Boston Terrier Breed Caring and Family, Social Life, Physical Traits, Diet Info

Boston Terrier Breed Caring and Family, Social Life, Physical Traits, Diet Info

The Boston Terrier wears his coat like a tuxedo and sports the attitude of a sophisticated American Gentleman, which is the nickname of this breed for apparent reasons. The Boston Terrier is a lover, not a fighter, despite his ferocious appearance. As one of the few dog breeds to originate in the United States, the Boston was first bred in Boston, Massachusetts to be a best friend, happy to do just about anything as long as he’s with his human family. 

The Boston can be happy as a couch potato or a canine athlete — whatever you want to do, he’ll be right there beside you. He’s also agile and intelligent enough to do it all, from learning tricks to competing in agility, obedience, or other sports. A well-bred, well-socialized Boston gets along well with children, strangers, and other pets. The Boston Bull, as some called this all-American canine companion, is not a nuisance barker and is easy to train.

The Boston Terrier breed dogs need minimal grooming because they are not heavy shedders. They bark only when necessary, making them the ideal canine companions for apartment dwellers. Boston Terriers weigh between 12 and 25 pounds, and they stand only about 15 to 17 inches high, which is still small enough to be lap dogs or couch cuddlers. Their expected lifespan is 11 to 13 years, and they have between one and six puppies per litter.

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What are the Breed Traits and Characteristics of Boston Terriers?

The ideal Boston expression is one of the most essential characteristics of the breed; it is alert and kind, indicating a high degree of intelligence. The Boston is a friendly and lively dog that conveys an impression of determination, strength, and activity with a high-order style. Carriage is easy and graceful. The breed has an excellent disposition and high intelligence, making the Boston Terrier an incomparable companion. An interesting trait is the ears of the newborn Bostons’ ears flopping down, but by the time they are four months old, their ears are naturally erect, with few exceptions.

However, Boston Terriers are brachycephalic, which causes traits like snoring and farting.

Boston Terriers are known for their loud snoring. The reason they snore so audibly is because of their shorter face. Their abridged muzzle can interrupt breathing, leading to snoring, grunting, wheezing, and other noises. While snoring is often not a health issue, it can sometimes be. It’s always good to see a vet if your Boston Terrier is snoring very loudly.

Boston Terriers fart a lot more than other dogs. Brachycephalic dogs are characterized by their shorter, broader skull. This affects the way they digest food, causing excess flatulence. The formation of gases in the digestive tract results from bacterial fermentation, which usually has a dietary cause. Their shorter nose causes them to swallow more air when they eat. More air in, unfortunately, equals more air out. Excessive farts do not mean that your Boston Terrier is sick. Because they are predestined to fart so much, even healthy Boston Terriers are prone to farting.

More of the Boston Terrier breed’s traits and characteristics are listed in the table below.

Boston Breed Traits

Boston Information


Males 15 to 17 inches

Females 15 to 17 inches


Males 12 to 25 pounds

Females 12 to 25 pounds

Relation with family

Loyal, Friendly, Devoted

Relation with children

Playful and lovable

Relation with other dogs


Shedding level


Drooling level


Coat type 

Single tight-fitting coat

Coat length

Short and smooth

Coat grooming frequency

Weekly Brushing

Openness/Reaction to strangers

Friendly but wary

Playfulness level


Adaptability level


Trainability level


Energy level


Barking level


Mental stimulation needs level



11 -13 years 

How Does the Boston Terrier Interact with Family?

Boston Terriers are best for families or first-time pet parents, and they thrive when someone’s with them most of the time. The Boston Terrier breed is a good match for those who like to be active (but not overly so), and they do well at dog sports like obedience and agility work. But make sure you include chill time, too; they are happy to hang out with you at the end of the day.

The Boston is the perfect breed for anyone looking for a family dog. He has a most gentle and loving nature. However, this American Gentleman does not like being on his own. He loves and enjoys the attention that he gets and might form a closer bond with you than with other family members. However, this will not be an exclusive bond because if you are too busy for snuggles, he won’t hesitate to seek the attention of another family member. The American Gentleman thinks of himself as being another member of the family.

How Does the Boston Terrier Interact with Other Dogs?

Boston Terriers will often not only get along well with other dogs but cats as well. It helps if you raise the terrier with the other pet when they’re both young. Do know that in some instances, the Boston Terrier will bark at other dogs, but it’s mostly out of friendliness.

How are Boston Terriers with Older People?

The Boston Terrier was bred to be the perfect companion, and he does just that, especially for older people. Although he does require exercise, training, and socialization, the time spent adapting your dog to your life will be a life spent with an entertaining, goofy best friend. 

Bostons do not need much more than food and affection, with unlimited amounts of cuddles. Their low-maintenance coats and compact bodies make them great apartment dogs, as long as they can go on short walks. Their social nature makes them great family dogs, and they are indeed the life of the party wherever they go and not too demanding for older people. 

How are Boston Terriers with Children?

Bostons are affectionate and loving with family members of all ages. They are good with children old enough to understand how to treat dogs. However, with adult supervision, children of all ages should be safe to enjoy the family Boston Terrier.

Parents should always supervise dogs when they’re around young kids. That way, the dog can get to know your kids and learn that they’re okay. It also helps to bring your young Boston Terrier home if you have kids so that the dog can grow up around kids. 

The earlier you socialize your Boston with kids, the better they will be around kids later. If you get a Boston before you have kids, make sure you train it to behave around smaller kids and babies so they will be prepared when you start a family. Likewise, parents should teach children how to respectfully interact with dogs from an early age.

How are Boston Terriers with Neighbors or Guests?

One of the best traits of the Boston Terrier is that it’s not an aggressive dog. However, you must take your dog out and have them spend time around other people, even strangers, and it shows the Terrier that strangers are not necessarily threats.

If you don’t do this, the Terrier can get territorial and very possessive over its family. Should someone outside of the family come to visit, your dog might display some aggression. You shouldn’t expect aggression from your Boston Terrier if appropriately raised.

What are the Physical Traits of the Boston Terrier?

Boston Terriers are known for their big, bright eyes, goofy grins, and short snouts. They are short and compactly built with a slightly arched neck and have floppy ears as puppies. By the time they are around four months old, their ears usually stand up on their own; however, some may flop over at the tip, and some always stay floppy. Boston Terriers come in three colors: brindle, seal, or black with white markings that make it look like the dog is wearing a tuxedo, hence the nickname “American Gentleman”

The Boston Terrier’s physical traits are summarized in the table below: 


Trait information




Males 12 to 25 pounds

Females 12 to 25 pounds


Males 15 to 17 inches

Females 15 to 17 inches

Skull/ Head

It must always be in correct proportion to the body.


