Bullmastiff Breed Caring and Family, Social Life, Physical Traits, Diet Info

Bullmastiff breed dogfoodcare.com

The Bullmastiff has its roots in England, where they were bred as estate guards in the 19th Century around the 1860s. Breeders crossed the now-extinct Old English Mastiff with the Bulldog to produce the Bull Mastiff. Gamekeepers needed large, brave, robust dogs to keep poachers away from the game they kept on their large estates.

Bullmastiffs look ferocious, and they can certainly be when provoked. However, they have evolved into affectionate, happy-go-lucky dogs who form strong bonds with their humans and are faithful companions. The cross between the easy-going Old English Mastiff and the courageous Bulldog combines their traits perfectly, and makes a lovable guard dog.

The Bullmastiff, often affectionately called Bully, is not the best roommate for two reasons: slobber, snoring and flatulence. He’s a brachycephalic, or flat-faced dog. Therefore, he drools a lot; the way he eats further challenges his digestive system, which causes noxious fumes.

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What are the Characteristics of Bullmastiff?

The Bullmastiff is a big canine that can be boisterous, acting as if he is a small dog. They are mostly calm and relaxed. However, they could be surprisingly agile for such a large body when they go into guard dog mode. The Bully is an intensely loyal dog with a long memory. They are easy-going, and most of them can curl up like a pretzel to curl up on your lap like a Yorkie. Bullmastiffs are brachycephalic dogs, so be prepared for some drooling and snoring from this loving, devoted large pet of yours.

Contrary to his formidable looks, the Bullmastiff is a gentle, affectionate pet if properly socialized. He is a great pet for families and will guard them with his life. He is loyal and devoted, but can be somewhat aloof, particularly with strangers. They appear not to need other dogs in their lives, but they crave human companionship and interaction.

The Bully isn’t a highly energetic dog; he is more or less low maintenance and easy-going. Nutritious food, a nice, warm sleeping spot, and loads of attention are what your Bully needs to be happy. Give him that, and he will forever be your devoted canine companion.

How Does the Bullmastiff Interact with Family?

You’ll definitely feel safer with a Bullmastiff around. This giant dog breed is fiercely loyal and protective of the people they love. They’re able to intimidate strangers with a single look. Yet despite their imposing appearance, these big dogs can be very affectionate with their human family. Proper socialization and training are a must for this smart, highly driven breed. It makes the Bullmastiff a good match for an experienced, assertive dog parent. 

Early Training is Crucial

Early training and socializing are crucial if the Bullmastiff lives in a home with a multi-generational human family and other pets. The breed’s good traits for family life are docility and affectionate nature. Be that as it may, these are still massive dogs that will require space to stretch their legs. Surprisingly, despite their size, Bullies can live in apartments as long as they are taken out for a walk and sniff session several times per day. This applies particularly to older Bullmastiffs.

 A Bullmastiff becomes deeply attached and devoted to his family. Yet, he is not very demonstrative with his love and devotion. They demonstrate their affection by following you around the house. Your Bully will lean against you whenever and wherever you pause for longer than a few seconds. They enjoy conversation, petting and cuddling when you offer it. However, not overbearing in coming to you to demand much attention. Instead, they are quite satisfied with your presence.

How Does the Bullmastiff Interact with Other Dogs?

Finding a great breeder is probably one of the most critical things you can do as a prospective owner. A Bullmastiff’s temperament is almost entirely formed between 3 and 12 weeks of age before the new pups go to their new owners. The skill sets the puppy obtains during that time build its personality. That determines how your dog will forever get along with people of all ages, its environment, and especially other dogs.

There are instances where the Bullmastiff does well with other dogs and family pets. However, they are typically pretty aggressive around dogs of the same sex. This is likely due to their need to “stake their claim” on their parent owner. In such cases, you must actively engage in early socialization with other dogs. It is also crucial for long-term safety and health. It allows the Bullmastiff to become very familiar with seeing other dogs out and about in public settings.

Food guarding, also sometimes called resource guarding or possession aggression, is a relatively normal behavior in Bullmastiff. Animals developed this behavior in nature. Those who weren’t born with a solid drive to protect their food, likely wouldn’t have survived.

How are Bullmastiffs with Older People?

The Bullmastiff sees itself as a bodyguard-dog, which makes them excellent canine companions for older people, especially those who live alone. The Bullmastiff is not a dog that becomes the best friend of everyone they meet. In fact, they’re indifferent to other dogs and people not in their families, and Bullmastiffs are intensely loyal and protective of their own families. A Bully will be very attuned to your moods and feelings and may even think they caused your happiness, grief, anger, or pride. Bullmastiff owners describe the relationship as one of subtlety and depth.

Bred to work alongside their humans, a family dog tasked with protecting and supporting the grandparents or one grandparent will want to spend every minute of their waking hours with them. They thrive on companionship and want to be wherever their humans are and as close to them as possible. The sight of this strong protector is enough to convince any potential intruder to pass right by this house and keep going.

How are Bullmastiffs with Children?

These dogs have the potential to be excellent family dogs. They can be quite affectionate and loving with children. They also know how to be very gentle around young children. However, for these traits to shine through, the dog must be raised in a home with a strong leader who will set clear boundaries. Moreover, keep in mind that this breed is massive, and even without meaning to, a large dog could injure a small child. For this reason, it is crucial always to supervise children when they are around a Bullmastiff.

