Cardigan Welsh Corgi Breed Caring and Family, Social Life, Physical Traits, Diet Info

Cardigan Welsh Corgi Breed Caring and Family, Social Life, Physical Traits, Diet Info

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is a small herding dog that probably originated from the countryside of Wales sometime before the year 1000 AD. Its small size is well-suited for nipping at the heels of cattle or sheep to herd them around their grazing lands or into pens. The breed can be identified by its short but powerful legs, big black eyes, compact body, and long ears relative to body size.

Today, the breed is known mostly for companion purposes. The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is described as an active, alert dog who loves to be around people. He is full of energy and maintains his watchful nature by alerting you to the presence of strangers. This breed has a medium-length, thick double coat with an average amount of shedding. It is important to brush him weekly to keep his shedding under control.

The average weight of Cardis is 27 pounds, and their average height is 11 inches. Cardis have 4 to 7 puppies per litter once a year, and their lifespan is 12 to 15 years. The Cardigan Welsh Corgis are known by several other names, including Cardigan, CWC, and Cardi.

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What are the Breed Traits and Characteristics of Cardigan Welsh Corgis?

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is a loyal, affectionate, spirited, and dependable breed known for its strong will and stubbornness. The Corgi is a mischievous, goofy, and entertaining ‘big dog in a small body.’

This diligent dog thrives with a job to do and, if not given one, will seek out his own work, often herding family members and pets. The affectionate, loyal Cardi makes a wonderful companion but may be challenging for a first-time dog owner due to its cleverness, stubbornness, and rebellious nature.

Cardigan Welsh Corgi Breed Traits

Cardigan Welsh Corgi Information


Males 10 to 13 inches

Females 10 to 11 inches


Males 30 to 38 pounds

Females 25 to 34 pounds

Relation with family

Affectionate, Friendly, Intelligent 

Relation with children

Playful, lovable, gentle

Relation with other dogs

Good but territorial

Shedding level


Drooling level


Coat type 


Coat length

Undercoat – dense medium-length water-proof

Outer coat – coarse, medium-length, and straight

Coat grooming frequency

Weekly brushing

Reaction to strangers


Playfulness level


Adaptability level


Openness to strangers

Friendly but Wary 

Trainability level


Energy level


Barking level


Mental stimulation needs level



12 -15 years 

How Does the Cardigan Welsh Corgi Interact with Family?

Cardis love children, love playing with them, and bond closely with all family members. They are not one-person dogs and are protective of everyone in the family, and Cardis think of everyone as their friend. They are an excellent choice as a family dog and get along with other pets. 

Be aware that their herding heritage may cause them to nip at heels, which can frighten some children. The Cardigan Welsh Corgi will also herd your neighbor’s chickens, the neighborhood kids, and other dogs and cats. Cardis thrive on being with people and if left alone for long periods with nothing to do, they become bored and fill the time with barking.

Cardis shed moderately and blow coat twice a year, during which you can brush them more frequently. As a herding breed, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi is bred to work all day and needs quite a bit of exercise. A 30- to 45-minute walk or playtime twice a day is a good start. When he’s done with his activity for the day, he’s a calm housedog.

How Does the Cardigan Welsh Corgi Interact with Other Dogs?

Most Corgis get along well with other pets in the home. The Corgi’s herding instinct often results in many loud and speedy chase games, so they may not be a good match for a timid cat or dog. However, they can be territorial around other dogs and cats as the breed was developed to drive off strange dogs around the flocks. This might lead to aggression at the dog park or against animals that enter your yard.

How are Cardigan Welsh Corgis with Older People?

They are intelligent and easy to train, making them good companions for seniors. They are herding dogs by nature, which means you must ensure your corgi gets adequate exercise. You can accomplish this by taking daily walks, which is healthy for both you and your pet. One thing to note is that they can weigh up to 38 pounds, which might be a heavy lift for some.

How are Cardigan Welsh Corgis with Children?

While generally good with kids, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi is a herding breed and may nip or herd children if not provided enough stimulation. They may also lack some of the patience non-herding breeds may exhibit.

As with every breed, you should always teach children how to approach and touch dogs and always supervise any interactions between dogs and young children to prevent any biting or ear or tail pulling on the part of either party. Teach your child never to approach any dog while he’s eating or sleeping or trying to take the dog’s food away. No dog, no matter how friendly, should ever be left unsupervised with a child.

The earlier you socialize your Cardigan Welsh Corgi with kids, the better they will be around kids later. If you don’t have kids now, you can get a Cardigan Welsh Corgi, but make sure you train it to behave around smaller kids and babies.

How are Cardigan Welsh Corgis with Neighbors or Guests?

Cardis, as a breed, are very affectionate, thinking everyone is their friend. They will snuggle up with anyone willing. Of course, if you’re there, your Cardigan Welsh Corgi will accept anyone you introduce. Neighbors and familiar guests will be welcomed as part of the family.

What are the Physical Traits of the Cardigan Welsh Corgi?

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi has a longer body than it is tall and his stance is that of an alert, sharp canine with an observant gaze. The Cardigan Welsh Corgi has big, upright ears and a long tail. His build is a sturdy frame, which allows for maximum speed and flexibility. The eyes of this spirited breed are dark brown with black rims. 

Despite his body being low to the ground, he is quite effective at herding and maintains excellent drive. The Cardigan Welsh Corgi has a dense medium-length undercoat that is water-resistant. The outer coat is coarse, long, and straight. Coat colors range from brindle, black and tan, sable, and blue merle.

This breed has a foxy-looking appearance in terms of its head, with a relatively wide and flat skull between the ears. His nose is black and fully pigmented, and the mouth contains the inner side of the upper incisors touching the outer side of the lower incisors.


Trait information




Males 30 to 38 pounds

Females 25 to 34 pounds


Males 10 to 13 inches

Females 10 to 11 inches

Skull/ Head



Medium, oval, variations of brown in harmony with coat color


Large and prominent in proportion to the size of the dog


Slightly tapering





Exercise Needs



12 to 15 years


Undercoat – dense short water-proof

Outer coat – coarse, medium-length, and straight

Coat color

Brindle, black and tan, sable, and blue merle, and they may present with or without white marking




Short forelegs turn in slightly, muscular hindquarters

How to Feed a Cardigan Welsh Corgi?