Their eyes are dark, large, and round and set wide apart


Boston Terrier’s ears are small and, in their natural state, can be alert, floppy, or alert with a flop at the tip.


The muzzle is short, wide and deep, and in proportion to the skull.


Black and round and have a well-defined line between their nostrils.


A full complement of strong, white, regular teeth meet in an even bite or one sufficiently undershot to square the muzzle.

Exercise Needs



11 to 13 years


Short and tight-fitting

Coat color

Brindle (reddish with black stripes), seal (black with a reddish tint that shows up in sunlight or bright light) or black, and all have white markings on their nose, between the eyes, and their chest.


Sitting low, the tail is short, straight, or skew


Medium in length and straight, showing good bone and muscle

How to Feed a Boston Terrier?

Your Boston Terrier’s adult size determines its dietary needs through all life stages. Thus, base your canine companion’s diet on a small breed’s unique nutritional and digestive needs throughout its different life stages. Most dog food companies have breed-specific formulas for small, medium, large, giant, and even toy breeds. 

It is always good to discuss your dog’s dietary needs with your vet to ensure you are prepared to deal with age-related issues as your Boston Terrier grows. A veterinarian can advise on diets, portion sizes, meal frequencies, and all nutrition matters to ensure your furry friend lives a long life with optimal health. Clean, fresh water should be available at all times, and some of the essential nutrients are listed below:

  • Protein
  • Fatty acids
  • Carbohydrates
  • Minerals
  • Vitamins

Avoid feeding your Boston Terrier from the table; all it does is add weight; instead, follow the advice below to ensure your furry friend’s optimal health.

Despite the Boston Terrier’s size, it is an agile, athletic breed that needs food containing animal proteins and carbohydrates for energy, vitamins and minerals for digestive and immune health, and omega fatty acids for coat and skin wellness. A dog of this size, activity level, and demeanor will thrive best on premium food that contains balanced portions of the above-listed ingredients.

However, your Boston’s daily food portion depends on life stage, health, metabolism, activity level, and of course, the brand and formula of food it eats. Feed your Boston Terrier food formulated for a small breed appropriate for its life stage by choosing a dog food recipe for a puppy, adult, or senior small breed dog. formulate their recipes for puppies, adults, and seniors, or look for a brand developed for all life stages.

The Boston’s daily cups of food should be spread over 2 to 3 meals per day. Feeding Boston Terriers several meals instead of one meal per day can prevent life-threatening bloat, a life-threatening condition to which Boston Terriers are predisposed. However, fresh drinking water must always be available for your furry friend. When in doubt, consult your veterinarian. 

An example of premium food specially formulated for Boston Terriers and its benefits are listed below:

The best dog food for your Adult Boston Terrier is Wellness CORE Natural Small Breed Dog Food.

This grain-free dry food for small breed dogs features turkey, chicken, salmon oil, fruits, and vegetables. It is crafted into a smaller kibble size for easy eating. This dry dog food is packed with protein and wholesome grains for optimal calorie content that promotes whole-body health. It does not contain any meat by-products or fillers, grain, corn, soy, wheat-gluten or artificial preservatives, colors, or flavors. 

Below is a list of the key benefits offered by Wellness CORE Natural Small Breed Dog Food

  • Crafted for whole-body health
  • For leaner body mass and muscle tone
  • Omega fatty acids for healthy skin and coat
  • Prebiotics and Probiotics for digestive health

Once your Boston pal turns 7 or 8, he’ll need specially formulated food for senior dogs because they are not as active as younger Bostons. They need fewer calories and senior dog foods usually contain lower levels of calories to promote a healthy weight. They may also contain ingredients like glucosamine or fatty acids which may promote joint health.

The best dog food for your Senior Boston Terrier is Royal Canin Small Adult 8+ Dry Dog Food.

This formula is tailored to support your small dog’s unique traits as he ages into mature adulthood. The mature dog food is formulated to help your small dog maintain a youthful vitality as he goes into his senior years. An exclusive blend of nutrients and antioxidants promotes healthy aging. L-carnitine helps metabolize fat to help maintain a healthy weight. Plus, the small kibble is highly palatable, satisfying even the fussiest eaters for a meal your dog will love. Add a variety in texture by mixing it with your dog’s favorite wet food.

Be warned: This breed can be gassy. Many brachycephalic breeds (those with smushed faces, like Pugs and Bulldogs) are gassier than others because they tend to eat with speed; this means they swallow more air when they eat. To resolve this issue, feed your Boston Terrier by using a puzzle toy or special bowl that slows them down and make sure to get one their muzzle fits in. 

How Much Should a Boston Terrier Puppy Eat? 

The Boston Terrier is a medium to small breed whose puppies need high-quality puppy food formulated for a small breed dog like the Boston. It is essential not to feed puppies all their food at once, and they should have it spread over the day. When Boston Terrier puppies become three months old, owners can provide them with three meals per day until they reach six months, reducing the food intake to 2 meals per day. Only high-quality and branded puppy food is acceptable. Guidance for feeding puppies is listed below.

  • Boston puppies need slow, sustained growth to help prevent orthopedic problems, such as hip dysplasia. Raise them on a diet designed for small-breed puppies. Whatever diet you choose shouldn’t overemphasize protein, fat, and calorie levels.
  • Boston Terriers should be fed according to a schedule, spreading meal times two or three times per day. Getting the puppy accustomed to meals at specific times is better than leaving food out to allow feeding throughout the day.
  • The exceptions are Bostons with medical conditions like hypoglycemia or low blood sugar because they need to nibble bits of food throughout the day.
  • Never feed your puppy from the table. It only encourages begging. Everyone in the family must follow this rule.

The best dry dog food for your Boston Terrier Puppy is Wellness Small Breed Complete Health Puppy Dry Dog Food.

Get your pup all set up for his life as the American Gentleman with Wellness Complete Health Turkey, Salmon & Oatmeal. This natural, dry food for small breed puppies is crafted with a smaller kibble size for easy eating and designed to promote whole-body nutrition. 