How are Bullmastiffs with Neighbors or Guests?

Bullmastiff puppies must learn to distinguish between neighbors and strangers who might pose threats from a young age. It is essential to socialize your Bullmastiff with as many people as possible. It will help them grow up to be confident, friendly adult dogs. Enroll your Bully in a puppy socialization class if possible. 

Of course, your Bullmastiff will accept anyone you introduce if you’re present. But they won’t be welcoming right away; instead, staying reserved with strangers until they feel the guests pose no threats to their family or property.

What are the Physical Traits of the Bullmastiff?

Bred to be guardians, the Bullmastiff dog is a sturdy, muscular giant who looks like they mean business. These large dogs grow from adorable floppy-eared puppies into stern guard dogs with a majestic appearance that makes them head-turners. However, you should never get a Bullmastiff just for their looks.

Bullmastiffs are large, brachycephalic dogs that stand between 24 and 27 inches at the withers, and their weight could be anything from 85 to 131 pounds. Their lifespan is 10 to 12 years, and the female Bullies bear 6 to 10 puppies per litter.

  • Shoulders: slightly sloping and muscular

  • Hindquarters: Well proportioned and broad

  • Head: Large, broad and wrinkled

  • Muzzle: Broad, deep and darker than the body.

  • Nose: Black, wide with large nostrils

  • Eyes: Alert, medium-sized, dark-hazel eyes

  • Ears: V-shaped ears set wide and high, carried close to the head

  • Neck: Muscular, strong, and slightly arched

  • Tail: Thick base, held high, and tapering to the tip

  • Coat: Short, dense, slightly rough

  • Coat color: Fawn, Red or Brindle

  • Shedding: Minimal

  • Legs: Strong legs with large paws

How to Feed a Bullmastiff?

Your Bullmastiff’s adult size determines its dietary needs, thus, base your Bullmastiff’s diet on a large breed’s unique nutritional and digestive needs throughout its different life stages. Most dog food companies have breed-specific formulas for small, medium, large, giant, and even toy breeds. 

It is always good to discuss your dog’s dietary needs with your vet to ensure you are prepared to deal with age-related issues as your Bullmastiff grows. A veterinarian can advise on diets, portion sizes, meal frequencies and all nutrition matters to ensure your furry friend lives a long life with optimal health. Clean, fresh water should be available at all times, and some essential nutrients are listed below:

  • Protein

  • Fatty acids

  • Carbohydrates

  • Minerals

  • Vitamins

Avoid feeding your Bullmastiff from the table; all it does is add weight; instead, follow the advice below to ensure your furry friend’s optimal health.

Despite the Bullmastiff’s massive size, it is an agile, athletic breed that needs food containing animal proteins and carbohydrates for energy, vitamins, and minerals for digestive and immune health, and omega fatty acids for coat and skin wellness. A dog of this size, activity level, and demeanor will thrive best on premium dry food because this food type contains balanced portions of the above-listed ingredients.

Portion Amounts to Feed Your Bullmastiff

However, your Bullmastiff’s portion depends on life stage, health, metabolism, activity level, and of course, the brand and formula of food it eats. Feed your Bullmastiff food formulated for a large breed with recipes for puppies, adults and seniors, or look for a brand developed for all life stages.

The Bullmastiff’s daily cups of food should be spread over 2 to 3 meals per day. Feeding Bullmastiffs several meals instead of one meal per day can prevent life-threatening bloat. However, fresh drinking water must always be available for your furry friend. When in doubt, consult your veterinarian. 

Dog Food Care Recommends

The best dog food for Bullmastiffs is Taste of the Wild High Prairie Grain-Free Dry Dog Food

Nourish your canine companion with the balanced diet nature intended with Taste of the Wild High Prairie Grain-Free Dry Dog Food.

This dog kibble product is formulated with novel proteins, including buffalo and bison. Its grain-free recipe includes peas and sweet potatoes that deliver the highly digestible energy your active pup needs. Additional ingredients include natural antioxidant support from real fruits and vegetables and dried chicory root for prebiotic support and healthy digestion. Essential minerals are chelated with amino acids to optimize their absorption and ensure maximum benefit. That aids complete and balanced nutrition with a taste of the wild your furry friend constantly craves.

Taurine is good for the heart, and amino acids and probiotics are excellent for digestion and immunity. Taste of the Wild High Prairie Grain-Free Dry Dog Food is ideal for large breeds with medium to high physical demands.

Benefits offered by the four formulas in the Taste of the Wild High Prairie Grain-Free Dry Dog Food range.

  • This roasted bison and venison dry dog food is crafted with real meat as the #1 ingredient and is high in protein (32%) to help support bones, joints and lean muscles.

  • Vitamins and minerals from real fruits and superfoods, omega fatty acids for skin and coat health and nutrients for the energy your canine companion needs to thrive.

  • Contains species-specific K9 Strain Proprietary Probiotics, antioxidants, and prebiotics to help support healthy digestion, immune system health, and overall health and wellness.

  • Made in the USA by a family-owned brand that only uses quality ingredients from trusted and sustainable local and global sources.

  • Free of grains, corn, wheat, artificial flavors or artificial colors.