Your Cardigan Welsh Corgi’s adult size determines its dietary needs through all life stages. Thus, base your Cardigan Welsh Corgi’s diet on a medium breed’s unique nutritional and digestive needs throughout its different life stages. Most dog food companies have breed-specific formulas for small, medium, large, giant, and even toy breeds. 

It is always good to discuss your dog’s dietary needs with your vet to ensure you are prepared to deal with age-related issues as your Cardigan Welsh Corgi grows. A veterinarian can advise on diets, portion sizes, meal frequencies, and all nutrition matters to ensure your furry friend lives a long life with optimal health. Clean, fresh water should be available at all times, and some of the essential nutrients are listed below:

  • Protein
  • Fatty acids
  • Carbohydrates
  • Minerals
  • Vitamins

Avoid feeding your Cardigan Welsh Corgi from the table; all it does is add weight; instead, follow the advice below to ensure your furry friend’s optimal health.

Despite the Corgi’s small size, it is an agile, athletic breed that needs food containing animal proteins and carbohydrates for energy, vitamins and minerals for digestive and immune health, and omega fatty acids for coat and skin wellness. A dog of this size, activity level, and demeanor will thrive best on premium dry food because this food type contains balanced portions of the above-listed ingredients.

However, your Cardigan Welsh Corgi’s daily portion depends on life stage, health, metabolism, activity level, and of course, the brand and formula of food it eats. Feed your Cardi food formulated for a small or medium breed with recipes for puppies, adults, and seniors, or look for a brand developed for all life stages.

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi’s daily cups of food should be spread over 2 to 3 meals per day. Feeding Corgis several meals instead of one meal per day can prevent life-threatening bloat. However, fresh drinking water must always be available for your furry friend. When in doubt, consult your veterinarian. 

An example of premium food specially formulated for Corgis and its benefits is listed below: 

The best dry dog food for Cardigan Welsh Corgis is Wellness CORE Wholesome Grains Small Breed Original Recipe.

Make sure your Candi gets the protein he needs to stay energized with Wellness CORE Wholesome Grains Small Breed Original Recipe. This tasty food for small breed dogs is packed with protein, fiber-rich grains, and nutrient-dense superfoods. It is developed to promote whole-body health with a savory flavor that dogs love. This dog food is crafted using advanced natural nutrition to support lean body mass, muscle tone, and a healthy coat and skin. It is fortified with omega fatty acids, antioxidants, glucosamine, probiotics, and taurine and does not contain any fillers.

Below is a list of the benefits offered by the four Wellness CORE Wholesome Grains Dry Dog Food formulas in this range:

  • Protein-Packed: With responsibly sourced real meat meal, containing almost 300% more protein than fresh meat, as the first ingredient, these recipes are packed with animal protein for strong, lean muscles in small breed dogs.
  • Omegas 3 and 6: Naturally occurring omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids support skin and coat health.
  • Antioxidants: Antioxidant-rich vegetables and fruits help support immune health.
  • Probiotics: Guaranteed levels of live, natural probiotics are included to support your dog’s digestive health.
  • Fortified with glucosamine, probiotics, and taurine

When Cardigan Welsh Corgis are healthy and active, every day is an adventure. That’s why Wellness CORE Wholesome Grains Dry Dog Food formulas are crafted with everything dogs need to thrive, starting with real protein as the first ingredient.

How Much Should a Cardigan Welsh Corgi Puppy Eat? 

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is a small breed whose puppies need high-quality puppy food formulated for a small breed dog like the Cardigan Welsh Corgi. It is essential not to feed puppies all their food at once, and they should have it spread over the day. When Cardigan Welsh Corgi puppies become three months old, owners can provide them with three meals per day until they reach six months, reducing the food intake to 2 meals per day. Only high-quality and branded puppy food is acceptable. Guidance for feeding puppies is listed below.

  • Cardigan Welsh Corgi puppies need slow, sustained growth to help prevent orthopedic problems, such as hip dysplasia. Raise them on a diet designed for small-breed puppies. Whatever diet you choose shouldn’t overemphasize protein, fat, and calorie levels.
  • Cardis should be fed according to a schedule, spreading meal times two or three times per day. Getting the puppy accustomed to meals at specific times is better than leaving food out to allow feeding throughout the day.
  • The exceptions are Cardis with medical conditions like hypoglycemia or low blood sugar because they need to nibble bits of food throughout the day.
  • Never feed your puppy from the table. It only encourages begging. Everyone in the family must follow this rule.

What are the Health Tests that a Cardigan Welsh Corgis Should Take?

Cardis can be affected by several genetic health problems. Screening not only your puppy’s parents but also your dog for these conditions is a lifesaving necessity. 

Cardigan Welsh Corgi breeders should also have the following health tests done:

DNA Tests covering 7 main categories

  • Musculoskeletal and Dental
  • Haemolymphatic
  • Skin and Immune
  • Urogenital
  • Metabolic and Endocrine
  • Ophthalmological
  • Neurological

Other tests and Xrays: Hip and Elbow Evaluation, Patella Check, General Health Check, including Heart, Vaccines, Fleas, and Worms.

What are the common health problems of Cardigan Welsh Corgis?

All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, just as all people have the potential to inherit a particular disease. The Cardigan Welsh Corgi breed is predisposed to several health conditions, some of which can be identified through DNA tests. However, even healthy Cardis should have regular veterinarian checkups. Owners should ensure the following list of health conditions are monitored throughout the dog’s life.

