Alano Español Dog Breed Caring and Family, Social Life, Physical Traits, Diet Information
The Alano Español breed’s origin is Ancient Greece. It was Alano dogs that accompanied Spanish explorers and that eventually became war dogs. Dogs have been used in warfare since ancient times. They have been trained in combat, used as sentries, scouts, mercy dogs, messengers, and trackers, and are still used today by some militaries.
The Alano Español is often called Alano as an abbreviation, or Perro de Toro, Spanish Alano, Spanish Bulldog. This creature has a primitive appearance, with a general physiology that conforms to its purpose of running for long periods of time, at high speed, following grazing cattle and wild game, and securely holding it for as long as it is wanted.
The Alano Español breed was almost extinct by 1963. However, they were re-established through surveys conducted by a group of veterinary students in 1970. When it comes to the production frequency of female Alano Españols, their seasons mainly occur annually, and they have between four and eight puppies.
View Table of Contents
- What are the Breed Traits and Characteristics of Alano Español?
- What are the Ideal Living Conditions for Alano Español?
- What is the Type of Alano Español?
- What is the Average Litter Size of Alano Español?
- How Does Alano Español Interact with Family?
- How Does Alano Español Interact with Other Dogs?
- How is Alano Español with Older People?
- How is Alano Español with Children?
- How is Alano Español with Neighbors or Guests?
- What are the Differences Between the Alano Español Sexes?
- What are the Alano Español Physical Traits?
- What is the Size of an Alano Español?
- What are the Paws of Alano Español Like?
- What are the Jaws of Alano Español Like?
- What are the Ears of Alano Español Like?
- What is Alano Español’s Endurance Capability?
- Does Alano Español Have a Short Neck?
- How to Feed an Alano Español?
- What are the Breed-Related Health Problems of Alano Español?
- What is the Shedding Level of Alano Español?
- What is the Coat Grooming Frequency of Alano Español?
- What is the Drooling Level of Alano Español?
- Does Alano Español snore?
- What is the Coat Type of Alano Español?
- What is the Brushing Frequency of Alano Español?
- What are the Social Traits of the Alano Español Breed?
- How Does Alano Español Interact with Strangers?
- Are Alano Español Playful?
- Are Alano Español Protective?
- What is the Adaptability Level of Alano Españols?
- What are the Personality Traits of Alano Español?
- Do Alano Españols Cope with Being Left Alone?
- How to Train an Alano Español?
- How frequent does Alano Español Bark?
- What is the need for Mental Stimulation of an Alano Español?
- What are the Breed Standards of Alano Español?
- What is the General Information about Alano Español?
- Where to Buy or Adopt Alano Español?
- What is the Alano Español History?
- For What Purpose is Alano Español Used?
- What are the Other Names of Alano Español?
- Where Does the Name of Alano Español Come from?
- What are the Common Nicknames of Alano Español?
- What is the Scientific Name of an Alano Español?
- What is the Average Maintenance for Alano Español?
- How to Name an Alano Español?
- What are the Different Types of Alano Españols?
- What are the Similar Dog Breeds to Alano Español?
- What are the Similar Maintenance Dog Breeds to Alano Español?
- What are Similar-sized Dog Breeds to Alano Español?
What are the Breed Traits and Characteristics of Alano Español?
Alanos are calm, dignified, and thoughtful, not always in need of attention. A firm master can, however, control its will despite its fighting and hunting instincts. Dogs of this size are very obedient, loyal, and protective of their family. Even the children of the family may consider them as perfect playmates.
Alano Español Characteristics are listed below:
- They are obedient and fearless.
- Alanos are good hunters.
- Family members, as well as children who live with them, find them very loyal and loving.
- They are protective, powerful, and aggressive when they or their families are threatened.
- When properly controlled, they are a joy to own.
- They enjoy interacting with other dogs.
- They don’t require much grooming.
- Alanos are not hypoallergenic.
- A fenced-in yard should be provided for them.
What are the Ideal Living Conditions for Alano Español?
The ideal living conditions for Alano Español dogs are homes with large yards or gardens since they enjoy staying outside. The space provided for Alano Español must be an enclosed yard, large enough for him to cover and roam.
A great deal of their capacity to survive in extremely cold or hot temperatures, dryness, and humidity can be attributed to their hardiness. The weather in Spain can be pretty extreme, both in terms of low temperatures and high temperatures, and Spanish Alano is typically used to living outdoors, so it can withstand all of these temperatures quite well.
Does Alano Español Sleep Better Outside?
Alano Español dogs have retained their ability to live in all weather conditions as their Spanish ancestors did in ancient times. Spanish inland winters had temperatures that dropped below freezing. They endured exceptionally high humidity levels in the northern parts of Spain, and those in the central area lived through summers that were very hot and cold dry winters. Alano Español dogs in Southern Spain were used to hot or mild, dry, humid weather conditions. The Spanish Alano dogs can adapt to any weather conditions and prefer to sleep outside.