It is made using carefully chosen, all-natural ingredients that are expertly balanced to support healthy growth and development. This dry dog food features premium proteins and wholesome grains that are fortified with omega fatty acids, including DHA, antioxidants, essential vitamins, and probiotics. It does not contain any meat by-products, fillers, or artificial preservatives.

What are the Health Tests that a Boston Terrier Should Take?

The Boston Terrier is prone to several health problems, but Boston Terrier lovers are a dedicated bunch and are very aggressive in reducing and eliminating genetic diseases in their dogs. 

Protecting the Boston Terrier’s beautiful but prominent eyes is of particular importance. Owners should check their Boston Terriers’ eyes daily for redness or irritation, and some owners carry saline eye drops to flush out dust or debris. Responsible breeders screen their stock for eye problems such as cataracts, corneal ulcers, glaucoma, deafness, and patellar luxation (comparable to a “trick knee” in humans). Bostons can experience difficulty breathing when not given adequate shelter from excessive heat or humidity like all flat-faced breeds.

Not all of these conditions are detectable in a growing puppy. It is impossible to predict whether an animal will be free of these disorders, so you must find a reputable breeder committed to breeding the healthiest animals possible. They should be able to produce independent certification that the parents of the dog (and grandparents, etc.) have been screened for common defects and deemed healthy for breeding. That’s where health registries come in.

The Boston Terrier Club of America, Inc. recommends the tests listed below for dogs in active breeding programs and each dog must be identified with a microchip.

Annual Eye Examination by a boarded ACVO Ophthalmologist, the results of which are registered with OFA. The initial examination may occur at any time after 8 weeks of age. 

  • Patellar Luxation Examination by any licensed veterinarian, the results of which are registered with OFA. The examination is required once every two years. The initial exam may occur earlier but registration with OFA is open only to dogs 12 months or older. 
  • BAER Examination for Congenital Deafness performed by a veterinary neurologist, experienced veterinarian, neuroscience professional, or audiologist and registered with OFA. The examination is required only once in the dog’s lifetime and must be done after the age of 35 days although most breeders wait until Boston Terrier puppies are six to eight weeks old to perform the testing. 
  • Additional Test: DNA test for Early-onset Hereditary Juvenile Cataracts (HSF4 mutation) and results registered with OFA. The test is required only once in the dog’s lifetime and may be done at any age

Other optional tests and Xrays: Hip and Elbow Evaluation, General Health Check, including Heart, Vaccines, Fleas, and Worms.

What are the Common Health Problems of Boston Terriers?

All dogs have the potential to develop genetic or other health problems, just as all people have the potential to inherit a particular disease. The Boston has some health conditions that can be a concern. However, even healthy Boston Terriers should have regular veterinarian checkups. Boston Terriers have a life expectancy of 11 to 13 years, but owners should ensure the following list of health conditions are monitored throughout the dog’s life to keep them healthy for longer.

  • Cataracts: Boston Terriers can get cataracts as they age, or cataracts can show up as early as 8- to 12-weeks-old. Cataracts aren’t usually painful but can cause vision loss, causing affected Bostons to bump into things and get injured. An annual eye test is recommended to catch cataracts early. Depending on the severity of cataracts and the dog’s age, surgery may be performed to correct them
  • Corneal Ulcers: Corneal ulcers are one of the most common eye problems Boston Terriers can have. Because of their protruding eyes, Boston Terriers are more susceptible to scratching their cornea or getting a bacterial infection in their eyes. Corneal ulcers are excruciating for dogs, and depending on the severity, an antibiotic and/or ointment or surgery could resolve the condition
  • Cherry Eye: Cherry eye develops when the third eyelid gland gets inflamed and swollen. It’s usually red or pink and looks like a cherry. The third eyelid is essential for tear production, so your dog could develop dry eye and vision impairment if it’s out of place. Surgery is the only way to fix it.
  • Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca: Also known more commonly as ‘dry eye’, the condition is usually caused by an autoimmune reaction targeting the dog’s tear glands, resulting in a reduction in the generation of tears. Keep an eye out for sore or irritated eyes. Once diagnosed by your vet, this condition can be easily corrected.
  • Patellar Luxation: Patellar luxation is when a dog’s kneecap slips out of the joint. This condition is common in toy and small breeds and can cause arthritis or joint problems in the hips and other legs. Keeping your dog at a healthy weight and curtailing strenuous exercise can successfully manage the condition if it is not severe. However, your Boston Terrier might need surgery to resolve the problem if severe.
  • Allergies: Boston Terriers tend to be more likely to have food or environmental allergies. If your dog licks incessantly, is constantly rubbing its face, or gets ear infections, it could be allergies. The good news is that allergies are usually manageable. Your vet can help you discover what your pup is allergic to, and depending on the type and severity, your vet may recommend changing their food or medications.
  • Brachycephalic Airway Obstructive Syndrome: (flat-faced) problems – they can develop breathing problems without proper care. As with any brachycephalic dog, humid, hot days and frigid days can be dangerous, even fatal. It is important for them to stay in cool temperatures and not become over-exerted. As part of this condition, some dogs have elongated soft palate including breathing difficulties, snoring, stridor, snorting, gagging, etc. Depending on the severity, the dog may be unwilling to exercise and may even develop a complete collapse of the airway.
  • Hemivertebrae: Your Boston might look cute with a corkscrew tail but it is a severe health problem. It is associated with a condition known as hemivertebrae, a failure in the development of the bones of the spine. While some dogs may be asymptomatic, others may show signs in puppyhood, including nerve dysfunction such as incontinence, wobbliness in the hind end, impaired movement, and a lack of coordination in the hind legs. The puppy can end up paralyzed, and surgery is often the only treatment.
  • Epilepsy Seizures: A disorder that causes seizures in the dog. Epilepsy can be treated with medication, but it cannot be cured. A dog can live a full and healthy life properly managing this hereditary disorder.
  • Deafness: In dogs, it can either be a temporary, partial, or total loss of hearing, due to a wax build-up in the ear canals, or permanent hearing loss due to a host of causes such as severe, untreated ear infections, congenital defects, old age, and injuries.

You can minimize the chances of serious health concerns in your canine companion by purchasing a Boston Terrier from a reputable breeder who engages in responsible breeding practices and screening for common diseases and conditions.

What is the Exercise Need of a Boston Terrier?

Because they are big snugglers and love to be with their people, Boston Terriers can be happy in a house with a backyard or an apartment, as long as they get the right amount of exercise. They are not dogs you can send into the backyard to amuse themselves; they’ll turn right around and come back in the house looking for you to play with them. 