  • Chondrodysplasia is a type of dwarfism in Cardis. It causes their limbs to harden at the tips and stop growing early. The short-legged silhouette was perfect for herding cattle, so breeding for the characteristic passed on the trait to the modern-day Corgi.
  • Hip dysplasia is a deformation that occurs and develops as Cardigan Welsh Corgi puppies grow. It is caused by loose joints that prevent the ball part of one bone from sliding smoothly in the socket of the other joint bone. Instead, it grinds and rubs in the joint, causing painful wear and tear damage as the Cardigan Welsh Corgi ages.
  • Elbow dysplasia happens when the growth of the elbow is disturbed. A condition called elbow dysplasia may ensue. While this condition is generally inherited, other factors, such as nutrition and exercise, also play a role in its development. Most dogs will display symptoms before the age of one – though some may not show any signs until several years old.
  • Von Willebrand’s Disease is a platelet disorder affecting blood clotting in Corgis and other breeds.
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) is a progressive degenerative disease affecting the retina, leading to blindness.
  • Gastric Dilatation Volvulus (GDV) or Gastric Torsion – often known as ‘bloat’, is a life-threatening disorder that happens when a dog’s stomach fills with gas and becomes twisted.  To protect your pup from GDV, feed your dog smaller meals throughout the day and wait an hour before and after mealtimes before exercising.
  • Epilepsy Seizures – are a disorder that causes seizures in the dog. Epilepsy can be treated with medication, but it cannot be cured. A dog can live a full and healthy life properly managing this hereditary disorder.
  • Hypothyroidism Insufficient production of thyroid hormone, causing hair loss, dry skin and coat, and susceptibility to other skin diseases in Cardis.
  • Cryptorchidism is the medical term that refers to the failure of one or both testicles (testes) to descend into the scrotum. The testes develop near the kidneys within the abdomen and normally descend into the scrotum by two months of age. In certain dogs, it may occur later, but rarely after six months of age.
  • Degenerative myelopathy is a  progressive paralysis primarily in Corgi dogs where the spinal cord degenerates and causes rear limb weakness. This is a type of progressive paralysis that cannot be cured, and the form that affects the Cardigan typically progresses very rapidly. Fortunately, a DNA test for DM is available.
  • Intervertebral disk disease is common in dog breeds like Corgis with long backs. Intervertebral Disc Disease is a gradual, age-related, degenerative process that affects the spinal cord of the dog over a period of time. IVDD occurs when the shock-absorbing discs between your dog’s vertebrae gradually begin to harden until they are no longer able to cushion the vertebrae normally.

You can minimize the chances of serious health concerns in a Cardigan Welsh Corgi by purchasing a Cardi from a reputable breeder who engages in responsible breeding practices and screening for common diseases and conditions.

What is the Exercise Need of a Cardigan Welsh Corgi?

Despite its small and diminutive size, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi is a strong and athletic dog with excellent stamina; after all, it was originally bred to herd cattle. It will probably need more than an hour of exercise per day. Walks or jogs, fetching, and general playtime all work well to satisfy its exercise requirements, but if you go too fast, it might not be able to keep up with you on account of its short legs. This breed also excels at all kinds of herding and agility challenges.

Although small and powerful, Cardis have relatively weak limbs that shouldn’t be stressed during their primary growing time, lest they develop joint and hip complications as they age. Your Cardigan is a small canine that requires gentle play, and this means no aggressive running and no over-tiring your puppy in the name of training. 

However, as your canine companion matures, you can be sure of a capable jogging companion. Keep the following limits in mind.

Running Miles: Corgis are sprinters, not distance runners. They may be up for running around one or two miles, perhaps more if they are in good health and well-conditioned.

Hiking Miles: A fit Corgi may be able to hike between six and eight miles at a moderate pace. Rigorous hikes should wait until after a Corgi reaches one year of age to allow proper growth. Backpacks are not recommended for Corgis to prevent back injuries.

What are the nutritional needs of Cardigan Welsh Corgis?

The nutritional needs of a Cardigan Welsh Corgi include high levels of specific nutrients. The essential nutrients for the Cardi are listed below.

  • Protein: Corgis need natural animal protein, valuable for the amino acids essential for Cardi health. Equally important is the fact that protein builds lean muscles and provides energy.
  • Fat: Animal protein provides adequate fat, an additional energy source that boosts the Cardigan Welsh Corgi’s metabolism. However, there is a fine line between enough and too much. Excessive fat levels in the dog’s daily diet could result in weight gain and, ultimately, obesity. Most importantly, adults and senior Corgis need lower fat levels than puppies.
  • Carbohydrates: Although carbs are not essential nutrients, they are crucial energy sources. Giving the Cardigan sufficient carbs will provide energy, encouraging the body’s protein absorption to build lean muscle. Beware, though, too many carbohydrates can lead to obesity.
  • DHA: DHA is one of the components of omega-3 fatty acids. It promotes proper eye and brain development in Cardigan Welsh Corgi puppies, and DHA develops cognitive development in puppies and slows cognitive decline in older dogs. Furthermore, omega fatty acids benefit aging Corgis by treating chronic kidney disease and canine arthritis. Omega-3 oils improve the coat health of a CWC.
  • Micronutrient: Taurine is one micronutrient that aids heart health, and other valuable micronutrients for promoting strong joints in Cardis are chondroitin and glucosamine.
  • Minerals: Beneficial minerals for a Cardigan Welsh Corgi’s growth include a healthy balance of phosphorus and calcium. Pre- and probiotics and chelated minerals provide additional health to the diets of Corgis.

Do Corgis Require High Maintenance?

Before buying a Welsh corgi, you should be prepared to set aside a modest amount of time for the dog’s maintenance and grooming. Your careful weekly exam will help you spot potential health problems early. Below is a list of tasks to include when grooming your Cardi.

  • Keeping the hair on the bottoms of your Cardi’s feet trimmed neatly will reduce the amount of dirt they bring inside.
  • If your Cardigan Welsh Corgi is primarily black, don’t let him stay in the hot sun for too long.
  • Brush your Cardigan’s teeth at least two or three times a week to remove tartar buildup and the bacteria that lurk inside it. Daily brushing is even better to prevent gum disease and bad breath.
  • Trim his nails once or twice a month if your dog doesn’t wear them down naturally
  • Check ears weekly for redness or a foul odor, indicating an infection. When you check your dog’s ears, wipe them out with a cotton ball dampened with gentle, pH-balanced ear cleaner to help prevent infections.
  • As you groom, check for sores, rashes, or signs of infection such as redness, tenderness, or inflammation on the skin, in the nose, mouth, and eyes, and on the feet.
  • Eyes should be clear, with no redness or discharge.

What is the Shedding Level of Cardigan Welsh Corgis?

Cardigan Welsh Corgis shed a lot throughout the year, and they blow their thick undercoat twice per year to prepare for winter and summer. Brushing a few times per week, and more during seasonal shedding will help keep the stray hair under control.