What is the Type of Alano Español?
Alano Español dogs are purebred members of the Mastiff breed. The Mastiff is part of an ancient canine clan as old as civilization itself. They are linked to the large imposing breeds known as Molossers that lived in ancient Greece. Despite being massive, heavy-boned, and courageous, Mastiffs are also docile, dignified, and formidable protectors of loved ones.
What is the Average Litter Size of Alano Español?
The average litter size of female Alano Español dogs is between four and eight puppies. Females typically have only one litter per year.
Because they were close to extinction, Alano Español is still scarce. Unfortunately, inhumane puppy mills ignore the needs of Alano Español mothers and puppies with high-volume dog breeding for profits.
How Does Alano Español Interact with Family?
Alano Español is a very affectionate breed typically close to the family and other people they know. They are strong and said to ignore fear and pain completely as they live to protect the humans they regard as their pack. Alano Español is friendly with family and other people with whom they interact frequently. However, they distrust all strangers and will not hesitate to attack without warning.
Alano Españols as pets does best with active families. Alano Españols are pushy and bouncy, and being sturdy dogs, they can easily knock small children or frail seniors over. Most behavioral problems can be eliminated or prevented with early training, but they are not easy to train once they reach adulthood.
Alano Españols naturally bond with their whole family; however, they might show some level of preference for the person they spend the most time with or who feeds them.
How Does Alano Español Interact with Other Dogs?
Alano Español dogs are members of a breed that has always been part of working together in packs. Therefore they are sociable with other dogs, but they won’t back down if they are challenged. Romping around having fun playing with other dogs is natural for them. Alano Españols could also have dominance problems if they feel threatened by other new four-footed family members, and yes, they do get jealous if their owners pay too much attention to other dogs.
How is Alano Español with Older People?
Alano Españols are usually recommended for older people. While other large breeds might knock old, frail people down when they are excited and want to show their love, Alano Españols are docile, calm, and affectionate, with nothing but their owners’ safety on their minds. They are very obedient, and they will protect their owners if anything threatens their safety.
How is Alano Español with Children?
Alano Español is a good choice for families with children. They are kid-friendly and show exceptional patience with boisterous children. Dogs of this breed are best with all ages of family members if they join a household as small puppies. Socializing and training them at an early age is crucial because their trainability as adults is challenging.
How is Alano Español with Neighbors or Guests?
Alano Españols are not the most stranger friendly dogs. Throughout history, Alano Españols have evolved into affectionate dogs for interactions with families and friends. If they interact with friendly neighbors frequently, the Alanos might see them as members of the team. However, they typically regard strangers with suspicion and will not hesitate to attack without warning if they sense threats.
What are the Differences Between the Alano Español Sexes?
The differences between males and females of the Alano Español breed are not yet well documented. Since this breed is rare and there are few specimens currently available, little is known about the differences in temperament between males and females.
Statistically speaking, physical differences between the sexes are better documented.
Male Alanos are typically slightly heavier and larger. They weigh between 80 and 90 pounds and stand 25 to 30 inches in the withers.
The females of the Alano Español breed seldom weigh over 85 pounds, and the highest they stand in the withers is 24 inches.
What are the Alano Español Physical Traits?
The physical traits of the Alano Español could be startling for those who have never encountered them.
The Alano Español Breed traits are listed below:
Size: Alano Español fall in the large dog category
Weight Range: Males – 78 to 90 pounds
Females – 70 to 80 pounds
Height at the Withers: Males – 26 to 30 inches
Females – 22- 24 inches
Features: The ears are usually cropped.
Uncropped ears folded over the face
Large, Broad Head
Exercise: Require 3 x 1 Hour walks per day
Longevity: 11 to 14 years
Coat: short double coat
Colors: fawn, apricot, or brindle stripes
What is the Size of an Alano Español?
Alano Español dogs are large in size and imposing in nature. These dogs have large, broad chests, muscular bodies, and above-average strength. A male Alano Español stands no less than 26 inches tall and weighs more than most adult men. The rectangular body is deep and thickly muscled, The head is broad and massive, and a wrinkled forehead accentuates an alert, kindly expression.
What are the Paws of Alano Español Like?
The paws of Alano Español are typically much larger than those of other large breed dogs with similar body types. Since rebuilding the Alano Español breed is a work in process, specimens to study are scarce. Therefore the reason or purpose of the significantly large paws is not yet known.
What are the Jaws of Alano Español Like?
Alanos have exceptionally powerful jaws. The teeth are wide and well separated from one another, with a strong, unyielding scissors bite or inverted scissors bite. Their jaws have become legendary due to their grip. Because it uses the entire jaw, the Alano Español’s bite extends even to the molars. Once the jaws have closed, they can maintain the grip steadily for a long time. They will not release their prey before they are told to let go. The release is as important as the holding when working with Alano Español dogs.
What are the Ears of Alano Español Like?