With their moderate energy level, Bostons need a good walk and daily play; up to an hour is great for their physical exercise needs, depending on your dog. If you’re looking for a fun way to bond with your Boston Terrier, they do well in obedience, agility, and flyball.

However, because Bostons are brachycephalic (the technical term for smooshy-faced), they can be prone to some respiratory issues and may need to take a breather while they’re playing fetch or out for a brisk walk. Once they’ve had a fair share of exercise and mental stimulation, the affectionate Boston may just sit still long enough for you to snuggle.

What are the Nutritional Needs of Boston Terriers?

The nutritional needs of a Boston include high levels of specific nutrients. The essential nutrients for the Boston Terrier are listed below.

  • Protein: Boston Terriers need natural animal protein, valuable for the amino acids essential for Boston Terrier’s health. Equally important is the fact that protein builds lean muscles and provides energy.
  • Fat: Animal protein provides adequate fat, an additional energy source that boosts the Boston Terrier’s metabolism. However, there is a fine line between enough and too much. Excessive fat levels in the dog’s daily diet could result in weight gain and, ultimately, obesity. Most importantly, adults and senior Bostons need lower fat levels than puppies.
  • Carbohydrates: Although carbs are not essential nutrients, they are crucial energy sources. Giving the Boston Terrier sufficient carbs will provide energy, encouraging the body’s protein absorption to build lean muscle. Beware, though, that too many carbohydrates can lead to obesity.
  • DHA: DHA is one of the components of omega-3 fatty acids. It promotes proper eye and brain development in Boston puppies, and DHA develops cognitive development in puppies and slows cognitive decline in older dogs. Furthermore, omega fatty acids benefit aging Boston Terriers by treating chronic kidney disease and canine arthritis. Omega-3 oils improve the coat health of the Boston.
  • Micronutrient: Taurine is one micronutrient that aids heart health, and other valuable micronutrients for promoting strong joints in Bostons are chondroitin and glucosamine.
  • Minerals: Beneficial minerals for a Boston’s growth include a healthy balance of phosphorus and calcium. Pre- and probiotics and chelated minerals provide additional health to the diets of Boston Terriers.

What is the Shedding Level of Boston Terriers?

Bostons have short bristly fur that goes through a shed once a year, usually in late spring or summer. The great thing about Boston Terriers is you’ll never have to worry about getting their hair trimmed or styled, but to keep the loose hair under control, daily, or at least weekly brushing is necessary.

What is the Coat Grooming Frequency of Boston Terriers?

The Boston Terrier is an easy-care dog. His short, smooth coat benefits from weekly brushing to keep it shiny and healthy and remove dead hairs that would otherwise find their way to your clothes and furniture.

Frequent baths are unnecessary unless he gets dirty, but with the gentle dog shampoos available now, you can bathe a Boston Terrier once or twice a month without harming his coat.

Clean the ears as needed with a solution recommended by your veterinarian. Don’t use cotton swabs inside the ear; they can push the gunk further down into it. Wipe out the ear with a cotton ball, never going deeper than the first knuckle of your finger.

Trim the nails every couple of weeks or as needed. Don’t let them get so long that you can hear them clicking on the floor.

Coat grooming is essential for various reasons, as listed below.

  • Grooming gives your dog a healthy look and promotes hygiene. 
  • Proper grooming lowers the risks of skin infections.
  • Grooming promotes the growth and development of a lustrous and shiny coat.
  • Grooming allows you to check for fleas and take early preventive and treatment measures.
  • Proper grooming lowers the risks of ear infections since you can check the ears and wipe them dry after grooming regularly.
  • While grooming, you can check the skin folds for any skin problems and alert the vet before they worsen.
  • Grooming boosts the bond between you and your Boston.

It is always better to get puppies used to the grooming process early to ensure your dog remains calm on grooming day. Short walks before the grooming session could calm your Boston Terrier enough to make the grooming process the ideal time for bonding with your furry friend. You can also give your Boston Terrier their favorite treat to munch on while you groom them. Grooming must be enjoyable and a stress-free process for your Boston. 

Other essential grooming your Boston needs include:

  • Trimming his nails every week or two.
  • Making them short enough that they don’t click on the floor.
  • Brushing his teeth frequently with a vet-approved pet toothpaste for good overall dental health and fresh breath.

What is the Drooling Level of Boston Terriers?

However, drooling is a natural process, and like your mouth waters by the thought or aroma of a favorite dish, your American Gentleman’s built-in drool producer will respond to specific triggers. Even low-drooling dogs will drool under certain circumstances. The primary triggers of drooling are listed below, some are natural, and some are red flags to indicate potential health concerns, in which cases you should reach out to your vet. 

  • The thought of delicious meals like a favorite treat or meat – even seeing you handle the kibble container can trigger drooling.
  • Excitement – some dogs will drool more heavily when they become excited. That is why guests are frequently slathered in slobber when greeting your dog.
  • Sexual excitement, when an American Gentleman dog spots a female Boston Terrier in heat, it will trigger drooling. Likewise, a female in her heat cycle might drool if she picks up the scent of a male.
  • Dental issues – an abscessed tooth or accumulation of plaque and tartar
  • Ingesting poison – extreme amounts of foamy, frothy drool are often the first indication that a dog has ingested a poisonous substance. Seek emergency help immediately.
  • A foreign object – small pieces of bone, wood splinters, shards of a destroyed plastic toy, etc. can become lodged between a dog’s teeth or throat.
  • Anxiety – any situation, like heading to the vet for shots, that causes a dog to become nervous
  • Overheating and heavy panting is a dog’s natural way of cooling off, but if an increased amount of drool accompanies it, there might be cause for concern.
  • Growths- both harmless lumps and more serious, cancerous growths in a dog’s oral cavity
  • Internal conditions or infections – kidney or liver issues, transmittable diseases like rabies, upper respiratory infections, seizures, strokes, and other internal conditions could all trigger excessive drooling.
  • Nausea – change in diet, motion sickness, overeating, etc

You know your Boston Terrier better than anyone else does. Any drastic or sudden change in your dog’s drooling habits may warrant a trip to the veterinarian as a deviance from the norm may indicate an underlying issue.

What is the Coat Type of the Boston Terrier?

The coat is shiny and smooth, lying tight to the body.

What is the Coat Length of the Boston Terrier

The Boston has a short tight-fitting coat.