What is the Coat Grooming Frequency of Cardigan Welsh Corgis?

CWCs are easy to groom, but shedding can be a problem if you don’t keep up with the brushing, especially during the heavier seasonal shedding. When they are shedding the most, daily brushing is recommended. You only need to bathe them as needed, but many people find that regular bathing also helps control heavy shedding.

Note: Overbathing will strip Corgis of their protective oils and destroy their coat’s water resistance. So keep bathing to a minimum, it would be best to rinse any dirt off with clear water without shampoo or other chemicals.

Coat grooming is essential for various reasons, as listed below.

  • Grooming gives your dog a healthy look and promotes hygiene. 
  • Proper grooming lowers the risks of skin infections.
  • Grooming promotes the growth and development of a lustrous and shiny coat.
  • Grooming allows you to check for fleas and take early preventive and treatment measures.
  • Proper grooming lowers the risks of ear infections since you can check the ears and wipe them dry after grooming regularly.
  • While grooming, you can check the skin folds for any skin problems and alert the vet before they worsen.
  • Grooming boosts the bond between you and your Cardigan Welsh Corgi Dog.

Your dog should be calm during grooming. Short walks before the grooming session could calm your Cardigan Welsh Corgi enough to make the grooming process the ideal time for bonding with your furry friend. You can also give your CWC  their favorite treats to munch on while you groom them. Grooming must be enjoyable and a stress-free process for your Cardi.

What is the Drooling Level of Cardigan Welsh Corgis?

As a Cardigan owner, you could expect to find a below-average tendency to drool. However, drooling is a natural process,  and the primary triggers of drooling are listed below, which, in Corgis, will increase drooling levels. In the event of unusual excessive drooling, a trip to the vet is recommended.

  • The thought of delicious meals like a favorite treat or meat
  • Mouth and throat problems like fractures in the mouth, throat, or esophagus.
  • Plaque build-up can also irritate the mouth and cause excessive saliva.
  • A foreign object stuck in the throat prevents swallowing, thus causing drooling. 
  • Growth in the mouth also stimulates drooling.
  • Stomach upsets.
  • Excessive heat, especially during summer
  • The main symptom of diseases like kidney disease, liver problems, seizures, botulism, and rabies is drooling.
  • Motion sickness and anxiety. Dogs who do not like traveling will get anxious whenever they board a car. Stress makes dogs pant and breathe with open mouths, thus causing drooling.
  • Excitement and agitation make dogs drool.
  • Sexual excitement, like when a male Cardigan Welsh Corgi spots a female Cardigan Welsh Corgi in heat, causes drooling. Likewise, a female in her heat cycle might drool if she picks up the scent of a male.

What is the Coat Type of the Cardigan Welsh Corgi?

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi has a double coat made up of a short, soft, and thick undercoat, and slightly harsh-textured outer hair.

What is the Coat Lenght of the Cardigan Welsh Corgi?  

A Cardigan Welsh Corgi coat has short hair on the ears, head, the legs; medium hair on the body; and slightly longer, thicker hair in ruff, on the backs of the thighs to form “pants,” and on the underside of the tail.

What are the Coat Colors of Cardigan Welsh Corgis?

According to the Cardigan Welsh Corgi breed standards, there is no coat color preference. The colors listed below are the most prevalent.

  • All shades of red, sable, and brindle
  • Black with or without tan or brindle points 
  • Blue merle (black and gray; marbled) with or without tan or brindle points
  • White flashings are usual on the neck (either in part or as a collar), chest, legs, muzzle, underparts, the tip of the tail, and as a blaze on the head.

White on the head should not predominate and should never surround the eyes. 

Are Cardigan Corgi Tails Docked?

No, Cardigan Welsh Corgis’ tails are not docked. They are known for their long, full-length tails.

What are the Social Traits of the Cardigan Welsh Corgi Breed?

Cardis are very intelligent, active, and loyal. CWC tend to be good with other dogs and cats part of their household, especially if they were raised together. However, they can be territorial around other dogs and cats as the breed was developed to drive off strange dogs around the flocks. This might lead to aggression at the dog park or against animals that enter your yard. Other social traits of the Cardi are listed below.

  • Elderly-friendly: Cardis love playing with their family, from children to grandparents. However, they are highly energetic and need at least 60 minutes of vigorous exercise each day. In a multi-generational home, the older family members can share the quiet times with the Cardis while the younger generation deals with playtime and walking or jogging.
  • Children-friendly: Cardis enjoy running around or chasing after children with herd-playing their favorite game. Their innate herding instincts remain strong, and Corgis are always looking for opportunities to nip ankles. However, Cardigan Welsh Corgis are sensible enough to care when young children are part of the play, but supervision is essential in such circumstances. Socialization is vital for kids and dogs.
  • Family-friendly: Cardis are the perfect canine companions for active families. They are not couch potatoes and prefer to spend most of their time outside. Cardis will always be ready to join a family member jogging, skateboarding, cycling, or hiking.
  • Pet-friendly: Cardis can get along great with cats and other animals, especially if they’re raised with them. However, the innate herding instincts of the Cardigan Welsh Corgi might cause some ankle nipping and pet herding.

How Do Cardigan Welsh Corgis Interact with Strangers?

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is protective of his family and will alert them to any strangers and defend them against any dangers present. Cautious around strangers, the Cardi must be trained early to know when to accept the presence of unfamiliar people.

Is the Cardigan Welsh Corgi Playful?

Cardis are very playful with children, adults, and senior citizens and make excellent family dogs. Unlike most small dogs, the Cardigan instinctively knows to be careful when young children are part of the play. However, Corgis have another inherited trait that has them herding other pets and children whenever the opportunity presents itself.

They might nip the heels of young children, and although it might not even hurt, it could cause fear in the children. Parents should never let their young children play with dogs, regardless of size, unsupervised. Having your dog and your children socialized will give peace of mind.

Are Cardigan Welsh Corgis Protective?

This observant breed will bark when necessary to warn off trespassers. Instinctively loyal, trustworthy, alert, and protective, Cardis take their job as protectors of the household seriously. They were bred to watch over cattle and other farm animals, so guarding their home and family is in their nature.

What is the Adaptability Level of Cardigan Welsh Corgis?