The ears of the Alano Español are mostly cropped, with the tips slightly rounded. Those whose ears are not cropped carry their medium ears folded over their faces.
What is Alano Español’s Endurance Capability?
The endurance capabilities of Alano Español are almost unmatched. These dogs are tireless, graceful, agile, and capable of trotting at a fast pace for a long time. Their flexible, fast gallop involves whole-body stretching with each step. With exceptional agility, they clear obstacles and seem tireless even after maintaining a fast gallop for miles.
Alano Españols have solid, strong withers and shoulders, with strong front legs that are more powerful than the back legs. Their hindquarter muscles are well developed with well-defined hind leg angles, ending in solid and powerful paws.
The Alanos were never bred for looks and shows. In contrast, these ancient rustic canines were bred for hard work under harsh conditions where none but the fittest survived for centuries. Breeders believe this explains the Alano Español breed’s resistance to diseases that plague other large breeds.
Does Alano Español Have a Short Neck?
Alano Español dogs have strong necks that are wide and powerful. The breed is known for its skin that is very thick, especially in the neck area. They have two neck folds, or double chins, and several wrinkles on their faces.
How to Feed an Alano Español?
Due to its size, Alano Español requires a sufficient amount of excellent quality food. The ideal dosage for maintaining energy and vigor is between three and four cups of dried dog food every day. It is best to divide this amount into two separate meals. Alano puppies are more active, and it requires spreading their daily food supply over three meals. To avoid the dogs experiencing bloating or other health complications, they should not receive it all at once but at intervals throughout the day.
How Many Cups of Food Should an Alano Español Eat Daily?
These large-sized dogs need about 3 to 4 cups of dry dog food daily. Avoid overeating since they tend to bloat. A high-quality dry kibble will provide adequate nutrition. You can opt for a big-breed-specific formula to ensure that your dog receives ample nutrients and the kibble is the correct size.
4 to 8 weeks old
3 to 4 cups
3 to 4 meals per day
8 to 12 weeks old
4 to 6 cups
3 to 4 meals per day
4 to 6 months old
6 to 8 cups
2 to 3 meals per day
6 to 18 months old
8 to 12 cups
2 meals per day
18 months to 6 years old
6 to 10 cups
2 meals per day
What is the Daily Cost of Food Consumption of Alano Español?
Determining the daily cost of food consumption for Alano Español involves variables like the dog’s size, age, and health. Similarly, different food brands and food types will influence the average daily food costs.
Consider the following:
The average weight of an adult Alano Español is 80 pounds — usually between 70 and 90 pounds, needing about 360 pounds of dry dog food per year.
An average Alano Español puppy is likely to consume close to 280 pounds of dry food per year.
Average to Premium Quality
Average Annual Cost
Average Daily Cost
$180 – $570
$210 – $385
How Much Should an Alano Español Puppy Eat?
The nutritional needs of an Alano Español puppy are listed below:
- Alano Español puppies’ protein needs are about 21% to 23% more than adult dogs to grow and support strong bones. Yet, overfeeding protein can cause too rapid development of joints and bones, weakening the skeleton.
- Watch the calcium content of the Alano puppy’s food. It should be limited to 3 grams for every 1,000 calories.
- Your Alano Español puppy’s system would also require Vitamins A and D and minerals like zinc, manganese, and copper.
What are the Breed-Related Health Problems of Alano Español?
Alano Español has no breed-related health problems. Of the many tough breeds with low risks of having many health conditions, Alano Español has the strongest resistance. They are an ancient breed, bred to work in rough conditions. They were created to withstand harsh conditions. Because this breed originated from a barren region, it had to become extremely hardy.
Alano dogs hardly ever get sick. If they get sick from a rare disease, their immune systems are so strong that they can fight it off.
What are the Health Tests an Alano Español Should Take?
Owners might want to have their Alano Español puppies tested for Hip Dysplasia. Many large dog breeds are at risk of developing hip and shoulder dysplasia. In some breeds, like Labrador Retrievers, these conditions are genetic. However, others like Alano Español are vulnerable because of their size and weight.
- Hip Dysplasia: This condition involves Alano Español’s hip joint with ball and socket formation abnormalities, causing painful arthritis as the Alano Español ages.
- Elbow Dysplasia: Alano Españols could become victims of crippling Elbow Dysplasia.
These disorders involve hip or elbow joint deformity that occurs as a puppy grows. The result is loose joints that prevent the ball part of one bone from sliding smoothly in the socket of the other joint bone. Instead, it grinds and rubs in the joint, causing painful wear and tear damage as the puppy grows and becomes heavier. In severe cases, it could result in lameness.
Symptoms of dysplasia are listed below:
- An Alano could show signs of sore and stiff legs.
- The dog may be reluctant to participate in play or exercise activities.
- They might have difficulty standing on hind legs and climbing stairs.
- When both hind feet move together like in a bunny-hop motion, if they limp or move on wobbly legs, chances are they have hip dysplasia.