What are the Social Traits of the Boston Terrier Breed?

The social traits of Boston Terriers are affection, playfulness, friendliness, and possessive nature. Boston Terriers are intelligent and learn fast, but they can be bored with long training sessions. They are fun-loving and have the charm to lighten you up when you are not in a happy mood. While they require a lot of care and attention, Boston Terrier traits, including loyalty, protectiveness, and goofiness, make it easy to understand why the Boston Terrier is one of the most popular breeds in the US. Boston Terriers are beautiful, friendly, and the most loyal companion any human could ask for. Other social traits of Bostons are listed below.

  • Elderly-friendly: Bostons love interactions with their family, from children to grandparents. However, they are energetic and need about 60 minutes of exercise each day. In a multi-generational home, the older family members can share the quiet times on the couch with the Boston Terriers, while the younger generation takes care of playtime and walking, jogging, and other exercises. 
  • Children-friendly: Boston Terriers are good with kids and babies. Their super friendly nature, high energy, and small body mean they are a great playmate for kids. In fact, your Boston Terrier and your kids may help burn off each other’s extra energy.
  • Family-friendly: Boston Terriers have a very fun-loving temperament. They are intelligent dogs who exhibit both playful and gentle traits. These characteristics make the Bostons great family dogs, especially for families with older children. Boston Terriers are very active and do require a good amount of exercise, but when their activity needs are met, they aren’t very likely to engage in destructive behaviors or get into too much trouble. Boston Terriers also exhibit protective traits and try to watch out for their family members.
  • Pet-friendly: They are known to be good with other family pets, though they can be wary of strange dogs, especially those of the same sex. Exposing your pup to lots of people and animals early in life can help them to develop their friendly nature.

How Do Boston Terriers Interact with Strangers?

Although Bostons are wary of strangers, their suspicions hardly ever last long. Your Boston Terrier will bark to alert you and then check your attitude toward the stranger. As soon as you welcome the stranger, your American Gentleman will follow your cue. Welcoming could include excited barking and jumping. However, if they suspect the person is a threat to the family, there might be a show of teeth and some severe growling, hoping to scare the intruder away.

Is the Boston Terrier Playful?

Bostons are very playful with older children, adults, and even senior citizens and make excellent family dogs. Unlike most small dogs, the American Gentleman instinctively knows to be careful when young children are part of the play. However, there are no guarantees that your toddler will be safe if left unsupervised to play with the furry family pup. Having your dog and your children socialized and adult supervision will give you peace of mind.

Are Boston Terriers Protective?

Boston Terriers are loyal to their owners and will bark or become territorial if a strange person or animal approaches. Barking often subsides when they feel their duty has been fulfilled, usually after the newcomer has greeted them. They don’t tend to choose aggressive behavior, but proper socialization from puppyhood will help encourage good behavior. 

What is the Adaptability Level of Boston Terriers?

Bostons are highly adaptable. Even if relocating from a farm or a ranch to an apartment in the city, they will quickly adapt if they are not separated from their human families and if they have ample outside play space. They would not live happily in an apartment with limited outdoor space. Boredom can lead to destructive behavior.

However, you’ll need to be mindful because Boston Terriers do not adapt well to weather changes. Because Bostons are brachycephalic, they’re susceptible to overheating when it’s hot and humid outside. For that reason, taking them on a hike on a hot summer day is a no-go. Also, because they have short fur, they can get shivers. Layer your Boston’s tuxedo with a coat or sweater to keep him comfy and warm in colder weather. 

What are the Personality Traits of Boston Terriers?

The Boston Terrier is a ball of energy, yet he is one of the most loyal, loving breeds available today. He is nicknamed “The American Gentleman,” and not without good cause. His traditional black and white coat gives the illusion of a tuxedo, and the Boston Terrier was bred and developed right here in the United States! He has quite an endearing personality as well. He is great with children and other pets. He is as much of a lapdog as he is a companion during activities. However, any dog, no matter how nice, any dog can be a trial to live with during adolescence. In the case of the Boston, the “teen” years can start at six months and continue until the dog is about two years old.

Can Boston Terriers be Dangerous?

Although Boston Terriers came from the Bulldog family, they don’t have the aggressive traits of their ancestors. In general, they were bred to be affectionate dogs that love to play and be with people. You would also hardly see them engaged in fights with other dogs.

Do Boston Terriers Ever Attack?

Many factors lead to dog aggression. For instance, if your pet is not trained well and lacks socialization, it could also increase the chances of aggression. Other factors like age and sex can contribute to aggressive behavior outbursts, and feeling threatened or provoked could lead to an attack

Can Boston Terriers Kill Humans?

Boston Terriers will not attack to kill. There are more reports of Bostons protecting their owners or children from attacks by other breeds. Sadly, it is often the Bostons left severely injured or worse. In an unusual case of a Boston Terrier showing viciousness that could lead to a deadly attack, the owner or trainer of the dog is to be blamed for training the dog to attack.

Do Boston Terriers cope with being left alone?

Boston Terriers crave human attention and interaction, and although they might be sad, they’ll likely be OK for one or two hours. However, they are prone to separation anxiety, and longer than a couple of hours alone might cause anxiety. 

Can I leave my Boston Terrier at home?

Bostons tend to become anxious and withdrawn when being left alone for some time, and they prefer to be at home with one of their human companions present. Many Boston Terriers tend to form strong bonds with one family member. When that person has to go somewhere, the American Gentleman will be okay if the rest of the family is there.

Can Boston Terriers be left alone for 8 hours?

Boston Terriers need company, and they do not enjoy spending time alone for many hours and may develop separation anxiety. Eight hours is a long time for your canine companion to be alone. However, Bostons typically love other family pets, and the company of other dogs and even cats might help keep your Boston Terrier calm while you are away. 

They love chewing soft toys, so make sure they have some, or you might find your shoes or furniture destroyed after eight hours. If you have to leave your Boston Terrier at home when you work every day, it might be good to reach out to services like dog sitters or doggy daycare. Another option is to get a dog walker to take your Boston Terrier for a few walks every two hours. 

How to Train a Boston Terrier?

Having a Boston Terrier as a pet is a delight for the entire family. This intelligent and curious breed enjoys learning new tricks, and they love to work for treats. They equally enjoy showing those tricks off and the attention it earns them.