Cardis are highly adaptable. Even if relocating from a farm or a ranch to an apartment in the city, they will quickly adapt if they are not separated from their human families and have ample outside play space. However, they are ideal companion dogs for older people, and they could even live happily in an apartment if the owner can provide enough opportunities for exercise. Insufficient exercise time will likely cause boredom, followed by destructive behavior and nuisance barking.

What are the Personality Traits of Cardigan Welsh Corgis?

This Cardigan Welsh Corgi is a fun-loving herding dog that resembles a fox with his prick ears, wedge-shaped head, and thick coat. He is bold but kind and likes to be in charge, or at least constantly involved in everything that’s going on. Most often, he’s a family companion, but he can still herd with the best of them. 

Corgis are affectionate and attentive, and they are adorable and look naturally huggable. But as energetic herding dogs, they may not always like to be held, restrained, or cuddled. However, you may have a corgi that does like cuddling, but always honor how much your dog prefers to be touched.

The Corgi loves to be around people, get involved with his family, and keep his brain occupied. He is active and bold in terms of decisions in the field. As a companion, this sprightly Corgi protects his family and will alert them to any strangers.

They are known for being happy, loving, and intelligent, but with a stubborn or independent streak at times. They are easy to train but don’t expect your Cardigan to be subservient. They like to think for themselves. Corgis also make good watchdogs. They can be suspicious of strangers and quick to bark if they feel that something or someone is threatening their home and family.

Like all dogs, the Cardi needs early socialization, exposure to many different people, sights, sounds, and experiences, when they’re young. Socialization helps ensure that your Cardigan puppy grows up to be a well-rounded dog.

Can Cardigan Welsh Corgis be Aggressive?

Cardis may seem like a calm and lazy breed, but they always know what’s going on around them, even if it doesn’t seem that way. They will be ready at a moment’s notice if they feel their families are under threat. They aren’t usually aggressive, but they will show aggression if the threat persists.

Can Cardigan Welsh Corgis be Dangerous?

Like any other animal, a Cardigan Welsh Corgi will become aggressive if they are scared or have to defend themselves or their families. Cardis’ aggression may manifest as growling or snarling, especially at strangers near their homes. Putting themselves between you and a stranger could become a dangerous situation.

Do Cardigan Welsh Corgis Ever Attack?

Cardis are more standoffish than aggressive with people they don’t know. If they weren’t properly socialized as pups, they could be aggressive towards other dogs. But for the most part, Cardis stand their ground and won’t go on the offensive unless clearly provoked or they sense immediate danger to themselves or their family.

Can Cardigan Welsh Corgis Kill Humans?

No, Cardis are not likely to kill humans, and no record of such deaths could be found. Cardis are exceptionally protective of their human families, but certain circumstances could drive any dog to attack violently.

Events that could cause a violent attack include attacks on their human families, protecting their own safety, and mistreatment by their owners. Whatever the circumstances, serious provocation must be present to trigger a violent attack by a CWC, with minimal chances of launching fatal attacks.

Do Cardigan Welsh Corgis cope with being left alone?

Cardis can live alone for a few hours without any problems but they are not the kind of canines that you could leave alone for a long time.

Can I leave my Cardigan Welsh Corgi at home?

While Cardis may be left alone for four to eight hours during the day, this highly social canine thrives on family interaction. Their high energy level means the Corgi requires plenty of exercise throughout the day. However, boredom and separation anxiety can be avoided if only one person can remain home with the Corgi.

Can Cardigan Welsh Corgis be left alone for 8 hours?

Cardis need company, and they do not enjoy spending time alone for many hours and may develop separation anxiety. Don’t get a Cardigan Welsh Corgi if you must leave him on his own for hours on end. You can, however, leave him alone for short periods. Corgis shouldn’t be left on their own all day. 

They were bred as a herding breed, which means they are used to the company of other animals and their master. Like humans, dogs can feel lonely and sad when spending time alone. If there is no other way, getting a dog walker or a sitter for a part of the day could prevent separation anxiety in your precious Corgi.

How to Train a Cardigan Welsh Corgi?

Training Cardis requires a calm, firm, and confident manner. Owners should set the rules for the breed to follow. It would be best if you were consistent and never faltered. However, be gentle while showing an air of authority. Being meek or passive will make your Cardigan Welsh Corgi think he is dominant over you. If that is the case, the dog will never listen and may become willful, stubborn, and obstinate. Cardis are highly intelligent and obedient, so training them is typically easy. Below is a list of a few tools to help the process.

  • Praise good behavior by making a fuss. Your Cardigan Welsh Corgi will know if you fake it.
  • Time commands wisely because corrections after the fact will confuse your CWC.
  • Be consistent and persistent. Never let it slip because your Corgi will learn to obey only sometimes.
  • Be the pack leader and show happiness while training your Cardi.
  • Making your Cardigan Welsh Corgi sit and wait for your command to start eating will confirm your status as pack leader.
  • Training your CWC  with love in your heart will avoid your Cardigan Welsh Corgi seeing training as punishment.

Is a Welsh Corgi Cardigan a Herding Dog?

Yes, Cardigan Welsh Corgis were bred to be herding dogs. Cardigans are built low to the ground to best nip at the heels of cattle and avoid being kicked. (Dogs who drive herds to pasture or market in this heel-nipping style are called heelers.) The adaptable Cardigan did double duty on long cattle drives, moving the herd by day and serving as a flock guardian at night. During the breed’s long history, Cardigans have at various times worked as all-around farm dogs, hunting partners, family protectors, and athletes.

How Frequently does a Cardigan Welsh Corgi Bark?

Cardis are an observant breed that will bark when necessary to warn off trespassers. Instinctively loyal, trustworthy, alert, and protective, Corgis take their job as protectors of the household seriously. They were bred to watch over cattle and other farm animals, so guarding their home and family is in their nature. 

Because of his herding background, he has a watchful nature and will bark to ward off critters or alert you to the presence of someone approaching the house. That’s a plus, but he can become a nuisance barker if you don’t teach him when to turn the sound on and off.

Most dogs have different-sounding barks for different purposes, and after all, that is the only way canines can have their say.

Below is a list of bark types that owners will learn to recognize. 

