frequent mental activity. There are different ways of mentally stimulating your Miniature Schnauzer, and some of them are listed below.

  • Playing with interactive games or toys, including dog puzzles and canine board games.
  • Encourage sniffing during regular evening walks.
  • Provide healthy chews like dehydrated sweet potato strips. Chewing for more extended periods calms the brain, thus lowering stress levels.
  • Hide and seek games
  • Drop and fetch games
  • Regular walks

These mental stimulation techniques should start at an early stage. Miniature Schnauzer who are six years and older tend to have problems with their thinking ability. The primary signs of mental disorientation are listed below.

  • Excessive anxiety.
  • Frequent accidents.
  • Failure to recall previously learned commands.
  • Changes in sleep and wake patterns.
  • Low interest in physical activities.
  • Poor social skills.

What are the Breed Standards of Miniature Schnauzers? 

With their perky, inquisitive ears and scruffy facial hair, the Miniature Schnauzer is a lively little dog who’s almost always in motion. This breed has dark brown eyes and a solid black nose with a docked tail that stands up straight. Their color combos come in salt and pepper, black and silver, or solid black.

Some of the breed standards of Miniature Schnauzers are given in the table below.

Breed Standards 

Miniature Schnauzer Breed Information 


The coat comes in three color combos, including salt and pepper (meaning the strands are banded); black and silver; and solid black.


Miniature Schnauzers are classified as a small breed

Eye Color 

Bright, dark brown Miniature Schnauzer’s eyes are oval-shaped and deep-set.


Weight is 10 to 18 pounds.


Height 13 to 14 inches at the withers

Average lifespan 

Miniature Schnauzers have a lifespan of 12 to 14 years

What is the General Information about Miniature Schnauzers? 

Therapy Dogs provide affection and comfort to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, mental institutions, schools, and stressful situations such as disaster areas. Imagine how your Zwergschnauzer makes you feel better after a hard day. Animal companionship delivers so many therapeutic effects to our overall being (like relieving stress, lowering blood pressure, and lifting up our spirits) that it just made sense to offer them up to those really in need of some cheering up: people sick or injured in hospitals, those alone in nursing homes, retirement homes, those with learning disabilities, and so on, so they too could enjoy these same health benefits.

These furry little mini Schnauzers always bring love and comfort to those in need. And there’s more good news. You receive benefits as the owners of these animals, too. After all, what better way to give back to your community than by volunteering along with your Miniature Schnauzer, which makes someone else feel better and puts a long-lost smile back on their face? It’s a total win-win situation.

Below is a list of requirements for Therapy Dogs.

  • Good temperament
  • Friendly
  • Healthy
  • Get along with other animals
  • Enjoys being petted
  • Know basic obedience commands
  • It is also good to take your furry friend to complete the Canine Good Citizen Program

The Canine Good Citizen Program or CGC course was established in 1989 by the American Kennel Club to promote responsible dog ownership and reward our dogs for being well-mannered and demonstrating good manners or pet etiquette.

Where to Buy or Adopt a Miniature Schnauzer? 

A purebred Miniature Schnauzer’s price can range between $600-and $3,000. Lower prices are generally available within shelters and rescues, but puppies from well-known breeders can cost as much as $4,000 from top breeders. 

If you want to bring a Miniature Schnauzer home, you should not rush. If you respond to an advertisement of “purebreds” available upon request, be prepared to be scammed. Reputable breeders typically have waiting lists for each litter born under their supervision. Being on a waiting list allows prospective Miniature Schnauzer owners the time to learn all about the special little puppy they will bring home soon. 

Finding a reputable breeder or rescue facility is crucial. A good breeder will match you with the right puppy and will, without question, have done all the health certifications necessary to screen out health problems as much as possible. They are more interested in placing pups in suitable homes than making big bucks. 

Be wary of breeders who only tell you the good things about the breed or make irrational promises to promote their puppies. Be especially suspicious when you are offered a two-for-the-price-of-one deal. 

Miniature Schnauzer puppies are adorable, and it’s one of the reasons they are so popular. Cute puppies sell, making Miniature Schnauzers a favorite of puppy mills and greedy, irresponsible breeders. Do your homework before buying one of these little dogs, and you’ll be well rewarded with a beautiful companion dog.

The best way to ensure you get a healthy Miniature Schnauzer puppy from a breeder or a rescue organization is to reach out to the registered organizations for the specific breed. The Miniature Schnauzer is recognized by the AKC, UKC, and FIC, listed below, along with other registered kennel clubs that might put potential Miniature Schnauzer owners in touch with reputable breeders. Note that the American Miniature Schnauzer Club has a listing of members who have agreed to and signed the AMSC’s Code of Ethics. This listing should be used for reference only and due diligence is your responsibility.