Boston Terriers can be lively; they happily engage and connect with people. They’re known for jumping on you when you come home because they’re happy to see you. It’s important to teach your pup good manners using a relationship-focused and reward-based training style, aka “positive reinforcement.” Commands such as leave it, down and sit, plus something fun like the hand-shake, are an excellent place to start. Positive reinforcement training includes lots of praise, treats, and special toys to reward your perfect pup.

As with most dogs, the best time to start obedience training is when your Boston Terrier is a puppy. Be sure to continue practicing those commands throughout their lives. Remember, continued practice makes for a well-behaved, lifelong companion.

How Frequently does a Boston Terrier Bark?

Bostons dogs are calm, naturally protective, intelligent, and loving. These American Gentlemen make great apartment dogs because they tend to be quieter than other breeds. While all dogs bark, Boston Terriers mostly save their barks for direct interactions. 

Most dogs have different-sounding barks for different purposes, and after all, that is the only way canines can have their say. Below is a list of bark types that owners of Boston Terriers will learn to recognize. 

  • Bostons hate being left alone, and one way of coping with loneliness is barking. 
  • A lack of exercise and anxiety can also trigger barking.
  • Alarm barking is when your Boston Terrier barks to alert you of approaching danger. Alarm barking can save you from danger; however, Boston Terriers may bark before ascertaining that there is a real danger
  • Another type of barking is demand barking, where a Boston Terrier feels entitled to something or your attention and would bark as a way of demanding their rights. This type can be lowered through proper training and ignoring the barking.
  • The Boston uses arousal barking to show their frustrations.
  • Boredom barking signals that your Boston Terrier is tired or bored due to being left alone or infrequent exercises. 

What is the need for Mental Stimulation of a Boston Terrier?

Constant stimulation throughout the day is required to keep your Boston Terrier happy. Brain games are a great and easy way to stimulate his mind, so be sure to rotate a few of these games throughout the week to keep him occupied. Interactive toys, puzzle games, and scent work, which teach a dog to identify and track various odors, can also keep Boston Terriers mentally stimulated throughout their lives.

Boston Terriers are smart and learn fast, and they need regular mental stimulation. The playful and intelligent nature of Boston Terriers further calls for frequent mental activity. There are different ways of mentally stimulating your Boston Terrier, and some of them are listed below.

  • Playing with interactive games or toys, including dog puzzles and canine board games.
  • Encourage sniffing during regular evening walks.
  • Provide healthy chews like dehydrated sweet potato strips. Chewing for more extended periods calms the brain, thus lowering stress levels.
  • Hide and seek games
  • Drop and fetch games
  • Regular walks

These mental stimulation techniques should start at an early stage. Boston Terriers who are 8 years and older tend to have problems with their thinking ability. The primary signs of mental disorientation and cognitive impairment are listed below.

  • Excessive anxiety.
  • Frequent accidents.
  • Failure to recall previously learned commands.
  • Changes in sleep and wake patterns.
  • Low interest in physical activities.
  • Poor social skills.

What are the Breed Standards of Boston Terriers?

The Boston Terrier is a lively, strong-willed breed with an alert expression and reasonably large, erect ears. He is a small to medium-sized dog, and his square muzzle puts him among the Bull breeds. The dog is compact in build and varies quite significantly in size. The Boston Terriers are classified into three weight categories: lightweight (under 15 pounds), middleweight (up to 20 pounds), and heavyweights between 20 and 25 pounds.

A Boston Terrier puppy only weighs about half a pound when at birth. However, they grow pretty quickly, reaching an average of nearly 9 pounds at the age of 4 months and almost 20 pounds at eight months. By the time they are 1-year- old, Boston Terriers are fully grown. 

Some of the breed standards of Bostons are given in the table below.

Breed Standards 

Boston Breed Information 


The only acceptable colors are Brindle, Seal, or Black, with white markings. Brindle is preferred only if all other qualities are equal. Seal appears black except that it has a red cast when viewed in the sun or bright light.

The required markings are a white muzzle band; a white blaze between the eyes; and a white forechest.



Eye Color 

The large, round eyes are dark in color and wide apart

Average Weight 

17 pounds

Average Height

Between 15″ to 17″ high at the withers

Average lifespan 

11 to 13 years

What is the General Information about Boston Terrier?

Below are 12 interesting facts that Boston Terrier owners might not know.

  • All Boston Terriers descended from a dog called Judge, a terrier bought around 1875 from Edward Burnett by Boston resident Robert C. Hooper.
  • Celebrity Boston Terrier owners over the years have included actress Rose McGowen, musician Louis Armstrong, comedian Joan Rivers, author Helen Keller, and American President Gerald Ford.
  • The Boston Terrier’s nickname is ‘the American Gentleman’ because of its dapper looks – sometimes, the breed’s coat makes it look like they are wearing a tuxedo.
  • In 1921 a Boston Terrier called Stubby became the most decorated dog of the First World War. Sergeant Stubby was the first dog to be given a rank in the US army, possessed three service stripes, a wound stripe, and received the military Gold Medal. He once caught a German soldier by the seat of his pants and held him until backup arrived.
  • The Boston Terrier was incredibly popular in the USA at the start of the 20th century. According to the American Kennel Club, it was the first or second most registered breed every year between 1905 and 1935. They still regularly appear in the top 20 today.
  • The Boston Terrier was initially bred for fighting and hunting rats in factories, but their friendly and happy-go-lucky nature now makes them a popular family pet. They also excel at canine sports – from dog agility competitions to flyball.
  • Boston Terriers famously have enormous eyes. In 2012, schoolgirl Victoria Reed sent a picture of her pet Bruschi to Guinness World Records. The Boston Terrier’s eyes, measuring 28mm in diameter, were confirmed to be the largest canine peepers in the world.
  • In 2015 the Oscar for Best Animated Short Film went to ‘Feast’ – a Disney story starring a Boston Terrier called Winston that was shown in cinemas before the feature film ‘Big Hero 6’.
  • The Boston Terrier was named the state dog of Massachusetts in 1970. Only 13 states have a dedicated dog, so it’s a great honor for the breed.
  • Boston Terriers are often confused with French Bulldogs, but it’s pretty easy to tell them apart – Boston Terriers’ ears are pointed, while Frenchies’ are rounded.
  • The Boston terrier became the official state dog of Massachusetts in 1979. 
  • Boston University’s mascot is a Boston terrier. Nearly a century ago, in a student vote, the dog beat out a moose to represent the university.

 Where to Buy or Adopt a Boston Terrier?