  • Cardis hate being left alone, and one way of coping with loneliness is barking. 
  • A lack of exercise and anxiety can also trigger barking.
  • Alarm barking is when your Cardigan Welsh Corgi is barking as a way of alerting you of approaching danger. Alarm barking can save you from danger; however, Corgis may bark before ascertaining that there is a real danger.  
  • Another type of barking is demand barking, where a Cardigan Welsh Corgi feels entitled to something or your attention and would bark as a way of demanding their rights. This type can be lowered through proper training and ignoring the barking.
  • The Cardigan Welsh Corgi uses arousal barking to show their frustrations.
  • Boredom barking signals that your Cardigan Welsh Corgi is tired or bored due to being left alone or infrequent exercises. 
  • Frequent barking can be a nuisance to both the owner and neighbors. Some types of barking tend to be monotonous and continuous. 

Even though Cardis are not typically nuisance barkers, knowing their language might come in handy. However, if your Cardigan Welsh Corgi is the exception to the rule, below are some positive and negative motivators that might help to change your canine companion’s barking habits.

  • Whenever your Cardigan starts barking, command him to be quiet, and if your Cardigan Welsh Corgi obeys, reward him with his favorite treat or toy. If he disobeys your command, withdraw some benefits like not giving him his favorite toy.
  • Engage Cardigan Welsh Corgi in her favorite activity or exercise. Tired Corgis might sleep while you are away.
  • Look for attractive toys that would keep your Cardigan Welsh Corgi busy while you are away.
  • Continuous barking might call for a visit to the vet.

What is the need for Mental Stimulation of a Cardigan Welsh Corgi?

Constant stimulation throughout the day is required to keep your Cardigan Welsh Corgi happy. Brain games are a great and easy way to stimulate his mind, so be sure to rotate a few of these games throughout the week to keep him occupied.

Cardis are smart and learn fast, and they need regular mental stimulation. The playful and intelligent nature of Corgis further calls for frequent mental activity. There are different ways of mentally stimulating your Cardigan Welsh Corgi, and some of them are listed below.

  • Playing with interactive games or toys, including dog puzzles and canine board games.
  • Encourage sniffing during regular evening walks.
  • Provide healthy chews like dehydrated sweet potato strips. Chewing for more extended periods calms the brain, thus lowering stress levels.
  • Hide and seek games
  • Drop and fetch games
  • Regular walks

These mental stimulation techniques should start at an early stage. Cardis who are Six years and older tend to have problems with their thinking ability. The primary signs of mental disorientation are listed below.

  • Excessive anxiety
  • Frequent accidents
  • Failure to recall previously learned commands
  • Changes in sleep and wake patterns
  • Low interest in physical activities
  • Poor social skills

What are the Breed Standards of Cardigan Welsh Corgi?

Among the most agreeable small house dogs, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi is a strong, athletic, and lively little herder who is affectionate and companionable without being needy. They are one of the world’s most popular herding breeds. A well-built male Cardigan presents a big dog in a small package at 10 to 12 inches at the shoulder and 25 to 38 pounds. 

Short but powerful legs, muscular thighs, and a deep chest equip him for a hard day’s work. Built long and low, CWCs are surprisingly quick and agile. The Cardigan is a bright, sensitive dog who enjoys playing with his human family and responds well to training. 

As herders bred to move cattle, they are fearless and independent. They are vigilant watchdogs with acute senses and a ‘big dog’ bark. Families who can meet their bold but kindly CWC’s need for activity and togetherness will never have a more loyal, loving pet.

Some of the breed standards of Cardis are given in the table below.

Breed Standards 

Cardigan Welsh Corgi Breed Information 


All shades of red, sable and brindle, black with or without tan or brindle points, blue merle (black and gray; marbled) with or without tan or brindle points.

White flashings are usual on the neck (either in part or as a collar), chest, legs, muzzle, underparts, the tip of the tail, and as a blaze on the head.


Cardis are classified as a small breed

Eye Color 

Variations of brown in harmony with coat color

Average Weight 

27 pounds

Average Height

11″ high at the withers

Average lifespan 

Cardigan Welsh Corgi Dogs have a lifespan of 12 to 15 years

What is the General Information about Cardigan Welsh Corgi?

Visitors to the epilepsy ward of one British hospital may find themselves in for a surprise. Among regular attendees at the clinic is a Cardigan Welsh corgi called Bella. As an assistance dog, she combines the roles of a faithful companion and early-warning device for her epileptic owner. 

Indeed, so acute is Bella’s sensitivity to her handler’s health that she’s able to give her a 30-minute warning of a seizure. Bella’s breeder, Brenda Piears, easily explains the dog’s prowess. ‘Cardigans have an ability to empathize,’ she divulges. ‘They’re quick learners and very intelligent.’

The working history of the Cardigan Welsh Corgi is pretty impressive. Over the centuries, they have worked as cattle, pig, and goose drivers and herders; livestock guardian dogs; gundogs for furred and feathered animals; ratters; and family guard dogs.

Initially, cattle owners used the Corgi to lead the cattle to market, so they worked in front of the herds. At some point, the cattle owners realized that the Corgi was even better suited to herding. His long, low body made it possible for him to nip at the heels of the livestock to direct them while avoiding kicks from the cows.

How Rare are Cardigan Welsh Corgi?

Welsh legend weaves tales of corgis as enchanted dogs chosen by elves and fairies to “pull their carriages and be their steeds in battle”—and the pattern across a corgi’s back and shoulders is a hint to where a harness and saddle used to be.

Although the Cardigan Welsh corgi enjoys a healthy following overseas, especially in the USA, at home, it’s among our rarest breeds. Last year, only 147 Cardigan Welsh corgi puppies were registered with the U.K.Kennel Club.

In recent years, the UK’s Kennel Club has added the Cardigan Welsh Corgi to its list of vulnerable breeds. This means that the breed has had fewer than 300 registered dogs per year. The Cardi has been on this list for at least the past nine years. In 2017, a total of 141 Cardis were registered, and in 2018 there were only 147.

Why, then, is their popularity ranking in the doldrums? The Cardigan Welsh corgi has never enjoyed the iconic status of the Pembroke Welsh corgi, to which it’s closely related. This is partly attributable to the Pembroke’s championing by the world’s best-known dog owner, The Queen.