  • American Canine Registry
  • American Kennel Club
  • America’s Pet Registry
  • Canadian Kennel Club
  • Dog Registry of America Inc.
  • Federation Cynologique Internationale
  • Kennel Club of Great Britain
  • North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
  • American Canine Association, Inc.
  • Australian National Kennel Council
  • Continental Kennel Club
  • National Kennel Club
  • New Zealand Kennel Club
  • United Kennel Club
  • Europetnet
  • for worldwide links to Miniature Schnauzer Breeder
  • Lakeside Miniature Schnauzers (Dover, FL)
  • ZoHi Miniature Schnauzers (Concord, VA)
  • Bravo! Kennels (Kennesaw, GA)

If you manage to track down Miniature Schnauzer breeders, make sure you go to the facility and insist on meeting both the puppies’ parents so that you can get a feel for their temperament. Miniature Schnauzer puppies are often peppy and playful, all should have cheery expressions and kind eyes. 

It might take some time to find a legitimate breeder, and travel may very well be in the cards. Steer clear of backyard breeding by avoiding sales sites and ad pages. When you select a breeder, make sure they have proof of successful, healthy litters with any documentation necessary.

You might find a Miniature Schnauzer puppy or a rescued adult to adopt or buy from abroad, but not all countries allow importing adopted dogs. Those whose countries will enable the importation of Miniature Schnauzer may find the logistics challenging. 

Procedures include obtaining certification from a vet to prove the Miniature Schnauzer is fully vaccinated and providing all the additional required veterinary documents before the travel. Furthermore, your country must approve the veterinarian to authorize the importation, and it will be your responsibility to ensure you use the services of a certified vet.

What are the Rescue Clubs for Miniature Schnauzers? 

There are millions of homeless dogs worldwide; many are purebreds needing homes. Adopting a Miniature Schnauzer can be life-changing, not only for the dog but also for the adopter. If you prefer adoption over purchasing a pup from a breeder in the U.S., then your first stop should be the American Miniature Schnauzer Club website where you will find a link to a list of recommended facilities where you might find the perfect little Zwergschnauser to rescue. A Miniature Schnauzer rescue group is an excellent idea if you want to adopt an older dog or even a Miniature Schnauzer mix. Similar sources are listed below for Canada, the UK, and Europe.

Miniature Schnauzer mixes adopted from a shelter may share physical characteristics of the breed, but their temperament may not match the breed standard. Shelters and rescues attempt to determine each dog’s personality through a series of evaluations; even if the dog’s temperament does not follow the breed standard, you can get the dog that suits your home. 

The adoption fee for a Miniature Schnauzer from a rescue group or animal shelter will probably be between $300 and $400. Most dogs from rescue groups and shelters will be vaccinated, microchipped, spayed/neutered, and vetted before adoption

You can also reach out to your local rescue organization or animal shelter and ask if they have any Miniature Schnauzers or related mixes available for adoption. If not, you can always put your name on a list so that when one comes in, you’re the first one they call.

Below is a list of registered rescue centers and kennel clubs to reach out to for guidance.

  • The Miniature Schnauzer Club of America (SSCA) Rescue
  • UK Miniature Schnauzer Rescue
  • Miniature Schnauzer Club of Great Britain
  • Canada Miniature Schnauzer Rescue – ADOPTIONS
  • Canada’s Guide to Dogs 
  • Schnauzer Club of America (will rescue any of the three sizes Schnauzers)
  • American Miniature Schnauzer Club (USA)
  • Schnauzers Rule Rescue by State (USA)

Facebook is another resource for pet adoption. You can search for Miniature Schnauzer rescue groups in your region.

You can also search for adoptable Miniature Schnauzers online the reliable websites such as

  • AnimalShelter 

Miniature Schnauzer mixes may be available for adoption in shelters and rescues. If you want to adopt an AKC registered or a mixed breed Miniature Schnauzer, the best first step is to contact shelters and breed-specific rescues to let them know you’re interested.

Below is a list of several Miniature Schnauzer mixes.

  • Chihuahua Miniature Schnauzer mix = Chizer 
  • Poodle Miniature Schnauzer mix = Schnoodle
  • Yorkie Miniature Schnauzer mix = Snorkie

What is the History of the Miniature Schnauzer? 

The Schnauzer’s origin is considered a cross between the “dog of Boulogne” and the Spitz. The oldest German Kennel Club was founded in 1890. The following year at the Third German International Show in Hanover, with about 900 dogs, wirehaired Pinschers of German breeding were exhibited for the first time. A dog, “Schnauzer,” won first prize exhibited by the Württemberg Kennel of Burgerbeonberg.

Previous to any show debut; however, the Schnauzer had a long history. There is no question of its being a breed of great antiquity. Albrecht Durer depicted a Schnauzer in a watercolor “Madonna with the Many Animals,” executed in 1492. In a tapestry made about 1501, a representation of the Schnauzer appears.