- The dog might be unwilling to rise if it is lying down or sitting.
As mentioned, their inbred strong health and resistance might protect Alano Español from dysplasia. However, owners of large dogs should take note of the telltale signs of this disease.
Is Alano Español Hypoallergenic?
No, Alano Españols are not Hypoallergenic. For people who are prone to allergies, Alano Españols might not be a suitable choice. This breed is known to cause allergic reactions in many people. The belief of most people that dogs’ hair or fur causes allergies is not valid. The true source of the reactions is small skin flakes called dander and also the protein in dogs’ saliva. Fortunately, the Alano Español breed is one of two Molosser breeds that do not drool.
What are the Exercise Needs of an Alano Español?
Alano Español dogs need a lot of exercises. They come from ancestors bred to be working dogs. After centuries, they are still working dogs, although not all dog owners use them for work purposes. Nevertheless, Alano Españols need high energy and activities to maintain their health and immune systems.
So, if they do not get their exercise from working, they need energetic families who will ensure they go for three long walks per day, with one of those in a large open space where they can run and play unleashed.
What is the Activity Level of Alano Español?
Alano Español dogs have high activity levels. They were bred for demanding, physically challenging jobs, and their high energy levels go along with being members of a working breed. When they live as pets with families, they will always need to be active, and their family must help keep them busy.
There are many fun ways to play with an Alano Español. Examples of games include tug of war, chasing after, hide and seek, objects, fetch, and even exploring games. When they are home alone, several enjoyable self-enjoyment toys can help them vent pent-up energy instead of becoming destructive, like barking and chewing.
What are the Nutritional Needs of an Alano Español?
The nutritional needs of Alano Español include high levels of specific nutrients. The essential nutrients for Alano Español are listed below:
- Protein: Alano Español dogs need natural animal protein, valuable for the amino acids they contain that are essential for their health. Equally important is the fact that protein builds lean muscles and provides energy.
- Fat: Animal protein also provides adequate fat, an additional energy source that boosts the Alanos metabolism. However, there is a fine line between enough and too much. Excessive fat levels in the dog’s daily diet could result in weight gain and, ultimately, obesity. Most importantly, adult dogs and senior dogs need lower fat levels than puppies.
- Carbohydrates: Although carbs are not essential nutrients, they are essential energy sources. Giving the Alano Español sufficient carbs will provide energy, encouraging the body’s absorption of protein to build lean muscle. Beware, though, too many carbohydrates can lead to obesity.
- DHA: DHA is one of the components of omega-3 fatty acids. It promotes proper eye and brain development in Alano puppies. DHA develops cognitive development in puppies and slows cognitive decline in older dogs. Furthermore, omega fatty acids benefit aging dogs by treating chronic kidney disease and canine arthritis. Omega-3 oils improve the coat health of Alano Español dogs.
- Micronutrients: Taurine is one micronutrient that aids heart health, and other valuable micronutrients for the promotion of strong joints in Alanos are chondroitin and glucosamine.
- Minerals: Beneficial minerals for Alano Español dogs’ growth include a healthy balance of phosphorus and calcium. Pre- and probiotics and chelated minerals provide additional health to the diets of Alano Españols.
What is the Shedding Level of Alano Español?
Shedding is a natural process in the hair growth cycles of dogs. Alano Españols have short coats, and their shedding levels are low. However, Alanos spend most of their time outside, so the hair they shed should not be a significant problem.
What is the Coat Grooming Frequency of Alano Español?
The coat grooming of Alano Español is effortless. They live mostly outside, and weekly brushing is enough to remove loose hairs. They do not need to be bathed more than two or three times per year, and seasonal tick and flea treatment are necessary.
However, there is precautionary cleaning to do. Alano owners must clean their dog’s eyes and ears frequently to prevent infections. Wiping your dog’s wrinkly skin folds with a pet wipe or a wet cloth is essential. Be sure to wipe those folds down with a soft dry cloth afterward. Doing this a few times per week will do, but making this a daily thing will prevent fungal skin infections from forming and strengthen the bond between owner and Alano at the same time.
What is the Drooling Level of Alano Español?
The drooling level of Alano Español is not what most dog owners would expect. While most large dog breeds drool excessively due to an overabundance of saliva, Alanos do not drool. Only one other molosser type dog, the Cane Corso, does not drool.
Does Alano Español snore?
Snoring is a characteristic of Bulldog breeds that the Alano Español does not share. Along with one other breed, the Cane Corso, Alanos do not snore.
What is the Coat Type of Alano Español?
The Alano Español coat is thick and short but it is never velvety,
What is the Coat Length of Alano Español?
The coat length of the Alano Español breed is short.
What is the Coat Density of Alano Español?
The Alano Español breed has short coats that provide dense coverage.
What is the Coat Texture of Alano Español?
The coat of the Alano Español is short and straight, with a harsh outer texture and a soft undercoat.