Until 2018, when the last of her Pembroke corgis died, The Queen had owned 14 generations of the red-and-white-coated Welsh herding dogs, as familiar a feature at palace receptions as on Her Majesty’s walks in Windsor Great Park. For many people, ‘corgi’ means a Pembroke corgi and the Cardigan has, correspondingly, been overlooked.

Where to Buy or Adopt a Cardigan Welsh Corgi?

A purebred Cardigan Welsh Corgi’s price can range between $1,200 and $1,800. Lower prices are generally available within shelters and rescues, but puppies can cost as much as $5,000 from top breeders. 

If you want to bring a Cardigan Welsh Corgi home, you should not rush. The only “purebreds” available upon request are not the real thing and are likely bred on puppy farms. The more realistic way is to put your name on a waiting list, and while you’re waiting, learn as much as you can about this giant dog in the cutest little dog body.

Finding a reputable breeder or rescue facility is crucial. A good breeder will match you with the right puppy and will, without question, have done all the health certifications necessary to screen out health problems as much as possible. They are more interested in placing pups in suitable homes than making big bucks. 

Be wary of breeders who only tell you the good things about the breed or make irrational promises to promote the dogs. Be especially suspicious when you are offered a two-for-the-price-of-one deal. 

Cardigan Welsh Corgi puppies are adorable, and it’s one of the reasons they are so popular. Cute puppies sell, making the Cardigan Welsh Corgi a favorite of puppy mills and greedy, irresponsible breeders. Do your homework before buying one of these little dogs, and you’ll be well rewarded with a beautiful companion dog.

The best way to ensure you get a healthy Cardigan Welsh Corgi puppy from a breeder or a rescue organization is to reach out to the registered organizations for the specific breed, if available. The Cardigan Welsh Corgi Club of America, Inc  (CWCCA) is recognized by the AKC, UKC, and FIC, listed below, along with other registered kennel clubs that might put potential Cardigan Welsh Corgi owners in touch with reputable breeders. 

  • Fédération Cynologique Internationale (International)
  • United Kennel Club (International)
  • The Kennel Club (United Kingdom)
  • American Kennel Club Market Place
  • Europetnet
  • Canadian Cardigan Corgi Club (CCCC)


  • Continental Kennel Club
  • United All Breed Registry
  • International Canine Association
  • New Zealand Kennel Club
  • Australian National Kennel Council
  • Cardigan Welsh Corgi Club of America, Inc  (CWCCA) For Breeders lists by region.
  • The Cardigan Welsh Corgi National Rescue Trust

If you manage to track down Cardigan Welsh Corgi breeders, make sure you go to the facility and insist on meeting both the puppies’ parents so that you can get a feel for their temperament. Cardigan Welsh Corgi puppies are often peppy and playful, all should have cheery expressions and kind eyes. 

It might take some time to find a legitimate breeder, and travel may very well be in the cards. Steer clear of backyard breeding by avoiding sales sites and ad pages. When you select a breeder, make sure they have proof of successful, healthy litters with any documentation necessary.

You might find a Cardigan Welsh Corgi puppy or a rescued adult to adopt or buy from abroad, but not all countries allow importing adopted dogs. Those whose countries will enable the importation of Cardis may find the logistics challenging. 

Procedures include obtaining certification from a vet to prove the Cardigan Welsh Corgi is fully vaccinated and providing all the additional required veterinary documents before the travel. Furthermore, your country must approve the veterinarian to authorize the importation, and it will be your responsibility to ensure you use the services of a certified vet.

What are the Rescue Clubs for Cardigan Welsh Corgis?

There are millions of homeless dogs worldwide; many are purebreds needing homes. Adopting a Cardigan Welsh Corgi can be life-changing, not only for the dog but also for the adopter. If you prefer adoption over purchasing a pup from a breeder, then your first stop should be the National Cardigan Welsh Corgi Rescue website. A Cardigan Welsh Corgi rescue group is an excellent idea if you want to adopt an older dog or even a Cardigan Welsh Corgi mix.

Cardigan Welsh Corgi mixes may be available for adoption in shelters and rescues. If you want to adopt an AKC registered or a mixed breed Cardigan Welsh Corgi, the best first step is to contact shelters and breed-specific rescues to let them know you’re interested.

Below is a list of several Cardigan Welsh Corgi mixes.

  • Corgi Pit  (Cardigan Welsh Corgi x American Pit Bull Terrier)
  • Corgi Basset (Cardigan Welsh Corgi x Basenji)
  • Cardigan Corman Shepherd (Cardigan Welsh Corgi x German Shepherd)
  • Borgi (Cardigan Welsh Corgi x Border Collie)
  • Corgiranian (Cardigan Welsh Corgi x Pomeranian)
  • Beagi (Cardigan Welsh Corgi x Beagle)
  • Corgipug(Corgi x Pug)

Cardigan Welsh Corgi mixes adopted from a shelter may share physical characteristics of the breed, but their temperament may not match the breed standard. Shelters and rescues attempt to determine each dog’s personality through a series of evaluations; even if the dog’s temperament does not follow the breed standard, you can get the dog that suits your home. 

The adoption fee for a Cardigan Welsh Corgi from a rescue group or animal shelter will probably be between $150 and $200. Most dogs from rescue groups and shelters will be vaccinated, microchipped, spayed/neutered, and vetted before adoption

You can also reach out to your local rescue organization or animal shelter and ask if they have any Cardigan Welsh Corgis or related mixes available for adoption. If not, you can always put your name on a list so that when one comes in, you’re the first one they call.

Below is a list of registered rescue centers and kennel clubs to reach out to for guidance.

  • Canada Guide To Dogs (National Cardigan Welsh Corgi Rescue, Inc.)
  • Canada Cardigan Welsh Corgi Dog Rescue Group
  •  US Cardigan Welsh Corgi Club’s rescue network
  • The Cardigan Welsh Corgi National Rescue Trust
  • Corgi RescueMe USA All States

Facebook is another resource for pet adoption. You can go to CWCNRT on Facebook 

You can also search for adoptable Cardis online through reliable websites such as


What is the History of the Cardigan Welsh Corgi?

The handsome but hard-as-nails Cardigan Welsh Corgi was named for the medieval kingdom of Cardiganshire, Wales, and is the older of the AKC’s two corgi breeds. In fact, they’re among the oldest of all British breeds. The word “corgi,” originally “kergie,” is ancient Celtic for “dog.”