A purebred Boston’s price can range between $800 and $2,800. Lower prices are generally available from shelters and rescues, but puppies can cost as much as $4,000 from top breeders. That will only pay for the puppy itself. You’ll also need to stock up on various puppy supplies. 

If you want to bring a Boston home, you should not rush. The only “purebreds” available upon request are not the real thing and are likely bred on puppy farms. The more realistic way is to put your name on a waiting list, and while you’re waiting, learn as much as you can about this giant dog in the cutest little dog body.

Finding a reputable breeder or rescue facility is crucial. A good breeder will match you with the right puppy and will, without question, have done all the health certifications necessary to screen out health problems as much as possible. They are more interested in placing pups in suitable homes than making big bucks. 

Be wary of breeders who only tell you the good things about the breed or make irrational promises to promote the dogs. Be especially suspicious when you are offered a two-for-the-price-of-one deal.

You could expect a responsible breeder to advise you to have the puppy checked by a veterinarian within 2 days (48 hours) of sale, with additional time allowed if the puppy is sold on a Saturday or Sunday, and provide a written agreement to refund the purchase price or take the puppy back and replace it if it is found to be unfit by a veterinarian. 

Boston puppies are adorable, and it’s one of the reasons they are so popular. Cute puppies sell, making the Boston Terrier a favorite of puppy mills and greedy, irresponsible breeders. Do your homework before buying one of these little dogs, and you’ll be well rewarded with a beautiful companion dog.

The best way to ensure you get a healthy Boston puppy from a breeder or a rescue organization is to reach out to the registered organizations for the specific breed, if available. Start your search at the website of the Boston Terrier Club of America, where you’ll find tips on locating a good breeder as well as a breeder referral service. The Boston Terrier is also recognized by the AKC, UKC, and FIC, listed below, along with other registered kennel clubs that might put potential Boston Terrier owners in touch with reputable breeders. 

  • Fédération Cynologique Internationale (International)
  • United Kennel Club (International)
  • The Kennel Club of Great Brittain
  • American Kennel Club Market Place
  • Australian National Kennel Council
  • Canadian Kennel Club
  • Continental Kennel Club
  • American Boston Terrier Club
  • Painted Bostons Shoals, Indiana
  • Savanas Boston Terriers Schriever, Louisiana
  • Puppy-Tailz West Plains, Missouri
  • Circle J Boston Terriers Tyler, Alabama
  • Marti Acres Lamar, Missouri
  • Our Brindle Bostons and Japanese Chin Lexington, Oklahoma
  • Bremer Kennels Azle, Texas 
  • Atlantis Boston Terriers Palm Harbor, Florida 
  • Kayshappytails Birch Tree, Missouri

If you manage to track down Boston Terrier breeders, make sure you go to the facility and insist on meeting both the puppies’ parents so that you can get a feel for their temperament. Boston puppies are often peppy and playful—all should have cheery expressions and kind eyes. 

It might take some time to find a legitimate breeder, and travel may very well be in the cards. Steer clear of backyard breeding by avoiding sales sites and ad pages. When you select a breeder, make sure they have proof of successful, healthy litters with any documentation necessary.

You might find a Boston puppy or a rescued adult to adopt or buy from abroad, but not all countries allow importing adopted dogs. Those whose countries will enable the importation of Bostons may find the logistics challenging. 

Procedures include obtaining certification from a vet to prove the Boston is fully vaccinated and providing all the additional required veterinary documents before the travel. Furthermore, your country must approve the veterinarian to authorize the importation, and it will be your responsibility to ensure you use the services of a certified vet.

What are the Rescue Clubs for Boston Terriers?

There are millions of homeless dogs worldwide; many are purebreds needing homes. Adopting a Boston can be life-changing, not only for the dog but also for the adopter. If you prefer adoption over purchasing a pup from a breeder, then your first stop should be the Boston Terrier Rescues Across the U.S. and Canada Website where Boston Terrier Rescue Centers in all U.S. states and Canada are listed. A Boston rescue is an excellent idea if you want to adopt an older dog or even a Boston mix.

The adoption fee for a Boston Terrier from a rescue group or animal shelter will probably be between $150 and $200. Most dogs from rescue groups and shelters will be vaccinated, microchipped, spayed/neutered, and vetted before adoption

Boston Terrier mixes may be available for adoption in shelters and rescues. If you want to adopt an AKC registered or a mixed breed Boston, the best first step is to contact shelters and breed-specific rescues to let them know you’re interested.

Mixed breeds adopted from a shelter may share physical characteristics of the breed, but their temperament may not match the breed standard. Shelters and rescues attempt to determine each dog’s personality through a series of evaluations; even if the dog’s temperament does not follow the breed standard, you can get the dog that suits your home. However, remember that mixed breeds are predisposed to the inherited health issues of both breeds.

You can also reach out to your local rescue organization or animal shelter and ask if they have any Boston Terriers or related mixes available for adoption. If not, you can always put your name on a list so that when one comes in, you’re the first one they call.

Below is a list of registered rescue centers and kennel clubs to reach out to for guidance.

  • Canada Guide To Dogs (National Boston Terrier Rescue, Inc.)
  • US Boston Terrier Club’s rescue network
  • American Boston Terrier Rescue Association
  • Alabama Boston Terrier Rescue
  • Wonderdog Rescue (Northern California)
  • Boston Buddies (Southern California)
  • Boston Terrier Club of CT Rescue
  • Boston Terrier Rescue of Florida
  • Midwest Boston Terrier Rescue
  • Kentucky Tennessee Boston Terrier Rescue
  • Boston Terrier Club of Maryland Rescue
  • Nebraska Boston Terrier Rescue
  • Boston Terrier Club Rescue of Southern Nevada
  • Boston Terrier Rescue of North Carolina
  • Northeast Boston Terrier Rescue
  • Boston Terrier Club of Western Pennsylvania Rescue
  • Boston Terrier Rescue of North Texas
  • Boston Terrier Rescue of West Virginia

Facebook is another resource for pet adoption. You can search for Boston Terrier rescue groups in your region.

You can also search for adoptable Boston Terriers online through reliable websites such as

  • AnimalShelter 

Wherever you acquire your Boston Terrier, make sure you have a solid contract with the seller, shelter, or rescue group that spells out responsibilities on both sides. Petfinder offers an Adopters Bill of Rights that helps you understand what you can consider normal and appropriate when you get a dog from a shelter. 