The Miniature is said to have come from mating with the Affenpinscher. They may have been developed entirely by chance, often the main reason for a new breed. Nevertheless, it has taken its niche in life, both as a show dog, a performance competitor, and a desirable house pet. Good health, good temperament, and an attractive appearance combine to form the personality of the Zwergschnauzer. 

They have been bred for over 116 years and were exhibited as a distinct breed as early as 1899. Miniatures have been bred in the United States since 1925, and the American Miniature Schnauzer Club was formed in August 1933. The Miniature Schnauzer was officially recognized by the AKC in 1926.

What is the Average Maintenance Cost for Miniature Schnauzers? 

The prices of Miniature Schnauzers range between $600 and $3,000. The cost of a puppy from a registered breeder could vary, depending on the status of the breeder you select, the location, the sex of the puppy, and, of course, the demand for the breed at the time. 

The bloodline of the puppy and its parents could also affect the price. You will be hard-pressed to find this breed in a shelter, but if you do, the price could be $300 to $400, based on the cost of care provided while keeping the Miniature Schnauzer and extras like vaccinations and sterilizations. 

It is always best to consider annual expenses related to maintaining your Miniature Schnauzer and its wellbeing before making the purchase. The first year will be the most expensive, as puppies require extra vet care and more one-time purchases like microchips, sterilization, licensing, etc. You can expect to spend about $6,900 for your dog’s first year. After that, the price will go down significantly, but it’s best to be prepared that a Zwergschnauzer will be a significant amount to a family’s monthly expenses.

Food and medical only, excluding toys, food and water bowls, cages, doggy blankets, beds, etc., could cost an average of $850. The most regular annual expenses for dogs similar to the Miniature Schnauzer are listed below.

  • Food items
  • Veterinary care
  • Vaccinations
  • Preventive medicine
  • Toys
  • Pet insurance
  • Pet Supplies

Other potential expenses include training, socializing, doggy daycare, dog sitters, dog walkers, etc. Grooming would likely add a significant amount to the maintenance costs of Miniature Schnauzer because they need frequent professional grooming to trim and bathe the Miniature Schnauzer’s silken coat.

How to Name a Miniature Schnauzer? 

Choosing a name for your Miniature Schnauzer involves essential building blocks, including the significance of the sound. The Miniature Schnauzer’s name will mean something to the humans in the dog’s life, but for your canine companion, only the sound matters.

Miniature Schnauzers respond best to two-syllable names that are not short enough to be confused with single-syllable command words like “sit,” stay,” “come,” and, “down.” However, the names should not be long enough to become puzzling.

It is always a good idea not to rush into choosing a name. Spend a week or so with your new Miniature Schnauzer pup, and its character traits might be all the inspiration you need. Call out any name ideas, using different tones and sounds for the two syllables, and watch your puppy’s reaction to the sound. Remember, you must compose a sound that your Miniature Schnauzer will recognize from a distance, among many other sounds.

Choose a name that could sound different in regular interaction, yelling, or calling your Miniature Schnauzers. Below is a list of suggestions of names for Miniature Schnauzers.

Miniature Schnauzer Breed Names

Honoring their German Roots

Miniature Schnauzer Boy Names

Miniature Schnauzer Girl Names


For the mustached Miniature Schnauzer


A small, magical, and often naughty small creature


A dog with a lot of confidence and attitude


The name means successful, which is a great start for your dog


Perhaps your dog is a little loveable rascal


A sweet name for a sweet Miniature Schnauzer


For a dog who has more than a spark for life – they exude energy


Meaning girl, perfect for a little Schnauzer


A cute name for a cute dog


A small dog who is full of mischief


The name for a gadget but really suits a small busy dog


Ideal for a dog with a bubbly personality

What are the Different Types of Miniature Schnauzers? 

From smallest to largest, the Miniature Schnauzer dog breed has three varieties:

All of these variations have their roots in Germany.

What Dog Breeds are Similar to the Miniature Schnauzer? 

Miniature Schnauzers may not be too difficult to find, but purebreds are expensive and involve long waiting lists. Finding a Miniature Schnauzer at a rescue center might be equally challenging because they are so popular. However, as wonderful of a dog as the Miniature Schnauzer may be, they aren’t for everyone. Here are some dogs that are similar to the Miniature Schnauzer. 

Below is a list of similar breeds that might be a good match for your family.

Bischon Frise – Similar energy level

Bolognese – Similar playfulness

Manchester Terrier – Similar adaptability and apartment-friendliness

Welsh Terrier – Similar friendliness

Michael Brady

Michael is an animal-lover who specializes in marketing. He started running Dog Food Care with his mother, Sarah, after leaving his office job. Michael gained enough flexibility in his schedule to be able to adopt a dog of his own and welcomed Emmie the dachshund into his home in 2020.