What are the Possible Coat Colors of Alano Español?
The Alano Español breed’s coats can be any of several colors. Possible coat colors include wolf gray and yellow, dark or light tones of reds and fawn with possible tigering.
The dog could also have a black mask. Another possible color combination is tan and black, with tigering in the tan areas. The Spanish call this color combo “negro y atigrado,” which translates to black and tigered. Alanos could also sport white markings on their snout, chest and neck, belly, lower legs, and on the tail’s tip.
What is the Brushing Frequency of Alano Español?
The Alano Españols do not require much brushing. A monthly brushing is usually sufficient unless they shed a lot. To keep their coat free of dirt and loose hair, it would be best to brush them at least once weekly if they live in the house. It also helps prevent odors from accumulating over time when you brush regularly. Use a natural bristle brush for brushing, or use a soft slicker brush. Alano Españols should not need bathing often because it could cause dry skin to occur. Two to three times a year, using a mild shampoo is sufficient.
What are the Social Traits of the Alano Español Breed?
The social traits of dogs in the Alano Español breed are affectionate and lovable. It is not uncommon for them to forget their size and climb into their owner’s lap. Their social traits are listed below:
- Child Friendly: Alano Españols are doggies that are kid-friendly and patient, making them ideal for families with children.
- Family Friendly: Alano Españols are affectionate with their human families and submissive to the master.
- Stranger Friendly: Alano Españols do not trust strangers and show their mistrust.
- Dog Friendly: Alano Españols have been bred to work in teams for centuries, and therefore they are friendly to other dogs, especially when they have grown up together.
- Seniors Friendly: Alano Españols are often recommended for older people.
How Does Alano Español Interact with Strangers?
Alano Españols are wary of strangers. They will watch strangers with suspicion, and they might attack without audible warning if they feel threatened.
Are Alano Español Playful?
Yes, Alano Españols are playful dogs. Despite their large size, they are affectionate and playful with children of all ages. They love being outdoors, and taking on some rambunctious play with older children outside makes them happy. Their playtime with their owners includes going on hunting trips, or just hiking in the mountains, only to entertain the kids on trips to the beach. Alano Españols are enthusiastic athletes requiring marathon fetch games and other fun exercises.
Are Alano Español Protective?
Alano Españols are protective of their families, mainly because they are so loyal. They are powerful but not aggressive, except when they encounter strangers who appear to pose a threat to their human families.
What is the Adaptability Level of Alano Españols?
Alano Español has excellent adaptability levels when it comes to weather and climate. The breed originates from Spain where they experienced extreme weather of all kinds. They are quite happy to sleep outside in any climate. Relocating, like moving from place to place, causes little problems, and they bounce back quickly, as long as their new home has adequate space for them to enjoy.
What are the Personality Traits of Alano Español?
The Alano Español personality is inbred, along with their high intelligence and obedience traits. They are courageous, fearless, loyal, devoted, dominant, affectionate, loving, quiet and patient. They have the perfect temperament to hunt, work, or protect the safety of their human families. They are quiet dogs who rarely bark. Instead, they quietly observe the surroundings to identify any threats.
Can Alano Españols be Aggressive?
Yes, Alano Español can be aggressive, showing that side of their personalities when they encounter strangers. They watch strangers with wary suspicion. If they get even the slightest inkling that their owners’ safety is at risk, their aggression will take over, and they will attack without any warning.
Do Alano Españols Ever Attack?
Alano Español will attack without warning if it feels threatened. Not only themselves but even more so their families. There are no reported attacks, but their powerful jaws give enough reason for strangers to avoid approaching an Alano. They should not accept the dog’s quiet demure because the Alano Español dog observes and attacks without audible warning.
Can Alano Españols Kill Humans?
Yes, Alano Español can kill humans. However, no record could be found about Alano killing humans in modern times. Alano Español dogs have massive and powerful jaws that have left people they attacked with severe injuries.
Do Alano Españols Cope with Being Left Alone?
Alano dogs can cope with being alone for portions of the day as long as they have sufficient space to play and suitable toys to keep them busy. It is crucial to ensure the dog is in a securely fenced area with no means of getting out when left alone.
Can I leave my Alano Español at home?
Yes, an Alano Español dog can be left at home. However, it might be best to expose them to being alone from an early age. An Alano puppy might not deal with being left alone as well as an adult dog. They might be like any other puppy who might panic, cry and whine. The best way to deal with it is to socialize the pup from an early age and limit the hours of leaving the dog alone, gradually extending it.
Can Alano Españols be left alone for 8 hours?
Alano Español can be left at home for eight hours. Due to their natural guardian qualities, they are perfectly content to be alone for several hours while their families are at work or school, as long as they get enough interaction when their humans are at home. Since they prefer to be with the group, a guard dog best operates in an area where everybody is together, like the backyard or kennel run. Since dogs tend to cause trouble when left unattended, they need to be kept in a contained area that is secured when the owner is away.