How Much Should a Bullmastiff Puppy Eat? 

The Bullmastiff is a large breed whose puppies need high-quality puppy food formulated for a large breed dog like the Bully. Note that dogs need more food in puppyhood than adults because that is when all the growth takes place. It is essential not to feed puppies all their food at once, and they should have it spread over the day. When Bullmastiff puppies become three months old, owners can provide them with three meals per day until they reach six months, reducing the food intake to 2 meals per day. Only high-quality and branded puppy food is acceptable. Guidance for feeding puppies is listed below.

  • Bullmastiff puppies require slow, sustained growth to help prevent orthopedic problems, such as hip dysplasia. Raise them on a diet designed for large-breed puppies. Whatever diet you choose shouldn’t overemphasize protein, fat, and calorie levels.

  • Bullmastiff puppies should be fed according to a schedule, spreading meal times two or three times per day. Getting the puppy accustomed to meals at specific times is better than leaving food out to allow feeding throughout the day.

  • The exceptions are Bullmastiffs with medical conditions like hypoglycemia or low blood sugar because they need to nibble bits of food throughout the day.

  • Never feed your puppy from the table. It only encourages begging. Everyone in the family must follow this rule.

What are the Health Tests that a Bullmastiff Should Take?

Bullmastiffs can be affected by several genetic health problems. Not all of these conditions are detectable in a growing puppy. It can be hard to predict whether an animal will be free of these diseases, which is why you must find a reputable breeder who is committed to breeding the healthiest animals possible.

The American Bullmastiff Association, which is the American Kennel Club parent organization for the breed in the United States, participates in the Canine Health Information Center (CHIC) Program. Breeders must agree to have all test results, positive or negative, published in the CHIC database. You can check CHIC’s website to see if a breeder’s dogs have these certifications.

Do not purchase a puppy from a breeder who cannot provide you with independent certification that the parents of the dog (and grandparents, etc.) have been screened for genetic defects and deemed healthy for breeding. Having the dog’s vet checked is not a substitute for genetic health testing.

For potential Bullmastiff puppy buyers, CHIC certification is a good indicator of whether the breeder responsibly factors good health into their selection criteria. The breed-specific list below represents the basic health screening recommendations. It is not all-encompassing. There may be other health screening tests appropriate for this breed. And, there may be other health concerns for which there is no commonly accepted screening protocol available.

The AKC recommends the following health screens

  • Elbow Dysplasia and shoulders OFA X-rays

  • Hip Dysplasia OFA X-rays or Penn HIP

  • Cardiac Evaluation (registered with OFA)

  • Thyroid (Autoimmune Thyroiditis, registered with OFA)

  • Eye Certification (CAER, registered with OFA)

Additional General Health Check, including Heart, Vaccines, Musculoskeletal, Dental, Fleas, and Worms.

What are the common health problems of the Bullmastiff?

All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, just as all people have the potential to inherit a particular disease. The Bully has some health conditions that can be a concern. However, even healthy Bullmastiffs should have regular veterinarian checkups. Owners should ensure the following list of health conditions are monitored throughout the dog’s life.

  • Bloat: Also known as gastric dilatation and volvulus (GDV), bloat is a significant concern in larger breeds with deep chests. It occurs when a dog’s stomach fills with gas, food, or fluid. When the stomach becomes distended, it puts pressure on the organs and decreases blood flow. The stomach twists and obstructs blood supply to major organs in numerous instances. This can happen quickly and be life-threatening and requires surgery.

  • Orthopedic Issues: The size of the Bullmastiff can put a strain on bones, joints and ligaments, resulting in dysplasia in the hips, elbows, and shoulders. Dysplasia occurs when the joint isn’t formed correctly and can be painful. This can be reduced by limiting steps, jumping, and strenuous exercise until your puppy is 18 months old. Joint dysplasia can be treated with medication and sometimes surgery.

  • Obesity: It’s essential to maintain a healthy weight for all dogs, but with the already massive size of the Bullmastiff, carrying extra weight will put added strain on the joints, leading to joint pain and mobility issues as they age. Daily exercise and a proper diet that includes joint supplements and doesn’t overdo the calories are crucial.

  • Entropion: This is a condition in which the eyelid rolls inward, causing the eyelashes and surrounding hair to rub against the dog’s sensitive cornea. The upper and lower lids can be affected in one or both eyes. Entropion results in eye irritation, and if not remedied quickly, can lead to corneal ulceration.

  • Cancer: Lymphoma and mast cell tumors are the most common cancers affecting Bullmastiffs. Lymphoma is a cancer of white blood cells that mostly affects the immune system and can be treated with chemotherapy. Mast cell tumors (MCTs) are a type of skin cancer that often looks like more benign lumps. If you notice any new lumps, contact your vet to get them checked out. MCTs are highly treatable, especially with radiation.

  • Hypothyroidism: This condition involves an underactive thyroid condition. It is a relatively common endocrine disorder in dogs. It is less common in other species. Hypothyroidism causes bodily functions to slow down. Clinical signs of the disorder include lethargy, weight gain, and coat and skin changes.

You can minimize the chances of serious health concerns in a Bullmastiff by purchasing a Bullmastiff from a reputable breeder who engages in responsible breeding practices and screening for common diseases and conditions.

What is the Exercise Need of a Bullmastiff?