Historians surmise that the Celts brought ancient corgis from Central Europe to Wales during their mass migrations to Britain around 1200 BC. However, we can say with some certainty that corgis were driving Welsh herds 1,000 years ago.

Cardigans and Pembrokes were at one time freely interbred, and until as late as 1934, they were considered a single breed in the United Kingdom. The first pair of breeding Cardigans arrived in the United States in June 1931, and the AKC granted full recognition to the breed four years later.

What is the Average Maintenance Cost for Cardigan Welsh Corgis?

The prices of Cardis range between $1,200 and $1,800. The cost of a puppy from a registered breeder could vary, depending on the breeder you select, the location, the sex of the puppy, and, of course, the demand for the breed at the time. 

The bloodline of the puppy and its parents could also affect the price. You will be hard-pressed to find this breed in a shelter, but if you do, the price could be $300 to $500, based on the cost of care provided while keeping the Cardigan Welsh Corgi and extras like vaccinations and sterilizations. 

It is always best to consider annual expenses related to maintaining your Cardigan Welsh Corgi and its wellbeing before making the purchase. The first year will be the most expensive, as puppies require extra vet care and more one-time purchases like microchips, sterilization, licensing, etc. You can expect to spend about $6,900 for your dog’s first year. After that, the price will go down to about $2,100 a year.  

Food and medical only, excluding toys, food and water bowls, cages, doggy blankets, beds, etc., could cost an average of $850. The most regular annual expenses for dogs similar to the Cardigan Welsh Corgi are listed below.

  • Food items
  • Veterinary care
  • Vaccinations
  • Preventive medicine
  • Toys
  • Pet insurance
  • Pet Supplies

Other potential expenses include training, socializing, doggy daycare, dog sitters, dog walkers, etc. Grooming would likely not affect the maintenance costs of Cardis because they don’t need professional grooming to trim and bathe the Corgi.

How to Name a Cardigan Welsh Corgi?

Choosing a name for your Cardigan Welsh Corgi involves essential building blocks, including the significance of the sound. The Cardigan Welsh Corgi’s name will mean something to the humans in the dog’s life, but for your canine companion, only the sound matters. Cardigan Welsh Corgis respond best to two-syllable names that are not short enough to be confused with single-syllable command words like “sit,” stay,” “come,” and “down.” However, the names should not be long enough to become puzzling.

It is always a good idea not to rush into choosing a name. Spend a week or so with your new Cardigan Welsh Corgi pup, and its character traits might be all the inspiration you need. Call out any name ideas, using different tones and sounds for the two syllables, and watch your puppy’s reaction to the sound. Remember, you must compose a sound that your Cardigan Welsh Corgi will recognize from a distance, among many other sounds. 

Choose a name that could sound different in regular interaction and yelling or calling your Cardigan Welsh Corgi. Below is a list of suggestions of names inspired by your Cardigan Welsh Corgi’s ancestors and famous owners. 

Cardigan Welsh Corgi Breed Names

In honor of famous Corgi Owners and Ancient Wales

Cardigan Welsh Corgi Boy Names

Cardigan Welsh Corgi Girl Names


For the pointy-eared Corgi – inspired by Star Trek’s Dr.Spock 




Golden Arrow was the first Cardi Champion in 1931


After the fox character from Dora the Explorer


The name of the first female Cardi to arrive in the USA


Because your Corgi is as quick as a flash


The first Champion Cardi in the USA


Welsh baby name meaning on the watch


Inspired by Welsh actress Catherine Zeta-Jones


Of Welsh origin, meaning wheel ruler


Female fox for the Cardi’s likeness to the fox.

What are the Different Types of Welsh Corgis?

The two Corgis are the Pembroke Welsh Corgi and the Cardigan Welsh Corgi. 

The Cardigan is the Corgi with a tail while the Pembroke Welsh Corgi has no tail. Some are born without a tail, and others have docked tails to meet breed standards. In addition to the lack of a tail, the Pembroke stands out from his cousin, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi, in other ways, including his smaller, more pointed ears and wedge-shaped head. His weight ranges from 25 to 27 pounds, making him a little smaller than the Cardigan.

Although the Pembroke and Cardigan Welsh Corgis were both developed in Wales, considered “fairy-bred,” and share the name Corgi (meaning dwarf dog), they have different ancestry: twin sons of different mothers, you might say. The Pembroke has a foxier face and resembles the Spitz breeds such as the Swedish Vallhund and Norwegian Lundehund, to whom he is related. Today he’s primarily a companion and show dog, but he still has strong herding instincts.

What Dog Breeds are Similar to the Cardigan Welsh Corgi?

Cardis may not be too difficult to find, but purebreds are expensive and involve long waiting lists. Finding a Cardigan Welsh Corgi at a rescue center might be equally challenging because they are so popular. However, as wonderful of a dog as the Cardigan Welsh Corgi may be, they aren’t for everyone. Here are some dogs that are similar to the Cardis.

Below is a list of similar breeds that might be a good match for your family.

  • Swedish Vallhund – With its short legs and stubby body, this herding dog has a similar size and appearance to the corgi. It also exhibits similarly energetic, playful, friendly behavior. The hair color can range between light orange and dark gray.
  • Beagle – Originating from Belgium in the 1500s, this short-haired dog is intelligent, courageous, and loyal, and like the corgi, it makes a good companion for families. The breed is also known for its somewhat stubborn and headstrong behavior.
  • Boston Terrier – Although very different in appearance from the Welsh corgi, this small-sized dog nevertheless is intelligent, friendly, and easily trainable. However, it has a stubborn streak as well. Because of its protective instincts for its owner, the breed may also exhibit some aggression toward other people or animals. It is considered to be a quintessential American dog breed.
  • Border Collie – The border collie is a medium-sized dog, but it has the same herding behavior as the corgi. It is among the most active and intelligent breeds globally, regularly featuring in sports competitions.

Michael Brady

Michael is an animal-lover who specializes in marketing. He started running Dog Food Care with his mother, Sarah, after leaving his office job. Michael gained enough flexibility in his schedule to be able to adopt a dog of his own and welcomed Emmie the dachshund into his home in 2020.