How to Train an Alano Español?
Training Alano Españols will not be easy, especially if it is a first-time large dog owner. Perseverance and patience are required for adequate training. Many Alano Español owners choose to use the services of professional obedience schools.
Housebreaking the Alano can also be difficult, underscoring the need to spend most of their time outside.
How frequent does Alano Español Bark?
The Alano Español dogs rarely bark. An Alano might bark for reasons like greeting, alarm, protection, fear, seeking attention, boredom, separation anxiety, and rarely, compulsive barking. They only bark when they have a good reason. Instead, they will quietly observe and react when they believe it is necessary.
What is the need for Mental Stimulation of an Alano Español?
Alano Españols are intelligent dogs that need mental and neurological stimulation. It is anything that activates, enriches, and stimulates the Alano Español’s mind. Mental stimulation could be external, using the environment or internal thought. This can include using toys, puzzles, and other interactive toys, and games like scenting games involving hiding treats to be sniffed out. Hide and seek is another perfect way to stimulate Alano Españols.
Exercise and movement are vital to ensure an Alano Español remains flexible and mobile, maintains a healthy weight, and has a low risk of developing medical problems throughout his life. However, mental stimulation is essential for an Alano Español to function optimally.
What are the Breed Standards of Alano Español?
The Alano Español is not recognized as a pure breed by the American Kennel Club. However, The Spanish Kennel Club recognizes this large dog breed. Alano Españols have been bred for centuries as working dogs, and some of the breed standards are listed below:
- Color: Alano Español colors include all shades of Brindle and Fawn, Black and Brindled Tan. Black masks are acceptable with all these colors. Small bits of white may be present, but only on the neck, chest, legs, and tail tip.
- Size: Alano Español is in the category of large dogs with a broad, strong head. The distance from hip to shoulder must be approximately 10% longer than the dog’s height at the withers.
- Eye color: The Alano Español eyes should be wide-set, medium-sized, and round. Colors range from amber and yellow to hazelnut, not linked to the coat colors.
- Height at the withers: Male Alano Español must be from 26 to 30 inches, and females must stand between 22 and 24 inches.
- Weight: Alano Español males’ weight should be from 78 to 90 pounds, and female Alano Españols must weigh from 70 to 80 pounds.
What is the General Information about Alano Español?
The origin of the Alano Español breed is Ancient Greece. These dogs accompanied Spanish explorers who trained them as war dogs, scouts, sentries, trackers, messengers, and mercy dogs. The Alano Español breed risked extinction by1963. However, following surveys and research conducted by veterinary students. They discovered a population of about 300 Alanos in Northern Spain. By 1970, the Alano Español breed was re-established. Today, they are still used as hunting and guard dogs.
Where to Buy or Adopt Alano Español?
Choosing a reputable Alano Español breeder is essential. Potential Alano Español owners must know that they will get a healthy dog that will not develop problems years later. It is important to know what to look for in a breeder when deciding on your next purchase of a canine companion. However, Alano Españols are scarce because the breed was re-established reasonably recently.
A few U.S. breeders are listed below:
- Continental Kennel Club, Inc. 34045 Walker Rd N, Walker, LA 70785
- Old Red English Bulldogs Kennel, Inc Serving New York, and South Carolina
- Alano Español Society and Breeder/Owner Club U.K.
- Collado del Diablo Breeders, Collado del Diablo, Spain
The American Kennel Club does not recognize the Alano Español breed. Therefore, choosing a breeder and buying an Alano Español puppy should be considered with care. There are puppy mills that care for nothing but profits.
There is an option to get a pure-bred puppy through the Alano Español Kennel in Spain. This breeder is registered with the Spanish National Club of Breeders. Their Alano Español puppies are guaranteed to be from pure bloodlines.
What are the Average Puppy Prices of Alano Español?
Because Alano Español puppies are so rare, it’s not only extremely difficult to acquire one, but they’re also very expensive. Canine federations in the U.S. do not recognize these dogs, so they cannot compete in shows. Both the AKC and FCI do not recognize the Alano Español breed, but the price is comparable to pedigreed dogs.
Alano Español is extremely hard to find, and most specimens sell for around $2,000. Most registered breeders are based in Europe and other countries. Families who consider buying an Alano pup in Spain should ensure they cost in the trip to fetch the puppy and bring it back to the U.S.
What are the Rescue Clubs for Alano Español?
Rescue Clubs for Alano Español are organizations that help Alano Españols in need of new homes. A few examples on different continents are listed below:
- Rising Phoenix Mastiff Rescue, 3104 Stanton Rd, Yakima, Washington
- Touch of Grace Rare Breed Rescue, Grace Sanchez, Leonardo New Jersey
- Álora Dog Rescue Andalusia, Spain, also branches in the U.K., France, Netherlands, and Belgium.
Which Dog Breed Organizations Recognize Alano Español?