The energy levels of Bullmastiffs are moderate, so they don’t need hours of daily exercise. A sufficient amount of exercise is only about 30 minutes per day. And if you’re dreaming of a high-energy running buddy, you may want to consider the Labrador Retriever. Bullmastiffs tend to be a bit lazy, and are just as happy to go on a walk as they are cozying up on the couch to watch TV. That said, a daily walk and playtime spent in a fenced-in yard are great ways to prevent obesity and boredom and strengthen your bond. Furthermore, these dogs are moderately sensitive to hot weather, so if it’s really hot outside, plan your outdoor activities around the cooler parts of the day.

What are the nutritional needs of Bullmastiff?

The nutritional needs of a Bullmastiff include high levels of specific nutrients. The essential nutrients for the Bullmastiff are listed below.

● Protein: This breed needs natural animal protein, valuable for the amino acids essential for Bullmastiff’s health. Equally important is the fact that protein builds lean muscles and provides energy.

● Fat: Animal protein provides adequate fat, an additional energy source that boosts the Bullmastiff’s metabolism. However, there is a fine line between enough and too much. Excessive fat levels in the dog’s daily diet could result in weight gain and, ultimately, obesity. Most importantly, adults and senior Bullmastiffs need lower fat levels than puppies.

● Carbohydrates: Although carbs are not essential nutrients, they are crucial energy sources. Giving the Bullmastiff sufficient carbs will provide energy, encouraging the body’s protein absorption to build lean muscle. Beware, though, that too many carbs can lead to obesity.

● DHA: DHA is one of the components of omega-3 fatty acids. It promotes proper eye and brain development in Bullmastiff puppies, and DHA develops cognitive development in puppies and slows cognitive decline in older dogs. Furthermore, omega fatty acids benefit aging Bullmastiffs by treating chronic kidney disease and canine arthritis. Omega-3 oils improve the coat health of the Bully.

● Micronutrient: Taurine is one micronutrient that aids heart health, and other valuable micronutrients for promoting strong joints in Bullmastiff are chondroitin and glucosamine.

● Minerals: Beneficial minerals for a Bullmastiff’s growth include a healthy balance of phosphorus and calcium. Pre- and probiotics and chelated minerals provide additional health to the diets of Bullmastiffs.

What is the Shedding Level of the Bullmastiff?

With the stiff, short coat of the Bully, shedding isn’t generally a problem. However, your K9 companion will need brushing once or twice a week, to keep loose hair and dander under control. During the spring and fall, you’ll want to keep a brush and a vacuum handy for seasonal shedding.

What is the Coat Grooming Frequency of the Bullmastiff?

Grooming Bullmastiff must not be neglected because he is not a heavy shedder. Take time to bond during a weekly grooming session that should include a thorough brushing, Checking and cleaning its ears if necessary, brushing its teeth, and cleaning the skin folds to remove dirt build-up and bacteria, which are notorious for mold growth and infections. Take care to properly dry in between those folds after cleaning them.

As with many large dogs, drooling can be an issue, so keep a towel close to mop up messes. Check with your vet if you find any irregularities during your grooming routine. You’ll also need to regularly brush a Bullmastiff’s mouth if you don’t want their drool and breath to stink.

Grooming is essential for various reasons, as listed below.

  • Grooming gives your dog a healthy look and promotes hygiene. 

  • Proper grooming lowers the risks of skin infections.

  • Frequent grooming of your Bullmastiff can prevent stinky smells. 

  • Grooming promotes the growth and development of a lustrous and shiny coat.

  • Grooming allows you to check for fleas and take early preventive and treatment measures.

  • Proper grooming lowers the risks of ear infections since you can check the ears and wipe them dry after grooming regularly.

  • While grooming, you can check the skin folds for any skin problems and alert the vet before they worsen.

  • Grooming boosts the bond between you and your Bullmastiff.

You’ll want to introduce your Bullmastiff puppy to bathing and brushing early on, and tooth brushing and nail trimming. Getting the Bullmastiff puppy used to the routine can eliminate the struggle of grooming an unwilling 130-pound canine.

What is the Drooling Level of Bullmastiffs?

As a Bullmastiff owner, you should expect to find trails of drool almost anywhere your canine companion goes. All dogs drool to some extent; however, some breeds drool more than others, based partly on jaw and lip structure and partly on outside factors that influence saliva production. Since Bullmastiffs have compressed jaws, large and loose lips, and are prone to overheating, they tend to drool more than some other breeds.

Typical Causes for Excessive Drooling

Although drooling is a natural process, if your canine companion drools more than usual, it might indicate a health problem to report to your vet. The primary triggers of drooling are listed below:

  • The thought of delicious meals like a favorite treat or meat—even seeing you handle the kibble container can trigger drooling.

  • Excitement – some dogs will drool more heavily when they become excited. This is why guests are frequently slathered in slobber when greeting your dog.

  • Sexual excitement, like when a male Bullmastiff spots a female Bullmastiff in heat, causes drooling. Likewise, a female in her heat cycle might drool if she picks up the scent of a male.

  • Dental issues – an abscessed tooth or accumulation of plaque and tartar

  • Ingesting poison – extreme amounts of foamy, frothy drool are often the first indication that a dog has ingested a poisonous substance. Seek emergency help immediately.