In states with “puppy lemon laws,” be sure you and the person you get the dog from both understand your rights and recourses. Puppy or adult, take your Boston Terrier to your veterinarian soon after adoption. Your veterinarian will be able to spot problems and will work with you to set up a preventive regimen that will help you avoid many health issues.

Boston Terrier mixes may be available for adoption in shelters and rescues. If you want to adopt an AKC registered or a mixed breed Boston Terrier, the best first step is to contact shelters and breed-specific rescues to let them know you’re interested.

Below is a list of several Boston Terrier mixes.

  • Boston Terrier & Chihuahua Mix = Chibo, Bhochi or Bohuahua
  • Boston Terrier & French Bulldog Mix = Frenchton
  • Boston Terrier & Pug Mix = Bugg
  • Boston Terrier & Boxer Mix = Boston Boxer
  • Boston Terrier & Beagle Mix = Boglen Terrier
  • Boston Terrier & English Bulldog Mix = Bostondog
  • Boston Terrier & Pitbull Mix = Boston Pit

What is the History of the Boston Terrier?

Nicknamed the American Gentleman, the Boston Terrier is the result of crossing the British Bulldog with the white English Terrier. At first, the Boston Terrier was bred to be a fighting dog. Still, since then, undesirable characteristics have been bred out, and today the Boston Terrier is regarded as an indoor dog that doesn’t tolerate extreme weather conditions.

The breed emerged in the 1870s when Robert Hooper from Boston bought a dog thought to be a mix of a Terrier and Bull type lineage. A specialist breed club was formed in 1891, and in 1979 the commonwealth of Massachusetts named the Boston Terrier the Official State Dog. By the 20th century, the breed’s color and patterns were standard and an essential feature.

What is the Average Maintenance Cost for Boston Terriers?

The prices of Bostons range between $1,500 and $4,000. The cost of a puppy from a registered breeder could vary, depending on the breeder you select, the location, the sex of the puppy, and, of course, the demand for the breed at the time. 

The bloodline of the puppy and its parents could also affect the price. You will be hard-pressed to find this breed in a shelter, but if you do, the price could be $200 to $500, based on the cost of care provided while keeping the Boston Terrier and extras like vaccinations and sterilizations. 

It is always best to consider annual expenses related to maintaining your Boston and its wellbeing before making the purchase. The first year will be the most expensive, as puppies require extra vet care and more one-time purchases like microchips, sterilization, licensing, etc. You can expect to spend about $6,900 for your dog’s first year. After that, the price will go down to about $2,100 a year.

Food and medical only, excluding toys, food and water bowls, cages, doggy blankets, beds, etc., could cost an average of $850. The most regular annual expenses for dogs similar to the Boston are listed below.

  • Food items
  • Veterinary care
  • Vaccinations
  • Preventive medicine
  • Toys
  • Pet insurance
  • Pet Supplies

Other potential expenses include training, socializing, doggy daycare, dog sitters, dog walkers, etc. Grooming would likely not affect the maintenance costs of Bostons because they don’t need professional grooming about once per month to trim and bathe the Boston Terrier.

How to Name a Boston Terrier?

Choosing a name for your Boston involves essential building blocks, including the significance of the sound. The Boston Terrier’s name will mean something to the humans in the dog’s life, but for your canine companion, only the sound matters. Bostons respond best to two-syllable names that are not short enough to be confused with single-syllable command words like “sit,” “stay,” “come,” and “down.” However, the names should not be long enough to become puzzling.

It is always a good idea not to rush into choosing a name. Spend a week or so with your new Boston Terrier pup, and its character traits might be all the inspiration you need. Will your pup be cuddly or a mischievous rascal? Call out any name ideas, using different tones and sounds for the two syllables, and watch your puppy’s reaction to the sound. Remember, you must compose a sound that your Boston Terrier will recognize from a distance, among many other sounds. 

Choose a name that could sound different in regular interaction and yelling or calling your Boston. Below is a list of suggestions of names inspired by your Boston Terrier’s ancestors and the characteristics of the breed. 

Boston Terrier Breed Names

Inspired by Famous Boston Terriers and more

Boston Terrier Boy Names

Boston Terrier Girl Names


Father of all Boston Terriers (1875)


Referring to a Boston girl’s spicy personality


Honoring Sergeant Stubby – the first dog to be given a rank in the US army (1921)


Refers to Royalty


Dog in “Feast” 2015 Oscar-winning Disney Animated Short Film


Character from Disney’s lady and the Tramp


Stealer of hearts


For a happy-go-lucky Boston girl


A play on the Boston’s black and white coat


A Boston princess who rules her domain

What are the Different Types of Boston Terriers? 

All over the world, Boston Terriers are beloved. There is only one type of Boston Terrier, but they are classified into three weight categories as shown below.

Lightweight – 9 under 15 pounds

Middleweight – between 15 and 20 pounds

Heavyweight – between 20 and 25 pounds

What Dog Breeds are Similar to the Boston Terrier?

Bostons may not be too difficult to find, but purebreds are expensive and involve long waiting lists. Finding a Boston Terrier at a rescue center might be equally challenging because they are so popular. However, as wonderful of a dog as the Boston may be, they aren’t for everyone. Some dogs that are similar to the Bostons are listed below.

Below is a list of similar breeds that might be a good match for your family.

  • French Bulldog: French Bulldogs and Boston Terriers both are similar in appearance. They have a smaller, wrinkly faces and are both descendants of English Bulldogs. French Bulldogs have more rounded ears and a more squared head than Boston Terriers. Both French Bulldogs and Boston Terriers a very friendly and will make a great family pet.
  • Pug: Pugs are similar to Boston Terriers in that they are both very loving and social. They are both good dogs for owners who are not as active and won’t be able to take their dog out for long walks on a regular basis. Like Boston Terriers, Pugs are also Brachycephalic dogs.
  • Mastiff: While Mastiffs are a much larger dogs than Boston Terriers, both breeds are intelligent, easy to train, and very loyal to their owners. One big difference between Mastiffs and Boston Terriers is the litter size. While Boston Terriers typically have a litter size of three to five puppies, mastiffs have an average litter size of eight puppies.

Michael Brady

Michael is an animal-lover who specializes in marketing. He started running Dog Food Care with his mother, Sarah, after leaving his office job. Michael gained enough flexibility in his schedule to be able to adopt a dog of his own and welcomed Emmie the dachshund into his home in 2020.