- BBC = Backwoods Bulldog Club
- DRA = Dog Registry of America, Inc.
- Spanish Kennel Club
- Spanish National Club of Breeders of Alano Español – ANCAE
Several other associations are working on its recognition, which will soon occur at a local level in Spain.
What is the Alano Español History?
Throughout Spain, the Alano Español dog was a popular breed. They were used to capture slaves, for Spanish bullfights, for hunting, and Spanish explorers used them as war dogs. However, a law was passed in Spain in 1883 to stop Alano Español participation in bullfights, which led to the decline in the number of Alanos until the breed was believed to be extinct by 1963. Then, a group of veterinary students used surveys and other methods to trace surviving Alano Españols, and in 1970, they discovered about 300 Alanos in Northern Spain. The Alano Españols breed was re-established, and many were sent to the U.S. for the rare dog breed market.
Which Ancestry does Alano Español Belong to?
The Alano Español ancestry stretches back as far as ancient Greece. Members of the kingdom of Molossians inhabited the region of Epirus. Throughout Ancient Greek literature, the tribe’s ferocious dogs known as Molossus were frequently mentioned.
What is the Date of Origin of Alano Español?
Alano Españols were brought to Spain from the Iberian Peninsula, and the breed became well known throughout Europe in no time. The French, Germans and English imported Alanos dogs to cross-breed with their own dog breeds, establishing Bulldogs in England, Bullenbeiser in Germany, and the Dogues de Bordeaux in France.
What is the Origin of Alano Español?
The Alano Españols were brought to Spain from the Iberian Peninsula. However, the breed became well known throughout Europe in no time. Alanos dogs were imported by the French, Germans and the English to crossbreed with their own dog breeds, establishing Bulldogs in England, Bullenbeiser in Germany, and the Dogues de Bordeaux in France.
For What Purpose is Alano Español Used?
Alanos have been used for war since medieval times. They have since been used to hunt deer and boar, guard dogs, and manage cattle, both at slaughterhouses and pasture. Until 1883, Alano Españols were used in Spain’s bullrings. Bull-baiting was outlawed at that time, which led to the decline in the breeding of the Alano Español. Today Alanos serve their masters as ranch dogs, guard dogs, watchdogs, or companions.
The physical attributes of the Alano Español made them ideal for their ancient purposes of hunting and cattle management. They are loyal, hard-working, devoted and fearless. For example, Alanos will hold wild animals in their giant jaws until its master orders the dog to let go. They are self-confident, stable, well-balanced, and their pain threshold is very high. Neither the nature, size, or aggression of the prey will cause the dog to surrender. Alano Españols can ignore any level of pain or fear while dealing with wild boars or ferocious bulls.
Was Alano Español Used for Bull Baiting?
Alano Españols were bred to bait mainly bulls but also bears. Bull-baiting involved the Alano dog flattening itself to the ground, attempting to creep up to the bull. If it could get close enough, it would dart out toward the bull and bite the bull’s face or nose. Typically, the bull would be wearing a collar, tethered with a rope attached to a stake hammered into the ground.
As the Alano Español dog darts at the bull, the bull, with its head down low, would attempt to pick the dog up with its horns and toss it up into the air. In 1883, bull-baiting was outlawed.
Is Alano Español a Hunting Dog?
Yes, Alano Español dogs are specifically bred as hunting dogs. The breed is legendary for obedience, balanced personality, and their ability to hold onto prey with their large jaws. Today, Alano Español are used for hunting and cattle management only.
What are the Other Names of Alano Español?
Other names used for Alano Español include Perro de Toro, Spanish Bulldog, and Spanish Alano.
Where Does the Name of Alano Español Come from?
The name of the Alano Español breed came from the Iranian tribe who first brought the dogs to Spain. Nomadic pastoralists of the Alani tribe from Iran brought Spanish Bulldogs to Spain in the 5th Century’s Migration Period. The Alano Español breed name came from the tribe’s name.
What are the Common Nicknames of Alano Español?
The only nickname used for dogs of the Alano Español breed is Alano.
What is the Scientific Name of an Alano Español?
Alano Español Scientific Classification is Listed Below:
Scientific Name: Canis lupus familiaris
What is the Average Maintenance for Alano Español?
The cost of owning an Alano Español is not straightforward math, but there are averages to work on. Owning a family Alano Español dog will cost between $1,060 to $10,000 annually or $88 to $833 a month. The first year of an Alano Español’s life is more costly because of more veterinary care. However, throughout an Alano Español’s life, vet care costs could be higher than any other expenses.
Below is a list of averages:
- Typical veterinarian expenses when owning an Alano Español: $45 – $85 per month, including a once-off neutering or spaying bill, which is $50 to $400.
- Alano Español’s vet bills will also include vaccines, $15 to $30.
- Alano Español’s food requirements are between $27 and $62.50 per month (see: Best Dry Dog Foods).
- Alano Español training costs from $240 to $600 for private training or $50 to $125 for group training, both refer to a 4 to 6-week course.