  • A foreign object – small pieces of bone, wood splinters, shards of a destroyed plastic toy, etc. can become lodged between a dog’s teeth or throat.

  • Anxiety – any situation, like heading to the vet for shots, that causes a dog to become nervous

  • Overheating – heavy panting is a dog’s natural way of cooling off, but an increased amount of drool accompanies it.

  • Growths – Both harmless lumps and more serious, cancerous growths in a dog’s oral cavity

  • Internal Conditions or infections – kidney or liver issues, transmittable diseases like rabies, upper respiratory infections, seizures, strokes, and other internal conditions

  • Nausea – change in diet, motion sickness, overeating, etc.

You know your dog better than anyone else does. Any drastic or sudden change in your dog’s drooling habits may warrant a trip to the veterinarian, as a deviance from the norm may indicate an underlying issue.

How Do Bullmastiffs Interact with Strangers?

The Bullmastiff tends to be suspicious of strangers. They will show their suspicion by barking whenever they see an unfamiliar person they perceive as threatening their families or properties. Their strong bond with family makes them aloof towards strangers, but you can reduce this through training on proper socialization behavior. Taking your Bullmastiff puppy with you whenever you visit other people’s houses also helps in lowering their aggression towards strangers. Your Bullmastiff will learn to interact with new people and become less suspicious of strangers, without becoming less protective. 

Is the Bullmastiff Playful?

The Bullmastiff breed also loves his family and can be a truly affectionate and playful dog with those he is close with. While the Bullmastiff often displays an air of calm capability, they need to move about and can be very playful.

Bullmastiffs are very playful with older children, adults, and even senior citizens and make excellent family dogs. However, he is not an active dog, and might need some encouragement. For the large Bullmastiffs, the size of very young children may seem like playthings instead of tiny humans, and Bullmastiff loves to play with toys. Therefore, homes with young children and Bullmastiff should have separate areas to keep them isolated from each other until the children are older, and even then, they should not interact without supervision. Not because the dog will nip or bite, but because they are rather clumsy and could unintentionally injure the child.

Are Bullmastiffs Protective?

There is no breed quite as loyal as the Bullmastiff. They are loving and protective canines, and they become entirely devoted to their families and have strong protective instincts. It means that they will always be wary of strangers and may not be over the moon when meeting strange dogs.

The Bullmastiff is known to have a strong history as a protector. He was widely used as a guard dog who would constantly patrol properties and estates in the past. The Bullmastiff’s intimidating image can easily scare away anyone who would think about trespassing on the territory.

What is the Adaptability Level of the Bullmastiff?

Bullmastiffs are docile and reasonably adaptable. They will happily move from one place to the next, even if relocating from a farm or a ranch to an apartment in the city. It won’t take long for them to adapt, but only if they are not separated from their human families. They would even live happily in an apartment; however, it would have to be spacious enough for such a massive canine companion. Furthermore, although Bullies don’t need a lot of exercise, your Bullmastiff needs at least outdoor walks and family playtime each day.

Can a Bullmastiff be Dangerous?

Most Bullmastiffs have an assertive and confident personality. When confronted with a threat, a proper Bullmastiff will be somewhat more ready to fight than to flee. Thus, he may respond aggressively in situations where many other breeds back down. Bullmastiffs tend to act aggressively to repel intruders on their territory (your home) and to counteract assaults upon their pack mates (you and your family). 

Do Bullmastiff Ever Attack?

Without training and leadership from you to guide him, the Bullmastiff cannot judge correctly whom to repel and whom to tolerate. Without training and leadership, he may attack and injure an innocent person who will successfully sue you for more than you own. With good training and leadership from you, your canine companion can be profoundly valuable as a defender of your home and family 

Can Bullmastiff Kill Humans?

Bullmastiffs have been involved in several high-profile attacks—some leading to deaths due to the breed’s size and strength. The incidence of Bullmastiff bites seems to be on the increase.

Improve your odds of having a friendly Bullmastiff by getting him used to having many visitors from a young age. Visit numerous places with him, and help him consider strangers to be friends. Good socialization and training are vital.

Can I leave my Bullmastiff at home?

Bullmastiffs tend to be big babies who do not tolerate being left alone well. They prefer to be at home with one of their human companions present. Many Bullmastiffs tend to favor one family member, and when that person has to run an errand, the Bullmastiffs will be okay if another family member stays behind with it. However, that doesn’t mean your Bullmastiff’s face won’t be even more somber than usual upon your return, and he will make sure you notice it.

Leaving them alone for eight or more hours at a time could cause separation anxiety in younger Bullies. As they grow older, they learn to understand that you will be back.

How to Train a Bullmastiff?

The most important thing to note about this pup’s formative years is the training. Socializing and training your dog is essential as early as possible. Bringing them around different people, pets, sights, sounds, and more is necessary for having a well-rounded dog.

Young Bullmastiff puppies are relatively easy to train: they are eager to please, intelligent and calm-natured, with a pretty good attention span. Once a Bullmastiff has learned something, he retains it well. Your cute, precious little Bullmastiff puppy will grow into a large, powerful dog with a highly self-assertive personality and the determination to finish whatever he starts.

If your Bullmastiff has grown up respecting you and your rules, all his physical and mental strength will work for you. But if he has grown up without rules and guidance from you, surely he will make his own rules, and his physical and mental powers will often act in opposition to your needs and desires.

Why is Training Important

For example, he may tow you down the street as if competing in a weight pull trial, grab food off the table; he may forbid your guests entry to his home. This training cannot be delegated to someone else, e.g., by sending the dog away to “boarding school,” because respect and obedience are personal between the dog and the individual who does the training. 

This is true of all dogs to a greater or lesser degree, but definitely to a very great degree in the Bullmastiff. While you may want the help of an experienced trainer to teach you how to train your dog, you yourself must actually train your Bullmastiff. As each lesson is well learned, then the rest of the household (except young children) must also work with the dog, insisting he obeys them.

How Frequently does a Bullmastiff Bark?

Bullmastiff dogs are calm, naturally protective, intelligent, and loving. And although a Bullmastiff isn’t known to bark incessantly, they can get quite loud and aggressive if they detect impending danger. 

However, Bullmastiffs often wait to see whether their strong stance and show of teeth convince potential intruders to back off. Your Canine protector will bark to alert you about imminent danger if they don’t retreat. One thing is sure, Bullmastiffs do not bark without good reason. They are famous for vocalizing and uttering different-sounding barks for different purposes. After all, that is the only way canines can have their say.

What is the need for Mental Stimulation of a Bullmastiff?

The need for mental stimulation of a Bullmastiff is essential, as it lowers the risks of destructive behaviors resulting from boredom. Bullmastiffs are reasonably intelligent, learn fast, and need regular mental stimulation. The playful and intelligent nature of Bullmastiffs further calls for frequent mental activity. There are different ways of mentally stimulating your Bullmastiff, and some of them are listed below.

  • Playing with interactive games or toys, including dog puzzles and canine board games.

  • Encourage sniffing during regular evening walks.

  • Provide healthy chews like dehydrated sweet potato strips. Chewing for more extended periods calms the brain, thus lowering stress levels.

  • Hide and seek games

  • Drop and fetch games

  • Regular walks

These mental stimulation techniques should start at an early stage. Bullmastiffs who are six years and older tend to have problems with their thinking ability. The primary signs of mental disorientation are listed below.

  • Excessive anxiety.

  • Frequent accidents.

  • Failure to recall previously learned commands.

  • Changes in sleep and wake patterns.

  • Low interest in physical activities.

  • Poor social skills.

Where to Buy or Adopt a Bullmastiff?

You can expect to pay between $1000 and $2000 for a purebred Bullmastiff puppy from a reputable breeder. The most significant factor that will influence the price of your puppy is its genetics, and dogs from champion bloodlines can cost significantly more than this. Bullmastiffs, with award-winning genetics, have been known to fetch as much as $3,500 to $4,000.

If you want to bring a Bullmastiff home, you should not rush. The only “purebreds” immediately available upon request are not the real thing and are likely bred on puppy farms. The more realistic way is to find a reputable breeder and put your name on a waiting list. While you’re waiting, learn as much as you can about this cutest little puppy, the challenges you’ll face, and the joys you and your family will experience as it grows into a gentle giant weighing 130 pounds or more.

Finding Reputable Breeders

Finding a reputable breeder or rescue facility is crucial. A good breeder will match you with the right puppy and will, unquestionably, have done all the health certifications necessary to screen out health problems as much as possible. They are more interested in placing pups in suitable homes than making big bucks. 

Be wary of breeders who only tell you the good things about the breed or make irrational promises to promote the dogs. Be especially suspicious when you are offered a two-for-the-price-of-one deal. Moreover, be wary of a breeder specializing in only one coat color or selling non-standard colors for ridiculous prices. If money is the priority for supplying the demand, then health, temperament, and quality are forgotten.

Bullmastiff puppies are adorable, and it’s one of the reasons they are so popular. Cute puppies sell, and as long as money is made, puppy mills and irresponsible, greedy breeders will breed them. Do your homework before buying one of these little dogs, and you’ll be well rewarded with a beautiful, healthy companion dog.

Reach Out To Kennel Clubs

The best way to ensure you get a healthy Bullmastiff puppy from a breeder or a rescue organization is to reach out to the registered organizations for the specific breed. The Bullmastiff is recognized by the AKC, UKC and FIC, listed below, along with other registered kennel clubs that might put potential Bullmastiff owners in touch with reputable breeders. The American Bullmastiff Association is the official American Kennel Club (AKC) Parent Breed Club for the Bullmastiff in the United States of America. 

  • Fédération Cynologique Internationale (International)

  • Welsh & West of England Bullmastiff Society

  • Australian National Kennel Council

  • The Bullmastiff Club of Great Britain

  • American Kennel Club Market Place

  • Canadian Mastiff Club

  • Canadian Kennel Club

  • Continental Kennel Club

  • Bullmastiff Club Of South Australia

  • Jenkins Family Bullmastiffs Kyle, Texas

  • Bullmastiff-Fort Fort Smith, Arkansas

  • Stephens Bullmastiffs, Daytona Beach, Florida

  • Bo Beck Bullmastiffs Leavittsburg, Ohio

  • Heavensent Bullmastiffs Union, New Hampshire

If you track down Bullmastiff breeders, make sure you go to the facility and insist on meeting both the puppies’ parents, so you can get a feel for their temperament. Bullmastiff puppies are often peppy and playful—all should have cheery expressions and kind eyes. 