How to Name an Alano Español?
Naming an Alano Español might require different criteria than new Alano parents might expect. It is never the actual name the Alano Españols respond to; instead, it is the sound and how it is said.
The Building Blocks necessary include tone and syllables as listed below::
- Alano Españols respond best to two-syllable names because they are not short enough to be confused with single-syllable command words like sit, come, and down. However, they are not long enough to become puzzling. Simple examples include Sadie, Cupcake and Buster.
- Alano Español owners set on a specific single-syllable name can go with it, but find a way to stretch the sounds to sound like two, such as “Coach” stretched into “Coh-oach” and using two different tones when calling him.
- Alano Españols respond most positively to high-pitched, excited and happy sounds when calling them, and soothing, quiet sounds when they get nervous or overzealous.
- Some Alano Español parents find their Alanos respond and recognize their names better if they say it in a sing-songy voice.
What are the Most Common Female Alano Español names?
The top 10 Alano Español girl names are as perfect as they are, fun and with the potential for parents to put their own unique pitch or tone to it. The top female Alano Español names are listed below:
What are the Most Common Male Alano Español names?
The top 10 Alano Español boy names are also mostly two-syllable names. The top male Alano Español names are listed below:
What are the Different Types of Alano Españols?
The different types of Alano Españols resulted from exporting them to other countries. Alanos dogs became well-known for their character traits across Spain, and before long, they were imported by people from the U.K., France, and Germany.
The resulting breeds after cross-breeding Alano Español are listed below:
- German X Alano Español – Bullenbeisser
- French X Alano Español – Dogues de Bordeaux
- English X Alano Español – Bulldogs
Further cross-breeding took place, resulting in several other breeds.
What are the Similar Dog Breeds to Alano Español?
Similar dog breeds to Alano Español are listed below:
- Spanish Greyhound: Both breeds originate from Spain. They are similar in most aspects, except for their temperaments. Alanos are courageous, stubborn and protective, while the Spanish Greyhound is gentle and sweet.
- Spanish Mastiff: Both breeds originate from Spain. They have similar character traits. However, the Spanish Mastiff may grow 10 inches higher than Alano Español and weigh 133 pounds more than Alano Español. The Mastiff is categorized as a giant breed.
- Spanish Water Dog: Both breeds originate from Spain. This is a medium breed that may be 5 inches shorter and weigh 39 pounds less than Alano Español. Spanish Water Dog requires moderate maintenance because it has a curly coat with a wooly texture, compared to the Alano Español short coat requiring minimum maintenance.
- Valley Bulldog: It originates from Canada, while the Alano Español breed is Spanish. Valley Bulldog is a medium-sized breed that may be 7 inches shorter than Alano Espanol, but their heights are similar. The Valley Bulldog is not a working dog but a companion, and easier to train than the Alano Español.
- Miniature English Bulldog: This miniature Bulldog breed originates from the United Kingdom, compared to the Spanish origins of Alano Español. The Miniature English Bulldog is about 11 inches shorter, and it weighs 48 pounds less than Alano Español. Miniature English Bulldogs are easier to train than Alanos, but they are not as kid-friendly as Alano Español.
- Frenchton: This blend of French Bulldog and Boston Terrier originates from the U.S. It is a small breed that weighs about 50 pounds less than Alano Español, and their height is about 10 inches lower than Alanos. Frenchtons have multiple health issues in contrast to Alano Español dogs with minimal health problems.
What are the Similar Maintenance Dog Breeds to Alano Español?
Dogs with similar maintenance needs to the Alano Español breed originated from the Alanos the Iranian nomads brought to Spain. Alano Español became well-known throughout Europe in no time. Alanos dogs were imported by the French, Germans and the English to crossbreed with their own dog breeds, establishing Bulldogs in England, Bullenbeiser in Germany, and the Dogues de Bordeaux in France.
In time, those new breeds were distributed worldwide where they were crossbred with yet more breeds, adding extended branches on the family tree that started with the Molossers of Ancient Greece. During the expeditions of the conquistadores, the Spaniards brought the Alanos to Latin America and other countries.
Some of the new breeds with similar maintenance needs as Alano Español are listed below:
- Bullmastiffs (U.K.)
- Mastiffs (U.K)
- Neapolitan Mastiff (Italy)
- Cane Corso (Italy)
- Ca de Bou (Mallorca)
- Presa Canario (Canary Islands)
- Cimarron (Uruguay)
- Fila Brasileiro (Brazil)
- Argentine Dogue (Argentina)
The Alano Español is the most important ancestor of all these breeds.
What are Similar-sized Dog Breeds to Alano Español?
Dog Breeds of similar size as the Alano Español breed are listed below:
Like Alano Español, the above breeds are all classified as large. They all have powerful broad chests, above-average strength, and muscular bodies. This applies to many others, like all the bulldog breeds and mastiffs out there.