Finding a legitimate breeder might take some time, and travel may very well be in the cards. Steer clear of backyard breeding by avoiding sales sites and ad pages. When selecting a breeder, ensure they have proof of successful, healthy litters with any necessary documentation.

Buying a Puppy or Rescue Dog Abroad

You might find a Bullmastiff puppy or a rescued adult to adopt or buy from abroad, but not all countries allow importing adopted dogs. Those whose countries will enable the importation of Bullmastiff may find the logistics challenging. 

Procedures include obtaining certification from a vet to prove the Bully’s vaccination status and providing all the additional required veterinary documents before the travel. Furthermore, your country must approve the veterinarian to authorize the importation, and it will be your responsibility to ensure you use the services of a certified vet.

What are the Rescue Clubs for Bullmastiffs?

There are millions of homeless dogs worldwide; many are purebreds needing homes. Adopting a Bullmastiff can be life-changing, not only for the dog, but also for the adopter. If you prefer adoption to purchasing a pup from a breeder, then your first stop should be the website of Bullmastiff Rescue, Inc. The National Bullmastiff Rescue in the United States. Reaching out to the Bullmastiff rescue group is an excellent idea if you want to adopt an older dog or even a Bullmastiff mix.

The adoption fee for a Bullmastiff from a rescue group or animal shelter will probably be between $150 and $200. Most dogs from rescue groups and shelters will be vaccinated, microchipped, spayed/neutered and vetted before adoption

You can also reach out to your local rescue organization or animal shelter and ask if they have any Bullmastiff or related mixes available for adoption. If not, you can always put your name on a list so that you’re the first one they call when one comes in.

Below is a list of registered rescue centers and kennel clubs to reach out to for guidance.

  • Canada Guide To Dogs (National Bullmastiff Rescue, Inc.)

  • Bullmastiff Rescue of Canada

  • Pacific Northwest Bullmastiff Fanciers

  • American Bullmastiff Association Rescue, OH

  • American Bullmastiff Rescue in Covina, CA,

  • Texas Bullmastiff Rescue

Facebook is another resource for pet adoption. You can search for Bullmastiff rescue groups in your region.

You can also search for adoptable Bullmastiff online through reliable websites such as

  • Petfinder.com

  • Adoptapet.com

  • Getyourpet.com

  • AnimalShelter.com 

Learn about Puppy Lemon Laws

Wherever you acquire your Bullmastiff, make sure you have a good contract with the seller, shelter, or rescue group that spells out responsibilities on both sides. Petfinder offers an Adopters Bill of Rights that helps you understand what you can consider normal and appropriate when you get a dog from a shelter. In states with “puppy lemon laws,” be certain you and the person you get the dog from both understand your rights and recourses.

Puppy or adult, take your Bullmastiff to your veterinarian soon after adoption. Your vet will be able to spot problems and will work with you to set up a preventive regimen that will help you avoid many health issues.

Bullmastiff mixes may be available for adoption in shelters and rescues. To adopt a mixed Bullmastiff breed, the best first step is to contact shelters and breed-specific rescues to let them know of your interest.

Below is a list of several Bullmastiff mixes.

  • Bullmastiff-Pit mix (Pitbull Mastiff)

  • Bullmastiff-Great Dane mix (Bull Daniff)

  • Bullmastiff-Boxer mix (Boxmas)

  • Bullmastiff-German Shepherd mix (German Shedders)

  • Bullmastiff-Rottweiler mix (Bull Mastweiler)

Bullmastiff mixes adopted from a shelter may share physical characteristics of the breed, but their temperament may not match the breed standard. Shelters and rescues attempt to determine each dog’s personality through a series of evaluations; even if the dog’s temperament does not follow the breed standard, you can get the dog that suits your home. Something else to note is that a mixed breed will risk the typical health issues of both breeds.

What is the History of the Bullmastiff?

The Bullmastiff is a Molosser-type breed that originated in England, having descended from Roman war dogs. The Old English Mastiff, as well as the English Bulldog, are the breeds that contributed genes to the Bullmastiff. Breeders in England first bred Bullmastiffs in the 1860s. Gamekeepers in England wanted a large, brave, robust dog that could help with keeping poachers away from their large estates which kept game.

Their jobs as the gamekeeper’s night dog became obsolete as these large estates dwindled. The time came when they no longer needed the services of the Bullmastiffs, and later they simply bred the Bullmastiffs to be family companions. 

The English Kennel Club recognized the breed officially in 1924, and the American Kennel Club in 1933.

What is the Average Maintenance Cost for a Bullmastiff?

The prices of Bullmastiff range between $1.000 and $4,000. The cost of a puppy from a registered breeder could vary, depending on the breeder you select, the location, the sex of the puppy, and, of course, the demand for the breed at the time. 

The bloodline of the puppy and its parents could also affect the price, and offspring of prized dogs, bred by top breeders, can cost several thousands of dollars more. You may not easily find this breed in a shelter, but if you do the price could be $300 to $500, to cover the cost of care for the Bully, and extras like vaccinations and sterilizations. 

It is always best to consider annual expenses related to maintaining your Bullmastiff and its wellbeing before making the purchase. The first year will be the most expensive, as puppies require extra vet care and more one-time purchases like microchips, sterilization, licensing, etc. You can expect to spend about $6,900 for your dog’s first year. Subsequently, the price will go down to about $2,100 a year. 

Ongoing Costs of Caring For a Dog

Food and medical only, excluding toys, food and water bowls, cages, doggy blankets, beds, etc., could cost an average of $850 per month. Below is a list of the most regular annual expenses for dogs similar to the Bullmastiff.

  • Food items

  • Veterinary care

  • Vaccinations

  • Preventive medicine

  • Toys

  • Pet insurance

  • Pet Supplies

Other potential expenses include training, socializing, doggy daycare, dog sitters, dog walkers, etc. Grooming would likely not affect the maintenance costs of Bullmastiffs because they don’t need professional grooming to trim and bathe the Bullmastiff.

How to Name a Bullmastiff?

Choosing a name for your Bullmastiff involves essential building blocks, including the significance of the sound. The Bullmastiff’s name will mean something to the humans in the dog’s life, but for your canine companion, only the sound matters. Bullmastiffs respond best to two-syllable names not short enough to cause confusion with single-syllable command words like “sit,” stay,” “come,” and “down.” However, the names should not be long and puzzling.

It is always a good idea not to rush into choosing a name. Spend a week or so with your new Bullmastiff pup, and its character traits might be all the inspiration you need. Call out any name ideas, using different tones and sounds for the two syllables, and watch your puppy’s reaction to the sound. Remember, you must compose a sound that your Bullmastiff will recognize from a distance, among many other sounds. 

Choose a name that could sound different in regular interaction and yelling or calling your Bullmastiff. Below is a list of suggestions of names for your Bullmastiff puppy.

Bullmastiff Boy Names

  • Butkus—famous Bullmastiff in the Rocky Film franchise

  • Sylvester—Doggy daddy of Butkus (Stallone)

  • Baron—A member of the British nobility

  • Duke—An English name that means both “leader” and “ruler”

  • Hero—Someone known as courageous

Bullmastiff Girl Names

  • Blaze—A bright flame or fire; good for red-coated Bullmastiffs

  • Victoria—The Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death

  • Arya—A prominent character in the TV Series “Game of Thrones”; the boldest of the Stark siblings

  • Ruby—A precious stone that is color red; fitting for sable, brindle or red coat

  • Storm—A disturbance in the atmosphere, usually accompanied by strong rain and wind

Breeds of the Same Group as Bullmastiffs

Mastiffs form part of the group of Molosser breeds known for their broad chests, large stature, and muscled legs. Bullmastiffs are just one of the 20 Molosser breeds the AKC recognizes.

Below is a list of some of those breeds.

  • Interestingly, Boxers, Bulldogs, and Tibetan Mastiffs are three dog breeds that share some common characteristics with Bullmastiffs.
    Boxer: Boxers and Bullmastiffs are born working dogs. Both are moderate shedders who are relatively easy to groom. Boxers are significantly smaller than Bullmastiffs, weighing an average of 65 pounds, compared to the 110-pound average weight of Bullmastiffs. are larger than Boxers, however. The average weight of a male
    Bulldog: Bulldogs are one of the two breeds that created the Bullmastiff. Like the Bullmastiff, they have a very short muzzle. Both dogs can be affectionate and may develop separation anxiety if left alone for too long. Bullmastiffs are significantly larger than Bulldogs. The average weight of a male Bullmastiff is 110 pounds, while an average Bulldog weighs just 54 pounds.
    Tibetan Mastiff: Tibetan Mastiffs are even larger than Bullmastiffs. Their average weight is 155 pounds, while a male Bullmastiff can weigh 130 pounds. Tibetan Mastiffs are also more likely to bark than Bullmastiffs are. Both dogs can be very territorial and make a great family dog. Bullmastiff may not be too difficult to find, but purebreds are expensive and involve long waiting lists. Finding a Bullmastiff at a rescue center might be equally challenging. However, As wonderful of a dog as the Bullmastiff may be, they aren’t for everyone.

Similar Breeds To Consider For Your Family

  • Neapolitan Mastiff: Neapolitan Mastiffs and Bullmastiffs were bred as working dogs. Both breeds are huge, but the Neapolitan Mastiff is even larger than the Bullmastiff. Their average male weight is 140 pounds, compared to the 120-pound average of a Bullmastiff. Both breeds make an excellent watchdog.

  • Rottweiler: Rottweilers are also working dogs, bred in Germany. Rottweilers and Bullmastiffs are around the same size.  Their average male weight is 112 and 104 pounds, respectively. Males in both breeds are around the same height, at 24 to 27 inches tall. The American Kennel Club first recognized the Rottweiler in 1931 and the Bullmastiff in 1933. 

If you have fallen in love with a Bullmastiff but feel it might be too large for your family, why not look at the Boxer, with similar characteristics but considerably smaller than the Bullmastiff. 

Boxer Breed Caring and Family, Social Life, Physical Traits, Diet Info

The Boxer is one of the most popular dog breeds in America. And that’s no surprise since this is a joyful, loyal companion who truly bonds with his human family. A well-bred, well-socialized Boxer is friendly with children and people he knows, suspicious and alert but not aggressive with strangers, and always ready for a walk, a game, or just some quality time on the sofa with you.

Mari Serfontein